The Most 'Abandoned' Books on GoodReads

Which books on GoodReads are most difficult to finish? Estimating proportions in December 2019 gives an entirely different result than absolute counts.
Bayes, fiction, R, shell, statistics, criticism
2019-12-092020-01-05 finished certainty: likely importance: 0


What books are hard­est for a reader who starts them to fin­ish, and most likely to be aban­doned? I scrape a crowd­sourced , abandoned, from the GoodReads book social net­work on 2019-12-09 to esti­mate con­di­tional prob­a­bil­ity of being aban­doned.

The default GoodReads tag inter­face presents only raw counts of tags, not counts divided by total rat­ings (=read­s). This con­flates pop­u­lar­ity with prob­a­bil­ity of being aban­doned: a pop­u­lar but rarely-a­ban­doned book may have more abandoned tags than a less pop­u­lar but often-a­ban­doned book. There is also resid­ual error from the win­ner’s curse where books with fewer rat­ings are more mis­-es­ti­mated than pop­u­lar books. I fix that to see what more cor­rect rank­ings look like.

Cor­rect­ing for both changes the top-5 rank­ing com­plete­ly, from (raw counts):

  1. ,
  2. ,
  3. ,
  4. , 1
  5. ,

to (shrunken pos­te­rior pro­por­tions):

  1. ,
  2. ,
  3. ,
  4. The Witch­es: Salem, 1692,
  5. ,

I also con­sider a model adjust­ing for covari­ates (author/average-rating/year), to see what books are most sur­pris­ingly often-a­ban­doned given their pedi­grees & rat­ing etc. Aban­don rates increase the newer a book is, and the lower the aver­age rat­ing.

Adjust­ing for those, the top-5 are:

  1. The Casual Vacancy, J.K. Rowl­ing
  2. The Chemist,
  3. ,
  4. ,
  5. ,

Books at the top of the adjusted list appear to reflect a mix of high­ly-pop­u­lar authors chang­ing gen­res, and ‘pres­tige’ books which are high­ly-rated but a slog to read.

These results are inter­est­ing for how they high­light how peo­ple read books for many rea­sons (such as mar­ket­ing cam­paigns, lit­er­ary pres­tige, or fol­low­ing a pop­u­lar author), and this is reflected in their deci­sion whether to con­tinue read­ing or to aban­don a book.

The book review website/social net­work (2006–) is prob­a­bly the sin­gle largest book-fo­cused web­site in the Anglos­phere—it is almost as widely used by authors, who as much as they may despise it, can’t live with­out it. (I was sur­prised when, , how many have given inter­views to GoodReads over the years.) Its func­tion­al­ity is lim­it­ed, but GoodReads does sup­port user-set tags on books in the form of ‘book­shelves’; one such tag is the GR “aban­doned” book­shelf2, which lets peo­ple record which books they could­n’t fin­ish read­ing. Fix­ing GoodReads. A GoodReads user myself, I came across that tag and thought to myself that the results were amus­ing—­take that, both high­school Eng­lish class & J.K. Rowl­ing!—but also totally mis­lead­ing, since the book­shelf page only shows books sorted by total tags per book.

Lit­tle recent data. There aren’t many sim­i­lar sources for peo­ple drop­ping books. Ama­zon’s has allowed for sim­i­lar infer­ences by indi­rectly gaug­ing reader attri­tion through the dis­tri­b­u­tion of ‘high­lights’ (user-made excerpts/notes), under the assump­tion that high­light-wor­thy mate­r­ial is uni­formly dis­trib­uted & thus absence of evi­dence (of high­light­ing) is evi­dence of absence (of read­ing), which to face­tiously esti­mate that was the most aban­doned book of 2014. That has­n’t seemed to be updated recent­ly, even though Ama­zon surely has detailed ana­lyt­ics and knows exactly what books have high­est aban­don­ment rates (to address & if noth­ing else), so GoodReads offers a use­ful alter­na­tive despite all the flaws of hap­haz­ard­ly-col­lected social media data.

Problems in Ranking by Raw Count

Pop­u­lar­ity ≠ Unread­abil­i­ty. It’s no sur­prise that or are at the top of the list, because they are read so often. A really aban­don­able-book prob­a­bly would never become pop­u­lar enough to get enough aban­doned-tags to crack the list. (There are only two kinds of books: those peo­ple com­plain about read­ing, and those peo­ple don’t read.)

So as it is, a sim­ple sort-by-count tells us noth­ing more than a lot of peo­ple have read these books. It’d be more inter­est­ing to look at some­thing like what books have the high­est per­cent­age of aban­doned tags ver­sus total reads. GoodReads, as it hap­pens, pro­vides the num­ber of ‘reads’ as recorded by GR users, so that’s good.

Low counts mean sam­pling error. How­ev­er, the aban­doned counts are also low in an absolute sense: GR dis­plays only the top 25 pages (so we can’t look at least aban­doned book­s), and to make the cut­off requires just 40 tags. In com­par­ison, the most-read book on the list has 6,238,667 reads. The aver­age per­cent­age aban­doned of reads is ~0.13%, which is extremely rare (1 in 769); I am cer­tain that books are aban­doned at a much higher rate than that, because I know I aban­don books more fre­quently than 1 in every 769 books despite fin­ish­ing books being a point of pride for me3, imply­ing that the tags are not nec­es­sar­ily unbi­ased either.

Bayesian cor­rec­tion for flukes. So we have poten­tially unsta­ble esti­mates of per­cent­ages: we have a lot (n = 1250) of entries, which we know ought to be sim­i­lar, but with highly noisy esti­mates as we try to esti­mate what is a tiny & rare event (readabandoned), which will exag­ger­ate differ­ences & mis­lead us due to /, par­tic­u­larly when we look at the extremes like top/bottom. This makes it a good fit for Bayesian : we can treat each book as a ran­dom effect, and get shrink­age back to a com­mon mean, reduc­ing the dam­age done by the sam­pling error.

From a Bayesian mul­ti­-level mod­el, we can then extract rea­son­ably sta­ble pro­por­tions, rank, and get out a more mean­ing­ful list of books by ‘aban­don’ rates. Sounds good to me, and the result should be amus­ing.

Data

Scraping

No API or CLI, so man­ual extrac­tion. Despite the GoodReads API, scrap­ing the data turned out to be a nui­sance. The GoodReads API appears to only sup­port export­ing your par­tic­u­lar data, and not scrap­ing arbi­trary tags or lists: it does­n’t even hint at the nec­es­sary func­tion­al­i­ty, and search­ing did­n’t turn up any hints. (Per­haps unsur­pris­ingly given GR’s neglect by Ama­zon since its acqui­si­tion.) The data appears on the web inter­face in HTML form, so I set­tled for scrap­ing that.

GR lies to bots. GR sits on a throne of lies.

At first, I thought I could sim­ply use my usual elinks -dump trick and iter­ate through the 25 pages GR allows.4 This failed because GR only shows you the other pages when you are logged in; if you are logged out, every page request returns the first page (!) and it’s no good. If there were more pages than 25, I’d look fur­ther into export­ing cook­ies from Fire­fox to or using a Tag­Soup-like library to parse it, but it’s not worth it for so lit­tle.

Instead, I copy­-pasted each page’s text by hand, and did Emacs macro & reg­exp search-and-re­places to turn it into a usable CSV. I kept the pro­vided meta­data of author/average-GR-rating (1–5 Lik­ert scale)/publication-year.

Preprocessing

Trans­form­ing to nor­mal­i­ty. Reads/Abandoned are highly right-skewed, as one would expect, and a log- helps. Year is tricky, because it ranges from 750BC to 2019, but is so left­-skewed to books pub­lished in the 20th & espe­cially 21st cen­tury that the usual trans­forms like square/cube-rooting do noth­ing (which will be a prob­lem if we want to use it as a covari­ate to look at tem­po­ral trends in aban­don-rates); I set­tled for trans­form­ing years into per­centiles. And we’ll want an Aban­don rate in addi­tion to the raw Abandoned count.

Read­ing the CSV of tag data in & trans­form­ing:

gr <- read.csv("https://www.gwern.net/docs/culture/2019-12-09-goodreads-bookshelf-abandoned.csv",
    colClasses=c("factor", "factor", "integer", "numeric", "integer", "integer"))
## Raw data:
head(gr)
#                                            Title             Author Abandoned Rating   Reads Year
# 1                             The Casual Vacancy       J.K. Rowling       763   3.30  288511  2012
# 2                        Catch-22 (Catch-22, #1)      Joseph Heller       685   3.98  679887  1961
# 3              American Gods (American Gods, #1)        Neil Gaiman       663   4.11  693316  2001
# 4 A Game of Thrones (A Song of Ice and Fire, #1) George R.R. Martin       655   4.45 1833563  1996
# 5                                 The Book Thief       Markus Zusak       608   4.37 1644846  2005
# 6                      Outlander (Outlander, #1)     Diana Gabaldon       572   4.22  744288  1991

## Transforms:
gr$Reads.log <- log(gr$Reads)
gr$Abandoned.log <- log(gr$Abandoned)
perc.rank <- function(x) trunc(rank(x))/length(x)
gr$Year.percentile <- perc.rank(gr$Year)
gr$Abandoned.rate <- gr$Abandoned / gr$Reads
gr$Abandoned.rate.log <- log(gr$Abandoned.rate)

Description

Describ­ing basic sta­tis­tics:

library(skimr)
skim(gr) ## n = 50 books per page * 25 pages = 1250
# Skim summary statistics
#  n obs: 1250
#  n variables: 11
#
# ── Variable type:factor ──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
#  variable missing complete    n n_unique                      top_counts ordered
#    Author       0     1250 1250      835 Ste: 12, Nei: 9, Nea: 8, Chu: 6   FALSE
#     Title       0     1250 1250     1248  Lie: 2, The: 2, 'Su: 1, 10%: 1   FALSE
#
# ── Variable type:integer ─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
#   variable missing complete    n      mean        sd   p0      p25      p50       p75    p100     hist
#  Abandoned       0     1250 1250    104.95     84.51   43    53        74      124.75     763 ▇▂▁▁▁▁▁▁
#      Reads       0     1250 1250 264410.29 491210.21 4837 48771.25 108093.5 263805.75 6238667 ▇▁▁▁▁▁▁▁
#       Year       0     1250 1250   1982.6     162.45 -750  1995      2009     2013       2019 ▁▁▁▁▁▁▁▇
#
# ── Variable type:numeric ─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
#            variable missing complete    n    mean     sd          p0      p25      p50     p75  p100     hist
#       Abandoned.log       0     1250 1250  4.45   0.58       3.76     3.97     4.3      4.83    6.64 ▇▅▃▂▂▁▁▁
#      Abandoned.rate       0     1250 1250  0.0013 0.0015     1.7e-05  0.00035  0.00079  0.0016  0.02 ▇▁▁▁▁▁▁▁
#  Abandoned.rate.log       0     1250 1250 -7.21   1.09     -10.97    -7.95    -7.14    -6.43   -3.89 ▁▁▃▆▇▅▂▁
#              Rating       0     1250 1250  3.92   0.28       2.69     3.76     3.94     4.11    4.65 ▁▁▁▃▆▇▃▁
#           Reads.log       0     1250 1250 11.66   1.25       8.48    10.79    11.59    12.48   15.65 ▁▃▆▇▆▃▁▁
#     Year.percentile       0     1250 1250  0.5    0.29   8e-04        0.25     0.51     0.72    1    ▇▇▆▇▇▇▆▇
round(digits=2, cor(subset(gr, select=c("Abandoned.log", "Reads.log", "Rating", "Year.percentile", "Abandoned.rate.log"))))
#                    Abandoned.log Reads.log Rating Year.percentile Abandoned.rate.log
# Abandoned.log               1.00
# Reads.log                   0.49      1.00
# Rating                      0.08      0.42   1.00
# Year.percentile            -0.09     -0.36  -0.18            1.00
# Abandoned.rate.log         -0.03     -0.89  -0.44            0.36               1.00

Newer/lower-rated = worse. As expect­ed, read count cor­re­lates strongly with aban­don count, and also as makes sense, being a more recent book cor­re­lates with fewer reads (less time for peo­ple to have read it). Aban­doned rates mechan­i­cally cor­re­late with abandoned/read counts, of course, since it’s derived from them; more inter­est­ing is that higher rat­ings pre­dict much lower aban­don rates, and being older also pre­dicts lower aban­don rates. The fur­ther cor­re­la­tion of aver­age rat­ing with year per­centile is inter­est­ing, as it sug­gests more recent books both have worse rat­ings and are oth­er­wise more likely to be aban­doned—y­ou’d think peo­ple would avoid new books with lower rat­ings, but I guess nov­elty & mar­ket­ing are enough to con­vince peo­ple to waste their time.

Analysis

Simple Proportions

So the data looks sen­si­ble. What do the raw aban­don rates look like when we look at the worst (largest) aban­don rates?

gr$Rank.raw <- 1:nrow(gr)
gr <- gr[order(gr$Abandoned.rate, decreasing=TRUE),]
gr$Rank.proportion <- 1:nrow(gr)

cor(gr$Rank.raw, gr$Rank.proportion, method = "spearman")
# [1] -0.0406028435

gr[1:30,c(13, 12, 1, 2, 10)]
# Rank.proportion Rank.raw                                               Title                Author Abandoned.rate
#               1      117 Black Leopard, Red Wolf (The Dark Star Trilogy, #1)          Marlon James         0.0204
#               2      482                                         Space Opera Catherynne M. Valente         0.0114
#               3      411                                         Little, Big          John Crowley         0.0106
#               4      256                            The Witches: Salem, 1692          Stacy Schiff         0.0099
#               5      982                                      Tender Morsels         Margo Lanagan         0.0096
#               6      663           Too Like the Lightning (Terra Ignota, #1)            Ada Palmer         0.0093
#               7     1212                                  The Flame Alphabet            Ben Marcus         0.0091
#               8      592                                       New York 2140  Kim Stanley Robinson         0.0090
#               9      690                                                Hild       Nicola Griffith         0.0085
#              10     1039                                         Gingerbread         Helen Oyeyemi         0.0084
#              11      701                                            Dhalgren      Samuel R. Delany         0.0083
#              12      114                                       Winter's Tale          Mark Helprin         0.0078
#              13      134                   A Brief History of Seven Killings          Marlon James         0.0078
#              14       10                                       Infinite Jest  David Foster Wallace         0.0075
#              15      184                    The Ministry of Utmost Happiness         Arundhati Roy         0.0072
#              16      962                                    Gold Fame Citrus   Claire Vaye Watkins         0.0071
#              17     1007                                          I Am a Cat        Natsume Sōseki         0.0070
#              18      159                                             Milkman            Anna Burns         0.0066
#              19      689                                 Avenue of Mysteries           John Irving         0.0064
#              20      718                          The Years of Rice and Salt  Kim Stanley Robinson         0.0064
#              21      371                                            Zone One      Colson Whitehead         0.0063
#              22      522                      To Rise Again at a Decent Hour         Joshua Ferris         0.0063
#              23      565                                        City on Fire   Garth Risk Hallberg         0.0062
#              24      330                                    Telegraph Avenue        Michael Chabon         0.0061
#              25      576                                It Can't Happen Here        Sinclair Lewis         0.0061
#              26      568                                The Finkler Question       Howard Jacobson         0.0059
#              27     1128                Spinster: Making a Life of One's Own           Kate Bolick         0.0058
#              28      771      The Grace of Kings (The Dandelion Dynasty, #1)               Ken Liu         0.0058
#              29      645                                           Barkskins          Annie Proulx         0.0057
#              30     1134                       A Girl Is a Half-formed Thing        Eimear McBride         0.0057

The rank­ing by rate looks com­pletely differ­ent from rank­ing by count: The Casual Vacancy, Catch-22, Amer­i­can Gods, A Game of Thrones etc have all van­ished and been replaced by an almost dis­joint set. (In fact, the two rank­ings are : ρ = −0.04.)

Pro­por­tion rank­ings look right. These rank­ings look much more sen­si­ble to me as esti­mates of most-like­ly-to-be-a­ban­doned: I did in fact aban­don in dis­gust, and while I enjoyed satires of post-Meiji Japan & acad­e­mia in , I under­stand why read­ers might drop it. I’m unfa­mil­iar with which tops the rank­ing, but on look­ing into it fur­ther, that makes sense: it is set in Africa & attempts to African­ize Amer­i­can super­hero pop cul­ture, has been hailed by the lit­er­ary press & given awards, some­what politi­cized, is over 600 pages long, and even its fans con­cede that it is diffi­cult to read5. So Black Leop­ard, Red Wolf top­ping the rank­ing may not be flat­ter­ing, but may be fair.

Bayesian Modeling

Imple­ment­ing Bayesian cor­rec­tion… How­ev­er—that brings us back to sam­pling error. Black Leop­ard, Red Wolf just came out in 2019 and hardly any­one has read it. In sev­eral cas­es, a mem­ber of the top 50 approaches the cut-off for not being in the list at all by hav­ing <40 aban­don count (eg Spin­ster or ). Is it really plau­si­ble that they have the high­est aban­don rates? This smacks of the win­ner’s curse, where mea­sure­ment error/small noisy dat­a­points dom­i­nate the extremes of an analy­sis with­out actu­ally being extreme (just numer­ous & poorly esti­mat­ed).

So the next step is Bayesian mod­el­ing to account for the uncer­tainty caused by small n for these most-a­ban­don­able books. Using , we esti­mate a sim­ple Bayesian bino­mial mod­el, with a ran­dom effect for a given book’s aban­don rate, and add a semi­-in­for­ma­tive prior express­ing our opin­ion that all books are some­what sim­i­lar in aban­don rate & there are not wacky huge differ­ences in log odds.

Results:

library(brms)
gbSimple <- brm(Abandoned|trials(Reads) ~ (1|Title), family=binomial,
    prior=c(prior(student_t(3,0,0.5), class="sd", group="Title")), data=gr, chains=30)
gbSimple
# Formula: Abandoned | trials(Reads) ~ (1 | Title)
#    Data: gr (Number of observations: 1250)
# Samples: 30 chains, each with iter = 2000; warmup = 1000; thin = 1;
#          total post-warmup samples = 30000
#
# Group-Level Effects:
# ~Title (Number of levels: 1248)
#               Estimate Est.Error l-95% CI u-95% CI Eff.Sample Rhat
# sd(Intercept)     1.08      0.02     1.04     1.13        751 1.04
#
# Population-Level Effects:
#           Estimate Est.Error l-95% CI u-95% CI Eff.Sample Rhat
# Intercept    -7.21      0.03    -7.27    -7.15        363 1.09
rgbs <- as.data.frame(ranef(gbSimple)$Title)
rgbs <- rgbs[order(rgbs$Estimate.Intercept, decreasing=TRUE),]

## Combine with original GR dataset to examine full rankings at leisure:
rgbs$Title <- rownames(rgbs)
grShrunk <- merge(rgbs, gr, all=TRUE)
grShrunk <- grShrunk[order(grShrunk$Estimate.Intercept, decreasing=TRUE),]
write.csv(grShrunk, row.names=FALSE,
    file="2020-01-05-goodreads-bookshelf-abandoned-posteriorproportions.csv")
## https://www.gwern.net/docs/culture/2020-01-05-goodreads-bookshelf-abandoned-posteriorproportions.csv
head(rgbs, n=30)
                                                    Estimate.Intercept Est.Error.Intercept Q2.5.Intercept Q97.5.Intercept
# Black Leopard, Red Wolf (The Dark Star Trilogy, #1)         3.32379864        0.0790607148     3.16589591      3.47735486
# Space Opera                                                 2.71627444        0.1112760421     2.49346320      2.92865256
# Little, Big                                                 2.64442569        0.1059941782     2.43214091      2.84849322
# The Witches: Salem, 1692                                    2.58375600        0.0899676079     2.40497914      2.75670092
# Tender Morsels                                              2.52059267        0.1430103435     2.23171890      2.79277487
# Too Like the Lightning (Terra Ignota, #1)                   2.51037552        0.1248071384     2.26078544      2.74843195
# New York 2140                                               2.47210718        0.1191486878     2.23275007      2.69988279
# The Flame Alphabet                                          2.46184114        0.1554327209     2.15012868      2.75649392
# Hild                                                        2.41661420        0.1280633539     2.15894924      2.66063531
# Dhalgren                                                    2.39653706        0.1279221591     2.14009601      2.64025458
# Gingerbread                                                 2.39249509        0.1477781116     2.09432888      2.67215550
# Winter's Tale                                               2.35943852        0.0792310629     2.20259365      2.51172500
# A Brief History of Seven Killings                           2.34778502        0.0787129413     2.19104704      2.49958076
# Infinite Jest                                               2.31906968        0.0539429921     2.21314673      2.42519239
# The Ministry of Utmost Happiness                            2.27664588        0.0827673701     2.11245754      2.43835817
# Gold Fame Citrus                                            2.23087746        0.1436343235     1.94186387      2.50264489
# I Am a Cat                                                  2.21057738        0.1455388602     1.91550434      2.48521722
# Milkman                                                     2.18260216        0.0814159601     2.01950559      2.33876916
# Avenue of Mysteries                                         2.13978963        0.1272281207     1.88351811      2.38285098
# Zone One                                                    2.13680900        0.1028742023     1.93089374      2.33295611
# The Years of Rice and Salt                                  2.12679705        0.1265444209     1.87263437      2.36955658
# To Rise Again at a Decent Hour                              2.11845577        0.1129727195     1.89144903      2.33461408
# City on Fire                                                2.11101764        0.1169914835     1.87395603      2.33317581
# Telegraph Avenue                                            2.10574358        0.0969163720     1.91411544      2.29259053
# It Can't Happen Here                                        2.08954687        0.1167404830     1.85544344      2.31284728
# The Finkler Question                                        2.06326071        0.1174026491     1.82910415      2.28826845
# Barkskins                                                   2.02841842        0.1217175555     1.78412138      2.26053102
# The Grace of Kings (The Dandelion Dynasty, #1)              2.02389635        0.1315723831     1.75779024      2.27784518
# Spinster: Making a Life of One's Own                        2.01611353        0.1538652622     1.70673329      2.30803729
# A Girl Is a Half-formed Thing                               2.00585364        0.1538617892     1.69349463      2.29740124
titles <- sapply(gsub(" ", ".", row.names(rgbs)[1:30]),
    function(t) { paste0("r_Title[", t, ",Intercept]") } )
stanplot(gbSimple, pars=titles, exact_match=TRUE) + scale_y_discrete(labels =row.names(rgbs)[1:30]) +
    labs(title="GoodReads book abandon ratings, top 30")
Top 30 GoodReads pop­u­lar books by aban­don­ment rate (Bayesian pos­te­ri­ors)

