docs/radiance/2002-scholz-radiance (Link Bibliography)

“docs/​radiance/​2002-scholz-radiance” links:

  1. 2002-scholz-radiance#appendices

  2. #review-excerpts

  3. https://www.gwern.net/docs/radiance/2002-07-duchamp-itsawfulandenticingradiance.html

  4. http://quarterlyconversation.com/carter-scholz-radiance

  5. http://www.salon.com/2002/02/21/scholz/

  6. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx5/6/22144/01030991.pdf?tp=&arnumber=1030991&isnumber=22144

  7. http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/2002-03-17/entertainment/0203150638_1_rocket-science-weapons-lab-radiance

  8. https://www.nytimes.com/2002/02/17/books/books-in-brief-fiction-529931.html

  9. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Carter+Scholz.+Radiance.-a093974757

  10. https://www.kirkusreviews.com/book-reviews/carter-scholz/radiance-3/

  11. http://www.publishersweekly.com/978-0-312-26893-0

  12. http://sfpotpourri.blogspot.com/2012/11/2002-radiance-scholz-carter.html

  13. http://trashotron.com/agony/reviews/2003/scholz-radiance.htm

  14. http://www.steelypips.org/library/0802.html#082302

  15. http://www.lablit.com/article/208/

  16. https://www.amazon.com/Radiance-A-Novel-Carter-Scholz/dp/0312311362

  17. https://www.amazon.com/Radiance-A-Novel-Carter-Scholz/dp/product-description/0312311362/

  18. https://www.librarything.com/work/13068

  19. http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/1156345.Radiance

  20. Books#radiance-scholz-2003

  21. http://books.google.com/books?id=Awsgd6x7MCIC

  22. https://www.amazon.com/Atomic-Audit-Consequences-Nuclear-Weapons/dp/0815777736

  23. https://web.archive.org/web/20160417002217/http://www.brookings.edu/about/projects/archive/nucweapons/weapons

  24. https://web.archive.org/web/20160508152238/http://www.brookings.edu/about/projects/archive/nucweapons/schwartz

  25. http://www.michaellight.net/suns-intro/

  26. http://web.archive.org/web/20060414172948/http://www.newcriterion.com/archives/24/04/a-science-fiction-writer-of-the-fifties/

  27. https://web.archive.org/web/20160422093652/http://www.redplenty.com/Red_Plenty/Front_page.html

  28. 2002-scholz-radiance.pdf

  29. #radiance-1

  30. #new-legends

  31. ⁠, Andre Gsponer, Jean-Pierre Hurni (2009-01-20):

    This report is an assessment of the prospect of developing new (ie., fourth generation) nuclear weapons in the context of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) that was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1996 and of the current moratorium on nuclear testing in effect in all nuclear-weapon States.

    The conclusion stresses that considerable research is underway in all five nuclear-weapon States (as well as in several other major industrialized States such as Germany and Japan) on ICF and on many physical processes that provide the scientific basis necessary to develop fourth generation nuclear weapons. Substantial progress has been made in the past few years on all these processes, and the construction of large ICF microexplosion facilities in both nuclear-weapon and non-nuclear-weapon States is giving the arms race a fresh boost. The world runs the risk that certain countries will equip themselves directly with fourth generation nuclear weapons, bypassing the acquisition of previous generations of nuclear weapons.

  32. https://archive.org/details/input-compressed-2015mar28a29

  33. https://www.amazon.com/American-Ground-Zero-Secret-Nuclear/dp/0262071460

  34. http://americangroundzero.blogspot.com/

  35. http://www.fas.org/spp/starwars/offdocs/rrspch.htm

  36. mailto:sforza@milano.banl.gov

  37. http://www.worldofdante.org/astro_detail2.html

  38. #pg151

  39. http://articles.latimes.com/print/1988-07-17/magazine/tm-9636_1_x-ray-laser

  40. https://kk.org/books/out-of-control/

  41. http://e-drexler.com/p/06/00/EOC_Cover.html

  42. 1992-levy-artificiallife.pdf: “Artificial Life: A Report from the Frontier Where Computers Meet Biology”⁠, Steven Levy

