Tor DNM-related arrests, 2011-2015

A database of all publicly-reported arrests and prosecutions connected to the Tor-Bitcoin drug darknet markets 2011-2015, and mistakes made.
Bitcoin, Silk-Road, R, survival-analysis
2012-07-142019-06-13 in progress certainty: highly likely importance: 7

I com­pile a table and dis­cus­sion of all known arrests and pros­e­cu­tions related to Eng­lish-lan­guage Tor-Bit­coin dark­net mar­kets (DNMs) such as Silk Road 1, pri­mar­ily 2011–2015, along with dis­cus­sion of how they came to be arrest­ed.

Online DNM users have been arrested in a num­ber of coun­tries, for many dif­fer­ent rea­sons and in many ways, dat­ing back to not long after the open­ing of Silk Road 1 in Jan­u­ary 2011. Because of the nov­elty of such mar­kets and the rel­a­tively durable com­mu­ni­ties, a sur­pris­ing num­ber of arrests even­tu­ally become known. While we’ll never know all the users who expe­ri­ence impe­r­ial entan­gle­ments, pub­lished reports at least yield a lower bound on their num­bers and are enlight­en­ing as to law enforce­ment meth­ods & OPSEC lessons. I actively tracked all arrests I learned of in var­i­ous ways until mid-2015, when I wound down my DNM research and stopped adding new cases (although I would some­times update exist­ing cas­es); the most com­pre­hen­sive post-2015 arrest source I know as of Novem­ber 2019 is Dark­’s “Arrested Dark­net Ven­dors” page.

For infor­ma­tion on the mar­kets them­selves (ac­tive & past), see ; for dis­cus­sion of the order­ing process, eco­nom­ics, cryp­tog­ra­phy, and pol­i­tics of the black-, see .

The sec­tions are split up by mar­ket, then by coun­try.

To sug­gest or cor­rect entries, you can con­tact me via email & PGP or in the com­ments sec­tion.



“Phi­los­o­phy in any case always comes on the scene too late…When phi­los­o­phy paints its gloomy pic­ture then a form of life has grown old. It can­not be reju­ve­nated by the gloomy pic­ture, but only under­stood. Only when the dusk starts to fall does the owl of Min­erva spread its wings and fly.”

  • Role: buy­er, sell­er, staff, or mar­ket founder/operator; each has dis­tinct risks and LE inter­est and should be dis­tin­guished

  • Mar­ket: the DNM a per­son was most affil­i­ated with, last active on, or busted because of

    For exam­ple, a Silk Road 1 employee work­ing at Silk Road 2 would be clas­si­fied as SR1-re­lated because he had pro­vided DPR1 his dox and was busted as a con­se­quence of SR1, not because he worked at SR2 when he was arrest­ed; oppo­site­ly, a seller like Cal­i­for­nia Cannabis, who had sold on SR1 but was busted after being deanonymized by the under­cover agent through the SR2 seller por­tal, would be clas­si­fied as SR2-re­lat­ed. And a seller who sold on a mar­ket but was busted through his own off-­mar­ket sales will be marked with the rel­e­vant mar­ket.

  • Pro­duct: the main 3-4 drugs they were deal­ing in or pos­sessed

  • Inter­na­tion­al: whether they were receiving/sending pack­ages across bor­ders

  • Arrest date: best known guess at when they were raided/searched/arrested/charged; if known only to the mon­th, I round up/down

  • Known date: when I learned of it/added to my arti­cle (dis­tri­b­u­tion of lags may be use­ful for esti­mat­ing frac­tion remain­ing unknown)

  • Sex: when known

  • Age: age when arrest­ed; if only a range is known, I choose the median & give the range in the notes


As of 2019-06-13, there is pub­licly-­known & included in my table (although many, if not most, cases still remain unknown):

  • 312 arrests/legal trou­ble on the fol­low­ing mar­kets (in­clud­ing over­lap­s):

    • SR1: 158
    • SR2: 93
    • Ago­ra: 35
    • Evo­lu­tion: 33
    • BMR: 9
    • AlphaBay: 11
    • Utopia: 5
    • Sheep: 5
    • Dream: 3
    • Nucle­us: 2
    • Val­hal­la: 2
    • Hydra: 1
    • Top­ix2: 1
  • roles:

    • buy­ers: 226

      • of the buy­ers, 121 or approx­i­mately half (53%) of known cases seem to have involved orders cross­ing inter­na­tional bor­ders
    • sell­ers: 167

    • mar­ket employees/staff: 10

    • mar­ket administrator/operator/owner: 8

      • frac­tion of mar­kets (87) whose oper­a­tor(s) have been busted so far: 6, or 7%
  • 92% male

  • from 27 coun­tries:

    • USA: 187
    • UK: 39
    • Ger­many: 36
    • NZ: 36
    • Aus­tralia: 32
    • Swe­den: 21
    • Nether­lands: 17
    • Ire­land: 10
    • Aus­tria: 9
    • India: 7
    • Canada: 6
    • Nor­way: 5
    • Israel: 4
    • Bel­gium: 3
    • Cyprus: 3
    • Indone­sia: 3
    • Scot­land: 3
    • France: 2
    • Thai­land: 2
    • Czech: 1
    • Den­mark: 1
    • Hun­gary: 1
    • Italy: 1
    • Japan: 1
    • Scan­di­navia: 1
    • Ugan­da: 1
  • the most pop­u­lar drugs/items to order or be found pos­sess­ing:

    • MDMA: 47
    • mar­i­jua­na: 35
    • cocaine: 28
    • LSD: 27
    • meth: 17
    • amphet­a­mine: 15
    • Xanax: 12
    • hero­in: 9
    • gun: 8
    • DMT: 7
    • ket­a­mine: 7
    • oxy­codone: 7
    • diazepam: 5
    • fen­tanyl: 5
    • NBOMe: 5
    • psilo­cy­bin: 5
    • abrin: 3
    • Bit­coin: 3
    • bomb: 3
    • card­ing: 3
    • hydrocodone: 3
    • methy­lone: 3
    • 25i: 2
    • 2C-E: 2
    • clon­azepam: 2
    • cyanide: 2
    • fake IDs: 2
    • mesca­line: 2
    • source code: 2
    • steroids: 2
    • 25c: 1
    • 2C-C: 1
    • 4-MEC: 1
    • alpha-PVP: 1
    • BDMPEA: 1
    • ben­zo­di­azepines: 1
    • coun­ter­feit coupons: 1
    • coun­ter­feit cur­ren­cy: 1
    • DOM: 1
    • finan­cial data: 1
    • hash: 1
    • laun­der­ing: 1
    • mephedrone: 1
    • modafinil: 1
    • mush­rooms: 1
    • MXE: 1
    • opi­um: 1
    • pre­scrip­tion: 1
    • ricin: 1
    • Rital­in: 1
    • safrole: 1
    • silde­nafil: 1
    • spice: 1
    • Sub­ox­one: 1
    • U-47700: 1
    • uni­form: 1