Black Leop­ard, Red Wolf does not enjoy any reprieve here, and to my annoy­ance, the top rank­ing changes lit­tle from raw pro­por­tion to shrunken pro­por­tion:

raw <- as.character(gr[order(gr$Abandoned.rate, decreasing=TRUE),]$Title)[1:30]
adjusted <- rownames(rgbs)[1:30]
rawDf <- data.frame(Title=raw, Ranking.raw=1:30)
adjustedDf <- data.frame(Title=adjusted, Ranking.adjusted=1:30)
comparisonDf <- merge(adjustedDf, rawDf, all=TRUE)
comparisonDf$Difference <- comparisonDf$Ranking.raw - comparisonDf$Ranking.adjusted
comparisonDf <- comparisonDf[order(comparisonDf$Ranking.raw),]; comparisonDf
#                                                  Title Ranking.adjusted Ranking.raw Difference
# 5  Black Leopard, Red Wolf (The Dark Star Trilogy, #1)                1           1          0
# 17                                         Space Opera                2           2          0
# 14                                         Little, Big                3           3          0
# 25                            The Witches: Salem, 1692                4           4          0
# 20                                      Tender Morsels                5           5          0
# 28           Too Like the Lightning (Terra Ignota, #1)                6           6          0
# 22                                  The Flame Alphabet                8           7         -1
# 16                                       New York 2140                7           8          1
# 10                                                Hild                9           9          0
# 8                                          Gingerbread               11          10         -1
# 7                                             Dhalgren               10          11          1
# 29                                       Winter's Tale               12          12          0
# 1                    A Brief History of Seven Killings               13          13          0
# 12                                       Infinite Jest               14          14          0
# 24                    The Ministry of Utmost Happiness               15          15          0
# 9                                     Gold Fame Citrus               16          16          0
# 11                                          I Am a Cat               17          17          0
# 15                                             Milkman               18          18          0
# 3                                  Avenue of Mysteries               19          19          0
# 26                          The Years of Rice and Salt               21          20         -1
# 30                                            Zone One               20          21          1
# 27                      To Rise Again at a Decent Hour               22          22          0
# 6                                         City on Fire               23          23          0
# 19                                    Telegraph Avenue               24          24          0
# 13                                It Can't Happen Here               25          25          0
# 21                                The Finkler Question               26          26          0
# 18                Spinster: Making a Life of One's Own               29          27         -2
# 23      The Grace of Kings (The Dandelion Dynasty, #1)               28          28          0
# 4                                            Barkskins               27          29          2
# 2                        A Girl Is a Half-formed Thing               30          30          0

…turns out to be unnec­es­sary. Ah well! Appar­ently the restric­tion to >40 “aban­doned” counts, while unfor­tu­nate for many rea­sons, actu­ally does take care of much of the win­ner’s-curse bias in look­ing at raw pro­por­tions: the Bayesian model can’t adjust it much based on the avail­able data.

Least Abandoned

Top-30 addic­tive books. On a more pos­i­tive note, of the books which are included in the dataset, which 30 have the low­est aban­don rates? I find the results entirely plau­si­ble6:

grShrunk[1220:1250,c(1, 6)]
#                                                        Title                  Author
#                                              The Kite Runner         Khaled Hosseini
#           The Return of the King (The Lord of the Rings, #3)          J.R.R. Tolkien
#                                      The Old Man and the Sea        Ernest Hemingway
#                                                 The Stranger            Albert Camus
#                       The Da Vinci Code (Robert Langdon, #2)               Dan Brown
#                                                     The Help        Kathryn Stockett
#                            Mockingjay (The Hunger Games, #3)         Suzanne Collins
#    The Lightning Thief (Percy Jackson and the Olympians, #1)            Rick Riordan
#                                         Tuesdays with Morrie             Mitch Albom
#                                     A Thousand Splendid Suns         Khaled Hosseini
#                                      Twilight (Twilight, #1)         Stephenie Meyer
#                    Bridget Jones's Diary (Bridget Jones, #1)          Helen Fielding
#                                             The Great Gatsby     F. Scott Fitzgerald
#                                          Memoirs of a Geisha           Arthur Golden
#                                            The Secret Garden Frances Hodgson Burnett
#                                      The Secret Life of Bees           Sue Monk Kidd
#                                           My Sister's Keeper            Jodi Picoult
#                                       The Fault in Our Stars              John Green
#                                    The Diary of a Young Girl              Anne Frank
#                              The Notebook (The Notebook, #1)         Nicholas Sparks
#                         Catching Fire (The Hunger Games, #2)         Suzanne Collins
#                                      New Moon (Twilight, #2)         Stephenie Meyer
#                                       Eclipse (Twilight, #3)         Stephenie Meyer
#            To Kill a Mockingbird (To Kill a Mockingbird, #1)              Harper Lee
#                         Angels & Demons (Robert Langdon, #1)               Dan Brown
#                                    The Giver (The Giver, #1)              Lois Lowry
# Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (Harry Potter, #5)            J.K. Rowling
#                      The Hunger Games (The Hunger Games, #1)         Suzanne Collins
#                                                  Animal Farm           George Orwell
#   Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (Harry Potter, #2)            J.K. Rowling
#     Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone (Harry Potter, #1)            J.K. Rowling

After all, what­ever else you might think of books like The Da Vinci Code or Twi­light, they did hook their read­ers; and before Harry Pot­ter was a movie fran­chise jug­ger­naut, it was the delight & despair of school/public librar­i­ans attempt­ing to cater to sud­den­ly-ravenous chil­dren.

Full Rankings

The full n = 1250 pos­te­rior pro­por­tion rank­ings in descend­ing order as a table (click to uncol­lapse):