  43. http://cnls.lanl.gov/External/

  44. https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Notebooks_of_Leonardo_Da_Vinci/XIX#Against_alchemists_.281207-1208.29

  45. http://www.catb.org/jargon/html/B/big-win.html

  46. https://www.amazon.com/Project-Orion-Story-Atomic-Spaceship/dp/0805059857

  47. https://fas.org/programs/ssp/nukes/new_nuclear_weapons/cwendlosalamos.pdf

  48. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/logotype

  49. 1973-westfall.pdf

  50. http://dioi.org/kn/newtonmoontest.htm

  51. mailto:quine@styx.banl.gov

  52. https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Notebooks_of_Leonardo_Da_Vinci/XIX

  53. #sixa-vs-seilla

  54. https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Notebooks_of_Leonardo_Da_Vinci/XX

  55. http://britishlibrary.typepad.co.uk/digitisedmanuscripts/2012/11/beavers-on-the-run.html

  56. http://bestiary.ca/beasts/beast152.htm

  57. https://bakerp2004.wordpress.com/2014/09/21/leonardo-da-vincis-machineries-of-war/

  58. http://www.ssplprints.com/image/96411/leonardo-da-vinci-mortars-discharging-explosive-shells-and-shrapnel-late-15th-century

  59. https://web.archive.org/web/20121310505900/http://www.themodernword.com/Pynchon/pynchon_grintro.html

  60. https://www.amazon.com/books/dp/0520213734

  61. https://www.amazon.com/People-Of-The-Bomb-Portraits/dp/0816638608

  62. https://www.nytimes.com/2002/05/21/science/a-conversation-with-hugh-gusterson-finding-rich-fodder-in-nuclear-scientists.html?pagewanted=all

  63. http://www.rwagner.net/libretti/parsifal/e-pars-a1.html

  64. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/pullet

  65. https://frc.ri.cmu.edu/~hpm/book88/reviews/890109.NewYorker.html

  66. https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Notebooks_of_Leonardo_Da_Vinci/XIX#Reflections_on_Nature_.281217-1219.29

  67. http://www.museoscienza.org/english/leonardo/models/macchina-leo.asp?id_macchina=108

  68. https://www.nytimes.com/1999/08/31/us/top-us-laser-expert-admits-lack-of-a-phd-and-resigns.html

  69. http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/CHEROKEE/2008-06/1214789071

  70. http://web.kitsapsun.com/archive/2001/06-10/0057_tell_me_a_story__little_brother_a.html

  71. http://simson.net/hacks/cubefire.html

  72. http://www.lettersofnote.com/2012/03/skills-of-da-vinci.html

  73. http://courses.washington.edu/hsteu401/Leonardo%20letter.pdf

  74. http://wordsmith.org/words/nescient.html

  75. http://pauillac.inria.fr/~weis/info/commandline.html

  76. http://articles.latimes.com/2003/jun/17/business/fi-clothestime17

  77. https://web.archive.org/web/20130515094928/http://impact.arc.nasa.gov/news_detail.cfm?ID=129

  78. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Special+Tasks.-a015443828

  79. http://www.cato.org/pubs/briefs/bp87.pdf

  80. Scanners

  81. #pg69

  82. #pg91

  83. http://www.luckymojo.com/bluesstonesinmyjohnson.html

  84. http://www.rwagner.net/libretti/parsifal/e-pars-a3.html

  85. https://www.lesswrong.com/posts/ebiCeBHr7At8Yyq9R/being-half-rational-about-pascal-s-wager-is-even-worse

  86. http://books.google.com/books?id=rvsOkMa6KZgC&pg=PA89

  87. http://articles.latimes.com/1986-07-30/business/fi-18840_1_laser-defense

  88. http://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/s1.html

  89. http://hifweb.lbl.gov/public/Sharp/HIF_documents/Nuckolls-laser%20fusion.sep72.pdf

