newsletter/2015/03 (Link Bibliography)

“newsletter/​2015/​03” links:

  1. https://gwern.substack.com

  2. 02

  3. Changelog

  4. Nootropics#experiment-1

  5. 2015-03-30-gwern-redditsubpoena.html

  6. Notes#zeo-sleep-data

  7. Notes#daily-weight-data-graph

  8. http://www.unz.com/gnxp/the-fourth-law-of-behavior-genetics/

  9. ⁠, Iain Mathieson, Iosif Lazaridis, Nadin Rohland, Swapan Mallick, Nick Patterson, Songül Alpaslan Roodenberg, Eadaoin Harney, Kristin Stewardson, Daniel Fernandes, Mario Novak, Kendra Sirak, Cristina Gamba, Eppie R. Jones, Bastien Llamas, Stanislav Dryomov, Joseph Pickrell, Juan Luís Arsuaga, José María Bermúdez de Castro, Eudald Carbonell, Fokke Gerritsen, Aleksandr Khokhlov, Pavel Kuznetsov, Marina Lozano, Harald Meller, Oleg Mochalov, Vayacheslav Moiseyev, Manuel A. Rojo Guerra, Jacob Roodenberg, Josep Maria Vergès, Johannes Krause, Alan Cooper, Kurt W. Alt, Dorcas Brown, David Anthony, Carles Lalueza-Fox, Wolfgang Haak, Ron Pinhasi, David Reich (2015-10-10):

    The arrival of farming in Europe around 8,500 years ago necessitated adaptation to new environments, pathogens, diets, and social organizations. While indirect evidence of adaptation can be detected in patterns of genetic variation in present-day people, ancient DNA makes it possible to witness selection directly by analyzing samples from populations before, during and after adaptation events. Here we report the first genome-wide scan for selection using ancient DNA, capitalizing on the largest genome-wide dataset yet assembled: 230 West Eurasians dating to between 6500 and 1000 BCE, including 163 with newly reported data. The new samples include the first genome-wide data from the Anatolian Neolithic culture, who we show were members of the population that was the source of Europe’s first farmers, and whose genetic material we extracted by focusing on the DNA-rich petrous bone. We identify genome-wide statistically-significant signatures of selection at loci associated with diet, pigmentation and immunity, and two independent episodes of selection on height.

  10. http://www.unz.com/gnxp/selection-in-europeans-but-it-still-sweeps/

  11. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2015/03/09/break-in-at-y-12

  12. http://thegrandnarrative.com/2013/02/28/korean-women-employment-fashion-breasts/

  13. http://ije.oxfordjournals.org/content/34/6/1435.full

  14. https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1958/12/the-lesson-of-iraq/306494/?single_page=true

  15. https://statmodeling.stat.columbia.edu/2013/02/28/different-modes-of-discourse/

  16. https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/simulatingwar/conversations/topics/1377

  17. https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMsa1409364

  18. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.648.1155&rep=rep1&type=pdf

  19. https://osf.io/ct89g/

  20. https://hardsci.wordpress.com/2015/03/12/an-open-review-of-many-labs-3-much-to-learn/

  21. http://www.uv.es/sestio/TechRep/tr14-03.pdf

  22. ⁠, Ramal Moonesinghe, Muin J. Khoury, A. Cecile J. W. Janssens ():

    While the authors agree with John Ioannidis that “most research findings are false,” here they show that replication of research findings enhances the positive predictive value of research findings being true.

  23. http://betterexplained.com/articles/understanding-bayes-theorem-with-ratios/

  24. https://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/12/science/testing-of-some-deadly-diseases-on-mice-mislead-report-says.html

  25. https://aeon.co/magazine/science/bacteria-kill-us-by-accident/

  26. https://www.nature.com/news/the-myopia-boom-1.17120

  27. https://www.lesswrong.com/posts/QawvGzYWhqdyPWgBL/new-improved-lottery

  28. ⁠, Scott Alexander (2009-04-28):