GoodReads books sorted by Bayesian esti­mate of prob­a­bil­ity of being tagged ‘aban­doned’ by some­one who tries to read them.
Rank Title Author Year Rat­ing Aban­don­ment
1 Black Leop­ard, Red Wolf (The Dark Star Tril­o­gy, #1) Mar­lon James 2019 3.49 3.323
2 Space Opera Cath­erynne M. Valente 2018 3.50 2.714
3 Lit­tle, Big John Crow­ley 1981 3.83 2.643
4 The Witch­es: Salem, 1692 Stacy Schiff 2015 3.17 2.582
5 Ten­der Morsels Margo Lana­gan 2007 3.56 2.520
6 Too Like the Light­ning (Terra Igno­ta, #1) Ada Palmer 2016 3.82 2.508
7 New York 2140 Kim Stan­ley Robin­son 2017 3.55 2.472
8 The Flame Alpha­bet Ben Mar­cus 2012 2.88 2.459
9 Hild Nicola Griffith 2013 3.78 2.415
10 Dhal­gren Samuel R. Delany 1975 3.78 2.394
11 Gin­ger­bread Helen Oyeyemi 2019 3.07 2.391
12 Win­ter’s Tale Mark Hel­prin 1983 3.50 2.359
13 A Brief His­tory of Seven Killings Mar­lon James 2014 3.87 2.347
14 Infi­nite Jest David Fos­ter Wal­lace 1996 4.29 2.317
15 The Min­istry of Utmost Hap­pi­ness Arund­hati Roy 2017 3.47 2.275
16 Gold Fame Cit­rus Claire Vaye Watkins 2015 3.30 2.228
17 I Am a Cat Nat­sume Sōseki 1905 3.71 2.208
18 Milk­man Anna Burns 2018 3.60 2.181
19 Avenue of Mys­ter­ies John Irv­ing 2015 3.23 2.139
20 Zone One Col­son White­head 2011 3.26 2.135
21 The Years of Rice and Salt Kim Stan­ley Robin­son 2002 3.73 2.125
22 To Rise Again at a Decent Hour Joshua Fer­ris 2014 3.08 2.118
23 City on Fire Garth Risk Hall­berg 2015 3.41 2.109
24 Tele­graph Avenue Michael Chabon 2012 3.38 2.104
25 It Can’t Hap­pen Here Sin­clair Lewis 1935 3.76 2.089
26 The Fin­kler Ques­tion Howard Jacob­son 2010 2.78 2.062
27 Bark­skins Annie Proulx 2016 3.77 2.026
28 The Grace of Kings (The Dan­de­lion Dynasty, #1) Ken Liu 2015 3.73 2.022
29 Spin­ster: Mak­ing a Life of One’s Own Kate Bol­ick 2015 3.45 2.014
30 A Girl Is a Half-formed Thing Eimear McBride 2013 3.47 2.003
31 Jane, Unlim­ited Kristin Cashore 2017 3.36 1.990
32 Do Not Say We Have Noth­ing Madeleine Thien 2016 3.90 1.942
33 The Map of Time Félix J. Palma 2008 3.38 1.936
34 The Quick Lau­ren Owen 2014 3.24 1.922
35 The Queen of the Night Alexan­der Chee 2016 3.43 1.912
36 What is Not Yours is Not Yours Helen Oyeyemi 2016 3.64 1.902
37 Frog Music Emma Donoghue 2014 3.15 1.897
38 Bridge of Clay Markus Zusak 2018 3.80 1.890
39 The Good Neigh­bor: The Life and Work of Fred Rogers Maxwell King 2018 4.01 1.875
40 The Prague Ceme­tery Umberto Eco 2010 3.43 1.874
41 4 3 2 1 Paul Auster 2017 3.84 1.869
42 The Lumi­nar­ies Eleanor Cat­ton 2013 3.72 1.864
43 Two Years Eight Months and Twen­ty-Eight Nights Salman Rushdie 2015 3.38 1.853
44 The Chil­dren’s Book A.S. Byatt 2009 3.67 1.848
45 The Uncon­soled Kazuo Ishig­uro 1995 3.53 1.827
46 How to Live Safely in a Sci­ence Fic­tional Uni­verse Charles Yu 2010 3.38 1.819
47 The Golden Note­book Doris Less­ing 1962 3.76 1.816
48 The Gone-Away World Nick Hark­away 2008 4.12 1.812
49 The Wangs vs. the World Jade Chang 2016 3.31 1.811
50 The Mer­maid and Mrs. Han­cock Imo­gen Her­mes Gowar 2018 3.61 1.811
51 Reser­voir 13 Jon McGre­gor 2017 3.59 1.810
52 Bleed­ing Edge Thomas Pyn­chon 2013 3.57 1.800
53 After Alice Gre­gory Maguire 2015 2.79 1.797
54 Death­less (Len­ingrad Dip­ty­ch, #1) Cath­erynne M. Valente 2011 4.01 1.785
55 White Trash: The 400-Year Untold His­tory of Class in Amer­ica Nancy Isen­berg 2016 3.74 1.775
56 2312 Kim Stan­ley Robin­son 2012 3.45 1.771
57 On Such a Full Sea Chang-rae Lee 2014 3.48 1.766
58 Open City Teju Cole 2011 3.50 1.754
59 Harry Pot­ter and the Meth­ods of Ratio­nal­ity Eliezer Yud­kowsky 2015 4.39 1.754
60 Titus Groan (Gor­meng­hast, #1) Mervyn Peake 1946 3.91 1.736
61 Kraken China Miéville 2010 3.60 1.728
62 Moon­glow Michael Chabon 2016 3.81 1.727
63 Wild­wood (Wild­wood Chron­i­cles, #1) Colin Meloy 2011 3.65 1.706
64 Grav­i­ty’s Rain­bow Thomas Pyn­chon 1973 4.01 1.698
65 Flat Broke with Two Goats: A Mem­oir of Appalachia Jen­nifer McGaha 2018 3.24 1.695
66 Skippy Dies Paul Mur­ray 2010 3.72 1.695
67 Quick­sil­ver (The Baroque Cycle, #1) Neal Stephen­son 2003 3.93 1.693
68 The Sell­out Paul Beatty 2015 3.77 1.683
69 Super Sad True Love Story Gary Shteyn­gart 2010 3.45 1.681
70 2666 Roberto Bolaño 2004 4.21 1.680
71 The Secret Chord Geral­dine Brooks 2015 3.58 1.679
72 Swamp­lan­dia! Karen Rus­sell 2011 3.23 1.673
73 Lin­coln in the Bardo George Saun­ders 2017 3.76 1.670
74 A Man­ual for Clean­ing Wom­en: Selected Sto­ries Lucia Berlin 2015 4.18 1.658
75 S. J.J. Abrams 2013 3.84 1.646
76 Liar, Temptress, Sol­dier, Spy: Four Women Under­cover in the Civil War Karen Abbott 2014 3.75 1.641
77 The Empa­thy Exams Leslie Jami­son 2014 3.64 1.640
78 The Red House Mark Had­don 2012 2.94 1.636
79 The Pox Party (The Aston­ish­ing Life of Octa­vian Noth­ing, Trai­tor to the Nation, #1) M.T. Ander­son 2006 3.50 1.635
80 Uncom­mon Type Tom Hanks 2017 3.44 1.631
81 Wel­come to Night Vale (Wel­come to Night Vale, #1) Joseph Fink 2015 3.84 1.622
82 The Girl Who Cir­cum­nav­i­gated Fairy­land in a Ship of Her Own Mak­ing (Fairy­land, #1) Cath­erynne M. Valente 2011 3.96 1.584
83 How Not to Be Wrong: The Power of Math­e­mat­i­cal Think­ing Jor­dan Ellen­berg 2014 3.96 1.573
84 The Favorite Sis­ter Jes­sica Knoll 2018 3.09 1.569
85 The Rise and Fall of D.O.D.O. Neal Stephen­son 2017 3.87 1.551
86 Theft by Find­ing: Diaries 1977–2002 David Sedaris 2015 3.93 1.549
87 Wolf Hall (Thomas Cromwell #1) Hilary Man­tel 2009 3.86 1.545
88 The Good Lord Bird James McBride 2013 3.77 1.542
89 The Sav­age Detec­tives Roberto Bolaño 1998 4.12 1.534
90 Unshel­tered Bar­bara King­solver (Au­thor, Nar­ra­tor) 2018 3.61 1.527
91 How to Be Both Ali Smith 2014 3.65 1.518
92 Cap­i­tal in the Twen­ty-First Cen­tury Thomas Piketty 2013 4.04 1.516
93 NW Zadie Smith 2012 3.44 1.501
94 The Post-Birth­day World Lionel Shriver 2007 3.54 1.500
95 My Absolute Dar­ling Gabriel Tal­lent 2017 3.63 1.496
96 How to Read a Book: The Clas­sic Guide to Intel­li­gent Read­ing Mor­timer J. Adler 1940 4.01 1.492
97 A Mur­der in Time (Kendra Dono­van, #1) Julie McEl­wain 2016 3.75 1.490
98 The Windup Girl Paolo Baci­galupi 2009 3.75 1.488
99 The Lonely Polyg­a­mist Brady Udall 2010 3.51 1.484
100 We Are Never Meet­ing In Real Life Saman­tha Irby 2017 3.92 1.479
101 The High Moun­tains of Por­tu­gal Yann Mar­tel 2016 3.38 1.472
102 The Bees Laline Paull 2014 3.70 1.469
103 The Bet­ter Angels of Our Nature: Why Vio­lence Has Declined Steven Pinker 2010 4.18 1.463
104 The Peo­ple in the Trees Hanya Yanag­i­hara 2013 3.69 1.458
105 H is for Hawk Helen Mac­don­ald 2014 3.73 1.458
106 The Flamethrow­ers Rachel Kush­ner 2013 3.48 1.457
107 Then We Came to the End Joshua Fer­ris 2007 3.46 1.442
108 The Pale King David Fos­ter Wal­lace 2011 3.95 1.438
109 The Buried Giant Kazuo Ishig­uro 2015 3.49 1.434
110 Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eter­nal Golden Braid Dou­glas R. Hof­s­tadter 1979 4.29 1.432
111 The Periph­eral William Gib­son 2014 3.94 1.432
112 The Essex Ser­pent Sarah Perry 2016 3.60 1.428
113 The Mon­stru­mol­o­gist (The Mon­stru­mol­o­gist, #1) Rick Yancey 2009 3.88 1.421
114 Imag­ine Me Gone Adam Haslett 2016 3.69 1.410
115 The Lit­tle Paris Book­shop Nina George 2013 3.50 1.410
116 Idaho Emily Ruskovich 2017 3.52 1.402
117 Descent Tim John­ston 2015 3.60 1.397
118 James Pot­ter and the Hall of Elders’ Cross­ing (James Pot­ter, #1) G. Nor­man Lip­pert 2007 3.77 1.396
119 Amer­i­can War Omar El Akkad 2017 3.79 1.385
120 The Lit­tle Friend Donna Tartt 2002 3.46 1.381
121 Some Luck (Last Hun­dred Years: A Fam­ily Saga, #1) Jane Smi­ley 2014 3.61 1.369
122 Under­world Don DeLillo 1997 3.92 1.359
123 All the Birds in the Sky Char­lie Jane Anders 2016 3.58 1.354
124 Fire and Fury: Inside the Trump White House Michael Wolff 2018 3.44 1.351
125 The Water Knife Paolo Baci­galupi 2015 3.83 1.350
126 Accelerando Charles Stross 2005 3.88 1.346
127 Jonathan Strange & Mr Nor­rell Susanna Clarke 2004 3.82 1.341
128 Per­dido Street Sta­tion (New Crobu­zon, #1) China Miéville 2000 3.97 1.333
129 The Road to Char­ac­ter David Brooks 2015 3.66 1.327
130 The Zookeep­er’s Wife Diane Ack­er­man 2007 3.46 1.320
131 Med­dling Kids Edgar Can­tero 2017 3.56 1.319
132 The Sym­pa­thizer Viet Thanh Nguyen 2015 4.00 1.319
133 Dark Mon­ey: The Hid­den His­tory of the Bil­lion­aires Behind the Rise of the Rad­i­cal Right Jane Mayer 2016 4.34 1.317
134 Night Train to Lis­bon Pas­cal Mercier 2004 3.72 1.307
135 Fates and Furies Lau­ren Groff 2015 3.57 1.304
136 Ulysses James Joyce 1922 3.73 1.304
137 Nexus (Nexus, #1) Ramez Naam 2012 4.05 1.293
138 John Dies at the End (John Dies at the End, #1) David Wong 2007 3.90 1.290
139 Warlight Michael Ondaatje 2018 3.64 1.286
140 Once Upon a River Diane Set­ter­field 2018 3.99 1.284
141 The Yid­dish Police­men’s Union Michael Chabon 2007 3.71 1.279
142 The Library at Mount Char Scott Hawkins 2015 4.09 1.279
143 The Casual Vacancy J.K. Rowl­ing 2012 3.30 1.276
144 Vam­pires in the Lemon Grove Karen Rus­sell 2013 3.68 1.275
145 The Satanic Verses Salman Rushdie 1988 3.71 1.273
146 Cal­i­for­nia Edan Lep­ucki 2014 3.23 1.264
147 Snow Orhan Pamuk 2002 3.58 1.258
148 The Hid­den Life of Trees: What They Feel, How They Com­mu­ni­cate – Dis­cov­er­ies from a Secret World Peter Wohlleben 2015 4.06 1.256
149 We Are Not Our­selves Matthew Thomas 2014 3.70 1.253
150 Here I Am Jonathan Safran Foer 2016 3.64 1.253
151 The Pay­ing Guests Sarah Waters 2014 3.41 1.241
152 Gilead (Gilead, #1) Mar­i­lynne Robin­son 2004 3.85 1.239
153 The Bone Clocks David Mitchell 2014 3.83 1.233
154 Lab Girl Hope Jahren 2016 4.02 1.230
155 Sex at Dawn: The Pre­his­toric Ori­gins of Mod­ern Sex­u­al­ity Christo­pher Ryan 2010 4.02 1.226
156 Antifrag­ile: Things That Gain from Dis­or­der Nas­sim Nicholas Taleb 2012 4.09 1.225
157 The Over­story Richard Pow­ers 2018 4.19 1.225
158 The Read­ers of Bro­ken Wheel Rec­om­mend Kata­rina Bivald 2013 3.55 1.224
159 Ancil­lary Jus­tice (Im­pe­r­ial Radch #1) Ann Leckie 2013 3.98 1.219
160 LaRose Louise Erdrich 2016 3.87 1.217
161 Time and Again (Time, #1) Jack Finney 1970 3.96 1.211
162 The Almost Moon Alice Sebold 2007 2.69 1.209
163 The Book of Dis­qui­et: The Com­plete Edi­tion Fer­nando Pes­soa 1982 4.46 1.207
164 Hid­den Fig­ures Mar­got Lee Shet­terly 2016 3.97 1.206
165 Seat­ing Arrange­ments Mag­gie Ship­stead 2012 3.03 1.205
166 A Con­stel­la­tion of Vital Phe­nom­ena Anthony Marra 2013 4.13 1.201
167 The City of Brass (The Daev­abad Tril­o­gy, #1) S.A. Chakraborty 2017 4.15 1.198
168 Out­line Rachel Cusk 2014 3.62 1.197
169 In the Unlikely Event Judy Blume 2015 3.52 1.192
170 Min kamp 1 (Min kamp #1) Karl Ove Knaus­gård 2009 4.08 1.189
171 Bone­shaker (The Clock­work Cen­tu­ry, #1) Cherie Priest 2009 3.50 1.184
172 My Name Is Red Orhan Pamuk 1998 3.85 1.184
173 The Gath­er­ing Anne Enright 2007 3.07 1.178
174 The Lacuna Bar­bara King­solver 2009 3.79 1.178
175 The First Fifteen Lives of Harry August Claire North 2014 4.04 1.171
176 Going Bovine Libba Bray 2009 3.65 1.170
177 In One Per­son John Irv­ing 2012 3.67 1.170
178 The Ele­gance of the Hedge­hog Muriel Bar­bery 2006 3.76 1.168
179 Dear Life Alice Munro 2012 3.75 1.167
180 Chal­lenger Deep Neal Shus­ter­man 2015 4.14 1.157
181 Swing Time Zadie Smith 2016 3.56 1.157
182 Less Andrew Sean Greer 2017 3.71 1.157
183 Pad­dle Your Own Canoe: One Man’s Fun­da­men­tals for Deli­cious Liv­ing Nick Offer­man 2013 3.68 1.152
184 Er ist wieder da Timur Ver­mes 2012 3.44 1.147
185 Sev­en­eves Neal Stephen­son 2015 3.99 1.144
186 Fleish­man Is in Trou­ble Taffy Brodesser-Akner 2019 3.77 1.143
187 Spe­cial Top­ics in Calamity Physics Mar­isha Pessl 2006 3.71 1.140
188 Black­out (All Clear, #1) Con­nie Willis 2010 3.83 1.132
189 The Emper­or’s Chil­dren Claire Mes­sud 2006 2.95 1.126
190 Arca­dia Lau­ren Groff 2012 3.67 1.124
191 Tin­kers Paul Hard­ing 2008 3.38 1.122
192 After­worlds (After­worlds #1) Scott West­er­feld 2014 3.73 1.120
193 Tan­ger­ine Chris­tine Man­gan 2018 3.21 1.118
194 Pygmy Chuck Palah­niuk 2009 2.97 1.117
195 The Invis­i­ble Library (The Invis­i­ble Library, #1) Genevieve Cog­man 2015 3.73 1.114
196 Swan­n’s Way (In Search of Lost Time, #1) Mar­cel Proust 1913 4.14 1.108
197 The Road to Lit­tle Drib­bling: Adven­tures of an Amer­i­can in Britain Bill Bryson 2015 3.71 1.106
198 The Sum­mer Before the War Helen Simon­son 2016 3.78 1.099
199 Sweet­bit­ter Stephanie Dan­ler 2016 3.28 1.091
200 Women Who Run With the Wolves: Myths and Sto­ries of the Wild Woman Arche­type Clarissa Pinkola Estés 1992 4.15 1.087
201 House of Leaves Mark Z. Danielewski 2000 4.10 1.086
202 Pos­ses­sion A.S. Byatt 1990 3.89 1.079
203 Fear: Trump in the White House Bob Wood­ward 2018 3.91 1.078
204 The Girls of Atomic City: The Untold Story of the Women Who Helped Win World War II Denise Kier­nan 2013 3.68 1.068
205 The Nar­row Road to the Deep North Richard Flana­gan 2013 4.01 1.066
206 Red Mars (Mars Tril­o­gy, #1) Kim Stan­ley Robin­son 1992 3.85 1.054
207 Five Days at Memo­ri­al: Life and Death in a Stor­m-Rav­aged Hos­pi­tal Sheri Fink 2013 3.90 1.053
208 An Instance of the Fin­ger­post Iain Pears 1997 3.94 1.053
209 My Bril­liant Friend (The Neapoli­tan Nov­els, #1) Elena Fer­rante 2011 3.94 1.048
210 12 Rules for Life: An Anti­dote to Chaos Jor­dan B. Peter­son 2018 3.96 1.040
211 Tran­scrip­tion Kate Atkin­son 2018 3.50 1.034
212 One More Thing: Sto­ries and Other Sto­ries B.J. Novak 2014 3.67 1.027
213 The Library Book Susan Orlean 2018 3.95 1.018
214 The 7½ Deaths of Eve­lyn Hard­cas­tle Stu­art Tur­ton 2018 3.92 1.017
215 1Q84 Haruki Murakami 2009 3.92 1.016
216 The Glass Bead Game Her­mann Hesse 1943 4.11 1.011
217 The Book of Strange New Things Michel Faber 2014 3.66 1.008
218 The Ter­ror Dan Sim­mons 2007 4.06 1.008
219 Sea of Pop­pies (Ibis Tril­o­gy, #1) Ami­tav Ghosh 2008 3.95 1.003
220 Blind­sight (Fire­fall, #1) Peter Watts 2006 4.01 1.002
221 The Val­ley of Amaze­ment Amy Tan 2013 3.63 0.997
222 Code Name Ver­ity Eliz­a­beth E. Wein 2012 4.05 0.997
223 The Slap Chris­tos Tsi­olkas 2008 3.19 0.995
224 The Gob­lin Emperor (The Gob­lin Emper­or, #1) Kather­ine Addi­son 2014 4.04 0.995
225 Purity Jonathan Franzen 2015 3.61 0.994
226 Mid­night’s Chil­dren Salman Rushdie 1981 3.98 0.990
227 The Mars Room Rachel Kush­ner 2018 3.49 0.986
228 Inher­ent Vice Thomas Pyn­chon 2009 3.74 0.983
229 A God in Ruins (Todd Fam­i­ly, #2) Kate Atkin­son 2015 3.94 0.981
230 Mrs. Lin­col­n’s Dress­maker Jen­nifer Chi­averini 2013 3.46 0.975
231 Boy, Snow, Bird Helen Oyeyemi 2013 3.35 0.972
232 Crypto­nom­i­con Neal Stephen­son 1999 4.25 0.964
233 The Witch Elm Tana French 2018 3.54 0.963
234 Beauty Queens Libba Bray 2011 3.62 0.959
235 To Say Noth­ing of the Dog (Ox­ford Time Trav­el, #2) Con­nie Willis 1998 4.13 0.957
236 The Design of Every­day Things Don­ald A. Nor­man 1988 4.18 0.956
237 Life After Life (Todd Fam­i­ly, #1) Kate Atkin­son 2013 3.76 0.954
238 The Highly Sen­si­tive Per­son: How to Thrive When the World Over­whelms You Elaine N. Aron 1996 3.87 0.949
239 Blood Merid­i­an, or the Evening Red­ness in the West Cor­mac McCarthy 1985 4.17 0.944
240 Fire & Blood (A Tar­garyen His­to­ry, #1) George R.R. Mar­tin 2018 3.89 0.940
241 The Cat’s Table Michael Ondaatje 2011 3.60 0.936
242 Embassy­town China Miéville 2011 3.88 0.935
243 Mein Kampf Adolf Hitler 1925 3.16 0.926
244 Cloud Atlas David Mitchell 2004 4.01 0.924
245 The Known World Edward P. Jones 2003 3.83 0.917
246 The Tiger’s Wife Téa Obreht 2011 3.39 0.911
247 Furi­ously Hap­py: A Funny Book About Hor­ri­ble Things Jenny Law­son 2015 3.92 0.911
248 A Place for Us Fatima Farheen Mirza 2018 4.15 0.910
249 Pure (Pure, #1) Julianna Bag­gott 2012 3.74 0.907
250 The Hero With a Thou­sand Faces Joseph Camp­bell 1949 4.20 0.907
251 SPQR: A His­tory of Ancient Rome Mary Beard 2015 4.07 0.905
252 The Magic Moun­tain Thomas Mann 1924 4.14 0.903
253 A Tale for the Time Being Ruth Ozeki 2013 4.00 0.900
254 The Rook (The Chec­quy Files, #1) Daniel O’Mal­ley 2012 4.12 0.896
255 Anathem Neal Stephen­son 2008 4.18 0.893
256 Girl Waits with Gun (Kopp Sis­ters, #1) Amy Stew­art 2015 3.76 0.892
257 The Gene: An Inti­mate His­tory Sid­dhartha Mukher­jee 2016 4.37 0.892
258 Today Will Be Differ­ent Maria Sem­ple 2016 3.18 0.892
259 The Right­eous Mind: Why Good Peo­ple Are Divided by Pol­i­tics and Reli­gion Jonathan Haidt 2012 4.22 0.888
260 After­math (Star Wars: After­math, #1) Chuck Wendig 2015 3.21 0.887
261 Zen and the Art of Motor­cy­cle Main­te­nance: An Inquiry Into Val­ues Robert M. Pir­sig 1974 3.77 0.884
262 Lily and the Octo­pus Steven Row­ley 2016 3.71 0.883
263 Bet­ter Than Before: Mas­ter­ing the Habits of Our Every­day Lives Gretchen Rubin 2015 3.84 0.881
264 The Nix Nathan Hill 2016 4.09 0.879
265 The Magi­cians (The Magi­cians, #1) Lev Gross­man 2009 3.51 0.879
266 Hop­scotch Julio Cortázar 1963 4.24 0.876
267 The Waves Vir­ginia Woolf 1931 4.14 0.874
268 Gar­dens of the Moon (Malazan Book of the Fal­l­en, #1) Steven Erik­son 1999 3.88 0.872
269 Chil­dren of Blood and Bone (Le­gacy of Orïsha, #1) Tomi Adeyemi 2018 4.16 0.870