  90. https://www.amazon.com/Artificial-Life-Frontier-Computers-Biology/dp/0679743898

  91. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qtbOmpTnyOc

  92. http://articles.orlandosentinel.com/1995-09-05/news/9509050051_1_freon-ozone-refrigerant

  93. https://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/08/science/earth/smugglers-sell-coolant-tied-to-global-warming.html?pagewanted=all

  94. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/tattoo#Noun_2

  95. http://www.nitrd.gov/pubs/bluebooks/2001/asci.html

  96. #gusterson

  97. 1995-mackenzie.pdf: ⁠, Donald MacKenzie, Graham Spinardi (1995; radiance):

    Tacit Knowledge, embodied in people rather than words, equations, or diagrams, plays a vital role in science. The historical record of the development and spread of nuclear weapons and the recollections of their designers suggest that tacit knowledge is also crucial to nuclear weapons development. Therefore, if design ceases, and if there is no new generation of designers to whom that tacit knowledge can be passed, then in an important (though qualified) sense nuclear weapons will have been uninvented. Their renewed development would thus have some of the characteristics of reinvention rather than simply copying. In addition, knowledge may be lost not only as a result of complete disarmament, but also as a consequence of likely measures such as a nuclear test ban.

  98. http://www.lanl.gov/orgs/padwp/pdfs/nwj2_09.pdf#pg=22

  99. {#linkBibliography-jones)-2009 .docMetadata}, Nick Baumann (Mother Jones) (2009-05-01):

    In 2007, as the government began overhauling the nation’s stockpile of W76 warheads—the variety often carried by Ohio-class submarines—officials at the National Nuclear Security Administration realized they couldn’t produce an essential material known as “Fogbank.” What purpose this substance actually serves is classified, but outside experts have suggested that it’s a sort of exploding foam that sits between the fission and fusion portions of hydrogen bombs. The Government Accountability Office reported in March that NNSA’s effort to recover its Fogbank-making ability had resulted in a yearlong, $91$692007 million delay in the refurbishment project. And a government official with knowledge of the situation tells Mother Jones that further Fogbank-related delays are imminent.

    The US government’s Fogbank snafu has stunned nuclear policy experts. “What the story ought to tell people is that the institutions that we’ve built to oversee development and maintenance of our nuclear weapons are incompetent”, says Jeffrey Lewis, the director of the nuclear strategy and nonproliferation initiative at the New America Foundation, who has written about the episode.

    So how did America’s three nuclear weapons design laboratories and four nuclear weapons manufacturing plants—the institutions collectively known as the nuclear weapons complex—simply forget how to make a crucial component of one of the military’s most important warheads? “It seems like it was a case of ten-year-itis”, says Phil Coyle, a former assistant secretary of defense who worked in the nuclear weapons complex for 33 years. “Ten years go by and people forget things that they used to know how to do.”

    “You have to keep people who know how to do these things and when people get too old or they retire you have to train new people to take their place”, adds Coyle, now a senior adviser to the Center for Defense Information, a Washington think tank. But NNSA failed to do so, according to the GAO. The agency “kept few records of the process when [Fogbank] was made in the 1980s and almost all staff with expertise on production had retired or left the agency” by the 2000s.

  100. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=602492

  101. http://www.lanl.gov/bdit/html/projects/AHF.htm

  102. https://wci.llnl.gov/fac/heaf/

  103. https://www.llnl.gov/str/Baker.html

  104. https://wci.llnl.gov/fac/site300/cff/index.html

  105. http://nnsa.energy.gov/aboutus/ourprograms/defenseprograms/stockpilestewardship/defensescience/dsfacilities/cff

  106. http://www.sandia.gov/research/facilities/technology_deployment_centers/explosive_component.html