Com­pre­hen­sive table of known DNM arrests, 2013–2015, with demo­graphic details, whether inter­na­tional ship­ping was involved, when arrest­ed, and when pub­licly known.
Name Sex Age Pseu­do­nym Role Mar­ket Seller Coun­try State Prod­uct Inter­na­tional Date Known Notes
Stacy Litz F 23 buyer SR1 USA Penn­syl­va­nia MDMA, LSD FALSE 2011-09-01 2013-01-13 Philadel­phia, Pow­el­ton Vil­lage
SR1 USA Mary­land 2011-12-29 2015-04-18 Inferred from inter­nal time­line; Bal­ti­more CI
SR1 USA Illi­nois 2012-01-13 2015-04-18 Inferred from inter­nal time­line; Chicago CI
Jacob Theodore George M 32 dig­i­talink seller SR1 USA Mary­land hero­in, methy­lone FALSE 2012-01-17 2013-10-29 Details remain mys­te­ri­ous; prob­a­bly Bal­ti­more arrest in Jan 2012 but when exact­ly? Best guess date.
drip­so­facid buyer SR1 USA 2012-03-01 2015-01-14 Inferred from DerYeghi­ayan’s tes­ti­mony about use for under­cover buys.
Christo­pher Owen M seller SR1 Aus­tralia NSW MDMA, ket­a­mine, meth FALSE 2012-04-27 2013-05-18 >20yo? New South Wales, Illawarra
Mehran Jahedi M 18 buyer SR1 USA Mass­a­chu­setts LSD, ket­a­mine, MDMA TRUE 2012-05-05 2014-10-17 Mass­a­chu­setts, Great Bar­ring­ton, Simon’s Rock
Manouchehr Abdolah M 56 moveit­nice seller SR1 Canada Ottawa cocaine TRUE 2012-05-14 2013-11-12
Vahideh Zade­h-­Dar­ian F 56 moveit­nice seller SR1 Canada Ottawa cocaine TRUE 2012-05-14 2013-11-12
Mohammed Abdolahi M 22 moveit­nice seller SR1 Canada Ottawa cocaine TRUE 2012-05-14 2013-11-12
Yas­mine Abdolahi F 26 moveit­nice seller SR1 Canada Ottawa cocaine TRUE 2012-05-14 2013-11-12
alllove seller SR1 USA mar­i­juana FALSE 2012-05-19 2015-02-05 alllove’s bust is known solely from inci­den­tal use of his SR1 account in Ulbricht tri­al; dated to ear­li­est men­tion of his dis­ap­pear­ance I found.
Cal­lum Fay M 19 seller SR1 UK Cam­bridge cocaine, MDMA, meth, hero­in, ket­a­mine TRUE 2012-06-28 2015-05-11 Cam­bridge, Saw­ston
Isaac Patiari Maki M 19 buyer SR1 NZ Inver­cargill MDMA TRUE 2012-06-28 2013-02-20
M buyer SR1 NZ meth TRUE 2012-07-11 2012-07-14 Exact date unknown other than it was in 2012 some­time before 11 July; this is for the Cus­toms offi­cer
Paul Leslie Howard M 32 Shadh1 seller SR1 Shadh1 Aus­tralia Mel­bourne MDMA, cocaine TRUE 2012-07-12 2013-02-03 Mel­bourne, Brunswick West
M buyer SR1 NZ MDMA TRUE 2012-07-11 2012-07-14 Exact date unknown other than it was in 2012 some­time before 11 July; this is for the uni­ver­sity stu­dent
Ryan West M 20 buyer SR1 Aus­tralia Perth MDMA TRUE 2012-08-01 2012-12-06 Exact date unknown; in August.
James Fowler M 26 war­weed seller SR1 Canada B.C. psilo­cy­bin, mar­i­jua­na, gun TRUE 2012-08-02 2015-05-28
SR1 NZ TRUE 2012-08-12 2012-10-13 One of 5 unknown NZ arrested related to SR1 Jan­u­ary-July 2012, reported in August media arti­cle.
SR1 NZ TRUE 2012-08-12 2012-10-13
SR1 NZ TRUE 2012-08-12 2012-10-13
SR1 NZ TRUE 2012-08-12 2012-10-13
SR1 NZ TRUE 2012-08-12 2012-10-13
David Han­del M 23 davidd seller SR1 USA Ohio methy­lone, 2C-E, 2C-C TRUE 2012-08-21 2014-02-21 Under­cover buys led to his pro­fil­ing & iden­ti­fi­ca­tion; arrested after pick­ing up a pack­age from post office in Colum­bus.
Shawn Casey M 32 Tro­jan seller SR1 Canada Alberta DMT TRUE 2012-08-22 2014-12-17 Police tipped off by neigh­bors in Cal­gary
M buyer SR1 Aus­tralia MDMA, mar­i­jua­na, amphet­a­mine TRUE 2012-09-01 2014-12-05 2 unnamed broth­ers.
M buyer SR1 Aus­tralia MDMA, mar­i­jua­na, amphet­a­mine TRUE 2012-09-01 2014-12-05 2 unnamed broth­ers.
Simon Lim M 26 buyer SR1 NZ cocaine, meth, LSD TRUE 2012-10-01 2013-02-20 Not clear when arrest­ed, other than some­time dur­ing or before Octo­ber 2012.
M buyer SR1 Sour­Diesel­Man USA New Jer­sey mar­i­juana FALSE 2012-12-01 2013-10-27 SDM NJ buyer
Richard Pol­lard M 32 1StopOz seller SR1 Aus­tralia Vic­to­ria MDMA, cocaine, ket­a­mine TRUE 2012-12-01 2014-11-16 Vic­to­ria, War­randyte.
M buyer SR1 UK MDMA TRUE 2012-12-31 2014-08-27 Red­di­tor.
M buyer SR1 USA LSD TRUE 2012-12-31 2013-05-05
buyer SR1 Israel TRUE 2013-01-01 2015-01-18 Report from DDW, arrested “begin­ning of 2013” for 2012 pur­chas­es; for sim­plic­i­ty, listed as 2013-01-01.
M buyer SR1 USA MDMA TRUE 2013-01-01 2015-03-23 “early 2013”
Cur­tis Clark Green M 47 Chron­ic­pain staff SR1 USA Utah cocaine FALSE 2013-01-17 2013-10-02 Utah, Span­ish Fork.
M TrustusJones seller SR1 USA mar­i­jua­na, oxy­codone FALSE 2013-01-23 2015-03-30 First doc­u­mented as DEA-controlled on 2013-01-23, but may have been flipped as early as April 2012.
M 17 buyer SR1 Aus­tralia Perth NBOMe TRUE 2013-02-17 2014-06-12 Sen­tenc­ing related to Pre­ston Bridges acci­den­tal falling death ~2013-02-16; unclear when exactly his friend was charged, so I’ve dated day after fall.
Patrick Franzini M 22 buyer SR1 Aus­tralia Vic­to­ria meth, DMT, ket­a­mine TRUE 2013-02-19 2015-02-28 Vic­to­ria, Dia­mond Creek.
Samuel Ryan Lud­wig M 22 buyer SR1 Aus­tralia Vic­to­ria MDMA, LSD, ket­a­mine, amphet­a­mine TRUE 2013-02-19 2015-05-05 Vic­to­ria, Ash­bur­ton
Lee James Matthews M 31 buyer SR1 Aus­tralia Vic­to­ria MDMA, cocaine, meth TRUE 2013-02-21 2015-05-05 Vic­to­ria, Craigieburn
Matthew Karl Nel­son M 28 buyer SR1 luck­y­lu­cianno USA Florida MDMA TRUE 2013-02-21 2013-02-27 Flori­da, North Naples
Jules Staib M 19 buyer SR1 luck­y­lu­cianno USA Louisiana MDMA, LSD, mar­i­jua­na, cocaine, DMT TRUE 2013-02-22 2013-02-27 Louisiana, New Orleans
Wyatt Sil­ver­man M 19 buyer SR1 luck­y­lu­cianno USA Louisiana MDMA, LSD, mar­i­jua­na, cocaine, DMT TRUE 2013-02-22 2013-02-27 Louisiana, New Orleans
M buyer SR1 NOD USA Alaska heroin FALSE 2013-03-01 2013-11-08
F buyer SR1 NOD USA Cal­i­for­nia heroin FALSE 2013-03-31 2013-11-08
Tele Benoni M 62 Med­icalM seller SR1 Nether­lands Emmen MDMA TRUE 2013-04-05 2013-09-03
Sander V. M 33 Med­icalM seller SR1 Nether­lands Emmen MDMA TRUE 2013-04-05 2013-09-03
Bernd S. M 40 Med­icalM seller SR1 Nether­lands Emmen MDMA TRUE 2013-04-05 2013-09-03
Frans W. M Med­icalM seller SR1 Nether­lands Gronin­gen MDMA TRUE 2013-04-05 2013-09-03
M Med­icalM seller SR1 Nether­lands MDMA TRUE 2013-04-05 2013-09-03
M Med­icalM seller SR1 Nether­lands MDMA TRUE 2013-04-05 2013-09-03
Eric Daniel Hughes M 31 Casey Jones seller SR1 USA South Car­olina mar­i­jua­na, clon­azepam, DMT FALSE 2013-04-12 2013-06-23 May have sold inter­na­tion­ally but a SR1F post refers to him as a domes­tic sell­er. Charleston.
Ben­ja­men P. Bel­mont M 19 buyer SR1 NZ Man­awatu MDMA, cocaine, LSD TRUE 2013-04-23 2014-04-21
Adam Lawin M 25 buyer SR1 USA Iowa MDMA TRUE 2013-04-26 2015-02-28 Water­loo, Iowa
Ben­jamin Walker M 22 buyer SR1 USA Iowa MDMA TRUE 2013-04-26 2015-02-28 Water­loo, Iowa
M buyer SR1 USA Wis­con­sin MDMA, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-04-26 2015-03-02 This was the drop for Ryan M Petersen, who was CDed and coop­er­at­ed.
Blanks M Sour­Diesel­Man seller SR1 USA Cal­i­for­nia mar­i­juana FALSE 2013-05-20 2013-10-27 Couri­er, flipped.
buyer SR1 Aus­tralia TRUE 2013-06-01 2013-07-05 Unknown buyer based on media report about 6 SR1-re­lated Aus­tralia arrests in June 2013.
buyer SR1 Aus­tralia TRUE 2013-06-01 2013-07-05
buyer SR1 Aus­tralia TRUE 2013-06-01 2013-07-05
buyer SR1 Aus­tralia TRUE 2013-06-01 2013-07-05
buyer SR1 Aus­tralia TRUE 2013-06-01 2013-07-05
M buyer SR1 joy Aus­tralia saf­role TRUE 2013-06-20 2015-05-06
M Speedswe­den seller SR1 Swe­den amphet­a­mine, MDMA, spice TRUE 2013-06-27 2015-05-06
M Speedswe­den seller SR1 Swe­den amphet­a­mine, MDMA, spice TRUE 2013-06-27 2015-05-06
Shel­don Kennedy M 26 edgar­num­bers seller SR1 dig­i­talink USA Nebraska methy­lone, gun TRUE 2013-06-28 2014-02-20
M buyer BMR Grass4­Cash Aus­tralia gun TRUE 2013-06-29 2015-03-05 The Bunger com­plaint does not spec­ify when the Aus­tralian buyer was arrest­ed, but since the pack­age was inter­cepted 2013-06-28, it has to be 2013-06-29 or lat­er.
M 29 Fuck­the­p­o­lice137 seller SR1 Italy silde­nafil, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-06-30 2015-08-10 Age guessed from “It all started between 2005 and 2006, I was in my early twen­ties…on the thresh­old of my thir­ties I am wait­ing for the inex­orable end”. Arrest date uncer­tain: “At the end of June came the day when the irre­me­di­a­ble hap­pened.”
F cir­rus staff SR1 USA Bit­coin FALSE 2013-07-20 2014-12-19 It’s unknown how cir­rus was flipped or whether her legal was even related to SR1/bitcoins in the first place.
M joy seller SR1 Indone­sia saf­role TRUE 2013-07-23 2015-05-06
Michael Kitto M 25 buyer SR1 NZ South­land MDMA, cocaine TRUE 2013-07-03 2013-09-09
Andrew Fur­ness M 23 buyer SR1 NZ South­land MDMA, cocaine TRUE 2013-07-03 2013-09-09
Gareth Edlin M 29 buyer SR1 NZ South­land MDMA, cocaine TRUE 2013-07-03 2013-09-09
Sascha F. M 24 Pfan­dlei­her seller SR1 Ger­many Bavaria amphet­a­mine, MDMA, cocaine TRUE 2013-07-04 2014-03-13
M After­hour seller SR1 Ger­many amphet­a­mine, MDMA, cocaine TRUE 2013-07-04 2013-07-10
M After­hour seller SR1 Ger­many amphet­a­mine, MDMA, cocaine TRUE 2013-07-04 2013-07-10
M After­hour seller SR1 Ger­many amphet­a­mine, MDMA, cocaine TRUE 2013-07-04 2013-07-10
F After­hour seller SR1 Ger­many amphet­a­mine, MDMA, cocaine TRUE 2013-07-04 2013-07-10
Joshua J. Savoie M 21 buyer SR1 USA Wis­con­sin MDMA TRUE 2013-07-11 2013-10-27
S. J. Paape M 17 buyer SR1 USA Wis­con­sin MDMA TRUE 2013-07-11 2013-10-27 Madi­son Street; Chilton, Wis­con­sin
Matthew Gillum M Sour­Diesel­Man seller SR1 USA Cal­i­for­nia mar­i­juana FALSE 2013-07-23 2013-10-27 At least 3 other mem­bers of group, but none seem to have been arrest­ed.
Jolene Chan F Sour­Diesel­Man seller SR1 USA Cal­i­for­nia mar­i­juana FALSE 2013-07-23 2013-10-27
Ryan M Petersen M 21 buyer SR1 USA Wis­con­sin MDMA, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-07-24 2015-03-02 Brook­field, Wis­con­sin
Steven Sadler M NOD seller SR1 USA WA hero­in, cocaine, meth FALSE 2013-07-31 2013-10-02
Jenna White F NOD seller SR1 USA WA hero­in, cocaine, meth FALSE 2013-07-31 2013-10-02
M buyer SR1 Aus­tralia 2013-08-01 2015-03-01 This is based on the short 2013-08-10 media men­tion of a man fined for “attempt­ing to pos­sess drugs from the site”.
Jack­son R. M buyer SR1 Aus­tralia WA DMT, 2C-E TRUE 2013-08-23 2015-07-24 Fourth WA bust. South Bun­bury.
Luke Han­ley M buyer SR1 Aus­tralia 25c, 25i, amphet­a­mine TRUE 2013-08-01 2014-04-01 I guess this to be August given the phras­ing of “just months” before Octo­ber 2013. Note despite the sim­i­lar date, this can­not be the other Aus­tralian buyer as Han­ley was only fined & given sus­pended sen­tence in 2014.
Matthew B. Collins M 23 buyer SR1 NZ Hill­crest MDMA, LSD, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-08-01 2015-04-11 22-24yo
Jared Under­wood M 25 buyer SR1 NZ Hamil­ton MDMA, LSD, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-08-01 2015-04-11 24-26yo
Ryan Thomas McManus M 30 son­ic­drone seller SR1 Ire­land Belfast cocaine, mephedrone, MDMA, LSD TRUE 2013-08-05 2015-04-29 29-31yo
Ryan Mil­li­gan M 28 son­ic­drone seller SR1 Ire­land Dum­drum cocaine, mephedrone, MDMA, LSD TRUE 2013-08-05 2015-04-29 27-29yo
Con­nor Deven­ney M 35 son­ic­drone seller SR1 Ire­land New­cas­tle cocaine, mephedrone, MDMA, LSD TRUE 2013-08-05 2015-04-29 34-36yo
Nicholas C. Mof­fitt M 24 buyer SR1 USA New York hero­in, Xanax, Sub­ox­one, cocaine 2013-08-07 2013-08-27 Queens­bury
Cor­nelis Slomp M 21 Super­Trips seller SR1 USA Florida MDMA, cocaine, LSD TRUE 2013-08-27 2014-02-15 Trav­eled from Nether­lands; the ST doc­u­ments men­tion 11 other peo­ple who worked with ST (one of them UGS); there are no reports that the other 10 were arrest­ed.
Andrew T. Har­ri­son M 27 buyer SR1 NZ Welling­ton MDMA, NBOMe TRUE 2013-09-01 2014-04-21 Media arti­cle says only “Sep­tem­ber”.
Sid Ham­mer M 23 buyer SR1 USA Ver­mont LSD, MDMA, oxy­codone 2013-09-01 2013-11-11
Dylan Richard­son M 23 buyer SR1 NZ Palmer­ston N. meth TRUE 2013-09-03 2013-12-18 Palmer­ston North, Man­awatu-Wan­ganui.
Adam Bunger M 33 Grass4­Cash seller BMR USA Ken­tucky gun TRUE 2013-09-10 2013-09-18 Bowl­ing Green
M Ausid seller SR1 Aus­tralia fake IDs FALSE 2013-09-10 2013-10-15 Not clear on whether Ausid sold to inter­na­tional cus­tomers; their fakes seem to have been Aus­trali­a-spe­cif­ic.
M Ausid seller SR1 Aus­tralia fake IDs FALSE 2013-09-10 2013-10-15
Daniel Wayne Fowler M 23 buyer SR1 NZ Auck­land MDMA, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-09-30 2014-12-08 Assign­ing to end of Sep­tem­ber due to media arti­cle phras­ing “Over the course of a week at the end of Sep­tem­ber last year”.
Lisa Marie Clark F 22 buyer SR1 NZ Auck­land MDMA, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-09-30 2014-12-08
Michael Duch M 38 dee­zle­time seller SR1 USA New York clon­azepam, hydrocodone, heroin FALSE 2013-10-01 2015-01-13 38-39yo
Angel W. Quinones M 34 Under­GroundSyn­di­cate seller SR1 Super­Trips USA Florida MDMA, cocaine, LSD TRUE 2013-10-02 2014-04-28 Miami Inter­na­tional Air­port, Miami, Florida
Ross William Ulbricht M 29 Dread Pirate Roberts oper­a­tor SR1 USA Cal­i­for­nia TRUE 2013-10-02 2013-10-02 San Fran­cisco
Peter Ward M 52 Plu­toPete seller SR1 UK Devon cocaine, mar­i­jua­na, meth TRUE 2013-10-02 2013-10-03
M seller SR1 UK 2013-10-02 2013-10-03 3 unknown Man­ches­ter UK arrests simul­ta­ne­ous with Ulbricht & Ward.
M seller SR1 UK 2013-10-02 2013-10-03
M seller SR1 UK 2013-10-02 2013-10-03
Jim­mie Michael Juh­lin M 34 Swe­Ex­press seller SR1 Swe­den Hels­ing­borg mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-10-08 2013-10-11 Media says 29/34, unclear which is which; arbi­trar­ily assigned.
Mohammed F.A. Barham M 29 Swe­Ex­press seller SR1 Swe­den Hels­ing­borg mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-10-08 2013-10-11
M XTCExpress seller SR1 Nether­lands MDMA TRUE 2013-10-09 2013-10-15
M XTCExpress seller SR1 Nether­lands MDMA TRUE 2013-10-09 2013-10-15
buyer SR1 NOD USA heroin FALSE 2013-10-10 2013-10-10
Peter James Gros­sett M 48 buyer SR1 NZ Welling­ton meth, LSD, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-11-01 2014-07-05 Appar­ently busted some­time in Novem­ber 2013 but not more specif­i­cally or what the non-SR1 mar­ket he used was.
M Black­jack­021 seller SR1 Aus­tria mar­i­jua­na, opi­um, amphet­a­mine TRUE 2013-11-04 2015-03-01 The Aus­tria arti­cle says it was a father-­son pair who were arrested as the sell­er.
M Black­jack­021 seller SR1 Aus­tria mar­i­jua­na, opi­um, amphet­a­mine TRUE 2013-11-04 2015-03-01
buyer SR1 Black­jack­021 Aus­tria mar­i­jua­na, opi­um, amphet­a­mine FALSE 2013-11-04 2015-03-01 The Aus­tria arti­cle seems to men­tion that 6, pre­sum­ably Aus­tri­an, of the pair’s cus­tomers were arrested
buyer SR1 Black­jack­021 Aus­tria mar­i­jua­na, opi­um, amphet­a­mine FALSE 2013-11-04 2015-03-01
buyer SR1 Black­jack­021 Aus­tria mar­i­jua­na, opi­um, amphet­a­mine FALSE 2013-11-04 2015-03-01
buyer SR1 Black­jack­021 Aus­tria mar­i­jua­na, opi­um, amphet­a­mine FALSE 2013-11-04 2015-03-01
buyer SR1 Black­jack­021 Aus­tria mar­i­jua­na, opi­um, amphet­a­mine FALSE 2013-11-04 2015-03-01
buyer SR1 Black­jack­021 Aus­tria mar­i­jua­na, opi­um, amphet­a­mine FALSE 2013-11-04 2015-03-01
Matthew Crisafi M 38 Gun Wise seller BMR USA New Hamp­shire gun TRUE 2013-11-06 2013-11-07 Hamp­ton
Bran­don How­ell M seller USA North Car­olina MDMA, mesca­line, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-11-25 2013-11-30
Kather­ine L West­brook F 26 seller USA North Car­olina MDMA, mesca­line, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-11-25 2013-11-30
M 25 Live­from­swe­den seller Sheep Swe­den Kris­tianstad amphet­a­mine, MDMA, cocaine, mar­i­juana FALSE 2013-11-27 2015-05-06
M 22 Live­from­swe­den seller Sheep Swe­den Kris­tianstad amphet­a­mine, MDMA, cocaine, mar­i­juana FALSE 2013-11-27 2015-05-06
M Live­from­swe­den seller Sheep Swe­den Hels­ing­borg amphet­a­mine, MDMA, cocaine, mar­i­juana FALSE 2013-11-01 2015-06-11 Arrested before first two; these lat­ter two may not be LFS.
M Live­from­swe­den seller Sheep Swe­den Malmo amphet­a­mine, MDMA, cocaine, mar­i­juana FALSE 2013-12-01 2015-06-11 Arrested after first two.
Olivia Louise Bolles F 32 MDpro seller SR1 USA Delaware oxy­codone, diazepam FALSE 2013-11-21 2013-11-22
Alexan­dra Gold F 31 MDpro seller SR1 USA Delaware oxy­codone, diazepam FALSE 2013-11-21 2013-11-22
M buyer NZ MDMA, LSD, meth, NBOMe TRUE 2013-12-11 2013-12-17 Welling­ton trio.
M buyer NZ MDMA, LSD, meth, NBOMe TRUE 2013-12-11 2013-12-17
M buyer NZ MDMA, LSD, meth, NBOMe TRUE 2013-12-11 2013-12-17
Jason Hagen M 39 ham­mer­time seller SR1 USA Ore­gon meth FALSE 2013-12-17 2013-12-19
Richard Web­ster M 45 ham­mer­time seller SR1 USA Ore­gon meth FALSE 2013-12-17 2013-12-19
Rob­bie Shel­ton M 44 ham­mer­time seller SR1 USA Ore­gon meth FALSE 2013-12-17 2013-12-19
Tina Hea­gle F 46 ham­mer­time seller SR1 USA Ore­gon meth FALSE 2013-12-17 2013-12-19
Lesa Jump M 63 ham­mer­time seller SR1 USA Ore­gon meth FALSE 2013-12-17 2013-12-19
Chelsea Reder F 23 ham­mer­time seller SR1 USA Ore­gon meth FALSE 2013-12-17 2013-12-19
Don­ald Ross Bechen M 39 ham­mer­time seller SR1 USA Ore­gon meth FALSE 2013-12-17 2013-12-19
Andrew Michael Jones M 24 Inigo staff SR1 USA Vir­ginia FALSE 2013-12-19 2013-12-19 Charles City
Gary Davis M 25 Lib­er­tas staff SR1 Ire­land Wick­low FALSE 2013-12-19 2013-12-21
Peter Phillip Nash M 41 SSBD staff SR1 Aus­tralia Queens­land FALSE 2013-12-20 2013-12-21 Bris­bane
Lionel G. M 26 Walk­a­Boot seller SR1 France Loire mar­i­jua­na, amphet­a­mine TRUE 2013-12-21 2013-12-28 Sain­t-Ger­main-la-­Mon­tag­ne, Loire Depart­ment
Mado F Walk­a­Boot seller SR1 France mar­i­jua­na, amphet­a­mine TRUE 2013-12-21 2013-12-28
Amit Sand M buyer BMR Israel gun TRUE 2014-01-08 2015-01-18 Unknown sell­er; BMR con­nec­tion uncon­firmed but highly like­ly.
buyer Israel mar­i­juana TRUE 2014-01-12 2014-01-14
Jesse Korff M Snow­man840 seller BMR USA Florida ricin FALSE 2014-01-18 2014-01-22
Robert Faiella M 52 BTCKing seller SR1 USA Florida Bit­coin FALSE 2014-01-26 2014-01-27 Cape Coral
Char­lie Shrem M 25 seller SR1 USA New York Bit­coin FALSE 2014-01-26 2014-01-27 JFK, NYC
Kun­tal Patel F 36 buyer BMR Korff UK Strat­ford abrin TRUE 2014-01-26 2014-09-26 Park Road
T.S. M buyer SR2 pill­bay Indone­sia West Jakarta MDMA, LSD TRUE 2014-01-31 2015-01-28
L.A. F buyer SR2 pill­bay Indone­sia West Jakarta MDMA, LSD TRUE 2014-01-31 2015-01-28
Rudolf Jansen? M 47 RuudNL seller Utopia Nether­lands MDMA, cocaine, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-10-04 2014-02-12 The seller arrested en route to Ger­many.
M oper­a­tor Utopia Nether­lands TRUE 2014-02-12 2014-02-12 At least 1 or 2 of the Utopia arrests must’ve been the site oper­a­tors but I am unable to fig­ure out which from the vague media cov­er­age.
Jeroen Teeninga M oper­a­tor Utopia Nether­lands TRUE 2014-02-12 2014-02-12
Steven Rui­jter M CosaNos­tra staff Utopia Nether­lands TRUE 2014-02-12 2014-02-12
B. C. R. M LeCon­tog staff Utopia Ger­many TRUE 2014-02-12 2014-02-12
Jonathan Nor­ling M 22 buyer BMR Mal­colm USA New York cyanide, abrin FALSE 2014-02-14 2014-02-21
M buyer SR1 Aus­tralia Tas­ma­nia 25i, BDMPEA TRUE 2014-03-23 2014-04-01 Dat­ing based on sen­tenc­ing; almost no avail­able details to give an idea of when actu­ally arrest­ed.
James Mal­colm M 29 seller BMR USA Cal­i­for­nia cyanide, abrin, gun FALSE 2014-05-04 2014-06-06 Carmichael
Ayumu Ter­amoto M 38 buyer Japan Fukuoka amphet­a­mine TRUE 2014-05-08 2014-05-10 The media cov­er­age (2014-05-09) does not spec­ify when arrest was; I’ve dated it to the day before. ‘stim­u­lant’ is prob­a­bly amphet­a­mine.
Jeremy Don­a­gal M 35 Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 Mar­tinez
Lau­rence Lind­berg M 42 Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 East Bay Area
Thomas Elliott M 39 Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 East Bay Area
Michael Tomada M 42 Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 East Bay Area
Michael Gon­za­lez M 41 Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 East Bay Area
Ken­neth Koskiniemi M 37 Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 Fresno
Christo­pher Neely M Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 East Bay Area
Dus­ton Kirk M 38 Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 East Bay Area
Ali­cia Mitts F 30 Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 Oak­ley
Matthew Ver­ran Jones M 44 CALIGIRL seller SR1 USA Texas oxy­codone, hydrocodone TRUE 2014-05-29 2014-07-29 SR1 because while deal­ing after SR1 closed, it was off-­mar­ket. Dal­las.
Car­los Matthew Allen M 28 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Indi­ana Xanax FALSE 2014-05-28 2014-07-28 Allen, Feigel, Fur­to, & Dickey were CDed simul­ta­ne­ously in Bloom­ing­ton, Indi­ana.
David C. Feigel M 20 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Indi­ana Xanax FALSE 2014-05-28 2014-07-28
Paul Furto M 32 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Indi­ana Xanax FALSE 2014-05-28 2014-07-28
Andrew C. Dickey M 20 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Indi­ana Xanax FALSE 2014-05-28 2014-07-28
Demar­cus Blue M 22 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Ten­nessee Xanax FALSE 2014-05-29 2014-06-02 Nashville
Markuite Matthews F 20 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Ten­nessee Xanax FALSE 2014-05-29 2014-06-02 Nashville
Adrevi­ous Rayner M 18 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Ten­nessee Xanax FALSE 2014-05-29 2014-06-02 Nashville
Brian Patrick Noone M 20 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Illi­nois Xanax FALSE 2014-05-30 2014-06-03 Naperville
M Dark­_­Mart seller Evo­lu­tion USA gun FALSE 2014-06-01 2015-01-20 Dark­_­Mart’s bust is known only from a short ref­er­ence in the Cheng Le com­plaint that he was busted “in or about mid 2014”; so I assign it to exactly mid-2014. He appar­ently was known for guns before poi­sons, so I’ve marked that as what he sold.
Kory D. Krei­der M 23 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA New Orleans Xanax FALSE 2014-06-01 2014-06-14 Krei­der evaded a CD but was even­tu­ally iden­ti­fied & arrested at some point dur­ing the first week of June 2014, which I code as 1 June.
Ryan K. Cham­ber­lain M 42 buyer BMR Mal­colm, Korff USA Cal­i­for­nia bomb FALSE 2014-06-02 2014-06-11
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28 The 2015-06-25 anti-bail let­ter boasts that XK “led to the arrest of nearly 60 other peo­ple through­out the coun­try”, exclud­ing the 9 XK defen­dants; worst-­case, <=59 arrests, and sub­tract­ing the 5 known buyer busts, yields <=54 stil­l-un­known cas­es. These seem to be mostly XK cus­tomers. I include a row for each such case.
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
NZ TRUE 2014-06-15 2015-02-28 Sim­i­lar to the XK arrests, these 6 are place-hold­ers for total arrests men­tioned in a media report.
NZ TRUE 2014-06-15 2015-02-28
NZ TRUE 2014-06-15 2015-02-28
NZ TRUE 2014-06-15 2015-02-28
NZ TRUE 2014-06-15 2015-02-28
NZ TRUE 2014-06-15 2015-02-28