270 The Orphan Mas­ter’s Son Adam John­son 2012 4.07 0.867
271 Salt: A World His­tory Mark Kurlan­sky 2002 3.74 0.867
272 Kushiel’s Dart (Phè­dre’s Tril­o­gy, #1) Jacque­line Carey 2001 4.03 0.863
273 Every­one Brave is For­given Chris Cleave 2016 3.78 0.861
274 The Wolf of Wall Street (The Wolf of Wall Street, #1) Jor­dan Belfort 2007 3.71 0.857
275 If on a Win­ter’s Night a Trav­eler Italo Calvino 1979 4.05 0.856
276 Feed (News­flesh Tril­o­gy, #1) Mira Grant 2010 3.85 0.855
277 Going Clear: Sci­en­tol­ogy, Hol­ly­wood, and the Prison of Belief Lawrence Wright 2013 4.04 0.854
278 Why We Broke Up Daniel Han­dler 2011 3.48 0.852
279 The Other Ein­stein Marie Bene­dict 2016 3.74 0.852
280 Fou­cault’s Pen­du­lum Umberto Eco 1988 3.89 0.851
281 Sweet Tooth Ian McE­wan 2012 3.41 0.848
282 Long­bourn Jo Baker 2013 3.63 0.847
283 A Lit­tle Life Hanya Yanag­i­hara 2015 4.30 0.846
284 Dorothy Must Die (Dorothy Must Die, #1) Danielle Paige 2014 3.83 0.844
285 The Inter­est­ings Meg Wolitzer 2013 3.57 0.844
286 The Dante Club (The Dante Club #1) Matthew Pearl 2003 3.38 0.831
287 The Clock­mak­er’s Daugh­ter Kate Mor­ton 2018 3.73 0.831
288 The Hap­pi­ness Project Gretchen Rubin 2009 3.61 0.827
289 The Female Per­sua­sion Meg Wolitzer 2018 3.60 0.827
290 The Real­ity Dys­func­tion (Night’s Dawn, #1) Peter F. Hamil­ton 1996 4.14 0.824
291 How to Change Your Mind: What the New Sci­ence of Psy­che­delics Teaches Us About Con­scious­ness, Dying, Addic­tion, Depres­sion, and Tran­scen­dence Michael Pol­lan 2018 4.28 0.821
292 The Hare With Amber Eyes: A Fam­i­ly’s Cen­tury of Art and Loss Edmund de Waal 2009 3.87 0.820
293 Eileen Ottessa Mosh­fegh 2015 3.49 0.819
294 Pride and Prej­u­dice and Zom­bies (Pride and Prej­u­dice and Zom­bies, #1) Seth Gra­hame-Smith 2009 3.29 0.817
295 The Mar­riage Plot Jeffrey Eugenides 2011 3.44 0.814
296 The World With­out Us Alan Weis­man 2007 3.80 0.814
297 The Fifth Sea­son (The Bro­ken Earth, #1) N.K. Jemisin 2015 4.31 0.813
298 The Shin­ing Girls Lau­ren Beukes 2013 3.50 0.812
299 The Pas­sage (The Pas­sage, #1) Justin Cronin 2010 4.04 0.809
300 Shades of Grey (Shades of Grey, #1) Jasper Fforde 2009 4.14 0.801
301 The Fire­man Joe Hill 2016 3.89 0.799
302 Flight Behav­ior Bar­bara King­solver 2012 3.78 0.798
303 Sal­vage the Bones Jes­myn Ward 2011 3.92 0.797
304 Her Body and Other Par­ties Car­men Maria Machado 2017 3.91 0.794
305 The Dog Stars Peter Heller 2012 3.92 0.793
306 Bad Fem­i­nist Rox­ane Gay 2014 3.94 0.784
307 Mythos: The Greek Myths Retold Stephen Fry 2017 4.24 0.783
308 And I Darken (The Con­queror’s Saga, #1) Kier­sten White 2016 3.87 0.782
309 The Inher­i­tance of Loss Kiran Desai 2005 3.42 0.781
310 Read­ing Lolita in Tehran: A Mem­oir in Books Azar Nafisi 2003 3.60 0.781
311 Dooms­day Book (Ox­ford Time Trav­el, #1) Con­nie Willis 1992 4.03 0.768
312 Mas­ter and Com­man­der (Aubrey & Matur­in, #1) Patrick O’Brian 1970 4.10 0.766
313 The Thou­sand Autumns of Jacob de Zoet David Mitchell 2010 4.03 0.759
314 A Suit­able Boy (A Suit­able Boy, #1) Vikram Seth 1993 4.11 0.749
315 The City & the City China Miéville 2009 3.91 0.747
316 Death Comes to Pem­ber­ley P.D. James 2011 3.25 0.746
317 Labyrinth (Langue­doc, #1) Kate Mosse 2005 3.57 0.743
318 The Dis­ap­pear­ing Spoon: And Other True Tales of Mad­ness, Love, and the His­tory of the World from the Peri­odic Table of the Ele­ments Sam Kean 2010 3.91 0.737
319 The Bone Sea­son (The Bone Sea­son, #1) Saman­tha Shan­non 2013 3.76 0.737
320 The Dove­keep­ers Alice Hoff­man 2011 4.04 0.735
321 The Sig­nal and the Noise: Why So Many Pre­dic­tions Fail—But Some Don’t Nate Sil­ver 2012 3.98 0.734
322 The Book of Spec­u­la­tion Erika Swyler 2015 3.60 0.732
323 House­keep­ing Mar­i­lynne Robin­son 1980 3.82 0.727
324 The Long Earth (The Long Earth, #1) Terry Pratch­ett 2012 3.76 0.725
325 Con­sider Phle­bas Iain M. Banks 1987 3.86 0.724
326 Trig­ger Warn­ing: Short Fic­tions and Dis­tur­bances Neil Gaiman 2015 3.93 0.724
327 The Leavers Lisa Ko 2017 3.87 0.722
328 How to Build a Girl Caitlin Moran 2014 3.71 0.719
329 Sacré Bleu Christo­pher Moore 2012 3.78 0.715
330 Altered Car­bon (Takeshi Kovacs, #1) Richard K. Mor­gan 2002 4.05 0.709
331 The Three­-Body Prob­lem (Re­mem­brance of Earth’s Past #1) Liu Cixin 2008 4.06 0.704
332 White Teeth Zadie Smith 2000 3.76 0.700
333 Man­hat­tan Beach Jen­nifer Egan 2017 3.62 0.699
334 Naked Lunch William S. Bur­roughs 1959 3.46 0.699
335 The Hang­man’s Daugh­ter (The Hang­man’s Daugh­ter, #1) Oliver Pötzsch 2008 3.73 0.693
336 Reamde Neal Stephen­son 2011 3.97 0.691
337 On the Jel­li­coe Road Melina Mar­che­tta 2006 4.13 0.690
338 Ser­ena Ron Rash 2008 3.53 0.687
339 A Gen­tle­man in Moscow Amor Towles 2016 4.36 0.682
340 The Power Naomi Alder­man 2016 3.84 0.682
341 My Grand­mother Asked Me to Tell You She’s Sorry Fredrik Back­man 2013 4.05 0.678
342 The Mon­u­ments Men: Allied Heroes, Nazi Thieves, and the Great­est Trea­sure Hunt in His­tory Robert M. Edsel 2009 3.76 0.673
343 Finnikin of the Rock (Lu­matere Chron­i­cles, #1) Melina Mar­che­tta 2008 3.91 0.669
344 Author­ity (South­ern Reach, #2) Jeff Van­der­Meer 2014 3.51 0.667
345 The End of Your Life Book Club Will Schwalbe 2012 3.81 0.664
346 The Golem and the Jinni (The Golem and the Jin­ni, #1) Helene Wecker 2013 4.11 0.664
347 Rab­bit, Run John Updike 1960 3.58 0.661
348 Present Over Per­fect: Leav­ing Behind Fran­tic for a Sim­pler, More Soul­ful Way of Liv­ing Shauna Nieq­uist 2016 3.85 0.660
349 The Crim­son Petal and the White Michel Faber 2002 3.88 0.646
350 The Bear and the Nightin­gale (Win­ternight Tril­o­gy, #1) Kather­ine Arden 2017 4.12 0.643
351 Lord Foul’s Bane (The Chron­i­cles of Thomas Covenant the Unbe­liev­er, #1) Stephen R. Don­ald­son 1977 3.72 0.640
352 Flat­land: A Romance of Many Dimen­sions Edwin A. Abbott 1884 3.82 0.639
353 The Hun­dred Thou­sand King­doms (In­her­i­tance, #1) N.K. Jemisin 2010 3.85 0.637
354 A Spool of Blue Thread Anne Tyler 2015 3.41 0.636
355 Eli­gi­ble (The Austen Pro­ject, #4) Cur­tis Sit­ten­feld 2016 3.61 0.635
356 The Chemist Stephe­nie Meyer 2016 3.71 0.634
357 Think­ing, Fast and Slow Daniel Kah­ne­man 2011 4.14 0.632
358 Tenth of Decem­ber George Saun­ders 2013 3.97 0.632
359 The Sword of Shan­nara (The Orig­i­nal Shan­nara Tril­o­gy, #1) Terry Brooks 1977 3.76 0.632
360 Incar­ceron (In­car­ceron, #1) Cather­ine Fisher 2007 3.64 0.630
361 Metro 2033 (Metro, #1) Dmitry Glukhovsky 2005 3.99 0.629
362 Tropic of Can­cer Henry Miller 1934 3.68 0.627
363 Con­sider the Lob­ster and Other Essays David Fos­ter Wal­lace 2005 4.24 0.624
364 Gulp: Adven­tures on the Ali­men­tary Canal Mary Roach 2013 3.93 0.624
365 The Lit­tle Stranger Sarah Waters 2009 3.54 0.621
366 A Con­fed­er­acy of Dunces John Kennedy Toole 1980 3.88 0.614
367 The Hun­dred-Year-Old Man Who Climbed Out of the Win­dow and Dis­ap­peared (The Hun­dred-Year-Old Man, #1) Jonas Jonas­son 2009 3.83 0.613
368 The Left Hand of Dark­ness (Hain­ish Cycle #4) Ursula K. Le Guin 1969 4.06 0.613
369 Shan­taram Gre­gory David Roberts 2003 4.27 0.613
370 The Idiot Elif Batu­man 2017 3.63 0.606
371 The Idiot Fyo­dor Dos­toyevsky 1869 4.18 0.606
372 At Home: A Short His­tory of Pri­vate Life Bill Bryson 2010 3.97 0.606
373 Let’s Pre­tend This Never Hap­pened: A Mostly True Mem­oir Jenny Law­son 2012 3.90 0.601
374 The Heart Goes Last Mar­garet Atwood 2015 3.37 0.601
375 The Post­mistress Sarah Blake 2009 3.33 0.595
376 Cleopa­tra: A Life Stacy Schiff 2010 3.66 0.594
377 Red Spar­row (Red Spar­row Tril­o­gy, #1) Jason Matthews 2013 3.95 0.594
378 Eti­quette & Espi­onage (Fin­ish­ing School, #1) Gail Car­riger 2013 3.81 0.592
379 How to Be a Woman Caitlin Moran 2011 3.73 0.589
380 The Royal We Heather Cocks 2015 3.80 0.589
381 The Divin­ers (The Divin­ers, #1) Libba Bray 2012 3.97 0.588
382 The Museum of Extra­or­di­nary Things Alice Hoff­man 2014 3.74 0.586
383 The Black Com­pany (The Chron­i­cles of the Black Com­pa­ny, #1) Glen Cook 1984 3.94 0.583
384 Astro­physics for Peo­ple in a Hurry Neil deGrasse Tyson 2017 4.10 0.583
385 The Long Way to a Small, Angry Planet (Way­far­ers, #1) Becky Cham­bers 2014 4.16 0.582
386 The Wed­ding Date (The Wed­ding Date, #1) Jas­mine Guil­lory 2018 3.54 0.581
387 Alexan­der Hamil­ton Ron Cher­now 2004 4.23 0.570
388 The Atlantis Gene (The Ori­gin Mys­tery, #1) A.G. Rid­dle 2013 3.72 0.566
389 Amer­i­can Pas­toral (The Amer­i­can Tril­o­gy, #1) Philip Roth 1997 3.92 0.566
390 Truth­witch (The Witch­lands, #1) Susan Den­nard 2016 3.89 0.565
391 Behind the Beau­ti­ful Fore­vers: Life, Death, and Hope in a Mum­bai Under­city Kather­ine Boo 2012 3.98 0.564
392 Night Film Mar­isha Pessl 2013 3.78 0.564
393 The Lies of Locke Lam­ora (Gentle­man Bas­tard, #1) Scott Lynch 2006 4.30 0.563
394 A Visit from the Goon Squad Jen­nifer Egan 2010 3.66 0.557
395 Suite Française Irène Némirovsky 2004 3.84 0.555
396 The Twelve Tribes of Hat­tie Ayana Mathis 2012 3.48 0.554
397 The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of Amer­i­ca’s Great Migra­tion Isabel Wilk­er­son 2010 4.36 0.554
398 The Weird Sis­ters Eleanor Brown 2011 3.36 0.553
399 The Aero­naut’s Wind­lass (The Cin­der Spires, #1) Jim Butcher 2015 4.18 0.549
400 The Eyre Affair (Thurs­day Next, #1) Jasper Fforde 2001 3.91 0.542
401 Tigana Guy Gavriel Kay 1990 4.10 0.542
402 Armada Ernest Cline 2015 3.52 0.534
403 Red Ris­ing (Red Ris­ing, #1) Pierce Brown 2014 4.27 0.526
404 The Burgess Boys Eliz­a­beth Strout 2013 3.57 0.523
405 The Cold­est Girl in Cold­town Holly Black 2013 3.85 0.522
406 The Knife of Never Let­ting Go (Chaos Walk­ing, #1) Patrick Ness 2008 3.98 0.520
407 The Story of Edgar Sawtelle David Wrob­lewski 2008 3.62 0.520
408 The Emperor of All Mal­adies: A Biog­ra­phy of Can­cer Sid­dhartha Mukher­jee 2010 4.31 0.517
409 Geek Love Kather­ine Dunn 1989 3.97 0.517
410 The Par­tic­u­lar Sad­ness of Lemon Cake Aimee Ben­der 2010 3.21 0.515
411 The Left­overs Tom Per­rotta 2011 3.40 0.511
412 The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improb­a­ble Nas­sim Nicholas Taleb 2007 3.92 0.511
413 Don Quixote Miguel de Cer­vantes Saave­dra 1615 3.87 0.508
414 A Heart­break­ing Work of Stag­ger­ing Genius Dave Eggers 2000 3.68 0.505
415 Damned (Damned, #1) Chuck Palah­niuk 2011 3.38 0.503
416 My Year of Rest and Relax­ation Ottessa Mosh­fegh 2018 3.67 0.496
417 Sleep­ing Beau­ties Stephen King 2017 3.73 0.492
418 The Cor­rec­tions Jonathan Franzen 2001 3.79 0.491
419 The Tin Drum Gün­ter Grass 1959 3.96 0.490
420 The Girls Emma Cline 2016 3.47 0.489
421 The Won­der Emma Donoghue 2016 3.62 0.486
422 To the Light­house Vir­ginia Woolf 1927 3.77 0.482
423 Let the Great World Spin Colum McCann 2009 3.95 0.475
424 The Heart’s Invis­i­ble Furies John Boyne 2017 4.47 0.472
425 The Orchardist Amanda Coplin 2012 3.77 0.471
426 Accep­tance (South­ern Reach, #3) Jeff Van­der­Meer 2014 3.57 0.470
427 A Fire Upon the Deep (Zones of Thought, #1) Ver­nor Vinge 1992 4.14 0.468
428 The Unteth­ered Soul: The Jour­ney Beyond Your­self Michael A. Singer 2007 4.25 0.467
429 The Radium Girls: The Dark Story of Amer­i­ca’s Shin­ing Women Kate Moore 2017 4.16 0.466
430 Three Men in a Boat (Three Men, #1) Jerome K. Jerome 1889 3.89 0.464
431 Angle of Repose Wal­lace Steg­ner 1971 4.27 0.463
432 The New Jim Crow: Mass Incar­cer­a­tion in the Age of Col­or­blind­ness Michelle Alexan­der 2010 4.50 0.459
433 The Imper­fec­tion­ists Tom Rach­man 2010 3.54 0.457
434 What Hap­pened Hillary Rod­ham Clin­ton 2017 3.97 0.456
435 The Undo­ing Pro­ject: A Friend­ship That Changed Our Minds Michael Lewis 2016 3.99 0.447
436 A Dis­cov­ery of Witches (All Souls Tril­o­gy, #1) Deb­o­rah Hark­ness 2011 4.00 0.445
437 The Gar­goyle Andrew David­son 2008 3.96 0.440
438 Mad About the Boy (Brid­get Jones, #3) Helen Field­ing 2013 3.35 0.440
439 Girl, Wash Your Face: Stop Believ­ing the Lies about Who You Are So You Can Become Who You Were Meant to Be Rachel Hol­lis 2018 3.76 0.439
440 Pale Fire Vladimir Nabokov 1962 4.15 0.433
441 The Girl Who Drank the Moon Kelly Barn­hill 2016 4.18 0.428
442 Splin­tered (Splin­tered, #1) A.G. Howard 2013 3.94 0.425
443 Rev­e­la­tion Space (Rev­e­la­tion Space, #1) Alas­tair Reynolds 2000 3.98 0.421
444 Sing, Unburied, Sing Jes­myn Ward 2017 4.02 0.418
445 The Sweet­ness at the Bot­tom of the Pie (Flavia de Luce, #1) Alan Bradley 2009 3.81 0.416
446 Evict­ed: Poverty and Profit in the Amer­i­can City Matthew Desmond 2016 4.48 0.415
447 The Immor­tal­ists Chloe Ben­jamin 2018 3.72 0.414
448 There There Tommy Orange 2018 3.98 0.412
449 The Brief Won­drous Life of Oscar Wao Junot Díaz 2007 3.90 0.410
450 The Nest Cyn­thia D’Aprix Sweeney 2016 3.42 0.408
451 Carve the Mark (Carve the Mark, #1) Veron­ica Roth 2017 3.78 0.404
452 Pan­do­ra’s Star Peter F. Hamil­ton 2004 4.24 0.404
453 Mid­dle­march George Eliot 1871 3.96 0.402
454 Tiger’s Curse (The Tiger Saga, #1) Colleen Houck 2011 4.06 0.398
455 Qui­et: The Power of Intro­verts in a World That Can’t Stop Talk­ing Susan Cain 2012 4.06 0.395
456 The Girl Who Saved the King of Swe­den Jonas Jonas­son 2013 3.76 0.395
457 Feed M.T. Ander­son 2002 3.54 0.393
458 Leviathan (Le­viathan, #1) Scott West­er­feld 2009 3.91 0.388
459 The Hazel Wood (The Hazel Wood, #1) Melissa Albert 2018 3.59 0.387
460 The Cry­ing of Lot 49 Thomas Pyn­chon 1966 3.69 0.385
461 The Blind Assas­sin Mar­garet Atwood 2000 3.95 0.383
462 We Need to Talk About Kevin Lionel Shriver 2003 4.07 0.382
463 The Man in the High Cas­tle Philip K. Dick 1962 3.62 0.376
464 Auto­bi­og­ra­phy of a Yogi Parama­hansa Yogananda 1946 4.23 0.375
465 Col­lapse: How Soci­eties Choose to Fail or Suc­ceed Jared Dia­mond 2004 3.93 0.373
466 Dan­de­lion Wine Ray Brad­bury 1957 4.09 0.371
467 Lit­tle Brother (Lit­tle Broth­er, #1) Cory Doc­torow 2008 3.93 0.370
468 The Once and Future King (The Once and Future King, #1–4) T.H. White 1958 4.08 0.369
469 Mr. Penum­bra’s 24-Hour Book­store (Mr. Penum­bra’s 24-Hour Book­store, #1) Robin Sloan 2012 3.75 0.367
470 Orlando Vir­ginia Woolf 1928 3.87 0.355
471 The Girl with the Lower Back Tat­too Amy Schumer 2016 3.73 0.355
472 On the Road Jack Ker­ouac 1957 3.63 0.353
473 Tin­ker, Tai­lor, Sol­dier, Spy John le Carré 1974 4.05 0.352
474 Walden Henry David Thoreau 1854 3.79 0.350
475 Uprooted Naomi Novik 2015 4.09 0.349
476 Get­ting Things Done: The Art of Stress-Free Pro­duc­tiv­ity David Allen 2001 3.99 0.347
477 Essen­tial­ism: The Dis­ci­plined Pur­suit of Less Greg McK­e­own 2011 4.03 0.344
478 The Magus John Fowles 1965 4.05 0.344
479 Seraphina (Seraphi­na, #1) Rachel Hart­man 2012 3.96 0.343
480 The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Sur­vived the Great Amer­i­can Dust Bowl Tim­o­thy Egan 2005 4.04 0.338
481 Tiny Beau­ti­ful Things: Advice on Love and Life from Dear Sugar Cheryl Strayed 2012 4.31 0.336
482 The His­to­rian Eliz­a­beth Kos­tova 2005 3.78 0.333
483 In the Gar­den of Beasts: Love, Ter­ror, and an Amer­i­can Fam­ily in Hitler’s Berlin Erik Lar­son 2011 3.83 0.330
484 Com­mit­ted: A Skep­tic Makes Peace with Mar­riage Eliz­a­beth Gilbert 2009 3.41 0.326
485 On Beauty Zadie Smith 2005 3.72 0.324
486 Musi­cophil­ia: Tales of Music and the Brain Oliver Sacks 2007 3.91 0.322
487 The Sig­na­ture of All Things Eliz­a­beth Gilbert 2013 3.84 0.317
488 Prince of Thorns (The Bro­ken Empire, #1) Mark Lawrence 2011 3.86 0.317
489 The Kiss Quo­tient (The Kiss Quo­tient, #1) Helen Hoang 2018 3.90 0.316
490 Par­tials (Par­tials Sequence, #1) Dan Wells 2012 3.94 0.312
491 The Life-Chang­ing Magic of Tidy­ing Up: The Japan­ese Art of Declut­ter­ing and Orga­niz­ing Marie Kondō 2011 3.83 0.311
492 Catch-22 (Catch-22, #1) Joseph Heller 1961 3.98 0.310
493 NOS4A2 Joe Hill 2013 4.07 0.310
494 Lies My Teacher Told Me: Every­thing Your Amer­i­can His­tory Text­book Got Wrong James W. Loewen 1995 3.97 0.309
495 Every­thing Is Illu­mi­nated Jonathan Safran Foer 2002 3.90 0.307
496 The Women in the Cas­tle Jes­sica Shat­tuck 2017 3.86 0.307
497 Some­day, Some­day, Maybe Lau­ren Gra­ham 2013 3.51 0.306
498 The Amaz­ing Adven­tures of Kava­lier & Clay Michael Chabon 2000 4.18 0.305
499 Dad Is Fat Jim Gaffi­gan 2013 3.78 0.304
500 Dar­ing Great­ly: How the Courage to Be Vul­ner­a­ble Trans­forms the Way We Live, Love, Par­ent, and Lead Brené Brown 2012 4.27 0.304
501 The Dark For­est (Re­mem­brance of Earth’s Past, #2) Liu Cixin 2008 4.41 0.302
502 Killers of the Flower Moon: The Osage Mur­ders and the Birth of the FBI David Grann 2017 4.09 0.301
503 Dead Wake: The Last Cross­ing of the Lusi­ta­nia Erik Lar­son 2015 4.08 0.299
504 Next Year in Havana Chanel Clee­ton 2018 3.95 0.299
505 A Darker Shade of Magic (Shades of Mag­ic, #1) V.E. Schwab (pseu­do­nym) 2015 4.09 0.298
506 Med­i­ta­tions Mar­cus Aure­lius 180 4.23 0.297
507 An Absolutely Remark­able Thing (An Absolutely Remark­able Thing, #1) Hank Green 2018 4.03 0.294
508 Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee: An Indian His­tory of the Amer­i­can West Dee Brown 1970 4.23 0.294