  107. http://www2.nstec.com/Documents/Fact%20Sheets/BEEF.pdf

  108. https://www.amazon.com/Eccentric-Orbits-Iridium-John-Bloom/dp/0802126782

  109. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/macher

  110. 2011-nist-cradatemplate.pdf⁠, jmaynard

  111. https://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/business/worldbusiness/25iht-hyundai.html

  112. http://freekorea.us/2013/09/04/national-assembly-approves-arrest-of-lee-seok-gi/

  113. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/chirm

  114. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/steward#Etymology

  115. https://www.deseret.com/1995/7/20/19183190/teller-regrets-failure-to-seek-a-demonstration-option

  116. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P2-869220.html

  117. http://articles.mcall.com/1994-01-04/news/2969176_1_radiation-experiments-energy-department-white-house

  118. http://sourceforge.net/projects/gpguess/

  119. http://pgpry.sourceforge.net/

  120. http://www.openwall.com/john/

  121. https://web.archive.org/web/20140519030938/http://www.linux-archive.org/gentoo-user/518631-script-crack-gpg-passphrase.html

  122. https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Cratylus

  123. https://www.filfre.net/2020/12/ethics-in-strategy-gaming-part-2-colonization/

  124. http://www.gao.gov/assets/110/105356.pdf

  125. http://www.fin.ucar.edu/property/propmanual/propmanual_sec8.html

  126. http://galileo.rice.edu/Catalog/NewFiles/bacon.html

  127. The-Narrowing-Circle#the-fukuyama-thesis

  128. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/instauration

  129. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/loma#Spanish

  130. https://www.amazon.com/Principle-Centered-Leadership-Stephen-R-Covey/dp/145589348X

  131. https://www.amazon.com/Managing-Speed-Change-Daryl-Conner/dp/0679406840

  132. https://www.amazon.com/Stewardship-Choosing-Service-Self-Interest-Expanded/dp/1620648318

  133. https://www.amazon.com/Thriving-Chaos-Handbook-Management-Revolution/dp/0060971843

  134. http://tonysmithconsulting.com/personal-growth-philosophy/

  135. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/descant

  136. https://www.amazon.com/God-Wants-You-Rich-Spiritual/dp/1416549277

  137. #gsponer-hurni-2009

  138. http://www.bu.edu/globalbeat/nuclear/Kristensen1097.html

  139. https://www.hsdl.org/?view&did=20646

  140. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/venery

  141. http://www.rwagner.net/libretti/tristan/e-tristan-a3s1.html

  142. http://www.gao.gov/assets/160/154395.pdf

  143. http://www.gao.gov/assets/220/213701.pdf

  144. http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/systems/b61-11.htm

  145. https://web.archive.org/web/20120911210524/http://www.brookings.edu/about/projects/archive/nucweapons/lasg

  146. http://www.nukestrat.com/us/afn/B61-11.htm

  147. http://www.cpp.edu/~zywang/andrew.pdf

  148. http://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglossp.htm#Party

  149. http://heraldry.sca.org/armory/lessons/lesson06.html

  150. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/schlecht

  151. wikipedia-doj-diazepamvalium.jpg

  152. http://www.osti.gov/bridge/servlets/purl/10172219/10172219.pdf

  153. http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nif2/findings.asp

  154. http://fzullehistoria.files.wordpress.com/2013/05/nucleartests.pdf

  155. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/putz

  156. http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/russia/arzamas_nuc.htm

  157. http://csc.ac.ru/news/1997_1/ae39.pdf

  158. 1995-teller.pdf: “Planetary Defense Workshop”⁠, Word 6.01§

  159. https://web.archive.org/web/20140527022857/http://features.blogs.fortune.cnn.com/2013/05/15/ranbaxy-fraud-lipitor/

  160. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2003/jun/24/usa.science

  161. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/surtout#Adverb

  162. https://www.amazon.com/LIFE-MAGAZINE-MONUMENT-UPHEAVAL-LARGEST/dp/B003YEIAGA