Jasen Crisp M 29 buyer USA Idaho MDMA TRUE 2014-06-20 2014-11-28
buyer Bungee54 USA MDMA TRUE 2014-07-01 2014-10-20 CD inferred from Bungee54 cus­tomer ser­vice rep­re­sen­ta­tive men­tion.
buyer Bungee54 Scan­di­navia MDMA TRUE 2014-08-01 2014-10-20 CD inferred from Bungee54 cus­tomer ser­vice rep­re­sen­ta­tive; coun­try not fur­ther spec­i­fied, date guess based on “none of both within the last 10 weeks.”
Nicholas P. Heat­ley M buyer NZ LSD, MDMA, Rital­in, mar­i­juana TRUE 2014-08-11 2015-02-22
Michael Andrew Ryan M 35 weaponsguy/Gunrunner seller Agora USA Kansas gun TRUE 2015-06-03 2016-06-07 Iden­ti­fied as weapon­s­guy based on cir­cum­stan­tial evi­dence. Pos­si­ble real arrest/raid date 2014-09-01, inferred from the Justin Mor­eira under­cov­er-sale case; exact arrest date best esti­mate based on Aus­tralian press release “Sep­tem­ber 2014”
Andrew Gra­ham Hodg­son M 29 buyer SR2 NZ Palmer­ston N. meth, mar­i­jua­na, NBOMe TRUE 2014-09-01 2014-12-08 Arrested as part of Oper­a­tion Hyder­abad, which kicked off 2014-09-01, so he was prob­a­bly arrested on the 1st/2nd. Palmer­ston North, Man­awatu Dis­trict
Ryan James Nor­man M 21 Mag­i­cAU seller SR2 Aus­tralia South NBOMe, LSD, MDMA, steroids TRUE 2014-09-26 2015-06-12
Stephen Jones M 38 buyer Evo­lu­tion weedy­bus­nis USA Geor­gia MDMA TRUE 2014-10-02 2014-12-20 Flow­ery Branch
Cyn­thia Jones F 39 buyer Evo­lu­tion weedy­bus­nis USA Geor­gia MDMA TRUE 2014-10-02 2014-12-20 Flow­ery Branch
Nathaniel Penalosa M 20 buyer SR2 USA Col­orado MDMA, LSD, modafinil 2014-11-01 2015-08-18 Room searched “fall” 2014; is a ‘junior cadet’ in late 2015 ie a third-year col­lege stu­dent, so sec­ond-year when searched, so guessti­mate ~20yo.
Liam Lyburd M 18 The Jok­er, ILM, DT buyer Evo­lu­tion UK New­cas­tle gun, bomb TRUE 2014-11-03 2015-07-27
Blake Ben­thall M 26 Def­con oper­a­tor SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia FALSE 2014-11-05 2014-11-05 San Fran­cisco
M oper­a­tor Hydra Hun­gary TRUE 2014-11-05 2014-11-11
Thomas White M 20 StExo/Dread Pirate Roberts 2 (DPR2) oper­a­tor SR2 UK Liv­er­pool TRUE 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 “20-year-old man from Liv­er­pool”; this was revealed in April 2019 to have been StExo/DPR2.
Alex Mid­dle­ton M 19 Max­imus­Dec­imus seller SR2 UK Lin­colnshire MXE, Xanax, 4-MEC TRUE 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 Was finally pub­licly iden­ti­fied in Sep­tem­ber 2015.
M 30 SR2 UK 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 “a 30-year-old man from Cleethor­pes”
Cei William Owens M 29 Johnny Alpha seller SR2 UK Wales mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, psilo­cy­bin 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 Aber­dovey
Robin C. Brad­shaw M 59 buyer SR2 UK Wales 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 Aber­dovey
Elynedd Ann Owens F 58 buyer SR2 UK Wales 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 Aber­dovey
Neil Man­nion M 33 The­Hulk­ster seller SR2 Ire­land Dublin MDMA, LSD, mar­i­juana TRUE 2014-11-05 2014-11-06
Richard O’Con­nor M 33 The­Hulk­ster seller SR2 Ire­land Dublin MDMA, LSD, mar­i­juana TRUE 2014-11-05 2014-11-06
David Schell M 54 Cal­i­for­ni­a­Cani­bas seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia mar­i­juana FALSE 2014-11-06 2014-11-20 Durham, Butte Coun­ty, Cal­i­for­nia
Teri Schell F 59 Cal­i­for­ni­a­Cani­bas seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia mar­i­juana FALSE 2014-11-06 2014-11-20 Durham, Butte Coun­ty, Cal­i­for­nia
Ger­many 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 Unknown arrest inferred from Euro­just press release. While not all Oper­a­tion Ony­mous arrests were mar­ket-re­lated (at least two were sim­ple con artist­s), they prob­a­bly are, so I include the remain­der to be con­ser­v­a­tive.
Ger­many 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 Unknown arrest inferred from Euro­just press release.
Ger­many 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 Unknown arrest inferred from Euro­just press release.
Ryan Gustafson M 27 Willy.­Clock seller Agora Uganda Kam­pala coun­ter­feit cur­rency TRUE 2014-12-11 2014-12-20 At least 3 other peo­ple were busted as part of the inves­ti­ga­tion (“Mr. Mouse”, “Sin­ner”, and “Mlin”), but they all seem to be uncon­nected to Agora/Evolution and so I don’t include them.
M buyer Cyprus mar­i­juana TRUE 2014-12-15 2014-12-20 Group buy
M buyer Cyprus mar­i­juana TRUE 2014-12-15 2014-12-20
M buyer Cyprus mar­i­juana TRUE 2014-12-15 2014-12-20
Cheng Le M 21 fnufnu seller Evo­lu­tion Dark­_­Mart USA New York ricin FALSE 2014-12-23 2015-01-20 Man­hat­tan, New York, New York
M 55 Hol­lan­dOn­line seller Agora Nether­lands LSD, MDMA, ket­a­mine TRUE 2014-12-26 2015-03-12
Ryan Jensen M 20 buyer Evo­lu­tion Hub­bard USA North Dakota fen­tanyl, Xanax, hero­in, MDMA FALSE 2015-01-03 2015-03-14 Grand Forks
Kain Daniel Schwandt M 18 buyer Evo­lu­tion Hub­bard USA North Dakota fen­tanyl FALSE 2015-01-03 2015-03-14 Grand Forks
David Todd Noye Jr. M 18 buyer Evo­lu­tion Hub­bard USA North Dakota fen­tanyl FALSE 2015-01-03 2015-03-14 Grand Forks
Brian Far­rell M 26 Doc­tor­Clu staff SR2 USA WA Xanax FALSE 2015-01-02 2015-01-16 Far­rell spilled every­thing dur­ing the local Belle­vue police’s search in early Jan­u­ary but was only for­mally arrested in late Jan­u­ary, appar­ently due either to coop­er­at­ing or being switched to a fed­eral case.
Weitz­man M 24 buyer Israel Sharon cocaine TRUE 2015-01-04 2015-02-23 Ben yohanan Waiz­man (Weitz­man); Kfar Sava, Sharon region
Julian Edgren M 20 buyer USA New Jer­sey MDMA, LSD, mar­i­jua­na, psilo­cy­bin TRUE 2015-01-06 2015-01-07 Prince­ton
Bryan A. Frem­bling M 20 buyer Agora USA Cal­i­for­nia MDMA TRUE 2015-01-15 2015-02-22 Inter­cepted pack­age. Unknown sell­er: Going Postal? kar­masyn­di­cate? solid­er? Fres­no.
Bran­don Hub­bard M 40 pdxblack? seller Evo­lu­tion Hub­bard USA Ore­gon fen­tanyl FALSE 2015-01-22 2015-03-14 Port­land
M buyer Lucyand­Molly Nor­way LSD TRUE 2015-01-29 2015-01-31 Andy­Wither case.
Chris­t­ian L. M 32 Dosen­suppe seller Agora Ger­many gun 2015-01-29 2015-02-10 While 4 other peo­ple were arrest­ed, they “have been released from cus­tody” and seem to be unin­volved.
Michael Albert Focia M 48 iWorks, RTBArms seller BMR, Agora USA Alabama gun FALSE 2015-01-30 2015-07-09
Daniel P. McK­ech­nie M 20 buyer SR2 NZ Dunedin meth, MDMA, LSD, cocaine TRUE 2015-02-01 2015-02-22
M. C. Con­nor-Dagg M 19 buyer SR2 NZ Dunedin meth, MDMA, LSD, cocaine TRUE 2015-02-01 2015-02-22
Taine M. P. Edwards M 18 buyer SR2 NZ Dunedin meth, MDMA, LSD, cocaine TRUE 2015-02-01 2015-02-22
M seller Nether­lands 2015-02-06 2015-03-11
Mohammed Ammer Ali M 31 WEIRDOS OOOO buyer Evo­lu­tion Dark­_­Mart UK Liv­er­pool ricin TRUE 2015-02-11 2015-04-08 These two cases have not been con­firmed as to the mar­ket & sell­er, but based on the extreme sim­i­lar­ity of those two to Fnufnu, I have assigned them to the FBI sting oper­a­tion on Evo­lu­tion. Liv­er­pool, Mersey­side County
M buyer Evo­lu­tion Dark­_­Mart UK abrin TRUE 2015-02-16 2015-04-08 Two unnamed Man­ches­ter teenagers.
F buyer Evo­lu­tion Dark­_­Mart UK abrin TRUE 2015-02-16 2015-04-08
Richard Hiley M seller SR1 hap­py­man UK mar­i­jua­na, cocaine, meth 2013-12-31 2015-02-18 Peter Ward/PlutoPete co-­con­spir­a­tor
M 31 Alexan­drus seller Evo­lu­tion Swe­den Skelleftea mar­i­jua­na, LSD, MDMA TRUE 2015-02-24 2015-03-27 Men­tioned ages: 31yo, 26, 27, 28; there may be repeats?
M 26 Alexan­drus seller Evo­lu­tion Swe­den Skelleftea mar­i­jua­na, LSD, MDMA TRUE 2015-02-24 2015-03-27
M 27 Alexan­drus seller Evo­lu­tion Swe­den Skelleftea mar­i­jua­na, LSD, MDMA TRUE 2015-02-24 2015-03-27
M 28 Alexan­drus seller Evo­lu­tion Swe­den Skelleftea mar­i­jua­na, LSD, MDMA TRUE 2015-02-24 2015-03-27
M Alexan­drus seller Evo­lu­tion Swe­den Pajala mar­i­jua­na, LSD, MDMA TRUE 2015-02-24 2015-03-27
M Alexan­drus seller Evo­lu­tion Swe­den mar­i­jua­na, LSD, MDMA TRUE 2015-02-24 2015-03-27
M Alexan­drus seller Evo­lu­tion Swe­den mar­i­jua­na, LSD, MDMA TRUE 2015-02-24 2015-03-27
Tomáš Jiřikovský M oper­a­tor Sheep Czech TRUE 2015-02-22 2015-03-27 Due to trans­la­tion dif­fi­cul­ties, it’s unclear when the crim­i­nal com­plaint for mon­ey-laun­der­ing was actu­ally filed; dated to first offi­cial mate­ri­als refer­ring to his case.
Joseph Patrick Gelli M 23 buyer USA South Car­olina Bit­coin, mar­i­jua­na, psilo­cy­bin 2015-02-23 2015-05-06 Tech­ni­cal­ly, he had “psy­chotropic mush­rooms”. Lex­ing­ton
Andrew Thrall M 20 buyer USA Indi­ana Xanax TRUE 2015-03-03 2015-03-05 Bloom­ing­ton
M Shiny Flakes seller Evo­lu­tion Ger­many meth, cocaine, LSD TRUE 2015-02-26 2015-03-11 Main sell­er.
M Shiny Flakes seller Evo­lu­tion Ger­many meth, cocaine, LSD TRUE 2015-02-26 2015-03-11 Couri­er.
M seller Nether­lands mar­i­juana 2015-03-03 2015-03-11
M seller Nether­lands mar­i­juana 2015-03-03 2015-03-11
F seller Nether­lands mar­i­juana 2015-03-03 2015-03-11
Chan­ning Lacey F 27 seller Evo­lu­tion Hub­bard USA Ore­gon fen­tanyl FALSE 2015-03-05 2015-03-14 Port­land
buyer Evo­lu­tion Shiny Flakes Ger­many FALSE 2015-03-10 2015-03-23 Media cov­er­age of the Shiny Flakes case indi­cates at least 5 buy­ers from his Evo­lu­tion pro­file or clear­net site were arrested in Ger­many; fur­ther details are not avail­able, so I include them in case they were Evo­lu­tion buy­ers. There may’ve been 38 arrests asso­ci­ated with the 38 homes searched, but the media cov­er­age is unclear.
buyer Evo­lu­tion Shiny Flakes Ger­many FALSE 2015-03-10 2015-03-23
buyer Evo­lu­tion Shiny Flakes Ger­many FALSE 2015-03-10 2015-03-23
buyer Evo­lu­tion Shiny Flakes Ger­many FALSE 2015-03-10 2015-03-23
buyer Evo­lu­tion Shiny Flakes Ger­many FALSE 2015-03-10 2015-03-23
Steven Locke Jr. M seller Evo­lu­tion Hub­bard USA WA fen­tanyl FALSE 2015-03-10 2015-03-14 Wood­land
M Dia­mond­dweller seller Agora Den­mark steroids TRUE 2015-03-12 2015-05-06 Diamonddweller/Diamond Pharma sold so many steroids I’m not sure which to list beyond just “steroids”.
Michael Regan M 25 buyer USA New Jer­sey LSD TRUE 2015-03-26 2015-03-28 Tren­ton
Ryan Andrew Backer M 18 buyer USA Alabama LSD TRUE 2015-03-26 2015-03-28 Decatur
Justin Mor­eira M 21 jd497 buyer Agora weapon­s­guy USA Mass­a­chu­setts gun FALSE 2015-04-02 2015-04-03 Hyan­nis
M 25 buyer Agora weapon­s­guy Aus­tralia NSW gun TRUE 2015-02-01 2015-05-13 16 other weapon­s­guy arrests are known: 4 AU, 13 “across the United King­dom, Europe and North Amer­ica” (in­clu­sive of Mor­eira).
M 40 buyer SR2 Ger­many Würzburg MDMA, cocaine, amphet­a­mine, mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-02-01 2015-06-18 Known only arrested “April 2015”. Since the 4 AU arrests stemmed from “the exe­cu­tion of 15 search war­rants in Feb­ru­ary and March”, I’ve assigned 2 to each month.
M 24 buyer Agora weapon­s­guy Aus­tralia ACT gun TRUE 2015-03-01 2015-05-13
M 25 buyer Agora weapon­s­guy Aus­tralia ACT gun TRUE 2015-03-01 2015-05-13
Buddy Lipczyn­ski M 26 buyer Agora weapon­s­guy Aus­tralia gun, meth TRUE 2015-02-27 2015-05-13
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy Ire­land Cork gun TRUE 2015-05-13 2 pistols/revolvers, magazines/ammo; may also be the sec­ond sale of 2 Glocks
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy UK Pin­ner gun TRUE 2015-05-13 “.22-­cal­iber IWI Uzi with scratched off ser­ial num­ber, mag­a­zine, and ammo”
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy Scot­land Edin­burgh gun TRUE 2015-05-13 “.45-­cal­iber Hi Point, mag­a­zine, and ammo”
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy Ire­land Mal­low gun TRUE 2015-05-13 “Two Glock pis­tols with scratched off ser­ial num­bers, mag­a­zi­nes, and ammo”
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy gun TRUE 2015-05-13
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy gun TRUE 2015-05-13
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy gun TRUE 2015-05-13
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy gun TRUE 2015-05-13
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy gun TRUE 2015-05-13
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy gun TRUE 2015-05-13
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy gun TRUE 2015-05-13
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy gun TRUE 2015-05-13
Dylan C. Soeff­ing M 21 buyer Agora Moody­May­hem, Ben­zoman USA NY mar­i­jua­na, Xanax FALSE 2015-05-14 2015-05-22
Basil Assaf M 23 seller UK Man­ches­ter TRUE 2015-04-14 These are the 5 Man­ches­ter men whose charges were announced on Twit­ter, but no details on them beyond names and “sup­ply­ing drugs glob­ally via Dark Web forums”. Bom­bay House, Whit­worth St, Man­ches­ter
Jamie Roden M 23 seller UK East Lon­don TRUE 2015-04-14
Elliot Hyams M 23 seller UK Amer­sham TRUE 2015-04-14
Jaik­ishen Patel M 23 seller UK Ilford TRUE 2015-04-14
Joshua Mor­gan M 26 seller UK Man­ches­ter TRUE 2015-04-14
seller Swe­den 2015-06-10 Imputed seller arrest; 4 known seller groups arrest­ed, yet Swedish police state­ment 2015-05-22 that “8 of them has already been charged.”
seller Swe­den 2015-06-10
seller Swe­den 2015-06-10
seller Swe­den 2015-06-10
Beau Wat­tigney M 30 Pur­pleLo­tus seller SR1 USA Louisiana coun­ter­feit coupons FALSE 2015-05-28 2015-05-28
M 29 seller SR1 Nor­way mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-06-09 2015-06-09 Media men­tions that Thor is 29yo; rest are 29-31; I infer that to be a range, there must be a 30yo as well.
M 29 seller SR1 Nor­way mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-06-09 2015-06-09
M 30 seller SR1 Nor­way mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-06-09 2015-06-09
M 31 seller SR1 Nor­way mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-06-09 2015-06-09
Dar­ren Hillyer M 38 Emma buyer UK Mil­ton Keynes gun 2015-07-28 2015-09-10
Ian MacPhee M 47 buyer UK Devon gun 2015-07-28 2015-09-10 drop for Hillyer
J Manikan­tan M 24 buyer Agora India Ben­galuru MDMA, LSD, mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-08-06 2015-08-09
Debyendu Roy M 26 buyer Agora India Ben­galuru MDMA, LSD, mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-08-06 2015-08-09
Jag Saipravesh M 23 buyer Agora India Ben­galuru MDMA, LSD, mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-08-06 2015-08-09
Ben­jamin Koops M 21 buyer UK Lenton mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-10-03
Jef­frey Paul Lloyd M 37 buyer Agora UK Gor­seinon gun TRUE 2015-03-26 2015-11-05 May be a weapon­s­guy case.
M 17 buyer Aus­tralia ACT mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, cocaine, LSD TRUE 2015-05-31 2015-11-10 “A police raid on his home in May”
B.V. M 47 seller Bel­gium Genk MDMA, meth, amphet­a­mine TRUE 2015-02-28 2015-11-20 The two were arrested some­time in Feb­ru­ary 2015, appar­ent­ly.
seller Bel­gium Maa­seik MDMA, meth, amphet­a­mine TRUE 2015-02-28 2015-11-20
23 buyer NZ Dunedin cocaine, MDMA, LSD, pre­scrip­tion TRUE 2015-11-16 2015-11-18
23 buyer NZ Dunedin cocaine, MDMA, LSD, pre­scrip­tion TRUE 2015-11-16 2015-11-18
Daniel A. Atkin­son M 30 IA seller SR1 Aus­tralia Ade­laide MDMA TRUE 2015-09-05 Ten­ta­tively iden­ti­fied as “Mean­while in Aus­tralia”/MIA
Richard Sin­clair M 32 Jer­s­ey­Cow seller Agora Ire­land Belfast MDMA, mar­i­jua­na, diazepam, LSD TRUE 2015-08-26 2015-09-08
Kyle Hall M 25 thehater90/No1Benzos seller Agora Ire­land Belfast MDMA, mar­i­jua­na, diazepam, LSD TRUE 2015-08-26 2015-09-08
Mont­gomery RK Byrne M 31 buyer UK Bury gun FALSE 2015-08-31 2016-01-15 Arrested some­time in August 2015.
M 30 buyer SR1 Ger­many Fürth mar­i­jua­na, amphet­a­mine, MDMA, cocaine 2015-01-31 2016-01-11 Arrest date unknown beyond “early 2015”.
M 32 buyer SR1 Ger­many Fürth mar­i­jua­na, amphet­a­mine, MDMA, cocaine 2015-01-31 2016-01-11
Mayank Kumar Sahu M 22 buyer Nucleus India Hyder­abad LSD TRUE 2015-12-16 2015-12-22 Cov­er­age does not indi­cate whether LSD was import­ed, but I’ve never seen any notes of indige­nous Indian man­u­fac­ture or retail of LSD, so I think it’s safe to clas­sify as import­ed.
Piyush Kumar Sahu M 20 buyer Nucleus India Hyder­abad LSD TRUE 2015-12-16 2015-12-22
Jor­dan R-C. M 22 Luigi buyer UK Chel­tenham cocaine TRUE 2014-09-01 2016-01-25
Roger Thomas Clark M 54 Vari­ety Jones/cimon staff SR1 Thai­land Koh Chang Island mar­i­jua­na, source code, laun­der­ing TRUE 2015-12-03 2015-12-03
Michael Wat­tier M Smed­ley staff SR1 Thai­land Pat­taya source code 2015-12-03
Fred J. Con­forto M 41 USA NY fen­tanyl, Xanax, cocaine, oxy­codone 2016-01-15 2016-02-03
Alec Walker M 29 USA NY fen­tanyl, Xanax, cocaine, oxy­codone 2015-03-12 2016-02-03
Andrew Eklund M 27 USA NY fen­tanyl, Xanax, cocaine, oxy­codone 2015-03-19 2016-02-03
Zachary Reylek M 26 USA NY fen­tanyl, Xanax, cocaine, oxy­codone 2015-03-16 2016-02-03
Franz K. M 26 buyer Ger­many Wen­del­stein hash, mar­i­juana 2016-01-29 Arrest date unspec­i­fied but sen­tenced in Jan­u­ary 2016; so some­time in 2015?
M 19 Ger­many Forcheim mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, amphet­a­mine 2016-09-31 2016-01-30 “End of Sep­tem­ber”
M 19 Ger­many Forcheim mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, amphet­a­mine 2016-10-01 2016-01-30
M 22 Ger­many Forcheim mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, amphet­a­mine 2016-10-01 2016-01-30
M 22 Ger­many Forcheim mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, amphet­a­mine 2016-10-01 2016-01-30
M 19 Ger­many Forcheim
M 20 Ger­many Forcheim mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, amphet­a­mine 2015-03-31 2016-01-30 “spring 2015”
M 20 Ger­many Forcheim mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, amphet­a­mine 2016-01-30
M 24 Ger­many Bam­berg mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, amphet­a­mine 2016-01-30
M 22 Ger­many Her­zo­ge­nau­rach mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, amphet­a­mine 2016-01-30
Boden Gre­gory Bridge M 19 seller Agora USA WA MDMA, Xanax, mar­i­jua­na, psilo­cy­bin TRUE 2015-12-04 2015-12-22
Tris­tan S. Bren­nand M 20 seller Agora USA WA MDMA, Xanax, mar­i­jua­na, psilo­cy­bin TRUE 2015-12-04 2015-12-22
Steven Kennedy M 35 buyer Agora UK Perth mar­i­juana TRUE 2014-09-05 2016-02-09
Dwain Osborne M 26 buyer UK Lon­don gun, cocaine, fake IDs, uni­form 2015-10-31 2016-03-08 Under­cover LE bust.
Michael Munro Jr. M 37 buyer SR2 USA Louisiana Xanax, oxy­codone TRUE 2014-11-31 2016-03-14 “Accord­ing to the guilty plea, Munro was arrested in Novem­ber of 2014 and July of 2015 for buy­ing ille­gal nar­cotics online over­seas”
Luke Fair­less M 21 buyer SR2 UK Leeds MDMA, LSD, diazepam, DMT, mesca­line TRUE 2014-10-10 2016-03-21
Richard Petix M 30 seller USA New York Bit­coin FALSE 2015-12-03 2016-03-20
Zhe Wang M 20 buyer USA New York Bit­coin, Xanax, MDMA TRUE 2016-02-29 2016-03-20
Kevin Szura M 20 buyer USA New York Bit­coin, Xanax, MDMA TRUE 2016-02-29 2016-03-20
Aditya Rajiv M 28 seller Scot­land Aberdeen finan­cial data 2016-03-24
Chris­t­ian Olson M 22 buyer USA Arkansas mar­i­juana FALSE 2016-03-17 2016-03-19
Megan Schade­berg F 19 buyer UK Wales gun 2015-10-01 2016-03-28
M 31 ShanSa seller AlphaBay Aus­tria Vienna MDMA, amphet­a­mine, LSD, cocaine TRUE 2015-10-31 2016-04-14
Adam Yates M 26 buyer SR1 UK Derby MDMA, cocaine, ket­a­mine TRUE 2014-02-31 2016-04-18
M 21 buyer SR1 Aus­tralia 2016-04-19
Michael Mancini M 20 buyer USA Penn­syl­va­nia LSD FALSE 2016-05-03 2016-05-09
Fadhle Muq­bel Saeed M dark­ex­presso seller Evo­lu­tion USA Florida mar­i­jua­na, meth, hydrocodone 2016-05-11 2016-05-24
J. V.-G. Lemus M seller Evo­lu­tion USA Florida mar­i­jua­na, meth, hydrocodone 2016-05-11 2016-05-24
A. B.-V. M Pon­cho seller Evo­lu­tion USA Florida mar­i­jua­na, meth, hydrocodone 2016-05-11 2016-05-24
Tobias Wald M Nat­ural Weed seller SR1 Ger­many Neuhof mar­i­juana 2015-10-01
M buyer SR1 Ger­many mar­i­juana FALSE 2015-10-01 2015-10-01
David Trail M 26 oper­a­tor Top­ix2 Scot­land Edin­burgh diazepam, card­ing TRUE 2014-11-06 2016-06-02
Mark Dor­nan M 22 buyer UK Stir­ling mar­i­juana TRUE 2016-04-08 2016-06-22
Tom Calla­han M Jum­boMon­key­Bis­cuit seller SR1 USA Mary­land Bit­coin FALSE 2014-11-05 2016-07-01
Amanda Calla­han F Jum­boMon­key­Bis­cuit seller SR1 USA Mary­land Bit­coin FALSE 2014-11-05 2016-07-01
Ross Bren­nan M buyer UK Exeter diazepam, card­ing TRUE 2016-06-01 2016-07-01
Kelly Bren­nan F buyer UK Exeter diazepam, card­ing TRUE 2016-06-01 2016-07-01
Baljit Singh M 27 buyer India Pun­jab card­ing TRUE 2016-07-16 2016-07-25
Amrit­pal Singh M 27 buyer India Pun­jab card­ing TRUE 2016-07-16 2016-07-25
Aaron James Glende M 35 IcyEa­gle seller AlphaBay USA Min­nesota card­ing, Xanax, oxy­codone, diazepam FALSE 2016-03-11 2016-07-26
M seller Ger­many gun TRUE 2016-07-05 2016-07-06
M seller Ger­many gun TRUE 2016-07-05 2016-07-06
M seller Ger­many gun TRUE 2016-07-05 2016-07-06
David Ryan Bur­chard M 38 Cal­i­Con­nect seller AlphaBay USA Cal­i­for­nia mar­i­jua­na, cocaine FALSE 2016-01-21 2016-04-01
Moynul Haque M 21 buyer UK Smeth­wick gun, amphet­a­mine TRUE 2015-04-31 2016-07-02
M seller USA Michi­gan gun TRUE 2015-04-31 2016-07-02
Chris­sano S. Leslie M 26 owl­city seller AlphaBay USA Florida fen­tanyl, alpha-PVP, MDMA, cocaine, Xanax 2016-07-27 2016-08-02
Abdul­lah Almash­wali M 31 Area51/DarkApollo seller AlphaBay USA New York hero­in, cocaine 2016-08-02 2016-08-12
Chaudhry A. Farooq M 24 Area51/DarkApollo seller AlphaBay USA New York hero­in, cocaine 2016-08-02 2016-08-12
Zhe Wang M 20 buyer USA New York MDMA, Xanax TRUE 2015-10-29 2016-09-05
Kevin Szura M buyer USA New York MDMA, Xanax TRUE 2015-10-29 2016-09-05
Reiner B. M 41 seller Ger­many Berlin gun TRUE 2016-09-20
Cary Lee Ogborn M 50 boat­manstv buyer AlphaBay USA Texas bomb, MDMA FALSE 2016-09-16 2016-09-19
seller AlphaBay bomb 2016-09-19 Entry for the AlphaBay seller account which sold to Ogborn and likely was flipped.
Emil V. Babad­jov M 31 Blime-Sub/BTH-Overdose seller AlphaBay, Dream USA Cal­i­for­nia fen­tanyl, heroin TRUE 2016-12-09 2016-12-15 Also had a pro­file on Val­halla but it is unclear whether he was the one that cre­ated and con­trolled it (since it has a dif­fer­ent pub­lic PGP key and Val­halla is known to allow ven­dor impos­tors)
Michael C. Paiva M 30 buyer SR2 USA Michi­gan LSD, MDMA, DMT, DOM, mush­rooms 2016-12-31 2017-03-09 Unknown arrest date.
M 42 ErKran seller Ago­ra, Evo­lu­tion, Val­halla Swe­den ben­zo­di­azepines, mar­i­juana TRUE 2016-07-15 Allegedly also vended on Flugsvamp and Nucleus
M 25 ErKran seller Ago­ra, Evo­lu­tion, Val­halla Swe­den ben­zo­di­azepines, mar­i­juana TRUE 2016-07-15 Allegedly also vended on Flugsvamp and Nucleus
Stijn Vic­tor M 25 Evilu­tion seller Bel­gium amphet­a­mine TRUE 2016-10-25 Ven­dor also had three unnamed accom­plices
Ted Khle­borod M 28 Peter the Great seller AlphaBay, Dream USA South Car­olina U-47700 2017-04-06 2017-04-26
Ana Bar­rero F 24 Peter the Great seller AlphaBay, Dream USA South Car­olina U-47700 2017-04-06 2017-04-26 girl­friend of Ted Khle­borod, helped ship­ping