509 Lady Chat­ter­ley’s Lover D.H. Lawrence 1928 3.50 0.290
510 You Are a Badass: How to Stop Doubt­ing Your Great­ness and Start Liv­ing an Awe­some Life Jen Sin­cero 2013 3.96 0.290
511 How to Stop Time Matt Haig 2017 3.85 0.287
512 Bonk: The Curi­ous Cou­pling of Sci­ence and Sex Mary Roach 2008 3.84 0.285
513 Thus Spoke Zarathus­tra Friedrich Niet­zsche 1883 4.06 0.283
514 March Geral­dine Brooks 2005 3.75 0.278
515 Falling King­doms (Falling King­doms, #1) Mor­gan Rhodes 2012 3.80 0.272
516 This Side of Par­adise F. Scott Fitzger­ald 1920 3.67 0.267
517 Strange the Dreamer (Strange the Dream­er, #1) Laini Tay­lor 2017 4.33 0.267
518 The New York Tril­ogy Paul Auster 1987 3.89 0.261
519 Lamb: The Gospel Accord­ing to Biff, Christ’s Child­hood Pal Christo­pher Moore 2002 4.25 0.261
520 The Book of Lost Things John Con­nolly 2006 3.98 0.260
521 Mod­ern Romance Aziz Ansari 2015 3.83 0.260
522 The Drag­onbone Chair (Mem­o­ry, Sor­row, and Thorn, #1) Tad Williams 1988 3.95 0.259
523 Amer­i­can Gods (Amer­i­can Gods, #1) Neil Gaiman 2001 4.11 0.258
524 Free­dom Jonathan Franzen 2010 3.75 0.254
525 Even Cow­girls Get the Blues Tom Rob­bins 1976 3.76 0.250
526 Artemis Andy Weir 2017 3.67 0.247
527 Sto­ries of Your Life and Oth­ers Ted Chi­ang 2002 4.26 0.242
528 Neu­ro­mancer (Sprawl, #1) William Gib­son 1984 3.89 0.240
529 Beau­ti­ful Ruins Jess Wal­ter 2012 3.68 0.235
530 Some­thing Wicked This Way Comes (Green Town, #2) Ray Brad­bury 1962 3.94 0.232
531 Moon­walk­ing with Ein­stein: The Art and Sci­ence of Remem­ber­ing Every­thing Joshua Foer 2011 3.87 0.229
532 Crazy Rich Asians (Crazy Rich Asians, #1) Kevin Kwan 2013 3.84 0.227
533 A Can­ti­cle for Lei­bowitz (St. Lei­bow­itz, #1) Wal­ter M. Miller Jr. 1959 3.98 0.226
534 Year One (Chron­i­cles of The One, #1) Nora Roberts 2017 4.04 0.224
535 Sophie’s World Jostein Gaarder 1991 3.92 0.223
536 Bring Up the Bod­ies (Thomas Cromwell, #2) Hilary Man­tel 2012 4.28 0.222
537 Mrs. Dal­loway Vir­ginia Woolf 1925 3.79 0.217
538 The Red and the Black Stend­hal 1830 3.87 0.216
539 Brav­ing the Wilder­ness: The Quest for True Belong­ing and the Courage to Stand Alone Brené Brown 2017 4.16 0.215
540 The Rules of Magic (Prac­ti­cal Mag­ic, #0) Alice Hoff­man 2017 3.96 0.215
541 Atlas Shrugged Ayn Rand 1957 3.69 0.215
542 Spin­ning Sil­ver Naomi Novik 2018 4.25 0.211
543 Vil­lette Char­lotte Brontë 1853 3.76 0.210
544 The One & Only Emily Giffin 2014 3.15 0.209
545 The Goldfinch Donna Tartt 2013 3.91 0.207
546 The Cir­cle Dave Eggers 2013 3.43 0.205
547 The Dis­tant Hours Kate Mor­ton 2010 3.88 0.204
548 Brit­t-Marie Was Here Fredrik Back­man 2014 4.07 0.203
549 The Queen of the Tear­ling (The Queen of the Tear­ling, #1) Erika Johansen 2014 4.01 0.201
550 The Liars’ Club Mary Karr 1995 3.93 0.200
551 The Dis­pos­sessed Ursula K. Le Guin 1974 4.21 0.193
552 Blood Red Road (Dust Lands, #1) Moira Young 2011 3.92 0.190
553 Beartown (Beartown, #1) Fredrik Back­man 2016 4.26 0.190
554 The Spar­row (The Spar­row, #1) Mary Doria Rus­sell 1996 4.16 0.190
555 You (You, #1) Car­o­line Kep­nes 2014 3.90 0.190
556 The Mas­ter and Mar­garita Mikhail Bul­gakov 1967 4.30 0.188
557 Cre­ativ­i­ty, Inc.: Over­com­ing the Unseen Forces That Stand in the Way of True Inspi­ra­tion Ed Cat­mull 2009 4.20 0.184
558 The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter Car­son McCullers 1940 3.98 0.182
559 Sat­ur­day Ian McE­wan 2005 3.63 0.181
560 The Mists of Avalon (Aval­on, #1) Mar­ion Zim­mer Bradley 1982 4.12 0.177
561 Blind­ness José Sara­m­ago 1995 4.11 0.177
562 Zealot: The Life and Times of Jesus of Nazareth Reza Aslan 2013 3.84 0.175
563 Sleep­ing Giants (Themis Files, #1) Syl­vain Neu­vel 2016 3.84 0.170
564 The Guns of August Bar­bara W. Tuch­man 1962 4.18 0.170
565 Go Set a Watch­man (To Kill a Mock­ing­bird, #2) Harper Lee 2015 3.31 0.165
566 A Spark of Light Jodi Picoult 2018 3.68 0.163
567 The 48 Laws of Power Robert Greene 1998 4.18 0.163
568 The Hour I First Believed Wally Lamb 2007 3.81 0.161
569 The Paper Magi­cian Char­lie N. Holm­berg 2014 3.65 0.152
570 The Girl With All the Gifts (The Girl With All the Gifts, #1) M.R. Carey 2014 3.94 0.152
571 Heart-Shaped Box Joe Hill 2007 3.83 0.151
572 Illu­mi­nae (The Illu­mi­nae Files, #1) Amie Kauf­man 2015 4.30 0.151
573 The Wind-Up Bird Chron­i­cle Haruki Murakami 1994 4.17 0.151
574 The Por­trait of a Lady Henry James 1881 3.77 0.150
575 Three Dark Crowns (Three Dark Crowns, #1) Kendare Blake 2016 3.86 0.148
576 The Dia­mond Age: Or, A Young Lady’s Illus­trated Primer Neal Stephen­son 1995 4.19 0.144
577 The Jane Austen Book Club Karen Joy Fowler 2004 3.08 0.140
578 Haunted Chuck Palah­niuk 2005 3.59 0.137
579 Mind­set: The New Psy­chol­ogy of Suc­cess Carol S. Dweck 2006 4.07 0.133
580 Ten­der Is the Night F. Scott Fitzger­ald 1934 3.82 0.132
581 The Sis­ters Broth­ers Patrick deWitt 2011 3.85 0.129
582 The Blade Itself (The First Law, #1) Joe Aber­crom­bie 2006 4.16 0.127
583 The God of Small Things Arund­hati Roy 1997 3.93 0.125
584 Notes from a Small Island Bill Bryson 1995 3.92 0.124
585 The Secret His­tory Donna Tartt 1992 4.09 0.118
586 Ani­mal, Veg­etable, Mir­a­cle: A Year of Food Life Bar­bara King­solver 2007 4.04 0.114
587 Bur­ial Rites Han­nah Kent 2013 4.03 0.114
588 This Is How You Lose Her Junot Díaz 2010 3.75 0.113
589 The Sil­mar­il­lion (Mid­dle-Earth Uni­verse) J.R.R. Tolkien 1977 3.92 0.111
590 1491: New Rev­e­la­tions of the Amer­i­cas Before Colum­bus Charles C. Mann 2005 4.02 0.106
591 Frag­ile Things: Short Fic­tions and Won­ders Neil Gaiman 2006 4.00 0.105
592 The Under­ground Rail­road Col­son White­head 2016 4.02 0.105
593 The Bee­keep­er’s Appren­tice (Mary Rus­sell and Sher­lock Holmes, #1) Lau­rie R. King 1994 4.07 0.104
594 The Slow Regard of Silent Things (The Kingkiller Chron­i­cle, #2.5) Patrick Roth­fuss 2014 3.91 0.103
595 The For­est of Hands and Teeth (The For­est of Hands and Teeth, #1) Car­rie Ryan 2009 3.59 0.099
596 The Broth­ers Kara­ma­zov Fyo­dor Dos­toyevsky 1879 4.32 0.099
597 Heart­less Marissa Meyer 2016 4.05 0.098
598 Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Soci­eties Jared Dia­mond 1997 4.03 0.098
599 The Japan­ese Lover Isabel Allende 2015 3.81 0.096
600 The His­tory of Love Nicole Krauss 2005 3.92 0.091
601 One Hun­dred Years of Soli­tude Gabriel Gar­cía Márquez 1967 4.06 0.087
602 Her Fear­ful Sym­me­try Audrey Niff­eneg­ger 2009 3.24 0.087
603 The Rosie Effect (Don Till­man, #2) Graeme Sim­sion 2014 3.59 0.085
604 The Veg­e­tar­ian Han Kang 2007 3.58 0.082
605 Soul­less (Para­sol Pro­tec­torate, #1) Gail Car­riger 2009 3.91 0.082
606 The Lost City of Z: A Tale of Deadly Obses­sion in the Ama­zon David Grann 2009 3.87 0.081
607 10% Hap­pier: How I Tamed the Voice in My Head, Reduced Stress With­out Los­ing My Edge, and Found Self­-Help That Actu­ally Works Dan Har­ris 2014 3.92 0.080
608 Circe Made­line Miller 2018 4.28 0.080
609 Doc­tor Zhivago Boris Paster­nak 1957 4.03 0.078
610 City of Girls Eliz­a­beth Gilbert 2019 4.07 0.077
611 Van­ity Fair William Make­peace Thack­eray 1847 3.78 0.076
612 Oryx and Crake (Mad­dAd­dam, #1) Mar­garet Atwood 2003 4.01 0.073
613 The Scor­pio Races Mag­gie Stief­vater 2011 4.09 0.073
614 A Por­trait of the Artist as a Young Man James Joyce 1916 3.61 0.073
615 Snow Crash Neal Stephen­son 1992 4.03 0.072
616 Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West (The Wicked Years, #1) Gre­gory Maguire 1995 3.53 0.070
617 The Sound and the Fury William Faulkner 1929 3.86 0.069
618 We Are All Com­pletely Beside Our­selves Karen Joy Fowler 2013 3.72 0.067
619 Com­mon­wealth Ann Patch­ett 2016 3.81 0.067
620 Not That Kind of Girl: A Young Woman Tells You What She’s Learned Lena Dun­ham 2014 3.30 0.067
621 Bird by Bird: Some Instruc­tions on Writ­ing and Life Anne Lam­ott 1994 4.24 0.066
622 Abra­ham Lin­coln: Vam­pire Hunter (Abra­ham Lin­coln: Vam­pire Hunter, #1) Seth Gra­hame-Smith 2010 3.70 0.064
623 Maisie Dobbs (Maisie Dobbs, #1) Jacque­line Win­spear 2003 3.91 0.062
624 The God Delu­sion Richard Dawkins 2006 3.90 0.059
625 The Omni­vore’s Dilem­ma: A Nat­ural His­tory of Four Meals Michael Pol­lan 2006 4.18 0.057
626 The Thief (The Queen’s Thief, #1) Megan Whalen Turner 1996 3.88 0.057
627 Homo Deus: A His­tory of Tomor­row Yuval Noah Harari 2015 4.27 0.055
628 Love Let­ters to the Dead Ava Del­laira 2014 3.81 0.055
629 The Power of Now: A Guide to Spir­i­tual Enlight­en­ment Eck­hart Tolle 1997 4.13 0.053
630 Prac­ti­cal Magic (Prac­ti­cal Magic #1) Alice Hoff­man 1995 3.78 0.051
631 Cale­b’s Cross­ing Geral­dine Brooks 2011 3.82 0.050
632 Luck­i­est Girl Alive Jes­sica Knoll 2015 3.49 0.048
633 Bleak House Charles Dick­ens 1853 4.01 0.047
634 The Name of the Rose Umberto Eco 1980 4.12 0.046
635 The Divine Com­edy Dante Alighieri 1320 4.07 0.042
636 Half of a Yel­low Sun Chi­ma­manda Ngozi Adichie 2006 4.31 0.042
637 The Night Cir­cus Erin Mor­gen­stern 2011 4.04 0.042
638 Out­lander (Out­lander, #1) Diana Gabal­don 1991 4.22 0.040
639 Into the Water Paula Hawkins 2017 3.56 0.036
640 The Magi­cian King (The Magi­cians, #2) Lev Gross­man 2011 3.92 0.034
641 Moby-Dick, or, the Whale Her­man Melville 1851 3.49 0.025
642 White Noise Don DeLillo 1985 3.86 0.023
643 Lisey’s Story Stephen King 2006 3.67 0.022
644 A Reli­able Wife Robert Gool­rick 2009 3.26 0.022
645 What the Dog Saw and Other Adven­tures Mal­colm Glad­well 2009 3.85 0.016
646 The Pres­i­dent Is Miss­ing Bill Clin­ton 2018 3.83 0.015
647 Eat­ing Ani­mals Jonathan Safran Foer 2009 4.20 0.015
648 A Peo­ple’s His­tory of the United States Howard Zinn 1980 4.08 0.014
649 All the Pretty Horses (The Bor­der Tril­o­gy, #1) Cor­mac McCarthy 1992 3.99 0.013
650 The Alche­myst (The Secrets of the Immor­tal Nicholas Flamel, #1) Michael Scott 2007 3.84 0.012
651 What Is the What Dave Eggers 2006 4.16 0.012
652 The Mys­te­ri­ous Bene­dict Soci­ety (The Mys­te­ri­ous Bene­dict Soci­ety, #1) Tren­ton Lee Stew­art 2007 4.16 0.012
653 The Song of Achilles Made­line Miller 2011 4.33 0.004
654 Rivers of Lon­don (Peter Grant, #1) Ben Aaronovitch 2011 3.91 −0.002
655 War and Peace Leo Tol­stoy 1867 4.11 −0.005
656 The Black Prism (Light­bringer, #1) Brent Weeks 2010 4.24 −0.006
657 Olive Kit­teridge (Olive Kit­teridge, #1) Eliz­a­beth Strout 2008 3.82 −0.010
658 The Round House Louise Erdrich 2012 3.93 −0.013
659 The Girl of Fire and Thorns (Fire and Thorns, #1) Rae Car­son 2011 3.79 −0.014
660 Big Mag­ic: Cre­ative Liv­ing Beyond Fear Eliz­a­beth Gilbert 2015 3.92 −0.017
661 Home­go­ing Yaa Gyasi 2016 4.42 −0.018
662 A Short His­tory of Nearly Every­thing Bill Bryson 2003 4.21 −0.018
663 Amer­i­canah Chi­ma­manda Ngozi Adichie 2013 4.30 −0.020
664 The Shadow of the Wind (The Ceme­tery of For­got­ten Books, #1) Car­los Ruiz Zafón 2001 4.26 −0.021
665 Alias Grace Mar­garet Atwood 1996 4.03 −0.022
666 The Din­ner Her­man Koch 2009 3.22 −0.022
667 I’ll Be Gone in the Dark: One Wom­an’s Obses­sive Search for the Golden State Killer Michelle McNa­mara 2018 4.15 −0.023
668 The Artist’s Way Julia Cameron 1992 3.91 −0.025
669 Hype­r­ion (Hy­pe­r­ion Can­tos, #1) Dan Sim­mons 1989 4.24 −0.025
670 The Man Who Mis­took His Wife for a Hat and Other Clin­i­cal Tales Oliver Sacks 1985 4.06 −0.026
671 The Minia­tur­ist Jessie Bur­ton 2014 3.59 −0.027
672 First Grave on the Right (Charley David­son, #1) Darynda Jones 2011 4.05 −0.027
673 The Devil in the White City: Mur­der, Mag­ic, and Mad­ness at the Fair That Changed Amer­ica Erik Lar­son 2003 3.99 −0.030
674 We Yevgeny Zamy­atin 1921 3.94 −0.031
675 A Prayer for Owen Meany John Irv­ing 1989 4.23 −0.032
676 Wool Omnibus (Silo, #1) Hugh Howey 2012 4.23 −0.032
677 The Alienist (Dr. Las­zlo Krei­zler, #1) Caleb Carr 1994 4.06 −0.032
678 The Eng­lish Patient Michael Ondaatje 1992 3.88 −0.037
679 Gone (Gone, #1) Michael Grant 2008 3.86 −0.041
680 Amer­i­can Psy­cho Bret Eas­ton Ellis 1991 3.82 −0.044
681 A Pas­sage to India E.M. Forster 1924 3.68 −0.046
682 I Am Pil­grim Terry Hayes 2013 4.24 −0.054
683 Grave Mercy (His Fair Assas­s­in, #1) Robin LaFevers 2012 3.90 −0.058
684 Jit­ter­bug Per­fume Tom Rob­bins 1984 4.25 −0.060
685 The Gen­tle­man’s Guide to Vice and Virtue (Mon­tague Sib­lings, #1) Mackenzi Lee 2017 4.14 −0.060
686 Love in the Time of Cholera Gabriel Gar­cía Márquez 1985 3.91 −0.061
687 The Year of Mag­i­cal Think­ing Joan Did­ion 2005 3.89 −0.061
688 Exit West Mohsin Hamid 2017 3.79 −0.065
689 Let’s Explore Dia­betes with Owls David Sedaris 2013 3.82 −0.065
690 Anni­hi­la­tion (South­ern Reach, #1) Jeff Van­der­Meer 2014 3.68 −0.069
691 Sapi­ens: A Brief His­tory of Humankind Yuval Noah Harari 2011 4.44 −0.070
692 At the Water’s Edge Sara Gruen 2015 3.66 −0.071
693 Shadow of Night (All Souls Tril­o­gy, #2) Deb­o­rah Hark­ness 2012 4.06 −0.078
694 Major Pet­ti­grew’s Last Stand Helen Simon­son 2010 3.89 −0.092
695 The Keeper of Lost Things Ruth Hogan 2017 3.82 −0.096
696 Land­line Rain­bow Row­ell 2014 3.55 −0.097
697 Sta­tion Eleven Emily St. John Man­del 2014 4.03 −0.099
698 Cut­ting for Stone Abra­ham Vergh­ese 2009 4.29 −0.102
699 What If?: Seri­ous Sci­en­tific Answers to Absurd Hypo­thet­i­cal Ques­tions Ran­dall Munroe 2014 4.16 −0.107
700 Truly Madly Guilty Liane Mori­arty 2016 3.57 −0.111
701 Hounded (The Iron Druid Chron­i­cles, #1) Kevin Hearne 2011 4.11 −0.111
702 _The Sub­tle Art of Not Giv­ing a F*ck: A Coun­ter­in­tu­itive Approach to Liv­ing a Good Life_ Mark Man­son 2016 3.97 −0.115
703 Flag­ger­mus­man­nen (Harry Hole, #1) Jo Nesbø 1997 3.54 −0.117
704 Stiff: The Curi­ous Lives of Human Cadav­ers Mary Roach 2003 4.06 −0.119
705 Before the Fall Noah Haw­ley 2016 3.73 −0.122
706 Hill­billy Ele­gy: A Mem­oir of a Fam­ily and Cul­ture in Cri­sis J.D. Vance 2016 3.93 −0.122
707 The Strain (The Strain Tril­o­gy, #1) Guillermo del Toro 2009 3.78 −0.122
708 Anna Karen­ina Leo Tol­stoy 1877 4.04 −0.124
709 Under the Ban­ner of Heav­en: A Story of Vio­lent Faith Jon Krakauer 2003 4.00 −0.126
710 I Cap­ture the Cas­tle Dodie Smith 1948 4.00 −0.127
711 The Ori­gin of Species Charles Dar­win 1859 3.98 −0.132
712 Peo­ple of the Book Geral­dine Brooks 2008 4.02 −0.136
713 Lov­ing Frank Nancy Horan 2007 3.75 −0.137
714 Lilac Girls (Lilac Girls, #1) Martha Hall Kelly 2016 4.29 −0.140
715 World War Z: An Oral His­tory of the Zom­bie War Max Brooks 2006 4.01 −0.142
716 Good Omens: The Nice and Accu­rate Prophe­cies of Agnes Nut­ter, Witch Terry Pratch­ett 1990 4.25 −0.142
717 The Raven Boys (The Raven Cycle, #1) Mag­gie Stief­vater 2012 4.06 −0.143
718 The Ship­ping News Annie Proulx 1993 3.86 −0.144
719 Stranger in a Strange Land Robert A. Hein­lein 1961 3.92 −0.145
720 The Young Elites (The Young Elites, #1) Marie Lu 2014 3.90 −0.145
721 Lolita Vladimir Nabokov 1955 3.89 −0.161
722 The Girl in the Spi­der’s Web (Mil­len­ni­um, #4) David Lager­crantz 2015 3.76 −0.165
723 The Twelve (The Pas­sage, #2) Justin Cronin 2012 4.00 −0.167
724 Bel Canto Ann Patch­ett 2001 3.93 −0.168
725 The Witch­ing Hour (Lives of the May­fair Witch­es, #1) Anne Rice 1990 4.11 −0.168
726 The 4-Hour Work­week Tim­o­thy Fer­riss 2007 3.87 −0.169
727 La Vérité sur l’affaire Harry Que­bert Joël Dicker 2012 4.03 −0.170
728 The Paris Wife Paula McLain 2011 3.81 −0.172
729 Life Keith Richards 2010 3.86 −0.173
730 The Snow Child Eowyn Ivey 2012 3.97 −0.174
731 God Is Not Great: How Reli­gion Poi­sons Every­thing Christo­pher Hitchens 2007 3.97 −0.175
732 Carry On (Si­mon Snow, #1) Rain­bow Row­ell 2015 4.24 −0.175
733 A Scan­ner Darkly Philip K. Dick 1977 4.02 −0.180
734 The Lake House Kate Mor­ton 2015 4.05 −0.186
735 Vicious (Vil­lains, #1) V.E. Schwab 2013 4.24 −0.187
736 Peace Like a River Leif Enger 2001 4.00 −0.189
737 Nau­sea Jean-Paul Sartre 1938 3.92 −0.191
738 Rev­o­lu­tion­ary Road Richard Yates 1961 3.91 −0.193
739 The Moon is a Harsh Mis­tress Robert A. Hein­lein 1966 4.17 −0.193
740 The Kiss of Decep­tion (The Rem­nant Chron­i­cles, #1) Mary E. Pear­son 2014 4.02 −0.193
741 Ish­mael Daniel Quinn 1992 3.99 −0.199
742 Extremely Loud and Incred­i­bly Close Jonathan Safran Foer 2005 3.98 −0.199
743 A Great and Ter­ri­ble Beauty (Gemma Doyle #1) Libba Bray 2003 3.79 −0.201
744 The Turn of the Screw Henry James 1898 3.43 −0.208
745 The Wish­ing Spell (The Land of Sto­ries, #1) Chris Colfer 2012 4.23 −0.209
746 Furies of Calderon (Codex Alera, #1) Jim Butcher 2004 4.12 −0.210
747 As I Lay Dying William Faulkner 1930 3.71 −0.211
748 The Gifts of Imper­fec­tion Brené Brown 2010 4.21 −0.212
749 Hard-Boiled Won­der­land and the End of the World Haruki Murakami 1985 4.15 −0.213
750 The Wrath and the Dawn (The Wrath and the Dawn, #1) Renée Ahdieh 2015 4.15 −0.214
751 Horns Joe Hill 2009 3.92 −0.214
752 The Cuck­oo’s Call­ing (Cor­moran Strike, #1) Robert Gal­braith (Pseu­do­nym) 2013 3.86 −0.216
753 The Art of Field­ing Chad Har­bach 2011 3.99 −0.221
754 Small Great Things Jodi Picoult 2016 4.34 −0.224
755 Glass Sword (Red Queen, #2) Vic­to­ria Ave­yard 2016 3.91 −0.227
756 The Unlikely Pil­grim­age of Harold Fry (Harold Fry, #1) Rachel Joyce 2012 3.91 −0.231