  163. 1964-pillsbury-avisittothenewyorkworldsfair.pdf

  164. http://www.uky.edu/~eushe2/Pajares/jsignificant.html

  165. http://books.google.com/books/about/LIFE.html?id=2FMEAAAAMBAJ

  166. http://librafalas.weebly.com/uploads/6/6/7/9/6679074/notebook_of_da_vinci.pdf

  167. http://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/121.45?lang=eng

  168. http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/routers/ps359/ps360/index.html

  169. https://cit.kuleuven.be/smart/infrastructure/documents/cam200.pdf

  170. http://www.ssi.shimadzu.com/products/product.cfm?product=sald201v

  171. http://www.seistronix.com/

  172. http://www.seistronix.com/ras_g.htm

  173. http://www.fas.org/spp/starwars/program/laser-review.pdf

  174. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/ensign#Verb

  175. http://books.google.com/books?id=DgcAAAAAMBAJ&lpg=PA36&pg=PA8

  176. http://www.tomwaits.com/songs/song/71/Dirt_In_The_Ground/

  177. 1995-scholz-radiance.pdf

  178. https://www.amazon.com/New-Legends-Greg-Bear/dp/0312862016

  179. 1995-benford-oldlegends.pdf: “Old Legends”⁠, Gregory Benford

  180. 1963-asimov

  181. Culture-is-not-about-Esthetics#they-snatched-societys-brain

  182. mailto:sforza@milano

  183. mailto:quine@styx

  184. http://os.ghalkes.nl/dwdiff.html

  185. https://github.com/theZiz/aha

  186. 1995-scholz-radiance-plaintext.txt

  187. 2002-scholz-radiance-part1-plaintext.txt

  188. #berger-1984

  189. 1984-berger.pdf: ⁠, Albert I. Berger (1984-09-01; radiance):

    In the spring of 1944, agents from the Manhattan Project’s security division interviewed Cleve Cartmill and John Campbell in the wake of Campbell’s publication of Cartmill’s short story “Deadline” in the March, 1944 issue of Astounding Science Fiction, in which U-235 had been separated from non-fissionable isotopes and was ready to be detonated in a functional bomb, whose details were described. As described, Cartmill’s bomb would not work; and it did not resemble the uranium bomb being built by the Manhattan Project. However, suspecting a leak from the Project (whose most difficult engineering problem with uranium was its separation into fissionable and non-fissionable isotopes), agents interviewed both author and editor. “Where did you get this idea?”

    The incident has become part of science fiction folklore. Campbell spoke of it often before his death, and it is often referred to by members of the Analog Science Fiction/​​​​Science Fact science fiction community, usually in the context of discussing the genre’s anticipation of actual scientific and technological developments. However, the military intelligence agents kept records of the investigation, records which have just been released in response to a request under the Freedom of Information Act. Seven separate documents, comprising some 39 pages of reports and memoranda filed under Cleve Cartmill’s name, show just how the people who were guarding the building of the real atomic bomb responded to the news that a disreputable pulp fiction magazine was apparently keeping pace with this recent and most secret research. Coincidentally, they shed light on Astounding’s fabled editorial practices just as World War II was disrupting the “stable” of famous science fiction writers John Campbell had assembled there between 1937 and 1941.

    The Manhattan Project sought to provide internal security through compartmentalization. Only at the very top, and on a need-to-know basis, were the participants supposed to know what they were working on. Campbell and Cartmill had created a problem by naming what was intended to be unnameable: the near-term practical possibility of an atomic bomb. Campbell seems to have known something was up: “I’m stating fact, not theory”, he had written to Cartmill. Cartmill was afraid before he began writing that “Deadline” would do exactly what it did do: inadvertently call attention to a real bomb project. As contemptuous as Project security and the censor were of science fiction, they were also little afraid of precisely what Campbell’s science fiction did best: putting scattered bits of scientific knowledge together into a specific, concrete idea or device, and speculating on what that idea or device’s impact might be on the world at large. That kind of speculation represents a way of thinking distinctly at odds with those of bureaucracies like the Manhattan Project. The latter are often perfectly aware that two and two add up to four, but they equally often want to control the distribution of that news, for legitimate (as in this case perhaps) as frequently as for disreputable reasons.

