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Humans believe they have a rich sensory world with precise memories, detailed and accurate causal models of how things work, and powerful abstractions because this is how it feels from the inside.

But when tested on simple tasks like “how do bicycles or eyes work” or “what does a penny or the letter ‘g’ look like”, many human responses shallow, incoherent, incomplete, unpredictive, and based on just a few sketchy features. (Much thinking is outsourced to others, the environment, habit, and a lifetime of trial-and-error.)