757 Case His­to­ries (Jack­son Brodie #1) Kate Atkin­son 2004 3.83 −0.240
758 Madame Bovary Gus­tave Flaubert 1856 3.66 −0.241
759 Corel­li’s Man­dolin Louis de Bernières 1994 3.98 −0.243
760 Invis­i­ble Man Ralph Elli­son 1952 3.86 −0.245
761 Under the Dome Stephen King 2009 3.90 −0.249
762 My Name Is Lucy Bar­ton Eliz­a­beth Strout 2016 3.51 −0.249
763 The Death of Mrs. West­away Ruth Ware 2018 3.81 −0.257
764 Magic Bites (Kate Daniels, #1) Ilona Andrews 2007 4.07 −0.260
765 Par­adise Lost John Mil­ton 1667 3.81 −0.267
766 The House of Mirth Edith Whar­ton 1905 3.95 −0.270
767 Nev­er­where (Lon­don Below, #1) Neil Gaiman 1996 4.17 −0.271
768 The Pro­fes­sor and the Mad­man: A Tale of Mur­der, Insan­ity and the Mak­ing of the Oxford Eng­lish Dic­tio­nary Simon Win­ches­ter 1998 3.84 −0.272
769 Orange Is the New Black Piper Ker­man 2010 3.71 −0.272
770 Six of Crows (Six of Crows, #1) Leigh Bar­dugo 2015 4.46 −0.276
771 We Were the Mul­vaneys Joyce Carol Oates 1996 3.72 −0.277
772 The Selfish Gene Richard Dawkins 1976 4.13 −0.278
773 Nine Per­fect Strangers Liane Mori­arty 2018 3.50 −0.280
774 Still Life (Chief Inspec­tor Armand Gamache, #1) Louise Penny 2005 3.88 −0.285
775 The Trial Franz Kafka 1925 3.97 −0.289
776 Norse Mythol­ogy Neil Gaiman 2017 4.09 −0.292
777 Leviathan Wakes (The Expanse, #1) James S.A. Corey 2011 4.25 −0.294
778 The Woman in White Wilkie Collins 1859 3.99 −0.295
779 Across the Uni­verse (Across the Uni­verse, #1) Beth Revis 2011 3.77 −0.296
780 The Dark­est Minds (The Dark­est Minds, #1) Alexan­dra Bracken 2012 4.20 −0.298
781 Dead Witch Walk­ing (The Hol­lows, #1) Kim Har­ri­son 2004 4.04 −0.301
782 The World Is Flat: A Brief His­tory of the Twen­ty-first Cen­tury Thomas L. Fried­man 2005 3.68 −0.303
783 Ring­world (Ring­world, #1) Larry Niven 1970 3.96 −0.305
784 The Age of Mir­a­cles Karen Thomp­son Walker 2012 3.65 −0.308
785 The Last of the Mohi­cans (The Leather­stock­ing Tales #2) James Fen­i­more Cooper 1826 3.70 −0.310
786 Sabriel (Ab­hors­en, #1) Garth Nix 1995 4.17 −0.312
787 Let the Right One In John Ajvide Lindqvist 2004 4.06 −0.313
788 Nor­mal Peo­ple Sally Rooney 2018 3.89 −0.313
789 A Con­necti­cut Yan­kee in King Arthur’s Court Mark Twain 1889 3.77 −0.319
790 Start with Why: How Great Lead­ers Inspire Every­one to Take Action Simon Sinek 2009 4.07 −0.320
791 Three Cups of Tea: One Man’s Mis­sion to Pro­mote Peace … One School at a Time Greg Morten­son 2006 3.65 −0.321
792 The Year of the Flood (Mad­dAd­dam, #2) Mar­garet Atwood 2009 4.07 −0.325
793 Amer­i­can Sniper: The Auto­bi­og­ra­phy of the Most Lethal Sniper in U.S. Mil­i­tary His­tory Chris Kyle 2012 4.00 −0.326
794 Bit­ten (Other­world, #1) Kel­ley Arm­strong 2001 4.05 −0.330
795 Brideshead Revis­ited Eve­lyn Waugh 1945 4.00 −0.332
796 A Man Called Ove Fredrik Back­man 2012 4.36 −0.333
797 Call Me By Your Name (Call Me By Your Name, #1) André Aci­man 2007 4.27 −0.336
798 Between the World and Me Ta-Ne­hisi Coates 2015 4.40 −0.342
799 Shiver (The Wolves of Mercy Falls, #1) Mag­gie Stief­vater 2009 3.77 −0.348
800 Tell the Wolves I’m Home Carol Rifka Brunt 2012 4.04 −0.348
801 The 5th Wave (The 5th Wave, #1) Rick Yancey 2013 4.06 −0.353
802 Shat­ter Me (Shat­ter Me, #1) Tahereh Mafi 2011 3.97 −0.356
803 Far From the Madding Crowd Thomas Hardy 1874 3.94 −0.358
804 The Color of Magic (Dis­c­world, #1; Rincewind, #1) Terry Pratch­ett 1983 3.99 −0.367
805 11/22/63 Stephen King 2011 4.31 −0.368
806 Pachinko Min Jin Lee 2017 4.26 −0.369
807 A Dirty Job (Grim Reaper, #1) Christo­pher Moore 2006 4.07 −0.372
808 Daugh­ter of Smoke & Bone (Daugh­ter of Smoke & Bone, #1) Laini Tay­lor 2011 4.03 −0.373
809 Magyk (Sep­ti­mus Heap, #1) Angie Sage 2005 3.82 −0.378
810 The Last Wish (The Witcher, #0.5) Andrzej Sap­kowski 1993 4.19 −0.379
811 The Way of Shad­ows (Night Angel, #1) Brent Weeks 2008 4.15 −0.380
812 Car­aval (Car­aval, #1) Stephanie Gar­ber 2017 3.95 −0.383
813 The Win­ner’s Curse (The Win­ner’s Tril­o­gy, #1) Marie Rutkoski 2014 4.00 −0.385
814 The Alice Net­work Kate Quinn 2017 4.26 −0.392
815 Yes Please Amy Poehler 2014 3.82 −0.393
816 An Amer­i­can Mar­riage Tayari Jones 2018 3.97 −0.394
817 The Pil­lars of the Earth (Kings­bridge, #1) Ken Fol­lett 1989 4.31 −0.394
818 The Unbear­able Light­ness of Being Milan Kun­dera 1984 4.10 −0.399
819 Since You’ve Been Gone Mor­gan Mat­son 2014 4.14 −0.401
820 The Secret Keeper Kate Mor­ton 2012 4.14 −0.401
821 Atone­ment Ian McE­wan 2001 3.90 −0.402
822 Drag­on­fly in Amber (Out­lander, #2) Diana Gabal­don 1992 4.32 −0.402
823 The Name of the Wind (The Kingkiller Chron­i­cle, #1) Patrick Roth­fuss 2007 4.54 −0.406
824 Me and Earl and the Dying Girl Jesse Andrews 2012 3.56 −0.408
825 Eats, Shoots & Leaves: The Zero Tol­er­ance Approach to Punc­tu­a­tion Lynne Truss 2003 3.87 −0.408
826 An Abun­dance of Kather­ines John Green 2006 3.59 −0.410
827 Anna Dressed in Blood (An­na, #1) Kendare Blake 2011 3.94 −0.412
828 ‘Surely You’re Jok­ing, Mr. Feyn­man!’: Adven­tures of a Curi­ous Char­ac­ter Richard P. Feyn­man 1985 4.28 −0.417
829 Daisy Jones & The Six Tay­lor Jenk­ins Reid 2019 4.22 −0.423
830 Step­pen­wolf Her­mann Hesse 1927 4.12 −0.437
831 Under the Never Sky (Un­der the Never Sky, #1) Veron­ica Rossi 2011 4.00 −0.438
832 The Eye of the World (The Wheel of Time, #1) Robert Jor­dan 1990 4.19 −0.440
833 All the Light We Can­not See Anthony Doerr 2014 4.33 −0.441
834 One Day David Nicholls 2009 3.78 −0.443
835 Dublin­ers James Joyce 1914 3.85 −0.446
836 The Age of Inno­cence Edith Whar­ton 1920 3.94 −0.450
837 Three Wishes Liane Mori­arty 2003 3.78 −0.452
838 The Plague Albert Camus 1947 3.98 −0.459
839 The House at River­ton Kate Mor­ton 2006 3.95 −0.461
840 Never Let Me Go Kazuo Ishig­uro 2005 3.82 −0.461
841 The Remains of the Day Kazuo Ishig­uro 1989 4.12 −0.462
842 One Day in Decem­ber Josie Sil­ver 2018 4.00 −0.463
843 The Angel’s Game (El cemente­rio de los libros olvi­da­dos #2) Car­los Ruiz Zafón 2008 3.91 −0.465
844 The Kill Order (The Maze Run­ner, #0.5) James Dash­ner 2012 3.72 −0.465
845 A Fine Bal­ance Rohin­ton Mis­try 1995 4.36 −0.467
846 The Boys in the Boat: Nine Amer­i­cans and Their Epic Quest for Gold at the 1936 Berlin Olympics Daniel James Brown 2013 4.35 −0.475
847 Gul­liv­er’s Trav­els Jonathan Swift 1726 3.56 −0.476
848 The Iron King (The Iron Fey, #1) Julie Kagawa 2010 3.91 −0.479
849 Moloka’i (Moloka’i #1) Alan Bren­nert 2003 4.17 −0.482
850 In Defense of Food: An Eater’s Man­i­festo Michael Pol­lan 2008 4.08 −0.488
851 Rules of Civil­ity Amor Towles 2011 4.04 −0.498
852 Attach­ments Rain­bow Row­ell 2011 3.92 −0.504
853 Beau­ti­ful Dark­ness (Caster Chron­i­cles, #2) Kami Gar­cia 2010 3.84 −0.507
854 Lean In: Wom­en, Work, and the Will to Lead Sheryl Sand­berg 2013 3.95 −0.508
855 The Shack William Paul Young 2007 3.76 −0.509
856 Life As We Knew It (Last Sur­vivors, #1) Susan Beth Pfeffer 2006 3.89 −0.514
857 The Big Sleep (Philip Mar­lowe, #1) Ray­mond Chan­dler 1939 4.01 −0.516
858 The Thir­teenth Tale Diane Set­ter­field 2006 3.96 −0.516
859 Dark Mat­ter Blake Crouch 2016 4.10 −0.517
860 I Am the Mes­sen­ger Markus Zusak 2002 4.07 −0.521
861 Julie and Julia: 365 Days, 524 Recipes, 1 Tiny Apart­ment Kitchen Julie Pow­ell 2005 3.70 −0.521
862 Crossed (Matched, #2) Ally Condie 2011 3.52 −0.525
863 The Like­ness (Dublin Mur­der Squad, #2) Tana French 2008 4.06 −0.525
864 Water­ship Down (Wa­ter­ship Down, #1) Richard Adams 1972 4.05 −0.525
865 Born to Run: A Hid­den Tribe, Superath­letes, and the Great­est Race the World Has Never Seen Christo­pher McDougall 2009 4.29 −0.526
866 The Jun­gle Upton Sin­clair 1906 3.74 −0.527
867 Hol­low City (Miss Pere­grine’s Pecu­liar Chil­dren, #2) Ran­som Riggs 2014 4.07 −0.530
868 One Thou­sand White Wom­en: The Jour­nals of May Dodd (One Thou­sand White Wom­en, #1) Jim Fer­gus 1998 3.88 −0.532
869 The White Tiger Aravind Adiga 2008 3.73 −0.541
870 Twenty Thou­sand Leagues Under the Sea (Ex­tra­or­di­nary Voy­ages, #6) Jules Verne 1869 3.88 −0.541
871 The Light Between Oceans M.L. Sted­man 2012 4.02 −0.544
872 State of Won­der Ann Patch­ett 2011 3.87 −0.546
873 Beloved Toni Mor­ri­son 1987 3.82 −0.552
874 Days of Blood & Starlight (Daugh­ter of Smoke & Bone, #2) Laini Tay­lor 2012 4.18 −0.555
875 The Power of Habit: Why We Do What We Do in Life and Busi­ness Charles Duhigg 2012 4.09 −0.556
876 Unwind (Un­wind, #1) Neal Shus­ter­man 2007 4.18 −0.561
877 The Way of Kings (The Storm­light Archive, #1) Bran­don Sander­son 2010 4.65 −0.561
878 In the Woods (Dublin Mur­der Squad, #1) Tana French 2007 3.76 −0.567
879 Ink­heart (Inkworld, #1) Cor­nelia Funke 2003 3.88 −0.570
880 The Mar­t­ian Andy Weir 2012 4.40 −0.578
881 A Brief His­tory of Time Stephen Hawk­ing 1988 4.17 −0.578
882 The For­got­ten Gar­den Kate Mor­ton 2008 4.14 −0.581
883 The Foun­tain­head Ayn Rand 1943 3.86 −0.582
884 Fall of Giants (The Cen­tury Tril­o­gy, #1) Ken Fol­lett 2010 4.29 −0.585
885 The For­ever War (The For­ever War, #1) Joe Halde­man 1974 4.15 −0.586
886 I’ll Give You the Sun Jandy Nel­son 2014 4.13 −0.590
887 Invis­i­ble Mon­sters Chuck Palah­niuk 1999 4.00 −0.599
888 Lone­some Dove Larry McMurtry 1985 4.49 −0.604
889 The Cruel Prince (The Folk of the Air, #1) Holly Black 2018 4.16 −0.605
890 The Stand Stephen King 1978 4.34 −0.606
891 Dune (Dune, #1) Frank Her­bert 1965 4.22 −0.606
892 Shō­gun (Asian Saga, #1) James Clavell 1975 4.39 −0.607
893 Every­thing I Never Told You Celeste Ng 2014 3.85 −0.609
894 Reached (Matched, #3) Ally Condie 2012 3.56 −0.612
895 Ready Player One (Ready Player One, #1) Ernest Cline 2011 4.27 −0.612
896 For Whom the Bell Tolls Ernest Hem­ing­way 1940 3.96 −0.614
897 Steel­heart (The Reck­on­ers, #1) Bran­don Sander­son 2013 4.16 −0.625
898 Bad Blood: Secrets and Lies in a Sil­i­con Val­ley Startup John Car­rey­rou 2018 4.45 −0.629
899 Delir­ium (Delir­i­um, #1) Lau­ren Oliver 2011 3.98 −0.629
900 Wild: From Lost to Found on the Pacific Crest Trail Cheryl Strayed 2012 4.00 −0.631
901 Dark­fever (Fever, #1) Karen Marie Mon­ing 2006 4.11 −0.640
902 North and South Eliz­a­beth Gaskell 1854 4.14 −0.644
903 The Ocean at the End of the Lane Neil Gaiman 2013 4.00 −0.648
904 The Gun­slinger (The Dark Tow­er, #1) Stephen King 1982 3.96 −0.656
905 Gracel­ing (Gracel­ing Realm, #1) Kristin Cashore 2008 4.09 −0.662
906 Heart of Dark­ness Joseph Con­rad 1902 3.42 −0.662
907 An Ember in the Ashes (An Ember in the Ash­es, #1) Sabaa Tahir 2015 4.30 −0.668
908 All the Bright Places Jen­nifer Niven 2015 4.17 −0.670
909 Kafka on the Shore Haruki Murakami 2002 4.13 −0.682
910 Why Not Me? Mindy Kaling 2015 3.90 −0.683
911 This is Where I Leave You Jonathan Trop­per 2009 3.89 −0.684
912 Team of Rivals: The Polit­i­cal Genius of Abra­ham Lin­coln Doris Kearns Good­win 2005 4.28 −0.686
913 The Final Empire (Mist­born, #1) Bran­don Sander­son 2006 4.45 −0.686
914 Uglies (Uglies, #1) Scott West­er­feld 2005 3.86 −0.687
915 The Book Thief Markus Zusak 2005 4.37 −0.691
916 Mid­dle­sex Jeffrey Eugenides 2002 4.00 −0.695
917 The White Queen (The Plan­ta­genet and Tudor Nov­els, #2; The Cousins War #1) Philippa Gre­gory 2009 3.92 −0.695
918 Miss Pere­grine’s Home for Pecu­liar Chil­dren (Miss Pere­grine’s Pecu­liar Chil­dren, #1) Ran­som Riggs 2011 3.91 −0.696
919 Beau­ti­ful Crea­tures (Caster Chron­i­cles, #1) Kami Gar­cia 2009 3.76 −0.697
920 Gabriel’s Inferno (Gabriel’s Infer­no, #1) Syl­vain Rey­nard 2011 4.01 −0.699
921 Storm Front (The Dres­den Files, #1) Jim Butcher 2000 4.01 −0.702
922 The Hours Michael Cun­ning­ham 1998 3.93 −0.704
923 Inferno (The Divine Com­edy #1) Dante Alighieri 1320 4.00 −0.707
924 Crime and Pun­ish­ment Fyo­dor Dos­toyevsky 1866 4.21 −0.709
925 I’d Tell You I Love You, But Then I’d Have to Kill You (Gal­lagher Girls, #1) Ally Carter 2006 3.83 −0.709
926 I Am Malala: The Story of the Girl Who Stood Up for Edu­ca­tion and Was Shot by the Tal­iban Malala Yousafzai 2012 4.11 −0.712
927 Mid­night in the Gar­den of Good and Evil John Berendt 1994 3.92 −0.713
928 The Woman in Cabin 10 Ruth Ware 2016 3.69 −0.713
929 The Three Mus­ke­teers (The D’Artag­nan Romances, #1) Alexan­dre Dumas 1844 4.07 −0.718
930 A Wiz­ard of Earth­sea Ursula K. Le Guin 1968 4.00 −0.718
931 A New Earth: Awak­en­ing to Your Life’s Pur­pose Eck­hart Tolle 2005 4.07 −0.721
932 Think and Grow Rich Napoleon Hill 1937 4.18 −0.721
933 The Haunt­ing of Hill House Shirley Jack­son 1959 3.84 −0.722
934 Tess of the D’Urbervilles Thomas Hardy 1891 3.79 −0.722
935 A Game of Thrones (A Song of Ice and Fire, #1) George R.R. Mar­tin 1996 4.45 −0.726
936 Lit­tle Bee Chris Cleave 2008 3.71 −0.731
937 The Seven Hus­bands of Eve­lyn Hugo Tay­lor Jenk­ins Reid 2017 4.32 −0.733
938 The Cider House Rules John Irv­ing 1985 4.12 −0.734
939 Eleanor Oliphant is Com­pletely Fine Gail Hon­ey­man 2017 4.31 −0.740
940 The Fiery Cross (Out­lander, #5) Diana Gabal­don 2001 4.27 −0.742
941 Uncle Tom’s Cabin Har­riet Beecher Stowe 1852 3.86 −0.744
942 Fire (Gracel­ing Realm, #2) Kristin Cashore 2009 4.11 −0.745
943 David and Goliath: Under­dogs, Mis­fits, and the Art of Bat­tling Giants Mal­colm Glad­well 2009 3.94 −0.745
944 Just Kids Patti Smith 2010 4.14 −0.755
945 The Wind in the Wil­lows Ken­neth Gra­hame 1908 3.99 −0.762
946 David Cop­per­field Charles Dick­ens 1849 3.98 −0.768
947 The 7 Habits of Highly Effec­tive Peo­ple: Pow­er­ful Lessons in Per­sonal Change Stephen R. Covey 1989 4.10 −0.768
948 Where’d You Go, Bernadette Maria Sem­ple 2012 3.90 −0.770
949 Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus John Gray 1992 3.55 −0.770
950 Kitchen Con­fi­den­tial: Adven­tures in the Culi­nary Under­belly Anthony Bour­dain 2000 4.07 −0.775
951 Red Queen (Red Queen, #1) Vic­to­ria Ave­yard 2015 4.06 −0.775
952 The Immor­tal Life of Hen­ri­etta Lacks Rebecca Skloot 2010 4.06 −0.781
953 Matched (Matched, #1) Ally Condie 2010 3.67 −0.783
954 A Room with a View E.M. Forster 1908 3.91 −0.785
955 Wiz­ard’s First Rule (Sword of Truth, #1) Terry Good­kind 1994 4.13 −0.785
956 And the Moun­tains Echoed Khaled Hos­seini 2012 4.05 −0.785
957 Grey (Fifty Shades as Told by Chris­tian, #1) E.L. James 2015 3.78 −0.785
958 The Guernsey Lit­er­ary and Potato Peel Pie Soci­ety Mary Ann Shaffer 2008 4.16 −0.787
959 The Prince Nic­colò Machi­avelli 1513 3.81 −0.799
960 Wicked Lovely (Wicked Love­ly, #1) Melissa Marr 2007 3.69 −0.799
961 Hotel on the Cor­ner of Bit­ter and Sweet Jamie Ford 2009 4.01 −0.807
962 The West­ing Game Ellen Raskin 1978 4.02 −0.807
963 A Clock­work Orange Anthony Burgess 1962 3.99 −0.814
964 A Farewell to Arms Ernest Hem­ing­way 1929 3.80 −0.815
965 The Vir­gin Sui­cides Jeffrey Eugenides 1993 3.84 −0.816
966 The Clan of the Cave Bear (Earth’s Chil­dren, #1) Jean M. Auel 1980 4.04 −0.826
967 Anansi Boys Neil Gaiman 2005 4.02 −0.829
968 Inter­view with the Vam­pire (The Vam­pire Chron­i­cles, #1) Anne Rice 1976 3.99 −0.832
969 The Ulti­mate Hitch­hik­er’s Guide to the Galaxy (Hitch­hik­er’s Guide to the Galaxy, #1–5) Dou­glas Adams 1996 4.38 −0.835
970 Fifty Shades of Grey (Fifty Shades, #1) E.L. James 2011 3.67 −0.836
971 The House of the Spir­its Isabel Allende 1982 4.22 −0.837
972 Les Mis­érables Vic­tor Hugo 1862 4.16 −0.839
973 Life of Pi Yann Mar­tel 2001 3.90 −0.840
974 A Tree Grows in Brook­lyn Betty Smith 1943 4.26 −0.844
975 Mr. Mer­cedes (Bill Hodges Tril­o­gy, #1) Stephen King 2014 3.96 −0.846
976 The Nightin­gale Kristin Han­nah 2015 4.57 −0.849
977 Inferno (Robert Lang­don, #4) Dan Brown 2013 3.84 −0.850
978 The Red Pyra­mid (The Kane Chron­i­cles, #1) Rick Rior­dan 2010 4.08 −0.850
979 Robin­son Cru­soe Daniel Defoe 1719 3.67 −0.852
980 The Sun Is Also a Star Nicola Yoon 2016 4.09 −0.854
981 Eat, Pray, Love Eliz­a­beth Gilbert 2006 3.55 −0.855
982 The No. 1 Ladies’ Detec­tive Agency (No. 1 Ladies’ Detec­tive Agency #1) Alexan­der McCall Smith 1998 3.78 −0.857
983 The Host (The Host, #1) Stephe­nie Meyer 2008 3.84 −0.858
984 A Mil­lion Lit­tle Pieces James Frey 2003 3.64 −0.863
985 Nor­we­gian Wood Haruki Murakami 1987 4.03 −0.864
986 Choke Chuck Palah­niuk 2001 3.69 −0.872
987 After You (Me Before You, #2) Jojo Moyes 2015 3.72 −0.874
988 Pretty Girls Karin Slaugh­ter 2015 3.99 −0.876
989 Becom­ing Michelle Obama 2018 4.58 −0.884
990 I Am Num­ber Four (Lo­rien Lega­cies, #1) Pit­ta­cus Lore 2010 3.94 −0.885
991 Tur­tles All the Way Down John Green 2017 3.98 −0.885
992 The Unbe­com­ing of Mara Dyer (Mara Dyer, #1) Michelle Hod­kin 2011 4.07 −0.886
993 Will Grayson, Will Grayson John Green 2010 3.79 −0.887
994 Beneath a Scar­let Sky Mark T. Sul­li­van 2017 4.42 −0.892
995 The Road Cor­mac McCarthy 2006 3.96 −0.895
996 The Hate U Give Angie Thomas 2017 4.52 −0.897
997 Foun­da­tion (Foun­da­tion #1) Isaac Asi­mov 1951 4.16 −0.901
998 Doc­tor Sleep (The Shin­ing, #2) Stephen King 2013 4.12 −0.903
999 Veronika Decides to Die Paulo Coelho 1998 3.70 −0.904
1000 Alle­giant (Di­ver­gent, #3) Veron­ica Roth 2013 3.63 −0.906
1001 Elon Musk: Tes­la, SpaceX, and the Quest for a Fan­tas­tic Future Ash­lee Vance 2015 4.23 −0.909