    So the affair represents more than just the anecdote which it has become. Cartmill’s letters reveal many of the constraints under which Campbell labored during the war; the affair as a whole shows the extremely casual way in which Campbell regarded so-called “voluntary censorship”. But that casualness, juxtaposed with the grim concern for control and fear of undue speculation on the part of the Project, marks an early and quite concrete example of the tension between the imagination engendered by science fiction and the concerns of the giant bureaucracies (governmental or private) which have so dominated scientific research and technological development since the end of World War II. It is probably belaboring Analog readers to remind them that that tension has furnished themes for more than a generation of science fiction stories.

  190. 1988-franklin-warstars.pdf

  191. 1970-benford.pdf

  192. http://www.phenix.bnl.gov/WWW/publish/wasiko/Monopole/Experiments/Bartlett_72.pdf

  193. 1974-clay.pdf

  194. https://archive.org/details/galaxymagazine-1954-02

  195. https://www.amazon.com/From-Eros-Gaia-Penguin-science/dp/0140174230

  196. https://www.amazon.com/The-Voice-Dolphins-Other-Stories/dp/B000O6DD90

  197. https://web.archive.org/web/20100619071209/http://www.hssonline.org/publications/Newsletter2009/July_Szilard.html

  198. https://www.amazon.com/Genius-Life-Science-Richard-Feynman/dp/0679747044

  199. 2005-gusterson.pdf: ⁠, Hugh Gusterson (2005; radiance):

    A generation of historians, sociologists, and anthropologists of science has learned from actor-network theory and the sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK) to focus on the building of scientific institutions and facts, and from Thomas Kuhn to expect a certain historical rhythm in the evolution of scientific fields of knowledge: first, a dynamic burst of creativity (the “revolution”) as the foundational ideas of the new field are laid down; second, a period of “normal science” in which gaps are filled in as the new knowledge is institutionalized; and, finally, as puzzles emerge that cannot be fully explained by the established paradigm, a new burst of creativity as another generation redefines the fundamental precepts of the field.

    In this essay, looking at three generations of nuclear weapons designers, I follow and then depart from the Kuhnian script. Although the first two generations of nuclear weapons scientists conformed perfectly to the Kuhnian storyline, the final story is not about the of scientific revolution, but about a process of scientific involution as nuclear weapons science has simultaneously matured and withered in a way that is beautifully evoked in a blues ballad once sung for me by a group of weapons designers from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory:

    Went down to Amarillo
    Lookin’ for my sweet ’533
    It was laying on a long white table
    Looked cold and hard to me
    Let it go, let it go, retire it
    No city scrapers do we need
    Take a 614 and modify it.
    Call it the mod 11-E
    Now you can search this whole world over
    From Frisco to Albuquerque
    You can mentor anyone that you want to
    But you’ll never find designers like me
    Now when I’m gone, just put me way down
    In a hole off the old Orange Road.
    ’ttach a cable to my device can
    So I can run those legacy codes (fading)
    So I can run those legacy codes
    So I can run those legacy codes.5

    …The 1970s and the 1980s, when nuclear testing moved underground, were a period of routinization: the institutional apparatus for nuclear weapons design and testing grew, its scientific achievements shrank, and the arteries of the weapons design bureaucracy hardened. Attempts to perfect a third-generation nuclear weapon—the x-ray laser—failed and were abandoned in an atmosphere of scandal and disgrace.11 The art of weapons design progressed, but by increments rather than great leaps: weapons designers learned to squeeze greater yields out of smaller quantities of plutonium so that nuclear weapons could be made lighter and smaller, weapons were made safer through the addition of Permissive Action Links (PALS) and the substitution of Insensitive High Explosive (IHE) for conventional explosives,12 and the supercomputer codes used to model the behavior of nuclear weapons were gradually refined. The names of the men (and now women) behind these achievements are largely unknown outside the nuclear weapons bureaucracy, and in some cases their achievements are only partially known within the weapons laboratories, thanks to the compartmentalizing effects of official secrecy in the weapons complex.13