4 Aus­tralians were arrested for try­ing to buy guns from US LE-­con­trolled seller “weapon­s­guy” Feb­ru­ary - March 2015, searches also turn­ing up “Four ille­gal firearms, ammu­ni­tion, two clan­des­tine lab­o­ra­to­ries, pre­cur­sor chem­i­cals, metham­phet­a­mi­nes, pseu­doephedrine, steroids”. One of these was 26yo Auck­land man Buddy Lipczyn­ski was arrested ~2015-02-27 as part of the US “weapon­s­guy” sting; while out on bail, around Jan­u­ary 2016 he was re-ar­rested for pos­ses­sion of “methy­lam­phet­a­mine” (pre­sum­ably metham­phet­a­mine).


A long­time steroids ven­dor “Dia­mond­dweller” (ac­tive on SR1, SR2, Evo­lu­tion, and finally Ago­ra) sold a vari­ety of sub­stances sourced from the “Dia­mond Pharma” under­ground lab (ship­ping from some­where in the east­ern EU), but went silent (in­clud­ing his Red­dit account) around March 2015. A Red­di­tor who has dealt with them claims it was a team of 2 men, that the Dia­mond Pharma web­site is like­wise silent, and they some­times wrote in Dan­ish. On 2015-03-12, Dan­ish police announced a his­toric arrest of 2 men in Copen­hagen with searches turn­ing up any­where up to 1000kg of sub­stances, the end-re­sult of an inves­ti­ga­tion sparked by cus­toms inter­cepts of pack­ages ship­ping out inter­na­tion­ally in Sep­tem­ber 2014 to meet “an exten­sive ille­gal trade of ana­bolic steroids on the Inter­net” sold on “both open and closed forums”. Given the tim­ing and niche prod­uct and other sim­i­lar­i­ties, I agree with the Red­di­tor that this Den­mark bust was highly likely Dia­mond­dweller.


An unknown num­ber (<10) of Euro­pean buy­ers were arrested for buy­ing guns from the US LE-­con­trolled seller “weapon­s­guy”, some­time between Sep­tem­ber 2014 & May 2015.


On 2015-01-29, Ger­man police searched sev­eral loca­tions & arrested 5 Ger­mans for gun sales (espe­cially for machine gun sales); a media arti­cle focus­ing on one of them men­tions his appear­ance in a Vice doc­u­men­tary about Inter­net sales of guns over pre­sum­ably the DNMs. (It’s unclear if or how the other 4 are involved.) The next day the Agora gun (and auto/semi-auto gun) seller Dosen­suppe went on vaca­tion, lead­ing to ques­tions on the Agora forums about whether he, Max­Muster­mann or PROJEKTIL was the arrested man. Dosen­suppe replied on 2015-03-11 that he had not been arrested but was going on vaca­tion for his per­sonal safe­ty; he did not respond to requests for a PGP sig­na­ture or posted or sold since. Given the Vice con­nec­tion and the rash of German/Dutch arrests 2014-2015, it seems highly likely that this was either Agora or Evo­lu­tion asso­ci­at­ed, and of the few gun sell­ers, Dosen­suppe fits the best. Con­fir­ma­tion of 32yo man Chris­t­ian L’s arrest in Octo­ber 2015 came lat­er, for sell­ing ~65 weapons, and was sen­tenced to 5.5 years jail; his arrest stemmed from a Novem­ber 2014 Cus­toms inter­cept of a gun order at an air­port and, pre­sum­ably, back­trac­ing.


On 2015-08-06, 3 Indian men (J Manikan­tan, Debyendu Roy, Jag Saipravesh) were arrested after a police infor­mant bought from them drugs (“Ecsta­sy, LSD, cha­ras and ganja”) which they had pur­chased on Agora and were sell­ing to “stu­dents of reputed engi­neer­ing col­leges in the city”.


On 2015-08-26, two Irish men, Richard Sin­clair & Kyle Hall, were raid­ed, turn­ing up MDMA/marijuana/diazepam/LSD and cus­tomer records of >£204,000 in sales, and other items. Sin­clair turned out to be the for­mer SR2/TMG/Agora seller “Jer­s­ey­Cow”, who had offi­cially retired some time pre­vi­ously but had appar­ently resumed direc­t-deal­ing of MDMA with a few old cus­tomers in Eng­land with stealthed jig­saw puz­zles; Hall was in a qua­si­-­part­ner­ship with Sin­clair as the seller “No1Ben­zos”. (Me­dia: 1, 2, 3.)


The Dutch SR1/SR2/Agora LSD/MDMA/ketamine seller “Hol­lan­dOn­line” was arrested 2014-12-26 (trans­la­tion) a police­man (pos­si­bly part of the ongo­ing inves­ti­ga­tion of Hol­lan­dOn­line by Dutch police) observed a drug trans­fer between two men, one of was Hol­lan­dOn­line from Ijmuiden. Then lat­er, on 2015-03-09, the other man (likely Hol­lan­dOn­line’s sup­pli­er) and a busi­ness part­ner of his (the Ams­ter­dam & Utrecht men) were also arrest­ed.


Two men, aged 42 and 25, were behind the ven­dor alias ErKran. They vended on Ago­ra, Evo­lu­tion, Val­halla and allegedly on Flugsvamp and Nucleus too. Accord­ing to an arti­cle (eng­lish trans­la­tion), Swedish Cus­toms dis­cov­ered pack­ages head­ing into the coun­try that con­tained sig­nif­i­cant quan­ti­ties of drugs. The ini­tial pack­age was seized and they pro­ceeded to notify the police, who then started to dis­cover that many pack­ages were going to mul­ti­ple addresses through­out Gothen­burg. Each pack­age was addressed to a non-ex­is­tent com­pany in indus­trial areas where ErKran was able to eas­ily pick them up. After police dis­cov­ered which address was used most fre­quent­ly, a sting oper­a­tion was set in motion. When the 42-year-old man showed up to empty the mail­box, he got arrest­ed. Police claim he was car­ry­ing 160,000 Sek ($18,652 USD), a hand­gun and a small quan­tity of drugs. A 25-year-old male was then picked up and taken in to ques­tion­ing where it was dis­cov­ered that their oper­a­tion had been run­ning from a ware­house out­side Gothen­burg. Inside the ware­house police found and seized com­put­ers, drugs, pack­ag­ing mate­ri­als and an auto­matic weapon. With the seized com­put­ers as evi­dence, inves­ti­ga­tors learned about their online ven­dor alias ErKran. The 42-year-old is also impli­cated in another case in Swe­den where school-kids on a for­est excur­sion stum­bled upon a cache of drugs. The teacher noti­fied the police who, at the time, were appar­ently unable to link any­one to the crime. Appar­ently the 42-year-old is a sus­pect in that mat­ter now.


On 2014-12-11, the Amer­i­can Ryan Andrew Gustafson was arrested in Uganda for coun­ter­feit­ing money (press release; com­plaint; docket; Agora forums); he was the seller “Willy.­Clock” who had sold on Evo­lu­tion until banned and then Agora & his own site. He had been uncov­ered after an Amer­i­can user of his coun­ter­feit cur­rency was detect­ed, the pack­ages sent by Willy.­Clock pro­filed, his fin­ger­prints found, the reship­per located in Ugan­da, and then an under­cover deal set up; he was deported from Uganda to the USA on 2015-12-03 to face trial in the USA as well. In addi­tion to Gustafson, Zackary L. Ruiz (“Mr. Mouse”), Jeremy J. Miller (“Sin­ner”) and Michael Q. Lin (“Mlin”/“Mr. Casino”) were also arrested in the USA.


35yo Perth man Steven Kennedy was arrested around 2014-09-05 when an order of mar­i­juana from Canada was inter­cepted by Cus­toms; after an appar­ent knock­-and-talk, he admit­ted every­thing and pled guilty.


An unknown num­ber of UK buy­ers (<10) were arrested for buy­ing guns from the US LE-­con­trolled seller “weapon­s­guy”, some­time between Sep­tem­ber 2014 & May 2015.

Jef­frey Paul Lloyd was arrested on 2015-03-26 after a search turned up a cache of weapons (knives, an axe, cross­bow, pep­per spray, a pipe gun, and 9mm & shot­gun ammo), most or all of which had been pur­chased on Ago­ra, and was sen­tenced to 6 years. The tipoff was said to be that “The court heard the Met­ro­pol­i­tan Police was mon­i­tor­ing the web­sites” and “The dif­fer­ent details were pro­vided to the Met Police by a seller in Ger­many as a cus­tomer had pur­chased pro­hib­ited ammu­ni­tion and firearms”; it’s unclear if this means that another weapon­s-seller on Agora was a UC, or if a seller had been arrested and kept cus­tomer details and who that seller might be (cur­rently no weapon­s-as­so­ci­ated seller arrests in Ger­many are known for March 2015).


In mid-2014, the Agora guns & weapon seller “weapon­s­guy” began receiv­ing com­plaints of pack­ages not arriv­ing & being a scam­mer; in Novem­ber 2014, he returned from a vaca­tion, got the com­plain­ing buyer to vouch for him, and resumed sell­ing guns & related equip­ment. I have iden­ti­fied “weapon­s­guy” as the ATF-controlled account which did under­cover sales to Justin Mor­eira in March-April 2015, in which case it seems likely to me that weapon­s­guy fol­lowed the same life­cy­cle as Dark­_­Mart and other FBI-controlled accounts on Evo­lu­tion and was busted some­time around or after the com­plaints began, coop­er­ated and his account began to be oper­ated by LE (ATF in this case). An Aus­tralian press release writes “In Sep­tem­ber 2014, the HSI inves­ti­ga­tion led to the iden­ti­fi­ca­tion of a 33-year-old man in Mon­tana for the oper­a­tion of the online alias accoun­t…In Sep­tem­ber 2014, HSI agents com­menced a covert oper­a­tion using the online alias account.” (HSI, NCA, and the Aus­tralians have declined to com­ment on my iden­ti­fi­ca­tion of the seller as weapon­s­guy.)

In June 2016, the guilty plea of 35yo Kansan Michael Andrew Ryan (“Brad Jones”/“Gun­run­ner”) was made pub­lic (case #5:15-cr-40050-DDC-1; press release; indict­ment; parole charge; plea agree­ment; docket), his fed­eral case unsealed on PACER, and sen­tenc­ing sched­uled for Sep­tem­ber 2016; he pled to charges from June 2015 of using 2 straw buy­ers, his ex-­girl­friend Alli­son Mitchell and a Marlo Mar­t­in, to buy guns, and ship­ping a num­ber of guns inter­na­tion­ally to cus­tomers in Ire­land, Scot­land, & Aus­tralia, as well as pos­ses­sion of a firearm while on out release, and was sen­tenced to 52 months in Jan­u­ary 2017. Given his age, Mid­west loca­tion, busi­ness, coun­tries he sold to, and charges dat­ing to after weapon­s­guy was likely bust­ed, I iden­tify Ryan as weapon­s­guy, although some aspects do not match up (for exam­ple, Ryan’s ini­tial pleas and request for jury tri­al, despite the pres­ence of some sealed files on PACER, is hard to rec­on­cile with him coop­er­at­ing and turn­ing over his Agora account to be used to entrap buy­er­s). The press release & indict­ment are unspe­cific about which DNM he used, or how he was caught, and the plea agree­ment spec­i­fies use of BMR with­out any men­tion of Agora/weaponsguy, so I could be wrong.

In Jan­u­ary 2015, Austin Frem­bling was arrested in Fres­no, Cal­i­for­nia, for buy­ing $3k of MDMA off Agora from a Cana­dian seller (press release; com­plaint; docket; pre­vi­ous record). His pack­age was inter­cepted by Cus­toms (pos­si­bly due to inad­e­quate stealth), then a con­trolled deliv­ery was done to his PO box.

On 2015-01-30, 48yo Alaba­man Michael Albert Focia (com­plaint; media; press release) was arrested for sales of firearms on Black­Mar­ket Reloaded (as “iWorks”) and Agora (as “RTBArms”); an under­cover pur­chase by the ATF in August 2013 yielded a hand­gun which they traced back to the orig­i­nal own­er, who remem­bered the license plates & phone num­ber and other details of the man who he’d sold the hand­gun to, as well as a UPS clerk, and by Novem­ber 2013 had yielded Foci­a’s name/address/etc. A sub­se­quent under­cover pur­chase from Focia on Agora yielded fin­ger­prints on the pack­ag­ing which matched fin­ger­prints already known for Focia. A pro se defense failed and he was con­victed of most charges 2015-06-19, and was sen­tenced to 4.25 years in Novem­ber 2015. (In­ter­est­ing­ly, Focia may have almost escaped: BMR shut down shortly after the first agent de-anonymized Focia, which stymied sev­eral other BMR inves­ti­ga­tions, and the sec­ond agent seems to not real­ized that the Agora seller he was inves­ti­gat­ing was the same as the ear­lier BMR seller until the fin­ger­prints came back as a known match. Chang­ing pseu­do­nyms may inter­fere with inves­ti­ga­tions, but is no panacea.)

Case unsealed as to Michael Albert Focia pur­suant to U. S. Mar­shal notice of arrest (jct, ) [2:15-mj-00021-SRW] (En­tered: 01/30/2015) Arrest of Michael Albert Focia (jct, ) [2:15-mj-00021-SRW] (En­tered: 01/30/2015)

On 2015-04-02, the Mass­a­chu­setts man Justin Mor­eira (“jd497”) was arrested for order­ing a hand­gun & silencer from an ATF-controlled seller on a DNM (press release; com­plaint). The com­plaint does not spec­ify the mar­ket or sell­er, but some care­ful search­ing reveals that the mar­ket was Agora and the seller was highly likely to be “weapon­s­guy”, who seemed to have been arrested and flipped pos­si­bly in Novem­ber 2014, run­ning a gun sting after­wards with sev­eral sales on Agora (but that feed­back could have been padded). The Aus­tralian press release implies that there may have been up to 9 other arrests in the USA, and nar­rows the date down to Sep­tem­ber 2014.

On 2015-05-14, SUNY Oswego col­lege stu­dent Dylan C. Soeff­ing was raided and arrested for reselling mar­i­juana & Xanax locally he had bought off Agora from “Moody­May­hem” & “Ben­zoman”. A May 2016 FinCEN award to the inves­ti­ga­tors con­firms that Soeff­ing was dis­cov­ered by review of ‘sus­pi­cious activ­ity reports’ filed by the banks & finan­cial insti­tu­tions he used to deposit cash into & pur­chase Bit­coins: “Spe­cific bank­ing trans­ac­tions con­ducted by the sub­ject were traced to the pur­chases of vir­tual cur­rency and then to the Dark Web mar­ket.”

As part of the Willy.­Clock inves­ti­ga­tion lead­ing up to his arrest in Ugan­da, at least 3 Amer­i­cans were indicted on 2015-04-01: Zackary L. Ruiz (“Mr. Mouse”) of Nevada, Jeremy J. Miller (“Sin­ner”) of Wash­ing­ton, and Michael Q. Lin (“Mlin”/“Mr. Casino”) of Penn­syl­va­nia. They seem to have worked with Willy.­Clock or been part of his non-DNM pri­vate forums and so are not DNM arrests.

19/20yo Wash­ing­ton men Boden Gre­gory Bridge & Tris­tan Simp­son Bren­nand were arrested in Decem­ber 2015 (PACER: 2:15-cr-00384; docket); an infor­mant reported about Bren­nand sell­ing on Agora & Evo­lu­tion after import­ing from Ger­many & India, lead­ing to inter­cepts of some of the DNM sales and even­tu­ally the arrests.



Some­time in Octo­ber 2015, the 31yo male Vien­nese AlphaBay seller “ShanSa” was arrested in Aus­tria; the search turned up records of 182 inter­na­tional & 73 Aus­trian sales, amphetamine/MDMA/cocaine/LSD/RCs/tablet machine.


38yo Cal­i­forn­ian man David Ryan Bur­chard (“Cal­i­Con­nect”/“the_re­al_­cal­i­con­nect”/“cal­i­con­nec­t4life”), a major mar­i­juana & cocaine on SR1 (DoJ claims >$1.4m in sales based on the SR1 server image1) and then Ago­ra, Nucle­us, Abrax­as, and AlphaBay, was raided 2016-01-21 and arrested 2016-03-28 (press release; com­plaint), fol­low­ing an inves­ti­ga­tion start­ing March 2015 into the large num­ber of bit­coins he had been sell­ing to an “unli­censed dig­i­tal cur­rency exchanger” (pos­si­bly another SR1 user named “fish­ing01”) which, after track­ing devices mon­i­tored him drop­ping off pack­ages & unen­crypted PMs con­tained track­ing num­bers from the SR1 server image was fur­ther linked to his area, was com­bined with an ear­lier postal inves­ti­ga­tion into an unde­liv­er­able pack­age which was opened & con­tained mar­i­juana and Bur­chard’s pack­ages were inter­cept­ed; the unen­crypted SR1 PMs fur­ther indi­cated that Cal­i­Con­nect was using Mon­ey­Pak and gave the trans­ac­tion IDs of sev­er­al, one of which Mon­ey­Pak & Account­Now sub­poe­nas revealed was paid to David Bur­chard, and had sent his per­sonal infor­ma­tion unen­crypted to a SR1 seller of fake IDs and a benzo sell­er. This was fol­lowed up by a under­cover pur­chase on AlphaBay (Bur­chard’s pri­mary mar­ket in 2016) & sur­veil­lance of Bur­chard mail­ing it. After the raid, sev­eral of Bur­chard’s com­puter records were decrypted by try­ing a pass­word he reused on a sub­poe­naed web­site, reveal­ing at least 49 buyer records.2

35yo Min­nesotan man Aaron James Glende (“IcyEa­gle”) was raided 2016-03-11 based on USPS infor­ma­tion, turn­ing up Xanax & cash & “other pre­scrip­tions” (charged with Xanax, oxy­codone, amphet­a­mine, diazepam, and mar­i­jua­na); the local Min­nesota case was appar­ently pro­moted to the fed­eral level as the fully sealed case 1:16-mj-366. In July 2016, charges in another (ap­par­ently unre­lat­ed?) case were filed in Geor­gia based on an under­cover agent pur­chase of bank account infor­ma­tion from IcyEa­gle (case gandce 1:2016-cr-00239; press release; indict­ment) but he had already been arrest­ed. Nei­ther the press release nor indict­ment spec­i­fies how an under­cover pur­chase of dig­i­tal infor­ma­tion could pos­si­bly lead to his deanonymiza­tion or arrest, and the major­ity of doc­u­ments in that case as well as the com­plaint have been sealed. (I won­der what the con­nec­tion between the cases is, why Glende was still sell­ing even after his raid, and what all the seal­ing is about in his case?)

26yo South Florida man Chris­sano S. Leslie (“Owl­city”), who sold fen­tanyl, alpha-PVP, MDMA, cocaine & Xanax, was raided & arrested 2016-07-27 (com­plaint). The DEA had made a num­ber of under­cover buys which were mailed from south Flori­da, and de-anonymized Owl­city when he checked the track­ing num­ber of one of the under­cover orders, reveal­ing his IP to the USPS: “On Feb­ru­ary 26, 2016, DEA agents received infor­ma­tion from the U.S. Postal Ser­vice (USPS) that the track­ing sta­tus of the Pri­or­ity Mail pack­age that OWLCITY sent to com­plete the Octo­ber 23, 2015 heroin order was queried online on the U.S. Postal Ser­vice web­site from an IP address assigned by AT&T to an account asso­ci­ated with the Leslie Res­i­dence.” After that, they began in-per­son sur­veil­lance of Leslie, watch­ing him drive to the post office with addi­tional orders & inter­cepted the pack­ages, ISP mon­i­tor­ing of Tor activ­i­ty, cor­re­la­tion of Owl­city inac­tiv­ity with com­puter repair, and finally a raid 2016-07-27.

On 2016-08-02, Pak­istani & Yemeni men Abdul­lah Almash­wali (31) and Chaudhry Ahmed Farooq (24) were arrested in NY for sell­ing cocaine & heroin on Alphabay (although they’d also sold on Dream, Oasis, Nucleus & Ago­ra) as the sell­ers “Area51”/“Dark­Apollo” (com­plaint, press release, media) An inves­ti­ga­tion start­ing March 2016 began with their PGP keys whose meta­data used a nick­name that led to Twit­ter, Insta­gram, and Face­book accounts; sub­poe­nas turned up Farooq’s real name although he was already under inves­ti­ga­tion by the DEA (de­tailed are sealed/redacted due to use of a “con­fi­den­tial source”). Some under­cover pur­chases on AB found they reused a Brook­lyn return address, LE lifted fin­ger­prints from the pack­age, and the pack­ages’ postage had been paid for from postage kiosks which take credit cards & pho­tographs of buy­ers (see also “MDpro”) and the mail cover data­base turned up fur­ther pack­ages linked to them (likely search­ing for other pack­ages using the same return address & check­ing postage pur­chase records again).