1002 The Kitchen House Kath­leen Gris­som 2010 4.19 −0.917
1003 The Repub­lic Plato −380 3.93 −0.920
1004 The Grave­yard Book Neil Gaiman 2008 4.13 −0.927
1005 The World Accord­ing to Garp John Irv­ing 1978 4.08 −0.929
1006 Aris­to­tle and Dante Dis­cover the Secrets of the Uni­verse Ben­jamin Alire Sáenz 2012 4.34 −0.931
1007 Their Eyes Were Watch­ing God Zora Neale Hurston 1937 3.91 −0.931
1008 Before We Were Yours Lisa Wingate 2017 4.37 −0.931
1009 The Sto­ry­teller Jodi Picoult 2013 4.28 −0.935
1010 A Dance with Drag­ons (A Song of Ice and Fire, #5) George R.R. Mar­tin 2011 4.33 −0.935
1011 The Pic­ture of Dorian Gray Oscar Wilde 1890 4.07 −0.942
1012 A Court of Thorns and Roses (A Court of Thorns and Ros­es, #1) Sarah J. Maas 2015 4.25 −0.944
1013 The Hunch­back of Notre-Dame Vic­tor Hugo 1831 3.99 −0.945
1014 Lit­tle Fires Every­where Celeste Ng 2017 4.11 −0.946
1015 Fire­fly Lane (Fire­fly Lane, #1) Kristin Han­nah 2008 4.07 −0.947
1016 It Stephen King 1986 4.24 −0.951
1017 Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inher­i­tance Barack Obama 1995 3.87 −0.953
1018 Throne of Glass (Throne of Glass, #1) Sarah J. Maas 2012 4.22 −0.955
1019 Before I Fall Lau­ren Oliver 2010 3.91 −0.955
1020 Great Expec­ta­tions Charles Dick­ens 1861 3.77 −0.955
1021 A Clash of Kings (A Song of Ice and Fire, #2) George R.R. Mar­tin 1998 4.41 −0.957
1022 The Good Girl Mary Kubica 2014 3.81 −0.957
1023 The Great Alone Kristin Han­nah 2018 4.32 −0.960
1024 Wall­banger (Cock­tail, #1) Alice Clay­ton 2012 4.07 −0.971
1025 The Sun Also Rises Ernest Hem­ing­way 1926 3.82 −0.974
1026 Assas­s­in’s Appren­tice (Farseer Tril­o­gy, #1) Robin Hobb 1995 4.15 −0.977
1027 Wuther­ing Heights Emily Brontë 1847 3.85 −0.979
1028 The Com­plete Sher­lock Holmes (Sh­er­lock Holmes) Arthur Conan Doyle 1927 4.51 −0.982
1029 The Silk­worm (Cor­moran Strike, #2) Robert Gal­braith (Pseu­do­nym) 2014 4.04 −0.984
1030 The War of the Worlds H.G. Wells 1897 3.82 −0.984
1031 Hyper­bole and a Half: Unfor­tu­nate Sit­u­a­tions, Flawed Cop­ing Mech­a­nisms, May­hem, and Other Things That Hap­pened Allie Brosh 2013 4.18 −0.986
1032 The Adven­tures of Sher­lock Holmes (Sh­er­lock Holmes, #3) Arthur Conan Doyle 1892 4.31 −0.986
1033 Spe­cials (Uglies, #3) Scott West­er­feld 2006 3.77 −0.991
1034 Run­ning with Scis­sors Augusten Bur­roughs 2002 3.72 −0.994
1035 Break­fast of Cham­pi­ons Kurt Von­negut 1973 4.07 −1.000
1036 Room Emma Donoghue 2010 4.05 −1.005
1037 The Woman in the Win­dow A.J. Finn 2018 3.93 −1.016
1038 Is Every­one Hang­ing Out With­out Me? (And Other Con­cerns) Mindy Kaling 2011 3.85 −1.026
1039 In Cold Blood Tru­man Capote 1965 4.07 −1.028
1040 The Angel Exper­i­ment (Max­i­mum Ride, #1) James Pat­ter­son 2005 4.08 −1.028
1041 Cold Moun­tain Charles Fra­zier 1997 3.85 −1.033
1042 When You Are Engulfed in Flames David Sedaris 2008 4.06 −1.041
1043 The Hand­maid’s Tale (The Hand­maid’s Tale, #1) Mar­garet Atwood 1985 4.10 −1.057
1044 The Iliad Homer −750 3.85 −1.058
1045 The Count of Monte Cristo Alexan­dre Dumas 1844 4.24 −1.065
1046 Things Fall Apart (The African Tril­o­gy, #1) Chinua Achebe 1959 3.65 −1.069
1047 Oliver Twist Charles Dick­ens 1838 3.86 −1.072
1048 Cell Stephen King 2006 3.65 −1.072
1049 The Heir (The Selec­tion, #4) Kiera Cass 2015 3.81 −1.081
1050 Cat’s Cra­dle Kurt Von­negut 1963 4.16 −1.089
1051 The Well of Ascen­sion (Mist­born, #2) Bran­don Sander­son 2007 4.37 −1.090
1052 East of Eden John Stein­beck 1952 4.37 −1.092
1053 On Writ­ing: A Mem­oir of the Craft Stephen King 2000 4.33 −1.092
1054 World With­out End (Kings­bridge, #2) Ken Fol­lett 2007 4.26 −1.093
1055 The Scorch Tri­als (The Maze Run­ner, #2) James Dash­ner 2010 3.92 −1.098
1056 The Inven­tion of Wings Sue Monk Kidd 2014 4.24 −1.103
1057 The Maze Run­ner (The Maze Run­ner, #1) James Dash­ner 2009 4.02 −1.109
1058 Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas Hunter S. Thomp­son 1972 4.08 −1.109
1059 A Tale of Two Cities Charles Dick­ens 1859 3.83 −1.110
1060 The Art of War Sun Tzu −500 3.97 −1.114
1061 The Mar­t­ian Chron­i­cles Ray Brad­bury 1949 4.14 −1.116
1062 The Things They Car­ried Tim O’Brien 1990 4.13 −1.116
1063 Speaker for the Dead (En­der’s Saga, #2) Orson Scott Card 1986 4.07 −1.121
1064 Dark Lover (Black Dag­ger Broth­er­hood, #1) J.R. Ward 2005 4.20 −1.122
1065 The Secret (The Secret, #1) Rhonda Byrne 2006 3.66 −1.123
1066 Shadow and Bone (The Shadow and Bone Tril­o­gy, #1) Leigh Bar­dugo 2012 4.03 −1.137
1067 Fallen (Fal­l­en, #1) Lau­ren Kate 2009 3.73 −1.140
1068 Artemis Fowl (Artemis Fowl #1) Eoin Colfer 2001 3.84 −1.145
1069 The Bell Jar Sylvia Plath 1963 4.00 −1.148
1070 Star­dust Neil Gaiman 1998 4.08 −1.150
1071 The Rosie Project (Don Till­man, #1) Graeme Sim­sion 2013 4.02 −1.151
1072 Per­fume: The Story of a Mur­derer Patrick Süskind 1985 4.02 −1.157
1073 Fan­girl Rain­bow Row­ell 2013 4.08 −1.164
1074 Bossy­pants Tina Fey 2011 3.95 −1.171
1075 Killing Floor (Jack Reacher, #1) Lee Child 1997 4.05 −1.171
1076 The Phan­tom Toll­booth Nor­ton Juster 1961 4.21 −1.172
1077 Emma Jane Austen 1815 4.00 −1.189
1078 The Red Tent Anita Dia­mant 1997 4.17 −1.189
1079 Ori­gin (Robert Lang­don, #5) Dan Brown 2015 3.85 −1.191
1080 Leg­end (Le­gend, #1) Marie Lu 2011 4.18 −1.191
1081 A Walk in the Woods: Redis­cov­er­ing Amer­ica on the Appalachian Trail Bill Bryson 1997 4.06 −1.216
1082 Behind Closed Doors B.A. Paris 2016 3.95 −1.218
1083 The Lord of the Rings (The Lord of the Rings, #1–3) J.R.R. Tolkien 1955 4.49 −1.223
1084 Me Talk Pretty One Day David Sedaris 2000 3.98 −1.226
1085 The Time Trav­el­er’s Wife Audrey Niff­eneg­ger 2003 3.97 −1.234
1086 The Wise Man’s Fear (The Kingkiller Chron­i­cle, #2) Patrick Roth­fuss 2011 4.57 −1.236
1087 We Were Liars E. Lock­hart 2014 3.84 −1.238
1088 City of Bones (The Mor­tal Instru­ments, #1) Cas­san­dra Clare 2007 4.11 −1.239
1089 Eleanor & Park Rain­bow Row­ell 2012 4.08 −1.240
1090 The Poi­son­wood Bible Bar­bara King­solver 1998 4.05 −1.243
1091 The City of Ember Jeanne DuPrau 2003 3.86 −1.247
1092 Rebecca Daphne du Mau­rier 1938 4.22 −1.251
1093 Insur­gent (Di­ver­gent, #2) Veron­ica Roth 2012 4.04 −1.254
1094 Harry Pot­ter and the Cursed Child: Parts One and Two (Harry Pot­ter, #8) John Tiffany (Adap­ta­tion) 2016 3.66 −1.254
1095 Drac­ula Bram Stoker 1897 3.99 −1.266
1096 Eldest (The Inher­i­tance Cycle, #2) Christo­pher Paolini 2005 3.98 −1.271
1097 Blink: The Power of Think­ing With­out Think­ing Mal­colm Glad­well 2005 3.92 −1.272
1098 The Art of Rac­ing in the Rain Garth Stein 2008 4.21 −1.285
1099 The Mem­ory Keep­er’s Daugh­ter Kim Edwards 2005 3.66 −1.293
1100 Edu­cated Tara West­over 2018 4.48 −1.293
1101 The Hitch­hik­er’s Guide to the Galaxy (Hitch­hik­er’s Guide to the Galaxy, #1) Dou­glas Adams 1979 4.22 −1.297
1102 Cin­der (The Lunar Chron­i­cles, #1) Marissa Meyer 2012 4.15 −1.298
1103 To All the Boys I’ve Loved Before (To All the Boys I’ve Loved Before, #1) Jenny Han 2014 4.16 −1.299
1104 The Screw­tape Let­ters C.S. Lewis 1942 4.22 −1.301
1105 Where the Craw­dads Sing Delia Owens 2018 4.50 −1.302
1106 Mans­field Park Jane Austen 1814 3.85 −1.315
1107 How to Win Friends and Influ­ence Peo­ple Dale Carnegie 1936 4.19 −1.333
1108 Do Androids Dream of Elec­tric Sheep? Philip K. Dick 1968 4.08 −1.338
1109 Northanger Abbey Jane Austen 1818 3.81 −1.339
1110 A Feast for Crows (A Song of Ice and Fire, #4) George R.R. Mar­tin 2005 4.13 −1.339
1111 The Tat­tooist of Auschwitz (The Tat­tooist of Auschwitz, #1) Heather Mor­ris 2018 4.27 −1.344
1112 Under the Tus­can Sun Frances Mayes 1996 3.75 −1.352
1113 The Hus­band’s Secret Liane Mori­arty 2013 3.94 −1.360
1114 Ever­more (The Immor­tals, #1) Alyson Noel 2009 3.59 −1.362
1115 Milk and Honey Rupi Kaur 2014 4.11 −1.367
1116 Bris­ingr (The Inher­i­tance Cycle, #3) Christo­pher Paolini 2008 4.05 −1.368
1117 Unbro­ken: A World War II Story of Sur­vival, Resilience and Redemp­tion Laura Hil­len­brand 2010 4.38 −1.371
1118 Dark Places Gillian Flynn 2009 3.93 −1.377
1119 The Girl with the Dragon Tat­too (Mil­len­ni­um, #1) Stieg Lars­son 2005 4.13 −1.403
1120 She’s Come Undone Wally Lamb 1992 3.87 −1.404
1121 Slaugh­ter­house­-Five Kurt Von­negut 1969 4.07 −1.406
1122 The Amber Spy­glass (His Dark Mate­ri­als, #3) Philip Pull­man 2000 4.09 −1.408
1123 The Scar­let Let­ter Nathaniel Hawthorne 1850 3.40 −1.415
1124 Gone Girl Gillian Flynn 2012 4.06 −1.419
1125 The Bourne Iden­tity (Ja­son Bourne, #1) Robert Lud­lum 1980 4.01 −1.424
1126 One Flew Over the Cuck­oo’s Nest Ken Kesey 1962 4.19 −1.425
1127 I, Robot (Ro­bot, #0.1) Isaac Asi­mov 1950 4.19 −1.426
1128 A Wrin­kle in Time (Time Quin­tet, #1) Madeleine L’En­gle 1962 4.00 −1.437
1129 The Girl on the Train Paula Hawkins 2015 3.91 −1.444
1130 Crown of Mid­night (Throne of Glass, #2) Sarah J. Maas 2013 4.45 −1.448
1131 The Grapes of Wrath John Stein­beck 1939 3.96 −1.449
1132 Mere Chris­tian­ity C.S. Lewis 1952 4.32 −1.451
1133 Beau­ti­ful Dis­as­ter (Beau­ti­ful, #1) Jamie McGuire 2011 4.12 −1.467
1134 Mur­der on the Ori­ent Express (Her­cule Poirot, #10) Agatha Christie 1934 4.17 −1.477
1135 Paper Towns John Green 2008 3.83 −1.500
1136 Vam­pire Acad­emy (Vam­pire Acad­e­my, #1) Richelle Mead 2007 4.13 −1.502
1137 Ange­la’s Ashes (Frank McCourt, #1) Frank McCourt 1996 4.10 −1.509
1138 The Girl Who Kicked the Hor­net’s Nest (Mil­len­ni­um, #3) Stieg Lars­son 2007 4.22 −1.521
1139 Steve Jobs Wal­ter Isaac­son 2011 4.13 −1.526
1140 I Know This Much Is True Wally Lamb 1998 4.18 −1.526
1141 Dead Until Dark (Sookie Stack­house, #1) Char­laine Har­ris 2001 3.96 −1.529
1142 I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (Maya Angelou’s Auto­bi­og­ra­phy, #1) Maya Angelou 1969 4.23 −1.529
1143 Trea­sure Island Robert Louis Steven­son 1882 3.83 −1.530
1144 Thir­teen Rea­sons Why Jay Asher 2007 3.95 −1.533
1145 Look­ing for Alaska John Green 2005 4.04 −1.534
1146 Fight Club Chuck Palah­niuk 1996 4.19 −1.541
1147 Scar­let (The Lunar Chron­i­cles, #2) Marissa Meyer 2013 4.29 −1.543
1148 Fifty Shades Darker (Fifty Shades, #2) E.L. James 2011 3.85 −1.545
1149 Man’s Search for Mean­ing Vik­tor E. Frankl 1946 4.36 −1.551
1150 Franken­stein Mary Woll­stonecraft Shel­ley 1818 3.79 −1.559
1151 The Lost Sym­bol (Robert Lang­don, #3) Dan Brown 2009 3.70 −1.564
1152 Marked (House of Night, #1) P.C. Cast 2007 3.80 −1.568
1153 Anna and the French Kiss (Anna and the French Kiss, #1) Stephanie Perkins 2010 4.02 −1.569
1154 Sarah’s Key Tatiana de Ros­nay 2006 4.16 −1.572
1155 Big Lit­tle Lies Liane Mori­arty 2014 4.26 −1.573
1156 The Death Cure (The Maze Run­ner, #3) James Dash­ner 2011 3.77 −1.584
1157 Eragon (The Inher­i­tance Cycle, #1) Christo­pher Paolini 2002 3.89 −1.585
1158 The Thorn Birds Colleen McCul­lough 1977 4.23 −1.587
1159 If I Stay (If I Stay, #1) Gayle For­man 2009 3.95 −1.587
1160 Hush, Hush (Hush, Hush, #1) Becca Fitz­patrick 2009 3.98 −1.591
1161 Brave New World Aldous Hux­ley 1932 3.98 −1.596
1162 A Storm of Swords (A Song of Ice and Fire, #3) George R.R. Mar­tin 2000 4.54 −1.599
1163 What Alice For­got Liane Mori­arty 2009 4.08 −1.606
1164 Watch­men Alan Moore 1987 4.36 −1.615
1165 Fifty Shades Freed (Fifty Shades, #3) E.L. James 2012 3.86 −1.616
1166 Snow Flower and the Secret Fan Lisa See 2005 4.07 −1.616
1167 Water for Ele­phants Sara Gruen 2006 4.08 −1.621
1168 The Perks of Being a Wall­flower Stephen Chbosky 1999 4.20 −1.623
1169 Sid­dhartha Her­mann Hesse 1922 4.02 −1.624
1170 Clock­work Angel (The Infer­nal Devices, #1) Cas­san­dra Clare 2010 4.33 −1.625
1171 Per­sua­sion Jane Austen 1818 4.14 −1.629
1172 The Golden Com­pass (His Dark Mate­ri­als, #1) Philip Pull­man 1995 3.97 −1.655
1173 Out­liers: The Story of Suc­cess Mal­colm Glad­well 2008 4.14 −1.658
1174 Freako­nom­ics: A Rogue Econ­o­mist Explores the Hid­den Side of Every­thing Steven D. Levitt 2005 3.96 −1.676
1175 Alice’s Adven­tures in Won­der­land & Through the Look­ing-Glass Lewis Car­roll 1871 4.07 −1.686
1176 Pride and Prej­u­dice Jane Austen 1813 4.26 −1.705
1177 The Tip­ping Point: How Lit­tle Things Can Make a Big Differ­ence Mal­colm Glad­well 2000 3.96 −1.711
1178 The Alchemist Paulo Coelho 1988 3.86 −1.721
1179 The Other Boleyn Girl (The Plan­ta­genet and Tudor Nov­els, #9) Philippa Gre­gory 2001 4.06 −1.721
1180 The Princess Bride William Gold­man 1973 4.26 −1.726
1181 The Two Tow­ers (The Lord of the Rings, #2) J.R.R. Tolkien 1954 4.44 −1.733
1182 Sharp Objects Gillian Flynn 2006 3.96 −1.734
1183 Lit­tle Women Louisa May Alcott 1869 4.06 −1.747
1184 The Chron­i­cles of Nar­nia (Chron­i­cles of Nar­nia, #1–7) C.S. Lewis 1956 4.26 −1.754
1185 The Girl Who Played with Fire (Mil­len­ni­um, #2) Stieg Lars­son 2006 4.24 −1.769
1186 The Bad Begin­ning (A Series of Unfor­tu­nate Events, #1) Lemony Snicket 1999 3.94 −1.774
1187 The Lovely Bones Alice Sebold 2002 3.80 −1.775
1188 The Glass Cas­tle Jean­nette Walls 2005 4.27 −1.779
1189 The Curi­ous Inci­dent of the Dog in the Night-Time Mark Had­don 2003 3.87 −1.790
1190 City of Lost Souls (The Mor­tal Instru­ments, #5) Cas­san­dra Clare 2012 4.28 −1.804
1191 Ender’s Game (En­der’s Saga, #1) Orson Scott Card 1985 4.30 −1.806
1192 1984 George Orwell 1949 4.18 −1.831
1193 Fahren­heit 451 Ray Brad­bury 1953 3.98 −1.850
1194 Me Before You (Me Before You, #1) Jojo Moyes 2012 4.26 −1.872
1195 The Color Pur­ple Alice Walker 1982 4.20 −1.903
1196 The Fel­low­ship of the Ring (The Lord of the Rings, #1) J.R.R. Tolkien 1954 4.36 −1.910
1197 Jane Eyre Char­lotte Brontë 1847 4.12 −1.920
1198 Won­der R.J. Pala­cio 2012 4.45 −1.929
1199 Sense and Sen­si­bil­ity Jane Austen 1811 4.07 −1.932
1200 The Hob­bit, or There and Back Again J.R.R. Tolkien 1937 4.27 −1.936
1201 Anne of Green Gables (Anne of Green Gables, #1) L.M. Mont­gomery 1908 4.25 −1.947
1202 The Selec­tion (The Selec­tion, #1) Kiera Cass 2012 4.14 −1.976
1203 The Odyssey Homer −700 3.75 −1.979
1204 The Catcher in the Rye J.D. Salinger 1951 3.80 −1.992
1205 One for the Money (Stephanie Plum, #1) Janet Evanovich 1994 4.04 −2.013
1206 City of Ashes (The Mor­tal Instru­ments, #2) Cas­san­dra Clare 2008 4.19 −2.038
1207 The Shin­ing (The Shin­ing, #1) Stephen King 1977 4.21 −2.043
1208 Diver­gent (Di­ver­gent, #1) Veron­ica Roth 2011 4.20 −2.050
1209 Gone with the Wind Mar­garet Mitchell 1936 4.29 −2.053
1210 The Adven­tures of Tom Sawyer Mark Twain 1875 3.91 −2.056
1211 Lord of the Flies William Gold­ing 1954 3.68 −2.061
1212 The Adven­tures of Huck­le­berry Finn Mark Twain 1884 3.81 −2.097
1213 Con­fes­sions of a Shopa­holic (Shopa­holic, #1) Sophie Kin­sella 2000 3.64 −2.098
1214 Dig­i­tal Fortress Dan Brown 1998 3.64 −2.148
1215 The Devil Wears Prada (The Devil Wears Prada, #1) Lau­ren Weis­berger 2003 3.73 −2.155
1216 Into the Wild Jon Krakauer 1996 3.97 −2.166
1217 Break­ing Dawn (Twi­light, #4) Stephe­nie Meyer 2008 3.69 −2.180
1218 The Lost Hero (The Heroes of Olym­pus, #1) Rick Rior­dan 2010 4.35 −2.218
1219 The Kite Run­ner Khaled Hos­seini 2003 4.29 −2.222
1220 The Return of the King (The Lord of the Rings, #3) J.R.R. Tolkien 1955 4.53 −2.257
1221 The Old Man and the Sea Ernest Hem­ing­way 1952 3.76 −2.269
1222 The Stranger Albert Camus 1942 3.97 −2.270
1223 The Da Vinci Code (Robert Lang­don, #2) Dan Brown 2003 3.83 −2.273
1224 The Help Kathryn Stock­ett 2009 4.47 −2.276
1225 Mock­ing­jay (The Hunger Games, #3) Suzanne Collins 2010 4.03 −2.293
1226 The Light­ning Thief (Percy Jack­son and the Olympians, #1) Rick Rior­dan 2005 4.25 −2.316
1227 Tues­days with Mor­rie Mitch Albom 1997 4.10 −2.324
1228 A Thou­sand Splen­did Suns Khaled Hos­seini 2007 4.36 −2.417
1229 Twi­light (Twi­light, #1) Stephe­nie Meyer 2005 3.59 −2.421
1230 Brid­get Jones’s Diary (Brid­get Jones, #1) Helen Field­ing 1996 3.77 −2.437
1231 The Great Gatsby F. Scott Fitzger­ald 1925 3.91 −2.443
1232 Mem­oirs of a Geisha Arthur Golden 1997 4.11 −2.529
1233 The Secret Gar­den Frances Hodg­son Bur­nett 1910 4.13 −2.537
1234 The Secret Life of Bees Sue Monk Kidd 2001 4.04 −2.554
1235 My Sis­ter’s Keeper Jodi Picoult 2004 4.07 −2.596
1236 The Fault in Our Stars John Green 2012 4.23 −2.610
1237 The Diary of a Young Girl Anne Frank 1947 4.13 −2.651
1238 The Note­book (The Note­book, #1) Nicholas Sparks 1996 4.09 −2.811
1239 Catch­ing Fire (The Hunger Games, #2) Suzanne Collins 2009 4.29 −2.866
1240 New Moon (Twi­light, #2) Stephe­nie Meyer 2006 3.53 −2.867
1241 Eclipse (Twi­light, #3) Stephe­nie Meyer 2007 3.69 −2.880
1242 To Kill a Mock­ing­bird (To Kill a Mock­ing­bird, #1) Harper Lee 1960 4.27 −2.957
1243 Angels & Demons (Robert Lang­don, #1) Dan Brown 2000 3.89 −2.970
1244 The Giver (The Giver, #1) Lois Lowry 1993 4.13 −3.061
1245 Harry Pot­ter and the Order of the Phoenix (Harry Pot­ter, #5) J.K. Rowl­ing 2003 4.49 −3.414
1246 The Hunger Games (The Hunger Games, #1) Suzanne Collins 2008 4.33 −3.432
1247 Ani­mal Farm George Orwell 1945 3.92 −3.466
1248 Harry Pot­ter and the Cham­ber of Secrets (Harry Pot­ter, #2) J.K. Rowl­ing 1998 4.41 −3.664
1249 Harry Pot­ter and the Sor­cer­er’s Stone (Harry Pot­ter, #1) J.K. Rowl­ing 1997 4.47 −3.737