    [Alexander defines the “typical mind fallacy”: everyone reasons about their mental experiences as if they are universal. People with vivid visual imagery assume everyone can see things in “the mind’s eye” while assume that this is simply a poetic metaphor; people with color-blindness wonder why other people get so worked up about various shades of gray, and people with are puzzled by the focus on flowers etc. Further examples include maladaptive daydreaming, pain insensitivity, the prevalence of visual & auditory hallucinations in mentally-healthy individuals like ‘scintillating scotoma’, misophonia, hearing voices, inner monologues, facial self-awareness, trypophobia, Severely Deficient Autobiographical Memory, hypermnesia, ASMR, face blindness/​​​​prosospagnosia, musical anhedonia, ‘the call of the void’/​​​​intrusive thoughts, hypnagogia, the nasal dilation cycle…

    This phenomenon for visual imagery was discovered only recently by ⁠, who asked if the interminable debate between philosophers/​​​​psychologists like Berkeley or Behaviorists like Skinner, where neither could accept that there was (or was not) visual imagery, was because both were right—some people have extremely vivid mental imagery, while others have none at all. He simply circulated a survey and asked. Turned out, most people do but some don’t.

    The typical mind fallacy may explain many interpersonal conflicts and differences in advice: we underappreciate the sheer cognitive diversity of mankind, because we only have access to our limited personal anecdote, and people typically do not discuss all their differences because they don’t realize they exist nor have a vocabulary/​​​​name.]

  29. https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2013/02/hacking_the_pap.html

  30. https://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/14/world/asia/in-japan-the-fax-machine-is-anything-but-a-relic.html?pagewanted=all

  31. http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/diary/february_2013.html

  32. https://www.cato-unbound.org/2015/03/04/megan-mcardle/its-complicated-hopeful

  33. https://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/21/world/europe/iceland-weighs-exporting-the-power-bubbling-from-below.html?pagewanted=all

  34. https://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/17/business/in-china-families-bet-it-all-on-a-child-in-college.html

  35. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/02/24/opinion/sunday/ben-schott-movies-billing-blocks.html

  36. http://mason.gmu.edu/~rhanson/greatfilter.html

  37. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/moral-anti-realism/index.html

  38. ⁠, Daniel Abraham (2007):

    (⁠; TVTropes⁠; LW discussion⁠; non-PDF version) 2007 short story, set in a Renaissance-esque fantasy historical setting, featuring a cambist (a money-exchanger) who is set three dangerous tasks by a bored and dissolute aristocrat. The 3 challenges illustrate principles of economics:

    1. the theory of : the value of something is what you can exchange it for in the market
    2. : the choices individuals and groups reveal the true value set on things, regardless of what they may say
    3. : a trade of 2 things, which remain unchanged, can make both parties better off
  39. https://www.lesswrong.com/posts/4T8NwAgFYRnuFPRHk/the-cambist-and-lord-iron-a-fairy-tale-of-economics

  40. http://www.antipope.org/charlie/fiction/coffee.html

  41. http://mangafox.me/manga/hotel/v01/c003/1.html

  42. http://blog.oddhead.com/2015/02/28/unlock-spock/

  43. Books#reflections-on-violence-sorel-2004

  44. http://hpmor.com/

  45. https://pactwebserial.wordpress.com/about/

  46. Books#pact-wildbow-2014

  47. http://www.webcomicsnation.com/thorsby/spacespy/toc.php

  48. http://www.webcomicsnation.com/thorsby/destiny/toc.php

  49. https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Webcomic/HitmenForDestiny

  50. Movies#project-nim

  51. Movies#the-king-of-kong

  52. Anime#space-dandy

  53. https://www.dropbox.com/s/de8niu07a47g2fz/2.04-%E8%8F%85%E9%87%8E%E3%82%88%E3%81%86%E5%AD%90-classiqued%E2%80%99amour%EF%BD%9E%E6%84%9B%E3%81%AE%E3%82%AF%E3%83%A9%E3%82%B9%E3%82%A3%E3%83%BC%E3%82%AF.ogg

  54. https://www.dropbox.com/s/21mfjc8b14nzpgo/ogreyouasshole-spacedandyost2-whitehouse.ogg