50yo Texan man Cary Lee Ogborn was arrested on 2016-09-16 in a con­trolled deliv­ery after try­ing to buy explo­sives off an under­cover FBI seller on Alphabay (press release; com­plaint; media: 1, 2); wors­en­ing his trou­bles, he com­mu­ni­cated with the under­cover agent using a clear­net email account linked to his name & IP.

Emil Vladimirov Babad­jov (31) was arrested on 2016-12-09 for sell­ing fen­tanyl and heroin on Alphabay and Dream (com­plaint, press release). He also had a pro­file on Val­halla but it is unclear whether he was the one that cre­ated and con­trolled it, since it has listed a dif­fer­ent pub­lic PGP key and Val­halla is known to allow ven­dor impos­tors. The main inves­ti­ga­tion started in Sep­tem­ber 2016 when his PGP key’s meta­data led the agents to his Face­book and Coin­base account. A sub­poena to Coin­base then revealed his real name and the agents started mak­ing orders from the Blime-­Sub ven­dor account on Alphabay. Due to the Postage Val­i­da­tion Imprinter (PVI) a US postal inspec­tor was able to see that the postage for one par­cel was bought on 2016-09-18 via a Self­-Ser­vice Kiosk (SSK) near Babad­jov’s known address. The man on the photo that was taken by the SSK sys­tem dur­ing the trans­ac­tion was iden­ti­fied as Emil Babad­jov accord­ing to the dri­vers license and social media pho­tos of Babad­jov. On 2016-11-16, the agents received another response from the DEA west­ern regional lab that stated that two fin­ger­prints belong­ing to Babad­jov were found on the exte­rior of a par­cel that they ordered in an UC pur­chase. More details to the bust here.

Ted Khle­borod (28) and Ana Bar­rero (24) were arrested on April 26, 2017 for sell­ing U-47700. Law enforce­ment started inves­ti­gat­ing Peter the Great when a cus­tomer of him over­dosed. They found out that the over­dosed cus­tomer (Aisha Zugh­bieh-­Collins) bought from him due to bad OpSec on her side. After they did a test-pur­chase from the ven­dor, they got an email address used for pur­chas­ing the ship­ping label for the sent pack­age. A sub­poena to that email provider turned up the ven­dor’s real name (Ted Khle­borod). He and his girl­friend (Ana Bar­rero) were put under sur­veil­lance for three days and she was seen drop­ping off dozens of parcels with labels match­ing those of the law enforce­ment test-pur­chase. Then they got arrest­ed. Arti­cle

Black Market Reloaded


See the Utopia sec­tion.


On ~2014-01-08, the Israeli man Amit Sand was arrested for buy­ing a gun off a DNM seller for ~$1550 in bit­coins; the first pack­age of parts (mailed 2013-12-18) was dis­cov­ered by Cus­toms and allowed to go through, and he was arrested after pick­ing up the final sec­ond pack­age. I assign this buy to BMR, since while BMR had closed a week or two before the first pack­age was mailed, the deal could have been agreed upon ear­lier, and no other major mar­ket allowed guns at the time; this may be like the Korff case, where the pur­chase (ricin, in his case) began on BMR but con­tin­ued off-­mar­ket after BMR closed.


In August 2013, the ATF did an under­cover gun pur­chase from the BMR seller “iWorks” and by Novem­ber 2013 had iden­ti­fied iWorks as Michael Albert Focia; pos­si­bly due to the BMR shut down, he was not arrested until Jan­u­ary 2015 after a sec­ond under­cover pur­chase on Agora from Foci­a’s new pseu­do­nym, “RTBArms”. See the Agora sec­tion for details of his case.

Around 2013-09-10, Adam Bunger was arrested in Ken­tucky for mul­ti­ple inter­na­tional gun sales on BMR as likely the seller “Grass4­Cash” (com­plaint; #1:13-cr-00037-JHM-HBB-1); he even­tu­ally pled guilty and was sen­tenced to 2 years. His case began 2013-06-28 when Aus­tralian Cus­toms inter­cepted a gun ship­ment; the recip­i­ent was arrested & he coop­er­at­ed, and the pack­ages back­tracked a post office in Ken­tucky, and the postal clerk iden­ti­fied Bunger.

On 2013-11-06, the BMR gun dealer Matthew Crisafi (“Gun Wise”) was arrested (com­plaint; press release), ulti­mately plead­ing guilty; a series of under­cover buys appears to have iden­ti­fied him by inter­view­ing local post office employ­ees, fol­lowed up by addi­tional con­fir­ma­tion from a gun pur­chase where Crisafi accepted West­ern Union pay­ment (he did­n’t receive the WU him­self, a ‘co-­con­spir­a­tor’ did, but they then turned it into postal money orders for Matthew Crisafi).

The clo­sure of BMR in Decem­ber 2013 did not end inves­ti­ga­tions into users, and the FBI was able to make 4 inter-­con­nected busts related to BMR’s poi­son sell­ers. The first bust was Jesse William Korff (com­plaint), BMR seller “Snow­man840”, who was arrested 2014-01-18; an FBI under­cover agent had ordered ricin from him, begin­ning on BMR and then off-­mar­ket after it closed, and they arranged a dead drop in Florida - except the loca­tion was spec­i­fied in advance, so they were able to sur­veil Korff drop­ping the ricin off per­son­al­ly. Korff and his lap­top yielded infor­ma­tion about a sale of puri­fied nico­tine oil to to Ryan Kelly Cham­ber­lain and to Kun­tal Patel.

Kun­tal Patel was a UK woman who had bought abrin from Korff to kill her mother (the attempt appar­ently failed because abrin is much less deadly ingested than inhaled); infor­ma­tion from Korff led to her being arrested 2014-01-26, and she ulti­mately received 3 years

The next bust was in NYC: the Swedish man Jonathan Nor­ling turned him­self in at a police sta­tion with cyanide & abrin; the police chose to arrest him & charge him. Nor­ling coop­er­at­ed, and the mail records of his order led them to his BMR sell­er, James Christo­pher Mal­colm, who, dur­ing the same post office visit he had mailed Nor­ling’s order, had also mailed off an order to Ryan Kelly Cham­ber­lain.

James Christo­pher Mal­colm (press release; com­plaint) was arrested 2014-05-04 in Cal­i­for­nia, based prin­ci­pally on the work of a local infor­mant (co­op­er­at­ing to get leniency on pre-ex­ist­ing charges that seem unre­lated to BMR), and the BMR con­nec­tion came up later.

Final­ly, Ryan Kelly Cham­ber­lain was arrested 2014-06-02 (com­plaint) in San Fran­cis­co, Cal­i­for­nia, for pos­ses­sion of bomb/IED parts (de­spite buy­ing from Mal­colm & Korff, he appar­ently did­n’t have any poi­sons on hand). His com­plaint details the web of inter­ac­tions con­nect­ing him to Nor­ling, Mal­colm, & Korff. (Ko­rff → Cham­ber­lain ← Mal­colm ← Nor­ling.)

There may be addi­tional unknown gun-re­lated BMR USA cas­es, given the roughly June-Au­gust 2013 com­ments of DEA agent Carl Force to DPR1 (em­pha­sis added):

BMR is on the radar and that is ATF’s baby. Pol­i­tics plays a sig­nif­i­cant role in pri­or­i­ti­za­tion of which agency gets to own which inves­ti­ga­tions. The cli­mate is aggres­sive when it comes to weapons traf­fick­ing and with the gun con­trol hot potato has guar­an­teed vir­tu­ally a carte blanche to ATF. And they have deep pock­ets as well. Because tor based weapons traf­fick­ers are almost always run­ning guns IRL, there is syn­ergy between fed­eral and state. Fed­eral approves stag­ger­ing sums of money for sur­veil­lance,un­der­cover and CI’s. I don’t want to say BMR is “infil­trated”, but there are a lot of com­pro­mised accounts and there have been a few quiet busts. Nearly every bust has resulted in coop­er­a­tion. I am not sure what the long play is, but as long as this cur­rent admin­is­tra­tion is in power the gun­run­ners will always be hard tar­gets. They are intim­i­dated with the threat of tan­gi­ble charges (in­ter­state traf­fick­ing, con­spir­a­cy, orga­nized crime, dis­tri­b­u­tion) and they ALL coop­er­ate. The gen­eral con­sen­sus is that weapons deal­ers are not sophis­ti­cated and have a lot of IRL vis­i­bil­i­ty, so they are ALWAYS on the radar.

By August 2013, the Grass4­Cash Aus­tralia buyer had been busted and the Grass4­Cash inves­ti­ga­tion was largely mature, but then the next BMR gun arrest was Gun Wise in Novem­ber 2013; given Force’s word­ing, it sounds like there should be at least 2 unknown busts and many more “com­pro­mised accounts” (buy­er­s?), indi­cat­ing that at least half the cases are miss­ing.



On 2015-02-26, the 20-yo Ger­man man, the seller “Shiny Flakes” on Evo­lu­tion & his clear­net site, was arrested together with his Bul­gar­ian courier/supplier (inter­view; media: 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; con­fes­sion). This was the cul­mi­na­tion of a long Ger­man police inves­ti­ga­tion into him, which was sparked by an unde­liv­ered pack­age which was opened for insuf­fi­cient postage bounc­ing to the fake return address­es, which lead to pro­fil­ing of his pack­ages, trac­ing them back through the postal sys­tem, sur­veil­lance of pack­age sta­tions and him mail­ing them, and finally under­cover buys & seizures of addi­tional pack­ages. Shiny Flakes had not purged his cus­tomers’ data, and in con­junc­tion with the pro­fil­ing & inter­cept­ing of sent pack­ages, this led to a reported total of “38 loca­tions were searched and five other indi­vid­u­als were arrested” on 2015-03-10 (“38 homes of peo­ple that were on the alleged deal­er’s cus­tomer list”). He was ulti­mately sen­tenced to 7 years as a juve­nile.


On 2015-03-27, Swedish police announced that they had detained 7 or 8 sus­pects who were sell­ing drugs (prin­ci­pal­ly: mar­i­jua­na, LSD, & MDMA) online using “Silk Road and Evo­lu­tion…from 2012 onward…to recip­i­ents in Swe­den and to other coun­tries world­wide” and arrested 4. 6 of them were charged in June 2015 and iden­ti­fied as the seller “Alexan­drus”, who sold on 6 mar­kets but pri­mar­ily Evo­lu­tion; the police press con­fer­ence indi­cates that after 3 pack­ages of mar­i­juana fudge/brownies were searched, an inves­ti­ga­tion was launched and after sur­veil­ing post offices, one of the men was observed drop­ping off some of Alexan­drus’ pack­ages (“up to 60 per day”).


On 2014-11-03, the then-18yo New­cas­tle man Liam Lyburd (buyer “The Joker”/“I Love My Anger”/“Don­ald Trump”) was arrested after a 2014-11-02 Face­book post threat­en­ing to carry out a mass-killing at New­cas­tle Col­lege was reported to police by a friend; he was con­victed 2015-07-30 and sen­tenced to life in Sep­tem­ber 2015 (overview of case). The police search turned up a hand­gun & ammo, 7 bombs, and other items; some of which he had “bought using bit­coins, the decen­tralised inter­net cur­ren­cy, from the dark or deep web, the black mar­ket where ille­gal com­modi­ties are know to be traded”, one of the mar­kets being Evo­lu­tion

The Liv­er­pool man Mohammed Ammer Ali was arrested 2015-02-11 after he ordered ricin from an under­cover FBI account, found guilty in July 2015, and even­tu­ally sen­tenced to 8 years in Sep­tem­ber 2015. Ini­tial reports did not spec­ify mar­ket, but given the many details con­sis­tent with it and the BMR prece­dent, this was obvi­ously another case in the Evo­lu­tion FBI sting using the flipped Dark­_­Mart account; the use of Evo­lu­tion was even­tu­ally con­firmed dur­ing the trial in July 2015.

Two Man­ches­ter teenagers were arrested 2015-02-16 for attempt­ing that month to buy abrin off an unspec­i­fied DNM for sui­cide, after the UK police were informed in Jan­u­ary about their nego­ti­a­tions for it. The female was released imme­di­ate­ly, and the male even­tu­ally received a 12-­month refer­ral order.


“In or about mid-2014” the TCF/Evolution seller “Dark­_­Mart” was taken over by the FBI3. The details are unknown, but Dark­_­Mart rejoined the Evo­lu­tion forums after a long absence span­ning that period with a com­ment about guns bring­ing heat on his sup­pli­ers4, which may or may not be the FBI agent telling the truth to be safe.

Stephen & Cyn­thia Jones were arrested 2014-10-02 after a con­trolled deliv­ery (“CD”) of a pack­age of MDMA from what may be the Evo­lu­tion Dutch seller “weedy­bus­nis” (he had many com­plaints of non-ar­riv­ing or slow pack­ages, sug­gest­ing his stealth is sub­par or he’s been pro­filed).

The New York carder Cheng Le (Evo­lu­tion seller “FNU”/“fnufnu”) was arrested 2014-12-23 & con­victed August 2015 & sen­tenced to 16 years after buy­ing the poi­son ricin from the Evo­lu­tion seller “Dark­_­Mart”, who turned out to have been flipped “In or about mid-2014” by the FBI (press release; com­plaint; Evo­lu­tion pages). (See also the two UK arrests in Feb­ru­ary 2015 for abrin.)

A fen­tanyl OD death in North Dakota (as well as sev­eral other OD deaths or inci­dents) trig­gered a com­pli­cated mul­ti­-s­tate inves­ti­ga­tion that seems to have resulted in charges for at least 6 peo­ple involved in buy­ing or sell­ing fen­tanyl on Evo­lu­tion. (Me­dia: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8.) In Grand Forks North Dako­ta, Ryan Jensen sold fen­tanyl to Henke. Henke died on 2015-01-03, trig­ger­ing a search of the house the same day, reveal­ing his friend, Jensen, had bought it from a domes­tic Evo­lu­tion sell­er, Bran­don Hub­bard. (Hub­bard’s seller account is not iden­ti­fied in the media or few avail­able court doc­u­ments, but he may have been the seller “pdxblack”, given the PDX acronym and accu­sa­tion that a buyer “Montey6456” was falsely claim­ing to have been arrest­ed.) Jensen and the other two peo­ple who smoked fen­tanyl with Henke were all 3 charged (Jensen plea agree­ment). They then did under­cover buys from Hub­bard, bust­ing him in Port­land Ore­gon after searches 2015-01-22 (Hub­bard com­plaint). He coop­er­at­ed, pled guilty, and Hub­bard turned out to source his fen­tanyl from China through a Cana­dian con­tact, using Steven Locke as a drop who was paid in fen­tanyl (he was indi­cated 2015-03-10). Hub­bard’s girl­friend, Chan­ning Lacey, was later arrested 2015-03-05 but had smug­gled in some fen­tanyl, lead­ing to another 3 over­dos­es. Col­lec­tive­ly, 5+ ODs or deaths were involved.

On 2016-05-11, a fed­eral court case was filed in Florida charg­ing Fadhle Muq­bel Saeed under the pseu­do­nyms “dark­ex­presso”/“bonap­petit”/“Damien Darko”, along with Julian Vil­la-­Gomez Lemus & Alfonso Bojorquez-­Vazquez, for sale of mar­i­jua­na, metham­phet­a­mine, and hydrocodone from 2012 to 2015. No fur­ther details were given in the indict­ment or docket as of 2016-05-24. Lemus was found guilty in Jan­u­ary 2017 & the other two pled guilty shortly before. “dark­ex­presso” was a SR1 ven­dor who sold mar­i­jua­na; “bonap­petit” was a seller on Evo­lu­tion up until he dis­ap­peared some­time around the end date cited in the indict­ment.



The oper­a­tor of the minor mar­ket­place Hydra was detained or arrested in Budapest, Hun­gary as part of Oper­a­tion Ony­mous; the date is unclear but prob­a­bly before 2014-11-07 & simul­ta­ne­ous with the other arrests on 2014-11-05.



On 2015-12-16, 2 Hyder­abad broth­ers (20/22yo) Mayank Kumar Sahu & Piyush Kumar Sahu were arrested for pur­chas­ing LSD off Nucle­us; the LSD had been given to 3 other Indian men for local resale, who had been busted and informed on the Sahus.

Sheep Marketplace (SMP)


In March 2015, news broke that the Czech man Tomáš Jiřikovský was the tar­get of a crim­i­nal com­plaint for money laun­der­ing related to large sales of bit­coins for Czech crowns deposited into his wife’s account, reported by her bank, which were then used to pur­chase a house (the house was seized). Jiřikovský had been iden­ti­fied in Novem­ber 2013 by an anony­mous Amer­i­can, based on cir­cum­stan­tial evi­dence, as the oper­a­tor of Sheep Mar­ket­place, not long before Sheep shut down in an appar­ent exit scam; it’s unknown whether that dox­ing has any con­nec­tion to the mon­ey-laun­der­ing accu­sa­tion or if that was trig­gered purely by the money trans­fers, or when exactly the com­plaint was filed & house seized (the news broke pub­licly in March 2015 but the finance min­istry 2014 report men­tion­ing the case is dated 2015-02-22 and the inves­ti­ga­tion may’ve begun Jan­u­ary 2014). He was then arrested some­time before 2016-04-30 on both money laun­der­ing & drug charges; as of 2016-08-16 he was (but not his wife) was still in pris­on; as of April 2017 he & his wife were appar­ently on tri­al:

Accord­ing to regional reports, Jiřikovský and his wife Eve who was allegedly Sheep’s pro­gram­mer have been going through the motions of trial and will likely be sen­tenced in the near future. “He faces 10 to 18 years in pris­on,” said Hynek Olma, a spokesman for the regional pros­e­cu­tor’s office. “We filed the indict­ment for crimes of unau­tho­rized pro­duc­tion and the han­dling of nar­cotic and psy­chotropic sub­stances, theft and ille­gal pos­ses­sion of firearms. The woman was charged with the crime of legal­iza­tion of pro­ceeds from crime”, explained Olma. Olma added that Eve was fac­ing three to eight years in prison for being an accom­plice. The U.S. had also arrested two indi­vid­u­als con­nected with Jiřikovský and his wife back in May of 2016. Nathan Gib­son and Sean Mack­ert tried to con­vert the funds via Coin­base and were caught by gov­ern­ment agen­cies in the state of Flori­da. Coin­base at the time received a sub­poena and revealed Gib­son had deposited over 842 bit­coins with the com­pa­ny.

In Octo­ber 2017, Czech media reported that Eva/Eve had not been con­victed but Jiřikovský had & was sen­tenced to 9 years.


In 2014, media arti­cles revealed that 2 Swedish men had been arrested in the Malmö region but did not give details. Another arti­cle reports that they had been arrested 2013-11-27, they had been sell­ing “cannabis, amphet­a­mi­nes, MDMA, cocaine and pills” in con­sid­er­able vol­ume (at least 1500 sales, start­ing on Silk Road 1), and the police had con­ducted sev­eral under­cover buys from them on Sheep Mar­ket­place, lead­ing to their de-anonymiza­tion and then phone & phys­i­cal sur­veil­lance. Nowhere is it men­tioned which seller this is; “ChrisHash” ini­tially seemed a likely can­di­date but he seems to have still been active as of Sep­tem­ber 2014 and so can be reject­ed, and there is no avail­able infor­ma­tion about Flugsvam­p’s “chris­tia­ni­a­ex­pressen”. Search­ing my Sheep mir­ror from ~2013-12-01 (~4 days after the two men’s arrest), I found there seemed to be only a few sell­ers who shipped out of Swe­den: , “Kurts­Droghan­del”, “Free­dom Express”, “Sweet­kush”, and “swe­lease”. I ignore Free­dom Express (sold only Xanax), Sweet­kush (only amphet­a­mine), Kurts­Droghan­del (only weed, hashish, & LSD), leav­ing LFS & swe­lease. swe­lease did sell amphet­a­mine, MDMA, and Ritalin (which could be “pills”), but my mir­ror says he was last logged in “10 hours ago”, which is not very con­sis­tent with hav­ing been arrest­ed; in con­trast, LFS is almost a per­fect match as they sold a great deal of amphet­a­mine, cocaine, weed, and two pill list­ings (“tilnoct, Swedish phar­ma­cy, 10mg”, “Tra­madol, 100mg, Hexal”), so they match except for not sell­ing MDMA, and they boast that “on SR i was topp [sic] 10% domes­tic seller in Swe­den with many trans­ac­tions made.”; and final­ly, they were last logged in “4 days ago”, or around when the two men were arrest­ed. Hence, I iden­tify these two men as being the SR1/Sheep seller Live­from­swe­den. Com­pli­cat­ing the nar­ra­tive, the LFS bust may have only been half the sto­ry; a Swedish police arti­cle describes the bust of a seller in Hels­ing­borg (he was sen­tenced to 8 years), then 2 young men who are clearly LFS from the tim­ing & loca­tion & age & sen­tences, then a fourth arrest in Malmo (he was sen­tenced to 7 years). While the Hels­ing­borg and Malmo men sound like they were part of LFS, I am a lit­tle doubt­ful because none of the ini­tial LFS media cov­er­age men­tioned 2 oth­ers being charged.

Silk Road 1 (SR1)


The pros­e­cu­tion & con­vic­tion of the SR seller Paul Leslie Howard (“Shadh1”) was to related to a Cus­toms inter­cep­tion of his large imports from Netherlands/Germany accord­ing to the judge’s sen­tenc­ing ver­dict and then a July 2012 search.