Modeling with Covariates

‘Con­trol­ling for’ other vari­ables. What else can we do? The scrape includes some basic meta­data, so we can fit a model with them as covari­ates and get out new coeffi­cients for each book as before—it’s all there, just toss some more vari­ables into the for­mu­la.

“Controlling For”?

But it’s worth tak­ing a moment to think about what it would mean to go beyond esti­mat­ing pro­por­tions to fit­ting a model with covari­ates like Abandoned ~ Author + Year + Rating + Title.

If we just wanted to rank titles, we have already done that. If you want to know which title has the most read­ers who then go on to label it ‘aban­doned’, there’s not much you can do aside from cor­rect­ing for sam­pling error; count the num­bers, divide, and sort. The rank­ing is what it is. Just look at it above! If we add in addi­tional covari­ates, the mean­ing of the coeffi­cient num­bers change, even if the names like Title do not. So what would the num­ber mean for Title if we added in those other vari­ables?

What does ‘con­trol­ling for’ mean? Well, we are look­ing at an algo­rithm which tries to min­i­mize its pre­dic­tion error, by com­bin­ing mul­ti­ple vari­ables into a pre­dic­tion, and the final coeffi­cient num­ber is the mar­ginal effect con­di­tional on the oth­ers; this reduces to just rank­ing for titles alone when there are no oth­ers, but when we add the oth­ers in, what our new rank­ing by title coeffi­cient will trans­late to is some­thing like “what titles were sur­pris­ingly likely/unlikely to be aban­doned after fac­tor­ing in how often books pub­lished this year, by that author, with those aver­age rat­ings?”

Per­haps some­thing like “unex­pect­edly aban­doned given what we’d pre­dict”? So Rowl­ing might have a low aban­don­ment rate in gen­eral (since the Harry Pot­ter books are so sticky) and her Casual Vacancy rated highly with a minor penalty for being a recent­ly-pub­lished book, but then her Casual Vacancy is unex­pect­edly fre­quently aban­doned (be­cause her legions of fans dis­cover it is really not what they expected nor hoped for), and so its mar­ginal coeffi­cient is extremely high (even as its con­crete, absolute, raw aban­don­ment rate is low); this reflects that Casual Vacancy is quite anom­alous among J.K. Rowl­ing’s book (which it is), and not nec­es­sar­ily that it is a ‘bad’ book. On the other hand, another book might be by an obscure strug­gling author with high aban­don­ment rates and rated medioc­re­ly, but is a bit more com­pelling than expected for such a medi­oc­rity, and so some­what sur­pris­ingly not aban­doned too often, and it’ll get ranked quite low; not because it is nec­es­sar­ily bet­ter in any way than Casual Vacancy but sim­ply because it is anom­alous (in a good way) for its covari­ates. (If this is con­fus­ing, don’t feel bad; think of all the researchers who casu­ally “con­trol for edu­ca­tion & SES” or “con­trol for BMI & self­-re­ported diet” and things like that.)

Fitting

Flex­i­bly mod­el­ing the covari­ates with splines. Any­way! With those caveats in mind, let’s fit a baroque mod­el. The bino­mial & prior & Title are all as before. Author must be treated like Title, as a ran­dom effects, because most authors are rep­re­sented only once and are unin­for­ma­tive. Rating could be treated as just a reg­u­lar addi­tive vari­able, but rat­ings web­sites tend to have odd dis­tri­b­u­tions of Lik­ert scales, giv­ing ‘J-shaped’ rat­ings, so I will instead exploit fancy fea­ture to let rat­ings be mod­eled as some sort of smooth curve like a qua­dratic curve, or if no curves turn out to be jus­ti­fied by the data, it’ll fall back to a reg­u­lar old line/additive vari­able. Sim­i­lar­ly, for Year.percentile: we could treat it as a reg­u­lar addi­tive vari­able, but there’s no good rea­son to think the rela­tion­ship between pub­li­ca­tion year & aban­don­ment is lin­ear, so we’ll let the spline fig­ure it out. Final­ly, because the Author adds in 835 lev­els, and we have 2 new spline vari­ables, this model will be sub­stan­tially harder to fit to con­ver­gence, and will need to run for much longer; I ran it overnight on my AMD Thread­rip­per.

Results:

library(brms)
gb <- brm(Abandoned|trials(Reads) ~ s(Year.percentile) + s(Rating) + (1|Author) + (1|Title),
    prior=c(prior(student_t(3,0,1), class="sd", group="Title")), family=binomial, data=gr, chains=30, iter=10000)
gb
## Plot the possibly nonlinear effects of Year/Rating:
marginal_effects(gb)
Non­lin­ear effect of pub­li­ca­tion date per­centile on pre­dicted GoodReads aban­don­ment rate (spline)
Non­lin­ear effect of aver­age rat­ing (1–5) per­centile on pre­dicted GoodReads aban­don­ment rate
## Rank books by coefficient:
rgb <- as.data.frame(ranef(gb)$Title)
rgb <- rgb[order(rgb$Estimate.Intercept, decreasing=TRUE),]
head(rgb, n=50)
#                                                              Estimate.Intercept Est.Error.Intercept Q2.5.Intercept Q97.5.Intercept
# The Casual Vacancy                                                  1.741876609         0.281476983  1.19001267649      2.30289577
# The Chemist                                                         1.587266441         0.250780279  1.07036085240      2.06884029
# Infinite Jest                                                       1.449431926         0.305558801  0.84629547789      2.04348551
# The Glass Bead Game                                                 1.344537965         0.307995293  0.74003704574      1.95158587
# Theft by Finding: Diaries 1977-2002                                 1.256870674         0.278197570  0.71059050369      1.80099836
# Gravity's Rainbow                                                   1.165383010         0.276765364  0.62329326315      1.69933120
# Blood Meridian, or the Evening Redness in the West                  1.156560985         0.300233089  0.56855843405      1.74681282
# The Unconsoled                                                      1.095660050         0.287313105  0.53636629027      1.66013999
# Ulysses                                                             1.048522494         0.297841824  0.46765972763      1.63793080
# The Host (The Host, #1)                                             1.014493672         0.230310063  0.55312203415      1.46168229
# Little, Big                                                         1.012476536         0.448363994  0.12090276666      1.88812074
# The Monstrumologist (The Monstrumologist, #1)                       0.988457042         0.355105336  0.27806260365      1.67888621
# Dandelion Wine                                                      0.975103599         0.280633476  0.42510571471      1.52494322
# Quicksilver (The Baroque Cycle, #1)                                 0.963443821         0.211581044  0.55036451966      1.37662957
# American Gods (American Gods, #1)                                   0.941171033         0.189903539  0.56971175875      1.30850397
# Bleak House                                                         0.936355723         0.253714907  0.44327736503      1.43655797
# Underworld                                                          0.914496144         0.351775206  0.22000323756      1.60774910
# The Years of Rice and Salt                                          0.904524932         0.279030303  0.35647211675      1.45513845
# Dhalgren                                                            0.900008923         0.440174328  0.03641451487      1.77439496
# I Am a Cat                                                          0.883040852         0.444432162  0.01238843445      1.76210642
# The Silmarillion (Middle-Earth Universe)                            0.861654737         0.247010783  0.38291861129      1.36739720
# Under the Banner of Heaven: A Story of Violent Faith                0.846854948         0.352070453  0.15594807111      1.52565917
# It Can't Happen Here                                                0.838745403         0.442892564 -0.01990111314      1.70470050
# A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court                         0.829646511         0.311586812  0.22130511478      1.43963893
# The Gone-Away World                                                 0.827484825         0.442804235 -0.03667923383      1.69096191
# The Waves                                                           0.820727828         0.285890675  0.26132158033      1.37930626
# Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid                        0.816626681         0.437128163 -0.04353752831      1.67540809
# The Book of Disquiet: The Complete Edition                          0.809341905         0.441578311 -0.05697029017      1.68484471
# Tender Morsels                                                      0.784969319         0.441631533 -0.10498169773      1.65195379
# Titus Groan (Gormenghast, #1)                                       0.777043249         0.437648826 -0.08284551560      1.63911701
# 1Q84                                                                0.776369266         0.244856092  0.29537586773      1.25094910
# The Lacuna                                                          0.759484402         0.272298402  0.22625747544      1.28831931
# How to Read a Book: The Classic Guide to Intelligent Reading        0.747111449         0.442452171 -0.11125431192      1.62098481
# Barkskins                                                           0.744000502         0.350624236  0.05288160822      1.43224617
# Bridge of Clay                                                      0.737458793         0.311989629  0.12101640247      1.33840941
# Hild                                                                0.726140501         0.441738217 -0.14334736809      1.57580440
# Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality                         0.725682599         0.443761467 -0.13334026501      1.59044401
# Tender Is the Night                                                 0.725508879         0.307743065  0.12441375362      1.32282931
# Swann's Way (In Search of Lost Time, #1)                            0.714724806         0.438353277 -0.14725016691      1.57008149
# Winter's Tale                                                       0.713598568         0.439409311 -0.14859480091      1.57056254
# Perdido Street Station (New Crobuzon, #1)                           0.707905742         0.272161167  0.17611553854      1.24237051
# Zone One                                                            0.699312934         0.352195479  0.00570113601      1.39064540
# Villette                                                            0.698141817         0.350428018  0.00946856345      1.38295155
# The Dovekeepers                                                     0.695801671         0.275740994  0.15586008712      1.23671725
# The Golden Notebook                                                 0.695319765         0.439303760 -0.16519743865      1.54446027
# Three Wishes                                                        0.691457342         0.260047140  0.19221973319      1.19709825
# What the Dog Saw and Other Adventures                               0.688134160         0.264350162  0.15641277774      1.20366679
# The Stand                                                           0.685553475         0.184846308  0.31377846354      1.04337187
# Cryptonomicon                                                       0.684769185         0.209651679  0.28237060226      1.09454115
# Wolf Hall (Thomas Cromwell #1)                                      0.683110921         0.352403909 -0.03925119519      1.37325692

Interpreting Covariate-Adjusted Rankings

Anom­aly expla­na­tions: mis­match, fads, slogs, & niche. As warned, the rank­ings are differ­ent from the reg­u­lar rank­ings, because it’s esti­mat­ing some­thing differ­ent and not some ‘cor­rected’ ver­sion: these are bet­ter thought of as ‘sur­pris­ingly often-a­ban­doned given their author/rating’. This could reflect a book being crit­i­cally over­rat­ed, or some phe­nom­ena caus­ing seri­ous mis­match between a book & read­ers. With this in mind, some exam­ples are inter­est­ing and make sense:

  • Wrong Audi­ence: The Casual Vacancy shows up again: from what I’ve read about it, I think that is sim­ply due to Harry Pot­ter read­ers pick­ing it up because J.K. Rowl­ing wrote it, and dis­cov­er­ing it was noth­ing like Harry Pot­ter.

    Mey­er’s The Chemist may be a sim­i­lar case—in­stead of a super­nat­ural romance like her series, it’s an action-thriller pot­boiler about an ex-gov­ern­ment agent on the run etc.

  • Over­rated Pres­tige: Dhal­gren shows up, and I’d con­sider that one prob­a­bly due to being crit­i­cally over­rat­ed—De­lany was a crit­i­cal dar­ling because he was ‘black’ and ‘gay’ and ‘trans­gres­sive’, but I do not award books points for those traits & was deeply unim­pressed by what I read of Dhal­gren (& the man him­self when I went to his pan­els at SF con­ven­tion­s), and I appear to not be alone in this.

  • Highly Rated But Diffi­cult: I sus­pect I Am A Cat & mix those two expla­na­tions: few would read The Sil­mar­il­lion if that was all Tolkien had writ­ten, but it’s also gen­uinely diffi­cult, despite its rewards.

  • Polar­iz­ing: The pres­ence of a few like , , , and are a lit­tle more puz­zling: none of those are hard to read, and they aren’t really pushed on school cur­ricu­lums or rad­i­cally differ­ent from the author’s other work, nor are they crit­i­cally vaunted (3 of the 4 are much more likely to be harshly insulted by lit­er­ary pro­fes­sors & crit­ics as prob­lem­at­ic).

    I sus­pect for those, it’s nei­ther being crit­i­cally over­rated nor reach­ing the wrong argu­ment, but being intrin­si­cally polar­iz­ing and ‘love it or hate it’—they appeal to a niche of read­ers. I greatly enjoyed A Con­necti­cut Yan­kee because I like world­build­ing and devel­op­ment and pro­to-steam­punk, and the plot being silly and the economics/technology tremen­dously over­ly-op­ti­mistic did­n’t bother me; but I could eas­ily imag­ine some­one else who hates it like poi­son and being unable to fin­ish it. Sim­i­lar­ly, Crypto­nom­i­con: dis­cus­sion of how to imple­ment ? Bring. It. On. (But for other peo­ple maybe not so much.)

    This is con­sis­tent with the aver­age rat­ing results: polar­iz­ing books may get lower reviews/ratings, as extreme as being aban­doned, but they still earn high aver­age rat­ings from those who like it (and the lat­ter will tend to self­-s­e­lect into read­ing them).

    Per­haps polar­iz­ing books are an exam­ple of what one should strive for? Find some­thing & do it well—aim­ing for the moon instead of medi­oc­rity. In the con­tem­po­rary world, as noted all the way back in 2002, . The down­side is rel­a­tively bound­ed—it’s hard for a book to do worse than sim­ply van­ish into igno­min­ious obscu­ri­ty—and the upside is nigh-un­lim­it­ed, but the aver­age book is sim­ply a fail­ure. I’m reminded of which argued that it’s more impor­tant to have pro­file pho­tos that stand out from the crowd & polar­ize the oppo­site-sex, per­haps by appeal­ing to niches (like hav­ing tat­toos) than ones which are uncon­tro­ver­sially ‘pretty’.

See Also

Appendix

Abandoned: “List of Books Voted Most Abandoned”

GoodReads also has a list for vot­ing on fre­quent­ly-a­ban­doned books, but after look­ing at it, the data seems to be garbage and deeply unrep­re­sen­ta­tive of GoodReads read­ers in gen­er­al, so I aban­doned any fur­ther analy­sis of it.

I noticed while look­ing for API help that there was a sim­i­lar list, but con­structed using vot­ing: “The Most Begun ‘Read but Unfin­ished’ (Ini­ti­at­ed) book ever”. GR users can vote on books (ei­ther cast­ing a vote from a book or, default, not vot­ing on it), and add new books to the list. The list page reports that it cov­ers 2,329 books, and has votes from 12,525 vot­ers.

With the idea of per­haps com­bin­ing the two datasets in a latent vari­able fac­tor analy­sis to get a more accu­rate mea­sure of aban­don­ment, I extracted the data from it, same as with the tag.

Load­ing the CSV up, count­ing shows it has recorded 47,897 votes or ~20 votes per book on the list. The data is, how­ev­er, so skewed as to be bor­der­line use­less:

gv <- read.csv("https://www.gwern.net/docs/culture/2019-12-09-goodreads-votinglist-abandoned.csv",
    colClasses=c("factor", "factor", "numeric",  "integer", "integer"))
skim(gv)
# Skim summary statistics
#  n obs: 2327
#  n variables: 5
#
# ── Variable type:factor ──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
#  variable missing complete    n n_unique                         top_counts ordered
#    Author       0     2327 2327     1707 Ste: 23, Ann: 14, Cha: 10, Mic: 10   FALSE
#     Title       0     2327 2327     2317     Ali: 2, And: 2, Aut: 2, Bri: 2   FALSE
#
# ── Variable type:integer ─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
#  variable missing complete    n      mean        sd p0    p25   p50   p75    p100     hist
#     Reads       0     2327 2327 130479.28 385056.57  1 2036.5 14864 84767 6239642 ▇▁▁▁▁▁▁▁
#     Votes       0     2327 2327     20.58    104.76  1    1       1     3    1991 ▇▁▁▁▁▁▁▁
#
# ── Variable type:numeric ─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
#  variable missing complete    n mean   sd p0  p25  p50  p75 p100     hist
#    Rating       0     2327 2327 3.84 0.35  0 3.67 3.88 4.06    5 ▁▁▁▁▁▃▇▁

Effec­tive­ly, aside from the top 300 books, books have only 1 or 2 votes. Still, I gave it a chance, albeit with heav­ier reg­u­lar­iza­tion:

bgv <- brm(Votes|trials(Reads) ~ (1|Title), prior=c(prior(student_t(3,0,0.5), class="sd", group="Title")),
    family=binomial, data=gv, chains=30)
bgv
# Formula: Votes | trials(Reads) ~ (1 | Title)
#    Data: gv (Number of observations: 2327)
# Samples: 30 chains, each with iter = 2000; warmup = 1000; thin = 1;
#          total post-warmup samples = 30000
#
# Group-Level Effects:
# ~Title (Number of levels: 2317)
#               Estimate Est.Error l-95% CI u-95% CI Eff.Sample Rhat
# sd(Intercept)     1.93      0.04     1.85     2.00       1356 1.02
#
# Population-Level Effects:
#           Estimate Est.Error l-95% CI u-95% CI Eff.Sample Rhat
# Intercept    -8.90      0.04    -8.99    -8.81        975 1.03
bgvr <- as.data.frame(ranef(bgv)$Title); bgvr <- bgvr[order(bgvr$Estimate.Intercept, decreasing=TRUE),]
head(bgvr, n=30)
#                                Estimate.Intercept Est.Error.Intercept Q2.5.Intercept Q97.5.Intercept
# How to Read a Page: A Cours...         5.38204009        1.2305407158   2.6889175683      7.46299219
# Finnegans Wake                         5.09604001        0.0784560406   4.9395880468      5.24884339
# Adept (The Wiccan Diaries #3)          4.98646278        1.1811990071   2.3623513076      6.96201323
# Who Moved My Bone: A Guide ...         4.95494745        1.1611594828   2.3886414505      6.89145803
# The Scarlet Letter and Othe...         4.74029863        0.1680566097   4.3998550261      5.06238828
# Ulysses                                4.73227532        0.0508705552   4.6333361209      4.83198213
# Gravity's Rainbow                      4.60794433        0.0651088164   4.4806395498      4.73529781
# Obras completas                        4.37501582        0.7559132531   2.7108179987      5.64226480
# Dianetics: The Modern Scien...         4.27649757        0.1979955275   3.8732683273      4.64355668
# Neophyte (The Wiccan Diarie...)        4.15909507        1.0569860403   1.7519603753      5.91731061
# Realmgolds (The Gryphon Cle...)        4.10459375        1.0194113326   1.8366736192      5.78690229
# Infinite Jest                          4.03234211        0.0619999259   3.9111099731      4.15344818
# American Junk                          3.87078182        0.9922211213   1.6522260087      5.52190577
# The Satanic Verses                     3.82457833        0.0718885158   3.6828805976      3.96392974
# The American Heritage Dicti...         3.80920846        0.7108850861   2.2099731437      5.00493848
# Holy Bible: King James Version         3.77235163        0.0526127709   3.6691860039      3.87512458
# The Wiccan Diaries (The Wic...)        3.74341315        0.9991628239   1.5006262229      5.40201310
# The Journal of Joyce Carol ...         3.65267531        0.7142768009   2.0675646812      4.86252960
# The Art of Interior Design:...         3.64215451        1.8634692814  -0.1039907607      7.22634805
# Prague and Bohemia: Medieva...         3.64105168        1.8494993932  -0.0422548391      7.19596699
# Alphabets Sublime: Contempo...         3.63497694        1.8612179073  -0.0378189700      7.19803265
# Swann's Way (In Search of L...)        3.63054368        0.0829307061   3.4682225579      3.79141887
# Murphy Blue                            3.62759642        1.8880145651  -0.1063323453      7.28576732
# In Search of Lost Time (6 V...)        3.62753180        0.1515961350   3.3232938116      3.91714796
# Spies and Saucers                      3.56821959        1.8299110410  -0.1192548224      7.04941588
# Quantum Gods: Creation Cha...          3.54662054        0.9733951263   1.3588060829      5.16892444
# Kobrin in There with the Kids          3.52129542        1.7882763228  -0.0855424774      6.88391142
# منظمة التجارة العالمية و ان...         3.51498925        1.8135874144  -0.1436548668      6.90342934
# Parkway                                3.48491516        1.7801420369  -0.1339575798      6.80541442
# Mason & Dixon                          3.47998067        0.1664473049   3.1457974255      3.79687113

The results, while not totally absurd (Infi­nite Jest still shows up), are too idio­syn­cratic to take seri­ous­ly. The Amer­i­can Her­itage Dic­tio­nary, real­ly? An Ara­bic book? And the vot­ers seem to have some­thing against The Wic­can Diaries

This hardly even over­laps with the tag dataset, and so I aban­doned the idea of try­ing to pool them.


  1. Yes, yes, ‘and even the author aban­doned it!’ You are very clever.↩︎

  2. Two alter­na­tive tags, “could­n’t fin­ish”/“did­n’t fin­ish”, are much less pop­u­lar, but after I did this analy­sis, I learned of “dnf” (did not fin­ish), which is notice­ably more pop­u­lar than “aban­doned”. In hind­sight, that might’ve been bet­ter to ana­lyze. (On the other hand, “dnf” is hard to find and the list seems heavy on genre fic­tion, so I won­der if it’s used by a niche group of read­ers and much more unrep­re­sen­ta­tive of GR than ‘aban­doned’?)↩︎

  3. Yes, I did fin­ish (and enjoy) . The trick was keep­ing a fin­ger or book­mark at the last end­note, so flip­ping back and forth was­n’t too much of a has­sle.↩︎

  4. Exam­ple Bash script:

    ## eg https://www.goodreads.com/shelf/show/abandoned?page=1
    (for i in {1..25}; do
      elinks -dump "https://www.goodreads.com/shelf/show/abandoned?page=$i" \
      | egrep --before=3 --after=1 "shelved .* times as abandoned"
      sleep 2s
    done) > gr-abandoned.txt
    ↩︎
  5. (other­wise highly com­pli­men­ta­ry) reviewer admits:

    But while I may respect James’s choice as a crit­ic, as a read­er, I found much of Black Leop­ard to be a slog. It’s diffi­cult to push through page after page of beau­ti­ful sen­tences—and James’s sen­tences really are stun­ning—that are orga­nized specifi­cally to avoid telling you who is doing what or why and why you should care. Sure, truth is unsta­ble, sto­ries don’t need res­o­lu­tion, the gods are dead, etc. etc., but would it kill this book to give me a sin­gle con­crete arc to hang onto? It’s 620 pages long! Cut a girl a break!

    ↩︎
  6. Although again I will note that low aban­don-rates don’t nec­es­sar­ily mean high­-qual­i­ty—it sim­ply means those read­ers who chose to start them tended to fin­ish them, for what­ever rea­son.↩︎