  55. https://www.dropbox.com/s/vsmrcuf6k6l8a0b/1.05-mountainmochakilimanjaro-dandysfly.ogg

  56. https://www.dropbox.com/s/v6pz608dxsx09ws/1.08-ogreyouasshole-%E9%87%91%E8%89%B2%E3%81%AE%E7%8E%A9%E5%85%B7.ogg

  57. https://www.dropbox.com/s/uc01bvof2gc54jz/1.18-ogreyouasshole-%E3%83%90%E3%83%96%E3%83%AB%E3%83%BB%E3%82%AA%E3%83%96%E3%83%BB%E3%83%90%E3%83%96%E3%83%AB.ogg

  58. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LQ-I4ZoOYjs

  59. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VMo2sm6C6yQ

  60. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rA6X-bdiMM8

  61. https://www.dropbox.com/s/7qc3w65zpjki6e7/%E4%BC%8A%E8%97%A4%E7%BF%BC-kantaiphilharmonicorchestra-%E5%B7%A5%E5%BB%A0%E3%83%AF%E3%83%AB%E3%83%84.ogg

  62. https://www.dropbox.com/s/7qc3w65zpjki6e7/%E4%BC%8A%E8%97%A4%E7%BF%BC-kantaiphilharmonicorchestra-%E5%B7%A5%E5%BB%A0%E3%83%AF%E3%83%AB%E3%83%84.ogg?dl=0

  63. https://www.dropbox.com/s/qw1dz6s8gr9g6s1/tam%C3%97keigokanzaki-%E6%9D%B1%E6%96%B9%E3%83%90%E3%82%A4%E3%82%AA%E3%83%AA%E3%83%B3%E3%83%AD%E3%83%83%E3%82%AF%E6%B0%B8nagarae-lovecoloredmasterspark.ogg

  64. https://www.dropbox.com/s/g449arc62npze3v/tam%C3%97keigokanzaki-%E6%9D%B1%E6%96%B9%E3%83%90%E3%82%A4%E3%82%AA%E3%83%AA%E3%83%B3%E3%83%AD%E3%83%83%E3%82%AF%E6%B0%B8nagarae-lunaticprincess.ogg

  65. https://www.dropbox.com/s/zftppm1rlhvy2ou/tam%C3%97keigokanzaki-%E6%9D%B1%E6%96%B9%E3%83%90%E3%82%A4%E3%82%AA%E3%83%AA%E3%83%B3%E3%83%AD%E3%83%83%E3%82%AF%E6%B0%B8nagarae-reachforthemoonimmortalsmoke.ogg

  66. https://www.dropbox.com/s/6l1tpmz7xjpytzr/tam%C3%97keigokanzaki-%E6%9D%B1%E6%96%B9%E3%83%90%E3%82%A4%E3%82%AA%E3%83%AA%E3%83%B3%E3%83%AD%E3%83%83%E3%82%AF%E6%B0%B8nagarae-historyofthemoon.ogg

  67. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OSAXHeWUsNs

  68. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RrBZJc1PJUY

  69. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OJ-EH7XF0gQ

  70. https://www.dropbox.com/s/pwqqcqhfvtq6q0o/siva-gensokyostpatricksday-%E6%82%A0%E4%B9%85%E3%81%AE%E8%88%9Erearrange.ogg

  71. https://www.dropbox.com/s/ng90eo8u1z4ujac/siva-gensokyostpatricksday-%E5%B9%BB%E6%83%B3%E9%83%B7%E3%82%BB%E3%83%B3%E3%83%88%E3%83%91%E3%83%88%E3%83%AA%E3%83%83%E3%82%AF%E3%82%B9%E3%83%87%E3%82%A4.ogg

  72. https://www.dropbox.com/s/zu8x8f90d0q9sjm/siva-gensokyostpatricksday-%E3%83%AC%E3%82%B8%E3%82%A7%E3%83%B3%E3%83%89%E3%82%AA%E3%83%96%E3%83%9E%E3%83%8A.ogg