Another Aus­tralian seller (un­known which one, pos­si­bly “Dow­nUn­der­Dan” or “Dope­Boy­Aus”), Christo­pher Owen, was pulled over by police on 2012-04-27 while dri­ving to the post office to mail ship­ments, the drugs found, his house searched, and was sen­tenced to 5 years (dis­cus­sion).

Some­time in August 2012, the MDMA buyer Ryan West, who resold local­ly, was raided and even­tu­ally con­victed of 4 charges.

2 unnamed teens made the mis­take of order­ing mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, and amphet­a­mines from SR1; their par­ents turned them in & they were charged in Sep­tem­ber 2012.

A 2012-11-07 Aus­tralian arti­cle claims 30 inter­cep­tions a month in an area, but men­tions noth­ing spe­cific about arrests. A Decem­ber 2012 arti­cle quotes Cus­toms claim­ing a 40% increase in seizures, but then quotes a SR seller as claim­ing a dou­bling or qua­dru­pling of Aus­tralian buy­ers (hence, imply­ing the inter­cep­tion rate has halved or worse). Esti­mat­ing total num­ber of Aus­tralian users is dif­fi­cult, but the 2012 Global Drug Sur­vey report­edly found 184 SR pur­chasers in its sam­ple of >6600 Aus­tralians sug­gest­ing a risk of arrest or pub­lic­ity (and inci­den­tal­ly, remem­ber­ing this is a biased sam­ple and the South Aus­tralian recent illicit drug use rate is ~14.9%, it sug­gests a very loose upper bound of all Aus­tralian SR users of ).

The teen Pre­ston Bridge died acci­den­tally after falling on 2013-02-16 after tak­ing “syn­thetic LSD” (prob­a­bly NBOMe) bought by a friend on Silk Road; the friend was pros­e­cuted & sen­tenced to 12 months’ pro­ba­tion on 2014-06-09.

On 2013-02-19, Samuel Ryan Lud­wig was arrested & bailed after a search of his home prompted by a pack­age inter­cepted by Cus­toms on 2013-02-15. (The search turned up MDMA, LSD, ket­a­mine, methy­lam­phet­a­mine, and amphet­a­mine.) That was one of ~7 pack­ages inter­cepted Octo­ber 2012 - Feb­ru­ary 2013; 5 more, con­tain­ing drugs, laser point­ers, and saf­role oil would be inter­cepted Feb­ru­ary-­March 2013, and addi­tional MDMA & laser pointer pack­ages would be inter­cept­ed, trig­ger­ing another search of Lud­wig’s res­i­dence while he was out on bail and a sec­ond arrest 2013-08-22.

Also on 2013-02-19, Patrick Franzini was arrested after a search related to 3 cus­toms inter­cep­tions Novem­ber 2012 - Feb­ru­ary 2013 of metham­phet­a­mine & MDMA sent from Nether­lands, Canada, & Chi­na. The search turned up pseu­doephedrine, DMT, and ket­a­mine; Franzini coop­er­at­ed, pro­vid­ing addi­tional infor­ma­tion like his SR1 account (he had made a total of 19 order­s).

On 2013-06-20, an Aus­tralian man was arrested after a CD of saf­role oil (a MDMA pre­cur­sor) imported from Indone­sia; this was part of an inves­ti­ga­tion trig­gered by Cus­toms inter­cept­ing 4 Indone­sian pack­ages of saf­role oil. The Indone­sian seller was later arrested in Indone­sia.

On 2013-02-21, Lee James Matthews’s home was searched and he was arrest­ed. ~2 of 21 pack­ages had been inter­cept­ed, and the search turned up MDMA, cocaine, metham­phet­a­mine, & amphet­a­mines from his 93 orders, most of which he resold local­ly.

Report­edly (2013-07-01), a June 2013 Par­cel Post sting seized 140 packages/$8m & “Six of those arrested were Silk Road mem­bers.” These 6 arrests are cur­rently unknown aside from 1 likely being a saf­role oil buy­er. (Pos­si­bly 5, if one assumes that Adam Bunger’s BMR Aus­tralian cus­tomer is included in that count and the quote is slightly inac­cu­rate.)

As of July 2013, there was “at least one crim­i­nal pros­e­cu­tion in WA [West­ern Aus­tralia] that involves Silk Road”, and WA police esti­mate “47 active Aus­tralian-based sell­ers who use Silk Road”; that pros­e­cu­tion may have been “A 26-year-old man, who was charged with attempt­ing to pos­sess drugs from the site, was fined $1000” as of 2013-08-10.

An Aus­tralian inves­ti­ga­tion start­ing in Jan­u­ary 2013 arrested two fake ID man­u­fac­tur­ers on 2013-09-10; cov­er­age does not men­tion SR, but a Red­di­tor plau­si­bly iden­ti­fies them as hav­ing been the fake ID seller “Ausid” who stopped sell­ing on SR in March 2013.

At some point in mid-2013 (“just months before it [SR1] was closed down”), the Aus­tralian man Luke Han­ley was arrested after 2 pack­ages of 25i & 25c (and pos­si­bly an amphet­a­mine pack­age) were inter­cepted by Cus­toms, and pled guilty in 2014.

In August 2013, a 18yo South Bun­bury, West Aus­tralian male Jack­son R. was charged with heroin (ac­tu­ally DMT) & 2C-e pos­ses­sion; in an account on FB then reposted on Red­dit, he explains that he had ordered the DMT off SR1 from a Czech seller (the media cov­er­age claim­ing it was heroin being wrong) and his par­ents turned the pack­age in to the police after it arrived, with the sub­se­quent police search turn­ing up his 2C-E as well.

The for­mer Silk Road moderator/employee SSBD/Symmetry was arrested in Bris­bane on 2013-12-20 ().

In Bar­ratt et al 2016, report­ing about a series of anony­mous inter­views con­ducted over Tor­Chat 2011-2014 with SR1 users, they men­tion one Aus­tralian user claimed to have been arrest­ed:

…Ta­per­ing down drug use after a hon­ey­moon period was not only trig­gered by the prac­tice of ‘por­tion con­trol’ and/or sati­ated desires, but also by other life events. For exam­ple, P1 (21-25 yrs, USA) explained “After last semes­ter I’m more inter­ested in grades than highs” and P4 (21-25 yrs, Aus­tralia) described how “I’d rather buy a flight than a gram of coke”. In the case of P25 (21-25 yrs, Aus­trali­a), who was buy­ing large amounts from Silk Road and deal­ing from his home, a police raid resulted in sup­ply charges, which led to a taper­ing of drug use and cryp­tomar­ket activ­i­ty.

The age bracket and when they con­cluded inter­view­ing sug­gests that this SR1 user was arrested before 2014, and there are only around two known arrests in that age bracket and period for SR1; com­bined with back­ground knowl­edge that only a small frac­tion of buyer arrests are ever reported (see dis­cus­sion of com­plete­ness of the arrest table), it is highly likely that this arrest is not oth­er­wise in the table.

A Launce­s­ton, Tas­ma­nia man was sen­tenced to prison dur­ing 2014-03-23–2014-03-29 due to pos­ses­sion of 25i & BDMPEA par­tially (?) bought on SR; it’s unclear how or when he was caught.

The Vic­to­rian author­i­ties report con­fis­cat­ing “sev­eral mil­lion dol­lars” (₿24,518) in Bit­coin in 2013 after a Decem­ber 2012 search & arrest of Richard Pol­lard, who resold MDMA/cocaine/ketamine/fentanyl/etc (even­tu­ally sen­tenced to 6-7 years); through online accounts, it seems likely he was “1StopOz” who was noted as dis­ap­pear­ing before Jan­u­ary 2013 and given a jour­nal­ist’s com­ment that “The court heard Pol­lard ran a ‘one-stop shop’”. (The coins were planned to be auc­tioned off by June 2016.)

In Sep­tem­ber 2015, Daniel Andrew Atkin­son was sen­tenced to 8.5 years for MDMA sales on SR1, with no details on arrest date or cause. A com­menter claims this was the seller “Mean­while In Aus­tralia”/MIA and he did cash-in-­mail trans­ac­tions, which are noto­ri­ously dan­ger­ous. (The “Mean­while in Aus­tralia…” SR1F thread con­firms he shipped inter­na­tion­ally as well.)


On 2013-11-04, 2 men were arrested (me­dia: 1; 2; 3) for sell­ing opi­um, MDMA, & amphet­a­mine, as well as, appar­ent­ly, 6 of their cus­tomers - oth­ers may have been arrested out­side Aus­tria but no men­tion of those. Based on & seller pro­file, I’ve iden­ti­fied this as the SR1 seller “Black­jack­021”.


The afore­men­tioned Tes­sel­lated claimed “we have not even once had a report of any­one hav­ing any legal trou­ble or ‘love let­ters’ from our prod­uct. On sev­eral occa­sions cus­toms has opened our pack­age, not found the prod­uct and sent it intact to the buy­er.”

In May 2012, the high­-vol­ume cocaine Cana­dian seller “moveit­nice”/“MiN” men­tioned postal delays and then dis­ap­peared; accord­ing to buy­ers in the forum dis­cus­sion, moveit­nice accepted West­ern Union and the recip­i­ent of the WU pay­ments matched the names in the arrests of a fam­ily of 4 Ottawans for mail­ing cocaine which was announced by the RCMP on 18 May. (My search of Cana­dian court records was unable to find their case; pos­si­bly their case has been pub­li­ca­tion-banned or dis­charged.) Gawker men­tions rumors they may have been busted because they accepted pay­ment via .

On 2012-08-02, British Colum­bia res­i­dent James Fowler was raided after an inves­ti­ga­tion started in May 2012 based on an anony­mous tip that he was sell­ing drugs online and sub­se­quent “elec­tronic sur­veil­lance”. The raid turned up mar­i­jua­na, psilo­cy­bin mush­rooms, guns, and com­puter evi­dence of his online sales through “dif­fer­ent web­sites, includ­ing his own”. La Mous­tache has iden­ti­fied Fowler as the SR1 seller “war­weed” due to a Bit­ account with a shared email address and other details (such as war­weed’s announce­ment of being arrested in August 2012).

Also in August 2012, neigh­bors tipped off Cal­gary, Alberta police about drug sales in a house; the raid also turned up a garage for pro­duc­ing DMT, and Shawn Casey was arrested & charged 2012-08-22. He has been iden­ti­fied on Red­dit (1, 2) & SR1F as the Cal­gary DMT seller “Tro­jan”.


On 2013-12-21, the French seller “Walk­a­Boot” (pro­file) of mar­i­juana & amphet­a­mines and his female accom­plice were arrested by Cus­toms (addi­tional details in video) after under­cover buys.


4 peo­ple were arrested in Ger­many 2013-07-04, appar­ently by trac­ing another drug sell­er’s sup­plier with repeated orders which were sent from the same spot by the couri­ers (and were eas­ily bust­ed), and then to that SR sell­er-­group “After­Hour” & pos­si­bly pay­ments via mail (Ger­man cov­er­age: 1, 2, 3, 4; par­tial trans­la­tion). The leader coop­er­ated and was sen­tenced to 4.83 years, with lesser sen­tences for the oth­ers.

Simul­ta­ne­ous with the After­Hour bust, the SR1 seller “Pfan­dlei­her”/Sascha F. was also arrested by Ger­man police. The orig­i­nal inves­ti­ga­tion trig­gered by another sell­er’s wrong­ly-ad­dressed pack­age and then a gen­eral postal inves­ti­ga­tion led to After­Hour and Pfan­dlei­her.

On 2016-01-11, 2 broth­ers (30/32yo) from Fürth were sen­tenced to 4 years prison stem­ming from an arrest in “early 2015” related to an inspec­tion of a pack­age; they had appar­ently been buy­ing on SR1 and After­Hour 2012-2014, mak­ing ~40 orders of marijuana/amphetamines/MDMA/cocaine for their con­sump­tion & local resale.

In early Octo­ber 2015, a for­mer SR1 mar­i­juana buyer was, despite no pack­age inter­cep­tions & always using PGP, pros­e­cuted & fined for his 2013 SR1 pur­chases (and, odd­ly, 1 Out­law Mar­ket order) from, among other sell­ers, the SR1 seller “Nat­ural Weed”, a man named “Tobias Wald”, who appar­ently had been arrested at some point prior and turned over seller records which were then linked to order infor­ma­tion on the SR1 server image pro­vided by the FBI.


On 2013-07-23, an Indone­sian man (likely the seller “joy”) was arrested in Jakarta for sell­ing saf­role oil (one of his Aus­tralian buy­ers had already been CDed and at least 4 ship­ments inter­cepted before then).


On 2013-08-05, 3 men (Ryan Thomas McManus, Ryan Mil­li­gan, Con­nor Deven­ney) who were the seller “son­ic­drone”, were arrested in Ire­land, and they were sen­tenced in April 2015; they had been sell­ing a vari­ety of drugs but prin­ci­pally cocaine, mephedrone, MDMA, mar­i­jua­na, 2C-b, & LSD. How they were caught is unclear, but sur­veil­lance of a “vir­tual mail­box facil­ity” they used to receive pack­ages seem to have played a cru­cial role, pos­si­bly sparked by a failed attempt to mail 60g of mar­i­juana to a Cana­dian cus­tomer. (Me­dia cov­er­age men­tions another pseu­do­nym, “black­wa­ter86”, which is the name a most­ly-unused SR1F account and not another seller as far as I can tell; pos­si­bly it was used in order­ing from their Amer­i­can & Chi­nese sup­pli­er.)

On 2013-12-20 (), the for­mer SR administrator/moderator/employee “Lib­er­tas” (also of Silk Road 2) was arrested in Wick­low, Ire­land but appar­ently made bail and con­tin­ues to fight extra­di­tion with hear­ings ini­tially sched­uled for late July 2015. He pled guilty in the USA, and was sen­tenced to 6 years in July 2019.


Deep­DotWeb reports (per­sonal com­mu­ni­ca­tion) that at the begin­ning of 2013, a small Israeli buyer of mul­ti­ple drugs off SR1 (un­known sell­er) was arrested & sen­tenced to six months.


On 2015-08-10, DDW pub­lished “The Story of an Ital­ian Unlucky Cyber Pusher”, which claims to be the mem­oir of a small Ital­ian SR1/BMR seller “Fuck­the­p­o­lice137” who sold inter­na­tion­ally 2012-2013 pri­mar­ily mar­i­juana & MDMA along with some silde­nafil. He was arrested at the end of June 2013; Ital­ian cus­toms had inter­cepted pack­ages to another big­ger Ital­ian drug traf­fick­er, who was then arrest­ed, and their emails with him were found, lead­ing to his own raid & arrest.


Ayumu Ter­amoto was arrested for import­ing 50g of a “stim­u­lant” in May 2014.


In April 2013, 6 Dutch­men were arrested for MDMA sales on SR; the arrests stemmed from a car search turn­ing up thou­sands of pills in 2012-11-22 and then a raid of their man­u­fac­tur­ing loca­tion 2013-04-05 (one com­menter spec­u­lates they were the miss­ing MDMA seller “Med­icalM”).

On 2013-10-09, fol­low­ing a month of wire­tap­ping & Black­berry obser­va­tion, 2 Dutch­men (the seller “XTCExpress”) were arrested while mak­ing MDMA pills & charged (Daily Mail), ulti­mately receiv­ing 4-5 years.

The MDMA seller “Super­Trips” (pro­file; DoJ announce­ment; com­plaint; charges) was arrested on trav­el­ing to the USA in August 2013 to meet a SR1 reseller, “Under­GroundSyn­di­cate”/BTCMaster” (who was arrested with Super­Trip’s help in Octo­ber). US Cus­toms inter­cepted >100 pack­ages mailed by Super­Trips, built up a pro­file, found fin­ger­prints on the pack­ages, checked the Nether­land­s’s fin­ger­print data­bases & found a match, detained Super­Trips when he attempted to enter the USA, seized & searched his lap­top’s files (il­lus­trat­ing the lack of civil rights at bor­der­s), he admit­ted sell­ing dur­ing an inter­view, and even­tu­ally reached a plea agree­ment. His arrest was rumored on forums, and DPR2 of SR2 specif­i­cally alluded to Super­Trip’s arrest in late 2013/early 2014 that “it was quite bor­ing the third time law enforce­ment decided to use the ‘Super­Trips’ moniker and claim­ing to be him as a free man, when I know just as well as ICE where he is now”, although the case was only pub­licly announced in April 2014.

New Zealand (NZ)

An unnamed Aus­tralian stu­den­t’s MDMA from SR1 (bought for local resale) was inter­cepted by Cus­toms some­time in 2012 and he was, at a min­i­mum, inter­viewed, but the 2012-07-11 arti­cle makes no men­tion of addi­tional penal­ties. A New Zealand Cus­toms offi­cer who highly likely used SR1 (although he denies order­ing, say­ing he had been research­ing it for his job) was charged with pos­sess­ing & “sup­ply­ing” metham­phet­a­mine but this “was uncov­ered dur­ing police inquiries into another crime”, with the res­o­lu­tion unclear.

Isaac Patiari Teaukura Mak­i’s MDMA from the Nether­lands was con­fis­cated by Cus­toms on 2012-06-28 and his house vis­it­ed, where­upon he admit­ted guilt to the offi­cers and unsur­pris­ingly was arrested & con­victed.

A NZ arti­cle claimed 80 inter­cep­tions a month with 7 arrests Jan­u­ary-July 2012 or 1 arrest a month (sug­gest­ing each inter­cep­tion has a risk of lead­ing to an arrest of ~1/80; the risk per order then depends on how many of the 52m items were drug pack­ages), specif­i­cal­ly: ‘“There have been approx­i­mately 80 inter­cepts a month [from] peo­ple we believe have utilised the Silk Road enter­prise,” Day said. In cases linked to Silk Road from Jan­u­ary to July, 13 search war­rants were issued, 15 fur­ther prop­er­ties vis­ited and 7 arrests made.’ Since both the Cus­toms offi­cer & Maki were arrested in that Jan­u­ary-July 2012 period (Si­mon Lim falls out­side it), that leaves 5 arrests unac­counted for.

What seems to be a third NZer, Simon Lim, was arrested some­time in 2012, pled guilty in Octo­ber 2012 & was sen­tenced to 18 months pro­ba­tion in 2013-02-07 for buy­ing cocaine, metham­phet­a­mine, LSD and oth­ers off Silk Road.

On 2013-04-23, a stu­dent Ben­ja­men Patrick Bel­mont import­ing cocaine, MDMA, & LSD from Nether­lands & UK for resale had pack­ages inter­cepted by Cus­toms, lead­ing to a search, guilty pleas, and then sen­tenc­ing in Feb­ru­ary 2014. (That arti­cle also esti­mates 52m items pass­ing through Cus­toms in 2012 with 1.4k inter­cepted as drugs.)

Two NZers were searched 2013-08-01 (Matthew Ben­jamin Collins & Jared Arthur Under­wood), turn­ing up a vari­ety of drugs they had imported from the UK & Nether­lands after Sep­tem­ber 2012 from “encrypted inter­net sites” (given the tim­ing, SR1), appar­ently for local resale given the pill presses men­tioned.

In Sep­tem­ber 2013, 3 NZers (Michael David John Kit­to, Andrew James Fur­ness, Gareth John Edlin) were con­victed of import­ing MDMA & cocaine from Ger­many & the Nether­lands, after a search war­rant on 2013-07-03

Another NZer, Dylan Terry Richard­son, was sen­tenced Decem­ber 2013 for import­ing metham­phet­a­mine in August 2013 (in­ter­cepted by Cus­toms) lead­ing to an arrest on 2013-09-03

And a fourth NZer’s (An­drew Trevor Har­rison) 2 MDMA & NBOMe ship­ments from Nether­lands & Canada were inter­cepted in Sep­tem­ber 2013 by Cus­toms, lead­ing to a search of his house & sen­tenc­ing in April 2014.

On 2013-12-11, another 3 NZers were arrested over var­i­ous orders of “small quan­ti­ties of LSD, Metham­phet­a­mine, MDMA (ec­sta­sy), Class C ana­logue pow­ders and the psy­choac­tive sub­stance NBOMe” from unspec­i­fied DNMs “such as ‘The Silk Road’”. (Inas­much as Silk Road was busted 2013-10-02, they may have actu­ally been order­ing from a replace­ment such as Sheep Mar­ket­Place.)

In April 2014, the NZ man Peter James Gros­sett was con­victed after 2 pack­ages of metham­phet­a­mine from Canada were inter­cepted in Sep­tem­ber & Novem­ber 2013; the search had also turned up LSD and mar­i­jua­na. (The arti­cle men­tions he bought from another mar­ket after SR1 shut down, but not which one - it could have been Sheep or Tor­Mar­ket or BMR given the broad time range.)

In Decem­ber 2014, the SR1 MDMA/marijuana buy­ers Daniel Wayne Fowler & Lisa Marie Clark were sen­tenced after an inves­ti­gat­ing begin­ning with cus­toms inter­cepts of German/Belgium pack­ages in Sep­tem­ber 2013 (1 2).

A 2015 NZ Her­ald arti­cle reports some aggre­gate infor­ma­tion from Cus­toms:

Cocaine catches increased from five in 2011–12 to 54 in 2013–14, LSD from three to 85 in the same peri­od, and Ecstasy from 85 to 139. Mr Berry said the inter­cep­tions were gen­er­ally smaller amounts, and did not indi­cate a sim­i­lar increase in over­all quan­ti­ties being seized across all entry points to the coun­try. About 2.4 mil­lion items of mail come into New Zealand every month.


On 2013-06-27, police report­edly stum­bled on a sus­pi­cious man who dropped a pack­age of pills and searched his trail­er, dis­cov­er­ing amphet­a­mine, MDMA, & spice; this was the base of oper­a­tions for the two men run­ning the SR1 account “Speedswe­den”, which had made 500 sales (police writeup/trans­la­tion, media arti­cle). The sec­ond one seems to have got­ten off, how­ev­er.