    Nuclear tests were forbidden after the end of the Cold War, and the practice and pedagogy of nuclear weapons science shifted again. Forced to largely abandon their nuclear test site in Nevada—a place where the desert sands encroach on the old bowling alley and cinema, now disused, as tourist buses disgorge camera-laden voyeurs to gawk at the nuclear craters—many of the old-timers elected to retire. Those that stayed have regrouped their forces in the virtual world of simulated testing, where they are attempting to train a new generation of scientists to maintain devices they cannot test. In some ways the scientific challenges of nuclear weapons design have shrunk to microscopic proportions: new designs are not built or deployed, and even the decision to substitute a new epoxy in an aging weapon can send a tremor of fear through design teams unsure if their weapons will still work. In other ways, the scientific challenges are suddenly magnified: how to design implosion, shock wave, and laser fusion experiments that will shed light on the performance of aging nuclear weapons in the absence of nuclear testing? How to use the physics knowledge of today to understand test data, long buried in dusty filing cabinets, from the 1950s and the 1960s? And how to convert old two-dimensional codes designed for Cray supercomputers into three-dimensional codes that can run on massively parallel systems now being designed?

  200. 1985-broad-starwarriors.pdf

  201. https://www.amazon.com/Tellers-War-Top-Secret-Behind-Deception/dp/0671867385

  202. https://www.nytimes.com/1990/02/13/science/crown-jewel-of-star-wars-has-lost-its-luster.html?pagewanted=all&src=pm

  203. https://www.nytimes.com/1988/08/01/us/scientist-s-view-of-lasers-helped-star-wars.html

  204. http://books.google.com/books?id=sAYAAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA7

  205. http://books.google.com/books?id=cwwAAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA35

  206. https://www.amazon.com/dp/1451677618

  207. https://www.amazon.com/Dark-Sun-Making-Hydrogen-Bomb/dp/0684824140

  208. https://www.amazon.com/Nuclear-Weapons-Databook-Forces-Capabilities/dp/0884101738/

  209. https://archive.org/details/ConfessionsOfTheFatherOfTheNeutronBomb

  210. https://www.amazon.com/Sandia-National-Laboratories-Postwar-Decade/dp/0826311733/

  211. https://www.amazon.com/Elements-Controversy-Commission-Radiation-1947-1974/dp/0520083237/

  212. https://www.amazon.com/Us-Nuclear-Weapons-Secret-History/dp/0517567407/

  213. #mackenzie-spinardi-1995

  214. https://www.amazon.com/Curve-Binding-Energy-Alarming-Theodore/dp/0374515980/

  215. http://www.progressive.org/images/pdf/1179.pdf

  216. 1992-serber-thelosalamosprimer.epub

  217. 1962-teller-thelegacyofhiroshima.pdf: “The Legacy of Hiroshima”⁠, Edward Teller, Allen Brown

  218. https://www.amazon.com/Project-Orion-Story-Atomic-Spaceship/dp/0805059857/

  219. https://www.amazon.com/Firecracker-Boys-Dan-ONeill/dp/0312134169/

  220. http://www.bullfrogfilms.com/catalog/nd.html

  221. http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/10589

  222. http://www.osti.gov/bridge/servlets/purl/6032983-I3RVId/6032983.pdf

  223. 1987-kidder.pdf

  224. https://www.nytimes.com/2000/01/11/us/panel-faults-laser-architect-for-overruns.html

  225. https://www.nytimes.com/2000/08/19/us/laser-project-is-delayed-and-over-budget.html

  226. http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Test-lab-called-1-billion-over-budget-2921620.php

  227. https://www.amazon.com/Dreamland-Travels-Inside-Secret-Roswell/dp/0375753850

  228. 1965-lemay-missionwithlemay.pdf