2 Swedish men Jim­mie Michael Juh­lin & Mohammed Farid Aref Barham (the seller “Swe­Ex­press”), were arrested 2013-10-08 for sell­ing mar­i­jua­na, their pack­ag­ing hav­ing appar­ently been pro­filed & their postal cen­ter sur­veilled (court sen­tenc­ing doc­u­ment, Flash­back dis­cus­sion); two users on Red­dit noted that Swe­Ex­press ceased mail­ing orders a week before the SR raid.


The 54yo Cana­dian man Roger Thomas Clark (“Plural of Mon­goose”/“Vari­ety Jones”/“VJ”/“cimon”) was arrested in Thai­land on 2015-12-03 after a com­plaint was filed in 2015-04-21 for extra­di­tion to the USA; as the SR1 seller Vari­ety Jones, he had sold mar­i­juana seeds and other mate­ri­als, and as cimon, from Decem­ber 2011 - Octo­ber 2013 he was deeply involved in help­ing Ross Ulbricht run SR1, assist­ing in source code audits, man­age­ment of servers & employ­ees, and giv­ing Ulbricht much advice (eg he sug­gested the “Dread Pirate Roberts” pseu­do­nym to sug­gest the pos­si­bil­ity of mul­ti­ple DPRs, and pushed for Cur­tis Clark Green to be killed after Green was arrested & then his admin account used by Carl Mark Force IV to loot bit­coins from the SR1 server­s). The sheer extent of cimon’s involve­ment in SR1 was doc­u­mented dur­ing Ulbricht’s Jan­u­ary 2015 trial with excerpts from Ulbricht’s jour­nal, chat logs, and spread­sheets, lead­ing to a great deal of sur­prise that cimon had appar­ently escaped unscathed, unlike many of the other SR1 employ­ees, and espe­cially con­sid­er­ing that La Mous­tache iden­ti­fied cimon as Roger Thomas Clark shortly after­wards and even fur­ther, hacks of DPR’s aban­doned email accounts (due to unredacted pass­words in the evi­dence exhibits for the Ulbricht tri­al) pointed to Clark as cimon and another Thai expat as the SR1 devel­oper “Smed­ley”. The com­plaint fur­ther reveals that Clark’s pho­to­graphic ID, like other SR1 employ­ees, was stored on Ulbricht’s lap­top, and that Smed­ley was coop­er­at­ing & had iden­ti­fied Clark.

The Amer­i­can man Mike Wat­tier (also a Thai expat asso­ci­ated with Clark) was iden­ti­fied as the SR1 pro­gram­mer “Smed­ley” and began coop­er­at­ing some­time between Octo­ber 2013 and 2015-04-21.


Cam­bridge man Cal­lum Fay was arrested 2012-06-28 after UKBA inter­cepted an Indian pack­age of cocaine and a search war­rant was exe­cuted after deliv­ery; Fay pos­sessed cocaine, MDMA, metham­phet­a­mine, many pack­ag­ing mate­ri­als such as 20 inter­na­tion­al­ly-ad­dressed pack­ages, and to have sold a great deal (£29,000) of bit­coins pre­vi­ous­ly. He was re-ar­rested 2015-03-24 for ket­a­mine, hero­in, and metham­phet­a­mine. Given the Bit­coin vol­ume and addressed pack­ages, Fay was clearly an unknown SR1 sell­er.

A Red­dit user claims in June 2014 to have been import­ing MDMA into the UK from the Nether­lands off SR1 for per­sonal con­sump­tion & resale through friends for ~6 months; some­time before 2013 a pack­age of 100 pills was detected by cus­toms and he accepted deliv­ery, lead­ing to his house being searched; he was then con­victed (in large part due to text mes­sages on his phone & emails on his com­put­er) and given a sus­pended sen­tence.

After the SR bust in Octo­ber 2013, the Devon UK seller of acces­sories like mar­i­juana seeds/MBB+ packaging/ (“Plu­toPete”), reported he had been raided & ques­tioned and likely charged with his per­sonal drugs5; he was even­tu­ally charged in 2015 with “9 charges inc con­spir­acy and sup­ply class A and B”. 3 more in Man­ches­ter were arrested & charged; the descrip­tion of a three­-­man seller mail­ing from Man­ches­ter seems to match at least two SR sell­ers, “Jesu­sOfRave” and “Tech­no­Hippy” (or pos­si­bly a “Man­gled1”?), the for­mer of whom quickly denied being arrested, while the lat­ter last appeared on the SR forums in mid-Sep­tem­ber 2013, he resur­faced on the SR2 forums like­wise deny­ing any involve­ment.

At Peter Ward/PlutoPete’s sen­tenc­ing, it came out that the sec­ond per­son was Richard Hiley, who was arrested in Decem­ber 2013; they had been in part­ner­ship to buy & sell marijuana/methamphetamine/cocaine and exchange Bitcoins/dollars. They were sen­tenced 2016-02-29 to ~5 years each.

26yo Derby man Adam Yates was raided after a Feb­ru­ary 2014 inter­cept at Heathrow Air­port of 50 MDMA tablets, turn­ing up phone/computer evi­dence of pur­chases & local resale of MDMA/cocaine/ketamine back to Decem­ber 2011, and was sen­tenced to 2 years (sus­pend­ed) in April 2016. The cov­er­age iden­ti­fies SR1 as his main DNM, but not which one he had ordered from in Feb­ru­ary 2014 (SR2?).


In Sep­tem­ber 2011, the Silk Road 1 buyer of LSD & MDMA Stacy Litz was arrested in Penn­syl­va­nia after reselling LSD to an under­cover offi­cer; she became an infor­mant.

On 2013-10-28, the Mary­land for­mer seller “dig­i­talink”, Jacob Theodore George IV, was charged in fed­eral court (pre­vi­ously con­victed of a num­ber of offenses in state courts) for his heroin & (banned Octo­ber 2011) sales a year & a half pre­vi­ously (he stopped in Jan­u­ary 2012), and pled guilty (plea agree­ment), ulti­mately receiv­ing a sen­tence of 6 years. The complaint/indictment does not spec­ify what evi­dence the case is based on, why such a long delay, or why no arrest, and many of the PACER doc­u­ments remain sealed or unavail­able as of 2015-02-23 (so we don’t know the details or how exactly he was coop­er­at­ing); but based on dig­i­talink’s forum posts and forum dis­cus­sions of him, it seems he was an extremely care­less seller who dis­dained PGP, retrieved prod­uct seized by the Post Office (one forum-user pre­sciently exclaimed in August 2011, “Oh wow, the idiocy is unmatched! It seems very pos­si­ble that dig­i­talink will be busted some­time soon.”), told other peo­ple who his methy­lone sup­plier was, gave his phone num­ber to buy­ers, and ulti­mately failed to deliver $3500 of methy­lone to a buyer “thoth” who then threat­ened to give dig­i­talink’s infor­ma­tion to the police, pos­si­bly result­ing in him being inter­viewed and con­fess­ing to every­thing6. An inter­nal time­line of the US inves­ti­ga­tions says that on 2012-02-01, “HSI Bal­ti­more then revealed [in the meet­ing] that their infor­mant that told them about the Silk Road in Sep­tem­ber was just arrested on or around Jan­u­ary 17, 2012 for some­thing unre­lated and admit­ted to them then that he was actu­ally a Silk Road ven­dor”, so it seems dig­i­talink were arrested for offline mis­be­hav­ior unre­lated to his heroin/methylone imports & sales, and only then flipped.

Another fil­ing men­tions the alllove accoun­t’s use, but the inter­nal time­line goes on to men­tion sev­eral other pos­si­ble busts:

On Octo­ber 12, 2011, HSI Bal­ti­more reported in ROI 13 in gen­eral case num­ber BA08N­R11BA0004 that in Sep­tem­ber of 2011 an infor­mant told them that the Silk Road existed and they sold drugs there. No fur­ther reports were filed or sub­se­quent cases opened on the web­site. - …On Decem­ber 8, 2011, HSI Head­quar­ters pre­pared HSIR ID# ICE-HQINT-00431-12 titled “Dig­i­tal Cur­rency Bit­coin and the Under­ground Web­site Silk Road”. In that report they list 6 HSI inves­ti­ga­tions that had men­tioned the Silk Road, includ­ing HSI Chicago and HSI Bal­ti­more. HSI Chicago’s inves­ti­ga­tion was shown as actively work­ing the web­site and mul­ti­ple ven­dors. HSI Bal­ti­more’s sum­mary was that of only hav­ing one report from a CI men­tion­ing the Silk Road exist­ed. The other 4 HSI cases had only men­tioned the web­site from inter­views con­duct­ed. - On Jan­u­ary 03, 2012, HSI Bal­ti­more SA Gre­gory Miller opened inves­ti­ga­tion BA13CR12BA0016 and stated in ROI 001 that on Decem­ber 29, 2011, their CI began telling them some details about the Silk Road web­site. - …By Jan­u­ary 13, 2012, HSI Chicago had over 19 reports, 200 seizures, iden­ti­fied mul­ti­ple vendors/targets, coor­di­nated POE’s and case infor­ma­tion with mul­ti­ple HSI attaché offices, signed up a CI and had met with the AUSA’s office to pros­e­cute the case. - …In April of 2012, HSI Chicago devel­oped a new infor­mant and informed HSI Bal­ti­more of devel­op­ment. HSI Bal­ti­more requested access directly to the infor­mant but would­n’t tell HSI Chicago why they wanted the access or what they wanted to ask the CI. HSI Chicago offered to take any ques­tions and directly ask the CI the ques­tions for them, but they would not allow access to the CI with­out know­ing any topic of ques­tions. HSI Bal­ti­more expressed anger over not being allowed direct access to the CI.

The Sep­tem­ber 2011 infor­mant seems to have not been a bust given the lack of any fol­lowup and to have sim­ply been an infor­mant (some­one paid for mon­ey); the Decem­ber report about “actively work­ing…­mul­ti­ple ven­dors” may refer to inves­ti­gat­ing them and per­haps con­duct­ing under­cover buys, not nec­es­sar­ily flip­ping them (in which case they might be referred to as CIs); the Bal­ti­more claim of a CI dat­ing from 2011-12-29 may seem to be “dig­i­talink” but the date does not tally up with the other entry in which dig­i­talink only offers to flip after his arrest almost a full month later and there are no known arrests near Bal­ti­more in late 2011 (in­deed, the only 2011 arrest so far is Stacy Litz from Sep­tem­ber 2011, which would be awk­ward as the CI - ~4 months to begin talk­ing?), so I con­sider this evi­dence of an unknown bust in Decem­ber 2011; the 2012-01-13 men­tion of a new CI in Chicago is also not con­sis­tent with any known busts and given the fierce rivalry between the Bal­ti­more & Chicago offices (the focus of the time­line), this is likely another unknown bust; final­ly, the April 2012 men­tion of another new Chicago CI lines up almost per­fectly with the known “drip­so­facid” CI used by the Chicago office’s Der-Yeghi­ayan from his tes­ti­mo­ny. This leaves 2 unknown busts: the Bal­ti­more CI in Decem­ber 2011 and the Chicago CI in Jan­u­ary 2012.

Dur­ing the SR1 tri­al, the DHS agent Deryeghi­ayan engaged in pur­chases “from March 2012 until Sep­tem­ber 2013…Us­ing an account obtained from an actual user, with the screen name of ‘drip­so­facid’”, which was used for at least one buy in April 2013; “drip­so­facid”’s account may have been obtained after an unknown arrest dur­ing that time peri­od. (An­other LE account was “Mr Won­der­ful”, who was used in the 2013 “Email­gate” in which he can­vassed SR1 employ­ees over Tor­mail and tried to flip them by offer­ing money and immu­ni­ty, to which DPR1 was alerted by his DEA infor­mant Carl Force; Mr Won­der­ful is not a known seller account, and all men­tions of Mr Won­der­ful such as Force’s dis­mis­sive com­ments seem to be imply his con­tact was done off SR1 and to be a fresh pseu­do­nym, so it does not sound like a flipped buyer or seller to me and so is not included in the table. Sim­i­lar­ly, an FBI pre­sen­ta­tion in mid-April 2015 in the Nether­lands had a screen­shot taken with the account “Aspire28”, but my searches do not turn up men­tions of any seller of that name, so it was prob­a­bly a throw­away or flipped buyer - impos­si­ble to know.)

On 2012-05-05, the Mass­a­chu­setts Bard Col­lege stu­dent Mehran Jahedi’s rooms were searched & cam­pus secu­rity found “LSD, ket­a­mine, amphet­a­mi­nes, hal­lu­cino­genic mush­rooms, MDMA, mesca­line and mar­i­jua­na, as well as pack­ag­ing orig­i­nat­ing from as far away as Chi­na, Ger­many and Poland”, which he had been reselling locally after sourc­ing them from the “dark­net”, and ulti­mately received a sus­pended sen­tence in 2014; given the vari­ety, it is almost cer­tain he was pur­chas­ing from SR1 rather than any of the other SR1-era mar­kets (BMR/Darkbay/Sheep/Atlantis).

The account of the SR1 clonazepam/marijuana seller “alllove” was used by the FBI in 2012-09-27 & ear­lier as part of its inves­ti­ga­tion into SR1, and screen­shots taken with it were entered into evi­dence at Ross Ulbricht’s 2015 tri­al. alllove must have been busted some­how before Sep­tem­ber 2012, for his account to have become the FBI’s prop­er­ty, and explain­ing his abrupt dis­ap­pear­ance some­time before 2012-05-19 (re­marked upon at the time on Red­dit; there may be more accu­rate tim­ings in SR1F hits for “alllove”) but all other details are unknown. One post-­trial exhibit (a Der-Yeghi­ayan affi­davit seek­ing copies of Mark Karpe­les’s email accounts) states that “In Sep­tem­ber of 2012, HSI was able to ver­ify that a com­mis­sion rate exists on the Silk Road by using a Silk Road ven­dor account and set­ting a price on a prod­uct for sale on the Silk Road mar­ket­place. HSI then logged in to the Silk Road using a dif­fer­ent account and observed the same prod­uct offered for sale at a higher price than what was set by the ven­dor. The dif­fer­ence in price matched the adver­tised com­mis­sion rates from the Silk Road admin­is­tra­tor.”; while this could pos­si­bly have been an unknown sell­er, dig­i­talink, davidd, or alllove (all USA SR1 seller accounts com­pro­mised by Sep­tem­ber 2012), the for­mer had dis­ap­peared off the mar­ket by Sep­tem­ber 2012, and the last fits best given that we know the alllove account was being used for other parts of the inves­ti­ga­tion. (The old SR1 seller Grand Wiz­ard says that alllove may also have sold bit­coins for cash in the mail or other fiat; this is an extremely risky occu­pa­tion and if true, almost cer­tainly how he was bust­ed.)

In Decem­ber 2012, a New Jer­sey buyer was busted for mar­i­juana in a con­trolled deliv­ery when the pack­age was detected in the mail; he coop­er­ated (no addi­tional penal­ties spec­i­fied in arti­cle) and 2 sell­ers (Sour­Diesel­Man) were even­tu­ally arrested & charged in July 2013.

SR forum posters have claimed that a DMT sell­er, cocaine sell­er, & 2 oth­ers have all been busted but appar­ently for their offline con­nec­tions and activ­i­ties (the poster claims the DMT seller had too many peo­ple vis­it­ing and his neigh­bors squealed; this was likely the Cana­dian seller “Tro­jan”, but the other 3 I’m not sure about).

In “early 2013” (per­sonal com­mu­ni­ca­tion), an Amer­i­can ordered MDMA from a Euro­pean sell­er; IRL activ­i­ties led to his arrest (he had been reselling locally and one of his buy­ers was them­selves caught & snitched) although the SR1 con­nec­tion was not uncov­ered, and even­tu­ally he pled to a lesser charge.

In Jan­u­ary 2013, accord­ing to the SR bust indict­ments, a seller & SR employee (“chronic pain”/“chron­ic­pain”/“Flush”) was arrested & charged in Mary­land after receiv­ing a kilo of cocaine from an under­cover agent; he then coop­er­ated with the FBI in entrap­ping Ulbricht into order­ing a hit on him and then pre­tend­ing to be dead. He was iden­ti­fied in Octo­ber as Cur­tis Clark Green (dis­cus­sion). Green’s plea-a­gree­ment (tran­script) was released on 2013-11-07, with­out any details of his coop­er­a­tion after his arrest in Utah (although “the U.S. attor­ney’s office said his com­puter was foren­si­cally exam­ined after it was seized”); inter­est­ing­ly, the plea-a­gree­ment notes that the under­cover agent did not know the cocaine pack­age was being deliv­ered to the same SR admin­is­tra­tor who had helped him find a seller for his cocaine. Cur­tis Green’s coop­er­a­tion earned him 2 days impris­on­ment & 4 years pro­ba­tion.

Also in Jan­u­ary 2013, the crim­i­nal com­plaint doc­u­ment­ing the DEA cor­rup­tion dur­ing the SR1 inves­ti­ga­tion men­tions offhand­edly that the dirty copes Force & Bridge con­trolled the account “TrustusJones” as of 2013-01-237; TrustusJones was an East Coast mar­i­juana SR1 seller begin­ning around Feb­ru­ary 2012 (forum archive). Curi­ous­ly, in Feb­ru­ary 2013, the account announced on the SR1 forums (thread #118718) that he would be sell­ing off all his bit­coins (at ~30% off) in exchange for Mon­ey­Pak; this might sound like Force laun­der­ing coins from the Jan­u­ary 2013 theft, except the use of TrustusJones is noted in inter­nal DEA doc­u­ments, sug­gest­ing that the sales were more about bust­ing any SR1 users unwise enough to buy Mon­ey­Pak. (The orig­i­nal TrustusJones had even mocked Mon­ey­Pak in an ear­lier thread, #16083.) It’s unclear when exactly TJ was busted or how; my best guess, based on his SR1F posts, is that he was busted on or before 2012-04-29, and his OPSEC sounded good, it was prob­a­bly due to the usual mail-­trac­ing approach.

In Feb­ru­ary 2013, there were two cases of Amer­i­cans being busted in Florida and Louisiana by sign­ing for MDMA in what is called a “con­trolled deliv­ery”; the simul­tane­ity, drug type, & amount imme­di­ately led to spec­u­la­tion that they were both order­ing from the SR MDMA Cana­dian seller “luck­y­lu­cianno” who was pre­vi­ously hav­ing issues with order inter­cep­tions, which was con­firmed when one of the arrested men posted on the SR forums warn­ing away oth­ers and rel­e­vant threads were deleted by forum mod­er­a­tors (although a mod­er­a­tor claimed the Louisiana bust was unre­lated to SR or the Florida bust).

Some­time in March 2013, an Alaskan buyer of heroin & cocaine appar­ently received a con­trolled deliv­ery, and received felony charges; he coop­er­ated in the ongo­ing inves­ti­ga­tion of his sell­er, “NOD”, accord­ing to the indict­ment for NOD.

An oth­er­wise-un­known female buyer from NOD seems to have been sim­i­larly arrested in April/May accord­ing to the TSG arti­cle on NOD.

On 2013-03-21, the large Cal­i­forn­ian mar­i­juana group seller “Sour­Diesel­Man” replaced their pro­file page with the mes­sage “i am down for­ever” (last forum com­ment was 2013-03-18); SR users noted that on 19 March, a series of mar­i­jua­na-re­lated raids were exe­cuted in Cal­i­for­nia near where Sour­Diesel­Man appar­ently shipped from, and spec­u­late that Sour­Diesel­Man may have been arrested in them (though two users say Sour­Diesel­Man was either banned by SR over sell­ing Bit­coins for cash in the mail or traced via this, an activ­ity attested to in the review thread). Addi­tional July news cov­er­age revealed Sour­Diesel­Man to be a group, 2 mem­bers of which (Matthew Gillum & Jolene Chan) were arrested & charged with mar­i­juana & finance-re­lated charges. The com­plaint says the inves­ti­ga­tion started in August 2012 due to the large sums of cash in mail, did a con­trolled deliv­ery to a SR mar­i­juana buyer in New Jer­sey in Decem­ber 2012 (he coop­er­at­ed), flipped one of the Sour­Diesel­Man mem­bers, and went from there; for addi­tional details, see the PACER court records and the fil­ings for Gillum & Chan. Gillum was sen­tenced to 9 years.

On 2013-04-12, a South Car­olin­ian man (the seller “Casey Jones”, judg­ing by forum search hits8 and his posts) had ₿11 (then $935) con­fis­cated via a drug law pro­vi­sion (Hughes blames it on the “actions of one of his house guests” and an addi­tional Bit­coin seizure casts a lit­tle doubt on the charges); he was arrested in June 2013 and triply charged in Charleston with distribution/possession of marijuana/clonazepam/DMT/methylone but he did not seem to be sell­ing mar­i­juana on SR and the avail­able court records do not indi­cate whether he is being charged due to offline or online drug deal­ing, but the men­tion of “two under­cover drug buys…in April” imply he was sell­ing off-SR and may have been caught that way.

On 2013-04-26, 2 Iowan men, Adam Lawin & Ben­jamin Walk­er, were raided for import­ing MDMA from the UK & Bel­gium (press release; sen­tenc­ing). Cus­toms inter­cep­tions of their pack­ages begin­ning in 2012 were fol­lowed by a local under­cover buy, which trig­gered the raid.

Dur­ing May 2013, a teen in Indi­ana was arrested after his mother informed on him. I also know of another case involv­ing an Amer­i­can who was con­victed after a con­trolled deliv­ery of LSD mailed from the Nether­lands; his pack­age was likely detect­ed.

A com­plaint filed 2013-06-13 against a David Lawrence Han­del charges him with dis­trib­ut­ing methy­lone, 2C-E, and 2C-C; no full com­plaint is avail­able and it is appar­ently sealed. Han­del is known to be SR-re­lated because the edgar­num­bers com­plaint says so.9 La Mous­tache sug­gests that Han­del was the research-­chem­i­cal seller daviddd, based on david­d’s sales vol­ume, pub­lic silence since the right time, a rumor that he had been arrest­ed, the coin­ci­dence that davidd listed 1kg of methy­lone for sale just like the LE-­con­trolled Dig­i­talink & edgar­num­bers seller pro­files had, and a sus­pi­cious attempt by the davidd attempt to send a ‘free sam­ple’ to a SR1 mod­er­a­tor. This iden­ti­fi­ca­tion as the SR1 seller davidd was even­tu­ally con­firmed when Han­del pled guilty in 2015 (plea agree­ment; sen­tenc­ing order). He had been the tar­get of sev­eral under­cover buys by the Mary­land Marco Polo task force which led to his pro­fil­ing & iden­ti­fi­ca­tion; he was arrested after pick­ing up a pack­age from post office, was car­ry­ing a gun, apart­ment was searched, and wound up hand­ing over his SR1 seller account.

On 2013-06-28, the seller Shel­don Kennedy (“edgar­num­bers”; pro­file) was raided in Nebraska (he had sold methy­lone among oth­ers on SR, and guns on the short­-lived Armory); he coop­er­ated (turn­ing over his cus­tomers’ address­es), was even­tu­ally offi­cially arrested 2014-02-19, and his case was unsealed the next day (com­plaint), finally being sen­tenced to a reduced two years. He had been busted after “dig­i­talink”10 turned over all his cus­tomers’ addresses in Novem­ber 2011, which included edgar­num­ber­s’s address; he was then tar­geted for under­cover buys and con­fir­ma­tion that he was a drug & gun dealer through his lack of vis­i­ble income, Gmail & Ama­zon accounts, Face­book & Google+ pro­files, inter­views at his local post office & debit card records of many postal pur­chas­es, and a return address.1112 (Kennedy turns out to be the SR1 seller men­tioned in an arti­cle on the Inter­net sex-­cam site Chatur­bate.)

In July 2013 accord­ing to DHS agent DerYeghi­ayan’s tes­ti­mony, the Texas seller and then SR1 employee “Cap­tain­Mal”/“scout”/“cir­rus”’s account was taken over by law enforce­ment and the account used to infil­trate SR1 and later SR2; she was likely arrested at some point before that in June or July 2013 on some charge (pos­si­bly relat­ing to her activ­ity as a seller sell­ing bit­coins, although an LE agent may have implied she got in trou­ble for some­thing unre­lated to SR1 and offered to flip); a later account by D-Y states that Scout was caught when she made the mis­take of accept­ing a free toy from Dutch SR1 seller “Nomad Blood­bath”, who had been tracked through mail & flipped ear­li­er. Cir­rus has been sus­pected long before as there were only a few sus­pects for the UC who was reported in Octo­ber 2013 as chat­ting with Ulbricht as he was arrest­ed, but the hard con­fir­ma­tion came when the evi­dence list was leaked 2014-12-19.

On 2013-07-11, two young Algo­ma, Wis­con­sin men, J.J. Savoie & S.J. Paape import­ing MDMA from Ger­many (mugshot) - pos­si­bly from After­hour? - saw their pack­age detected by Cus­toms and received a con­trolled deliv­ery.

Also on 2013-07-24, the Wis­con­sin SR1 buyer Ryan M Petersen was searched over an inter­cepted pack­age of MDMA from Bel­gium, after his friend he was using as a drop had been searched after an ear­lier 2013-04-26 CD (he then coop­er­at­ed). He even­tu­ally reached a plea bar­gain (court records #2014CF000288)

A New York man Nicholas C Mof­fitt was pros­e­cuted in August 2013 after sell­ing Sub­ox­one in per­son, hav­ing his mail mon­i­tored, and then his store (with drugs on the premis­es) raid­ed; he pled guilty

Also in August 2013, the large Dutch MDMA seller Super­Trips was arrested (for­fei­ture; press release; plea agree­ment); pro­fil­ing of his pack­ages and fin­ger­prints pro­vided enough grounds that when he tried to visit the USA, he was detained at the air­port, his unen­crypted lap­top exam­ined and all his records found (in­clud­ing all buyer address­es), where­upon he con­fessed & began coop­er­at­ing (help­ing bust his col­lab­o­ra­tor Under­GroundSyn­di­cate in Octo­ber 2013). (His account would be used by a DHS under­cover agent until SR1 was raided 2 months lat­er.) He was sen­tenced to 10 years prison.

Also in Sep­tem­ber 2013, a Ver­mont stu­dent Sid Ham­mer was charged with drug pos­ses­sion; he had pur­chased them off SR for local resale, and was reported to police through com­plaints of “smells of burnt mar­i­juana”.

In Octo­ber 2013, the founder of SR, Ross Ulbricht, was arrested in San Fran­cisco and charged with a laun­dry list of crimes; he was ulti­mately con­victed and sen­tenced to life with­out parole. Logs from his lap­top impli­cated a col­lege friend, Richard Bates (“baron­syn­tax”) in help­ing pro­gram SR1 and buy­ing some drugs; this was used as lever­age to force Bates to tes­tify against Ulbricht in his tri­al. Report­edly there were, besides NOD, Ulbricht, 4 UKers and 2 Swedes, “at least half a dozen other arrests cur­rently in the works” (a promise ful­filled sub­se­quent­ly).

Simul­ta­ne­ous with the SR bust, a Wash­ing­ton state man & his girl­friend, the seller “NOD”, was charged with heroin sell­ing (com­plaint, docket, inter­view) with some leniency since they coop­er­ated after their July bust & was sen­tenced to (a per­haps sur­pris­ingly low) 5 years. A pseu­do­ny­mous Red­di­tor claims to have been a cus­tomer of NOD, among other sell­ers, and to have been searched, arrested & charged on 2013-10-08, with (ap­par­ent­ly) another pseu­do­ny­mous Red­di­tor report­ing state charges & post­ing his indict­ment. (In­ter­est­ing­ly, NOD may have done a inter­view for the Drugs Inc. TV series some­where around March 2013.)

The Florida seller “Under­GroundSyn­di­cate”/BTCMaster” Angel William Quinones (pro­file, plea agree­ment) was arrested near-si­mul­ta­ne­ously with DPR thanks to the coop­er­a­tion of his partner/supplier, the Dutch seller Super­Trips, who had been arrested when he ear­lier tried to fly into the USA in August 2013 with an unen­crypted lap­top after hav­ing been iden­ti­fied through latent fin­ger­prints on pack­ag­ing.

The NY seller of clonazepam/hydrocodone/heroin “dee­zle­time” (pro­file), Michael Duch, was arrested on 2013-10-01 as well, ulti­mately reach­ing a plea deal on 2014-12-10, in time to tes­tify in the Ulbricht tri­al. In exchange for his tes­ti­mony, he was sen­tenced to 2.5 years in July 2015 (most already served).

On 2013-11-21, the seller “MDpro” was arrested in Delaware (seller pro­file, forum dis­cus­sions, forum posts, BMR posts under her real name) and charged in fed­eral court (PACER web data, complaint/filings), ulti­mately sen­tenced to 2.5 years; based on the com­plaint, it seems her fatal mis­take was either using track­ing on her ship­ments through an account reg­is­tered in her real name or putting valid return addresses on her ship­ments to a PO box reg­is­tered to her real name, which allowed the under­cover buyer to find her and com­pile the exten­sive case against her. Among her many secu­rity mis­takes included accept­ing ship­ments from other sell­ers to her apart­ment addressed to her part­ner (and part­ner in crime).

On 2013-12-17, 4 mem­bers of the metham­phet­a­mine group seller “ham­mer­time” were arrested in Ore­gon as well as 3 oth­ers charged (PACER, indict­ment; more cov­er­age; trial; plea agree­ment; sen­tenc­ing for two). The lead­er, Jason Weld Hagen, was ulti­mately sen­tenced to 3 years; the cited rea­son for such a light sen­tence was con­cerns over the Force/Bridges SR1 cor­rup­tion scan­dal.

On 2013-12-19 (; girl­friend’s report), the for­mer SR administrator/employee “Inigo” was arrested in Vir­ginia.

On 2014-01-26, the Bit­coin seller “BTCKing” (SR1/2) & an accom­plice at were arrested in Florida & NY (re­spec­tive­ly) after an IRS inves­ti­ga­tion (indict­ment); BTCKing offered a ser­vice in which he sent buy­ers a bank account num­ber to deposit cash to (which he then con­verted into bit­coins via BitIn­stan­t), then trans­ferred bit­coins to the buyer on Silk Road. He was arrested after an under­cover agent (start­ing in August 2012) made pur­chas­es, received the bank account infor­ma­tion, and obtained his bank records; the case was fur­ther cemented by using the SR mes­sages from the FBI’s copy of the servers (ap­par­ently BTCKing did not believe in using PGP), the home IP embed­ded in BTCKing’s emails with BitIn­stant (BTCKing used Safe-­ but appar­ently did not con­nect over Tor), and his accom­plice’s Gmail emails & chats obtained. (Iron­i­cal­ly, BTCKing had declined Dread Pirate Robert’s July 2013 invi­ta­tion to join him in cre­at­ing an “Anony­mous Bit­coin Exchange” by point­ing out his vul­ner­a­bil­ity to inves­ti­ga­tion: “All LE has to do is go to the bank and ask who is the Trustee of RMF Trust and BANG… They will seize the funds and me.”) He pled guilty and was sen­tenced to 4 years

In late May 2014, the SR1 oxycodone/hydrocodone seller “CALIGIRL” (pro­file), Matthew Jones, was arrested in Dal­las, Texas (press release, crim­i­nal com­plaint & excerpts, PACER), pled guilty, and was sen­tenced to 5 years & ten months. An under­cover agent had made 2 pur­chases through SR1 and 6 over Bitmes­sage after the SR1 bust; CALIGIRL did not vary pack­ag­ing meth­ods or drop off loca­tion, allow­ing his pack­ages to be pro­filed, traced back to a sort­ing facil­i­ty, where the agent dis­cov­ered they were all dropped off at a sin­gle postal box. In addi­tion, on the last pur­chase, the agent social-engi­neered CALIGIRL into accept­ing part of the pay­ment to his per­sonal bank account. This all fed into a com­pre­hen­sive inves­ti­ga­tion of CALIGIRL’s life which drew on infor­ma­tion from (but likely not exclu­sive to): Face­book; Ama­zon shop­ping logs and IP; #bitcoin-otc IP & trans­ac­tions; Local Bit­coin trans­ac­tions; domain names and tele­phone; cell­phone apps (Ding) usage & callers & IPs; Post Office pho­tos (from auto­mated postal machine); the land­lord for his post box; travel records; elec­tronic toll records record­ing move­ments of his car; hotels he stayed at (he used places he stayed or was near as return address­es); and finan­cial records from: Xoom (and IP address­es), Wells Far­go, JP Mor­gan Chase, West­ern Union, & Mon­ey­Gram. There are cur­rently no known con­trolled deliv­er­ies or arrests of CALIGIRL cus­tomers (pos­si­bly the SR1 bust elim­i­nated most of his busi­ness).

On 2014-11-05, Mary­lan­ders Tom & Amanda Calla­han (SR1 Bit­coin seller/exchanger “Jum­boMon­key­Bis­cuit”) were raided by the Bal­ti­more task force (see exhibit B of Bridges, and “United States v. 50.44 Bit­coins”) for money laun­der­ing. The SR1 server image had been used to iden­tify a PO box that Jum­boMon­key­Bis­cuit used for their Bit­coin-­for-­mailed-­cash sales, reg­is­tered in their name, which in con­junc­tion with an Octo­ber 2014 inter­cept by USPS of $10000 cash (they appar­ently had moved on to other DNMs but it is unspec­i­fied which). Their case came to light as part of the inves­ti­ga­tion of dirty cop Shaun Bridges, who stole some of the seized bit­coins.

On 2015-05-28, charges were announced against 30yo Louisiana man Beau Wat­tigney for being the SR1/2 “Pur­pleLo­tus” seller of coun­ter­feit coupons (com­plaint; press release; media); he pled guilty and was sen­tenced Jan­u­ary 2016 to 3.4 years prison. Pur­pleLo­tus had retired well before May 2015; the com­plaint says only that he was caught in part based on “foren­sic analy­sis of images of servers seized dur­ing the dis­man­tle­ment of Silk Road 1.0, the Fed­eral Bureau of Inves­ti­ga­tion (‘FBI’) was able to recov­er, among other things, trans­ac­tion his­to­ries and pri­vate mes­sage com­mu­ni­ca­tions asso­ci­ated with Silk Road 1.0 users.” and also quotes a (unen­crypt­ed) PM from Pur­pleLo­tus to a buyer explain­ing how to use coun­ter­feit coupons. A Red­di­tor claim­ing to be SR1 seller RXMan says that he remem­bers trad­ing pre­scrip­tion pills for coupons and that Pur­pleLo­tus pro­vid­ed, via unen­crypted PMs, the name Beau Wat­tigney & a mail­ing address.

Silk Road 2 (SR2)


On 2014-09-26, the 21yo South Aus­tralia man Ryan James Nor­man was arrested while pick­ing up a pack­age from the post office after Cus­toms inter­cepted a ship­ment of ~5000 doses of 25i-NBOMe from Canada; he was sen­tenced in Sep­tem­ber 2015 to 3.5 years. It later emerged that he was a seller on SR2; I have iden­ti­fied Nor­man as the SR2 seller “Mag­i­cAU” based on sim­i­lar prod­ucts and Mag­i­cAU van­ish­ing from SR2 dur­ing 2014-09-26–2014-09-28, imme­di­ately after Nor­man was raid­ed, and Mag­i­cAU’s rel­a­tively young ven­dor age which matches the descrip­tion of Nor­man as hav­ing sold for ~2 months before being arrest­ed.


Dur­ing April 2015, a 40yo Ger­man man in Würzburg was arrested for pur­chases of MDMA, cocaine, amphet­a­mi­nes, cannabis & “syn­thetic” drugs total­ing kilo­grams off of SR2 (he does not seem to have been a SR2 sell­er, indi­cat­ing he was a local reseller) and ear­lier mar­kets start­ing in 2012. The inves­ti­ga­tion appears to have relied FBI foren­sic analy­sis of the seized SR2 server’s PMs (he, like many, appar­ently had not been using PGP in com­mu­ni­cat­ing with his sell­ers) and also Ger­man cus­toms inter­cepts of sev­eral orders.


In late Jan­u­ary 2014, a Cana­dian man T.S. & Indone­sian woman L.A. were arrested after a pack­age of MDMA (100 Super­man pills) from the Nether­lands (which she had ordered from “pill­bay” on Silk Road 2) was inter­cepted by cus­toms & his West Jakarta res­i­dence searched; they were sen­tenced to 10 & 5 years respec­tive­ly.


On 2014-11-05, as part of Oper­a­tion Ony­mous, 2 men (Neil Man­nion & Richard O’Con­nor) were arrested in Dublin, Ire­land, uncov­er­ing drugs (MDMA/LSD/marijuana)/Bitcoins/address-lists; the Irish inves­ti­ga­tion began after infor­ma­tion was received from a for­eign agency. They were prob­a­bly the seller “The­Hulk­ster”, based on vol­ume, loca­tion, & drugs. (Me­dia cov­er­age: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8.)

New Zealand (NZ)

Decem­ber 2014 saw the SR2 buyer Andrew Gra­ham Hodg­son sen­tenced for import­ing metham­phet­a­mine, mar­i­juana & NBOMe; his mail had been inter­cepted from July to Sep­tem­ber 2014 (1, 2) and he was arrested that Sep­tem­ber.

Daniel Patrick McK­ech­nie, Taine Mita Piriru Edwards, & Mitchell Charles Con­nor-Dagg (aged 18-20) were arrested & charged in Feb­ru­ary 2015 after cus­toms inter­cep­tions with import­ing, from Novem­ber 2014-­Jan­u­ary 2015, LSD/MDMA/methamphetamine which “had all been sourced through the inter­net from the United States and Europe in a sophis­ti­cated oper­a­tion” for local resale. They had been order­ing “via the Silk Road site”, pre­sum­ably SR2, although what mar­ket they were using (after SR2 closed) from late Novem­ber 2014 - Jan­u­ary 2015 is unspec­i­fied. (Pos­si­bly linked to the Evo­lu­tion seller “TheWireNz”’s appar­ent­ly-per­ma­nent vaca­tion?)

United Kingdom (UK)

Dur­ing the 2014-11-05 busted of SR2, the author­i­ties announced 6 UK arrests, but no details have emerged since besides the basic descrip­tion given to the press (were any of them Bud­worx or Top_Gear_UK?):

The NCA described the six British arrests as “sig­nif­i­cant”, adding that a large amount of com­puter equip­ment has been seized at all the addresses searched and will now be foren­si­cally exam­ined. The six—a 20-year-old man from Liv­er­pool, a 19-year-old man from New Waltham in Lin­colnshire, a 30-year-old man from Cleethor­pes [Lin­colnshire], a 29-year-old man from Aber­dovey in Wales and a man and wom­an, both 58, also from Aber­dovey, have all been bailed after being inter­viewed.

The “19-year-old man from New Waltham” turns out to be Alex Mid­dle­ton (“Max­imus­Dec­imus” on SR2), who sold /MXE & Xanax & 4-MEC inter­na­tion­ally; he pled guilty in June 2015 and was sen­tenced to 2 years 4 months in Sep­tem­ber 2015.

In Feb­ru­ary 2015, charges were announced for 5 peo­ple:

A 29-year-old man from the UK was also charged today, a National Crime Agency spokesper­son told me. His 11 charges include the pos­ses­sion of four stun guns which were dis­guised as other weapons; con­spir­ing with Peter Ward to sup­ply a quan­tity of cannabis; and another charge of the impor­ta­tion of cocaine. Another three peo­ple were charged with drug offens­es. They are 29-year-old Cei William Owens, charged with sup­ply­ing Class A and B drugs; and 59-year-old Robin Clin­ton Brad­shaw and 58-year-old Elynedd Ann Owens, each charged with pos­ses­sion of Class A and B drugs. They are all res­i­dents of the Aber­dovey area of Wales.

One of the 5 was Plu­toPete, whose case was already known; the sec­ond per­son is some sort of con­nec­tion to Plu­toPete and is a new case; and the last 3 were noted to line up with the men­tioned ages & loca­tions of 3 of the orig­i­nal 6, appar­ently indi­cat­ing that one was a seller and the other two were a buy­er. Cei Owens (“Johnny Alpha”) pled guilty & was sen­tenced to two years for sales/possession of “cannabis resin, herbal cannabis, MDMA and psilo­cy­bin”. Of the orig­i­nal 6, this seems to leave 3 unac­count­ed: the 20-y­o-Liv­er­pool, and the 30-y­o-­Cleethor­pes.

The 20-y­o-Liv­er­pool was revealed in April 2019 to have been none other than StExo/Dread Pirate Roberts 2 (DPR2) him­self, hav­ing been even­tu­ally caught up by the SR2 bust & crack­ing of his encrypted files, although the exact details of his OPSEC fail­ures remain unclear:

The NCA inves­ti­ga­tors linked White first to the StExo iden­tity in part by fol­low­ing finan­cial and bit­coin trans­ac­tions in the early days of the accoun­t’s cre­ation. “We effec­tively got him from his day one, week one, of activ­ity on Silk Road,” Chowles said. Chowles explained that included trac­ing a loan from pay­day loan com­pany Wonga in White’s name, which was then sent to cryp­tocur­rency exchange Mt. Gox, which then trans­ferred bit­coin funds to the StExo account on Silk Road and paid for some items on the site. Other evi­dence included receipts for items seized from other Silk Road ven­dors addressed to White, and White being in pos­ses­sion of bit­coin wal­lets asso­ci­ated with DPR2. John Williams from the Crown Pros­e­cu­tion Ser­vice (CPS) told Moth­er­board in a state­ment that White “received an income that allowed lav­ish spend­ing with no cred­i­ble expla­na­tion.”

The case has not been straight­for­ward, how­ev­er. Chowles said the NCA had chal­lenges with White’s use of encryp­tion. The agency was even­tu­ally suc­cess­ful, in part because of gain­ing access to a pass­word man­ager which con­tained the unlock phrase for one of White’s encrypted lap­tops. The whole process has also taken years. Accord­ing to a source famil­iar with the case, the inves­ti­ga­tion data did­n’t arrive in the UK until June 2016, and the FBI did­n’t pro­vide full copies until Decem­ber 2018. Moth­er­board granted the source anonymity to speak more openly about a crim­i­nal case.

21yo Leeds man Luke Fair­less was arrested 2014-10-10 after a search of his house was trig­gered by a MDMA order being deliv­ered to the wrong address and the occu­pant com­plain­ing; the search turned up MDMA, LSD, diazepam, DMT, & mesca­line, and he was sen­tenced in 2016 for import­ing.


In early May 2014, the SR2 seller “Xanax King” (Je­remy Don­a­gal) & his asso­ciates were arrested (DEA press release); he ran a very large oper­a­tion with mul­ti­ple employ­ees, pur­chased ingre­di­ents using West­ern Union & wire trans­fers to Chi­na, “sold drugs local­ly, dis­trib­ut­ing Xanax tablets, GHB, and steroids”, some sort of clear­net web­site (, con­tent removed in lieu of a now-de­funct Tor hid­den ser­vice), and had at least one “con­fi­den­tial infor­mant” in his orga­ni­za­tion (see the anti-bail let­ter), who was han­dling their SR2 orders at the end accord­ing to a media report (some buy­ers reported being asked to resend their PGP-encrypted address­es).

The fall out from XK’s bust has been sub­stan­tial: the anti-bail let­ter claims “In addi­tion to the nine defen­dants in this case, evi­dence gath­ered from Defen­dan­t’s enter­prise led to the arrest of nearly 60 other peo­ple through­out the coun­try”. Sev­eral of his cus­tomers received con­trolled deliv­er­ies and have been arrested as well. 2 con­trolled deliv­er­ies on 28 May picked up 4 men in Bloom­ing­ton, Indi­ana (Car­los Matthew Allen, David Chris­t­ian Feigel, Paul Fur­to, & Andrew C. Dick­ey). Kory D. Krei­der in New Orleans, Louisiana whose pickup of a pack­age was sur­veilled man­aged to evade arrest on 29 May but was arrested a few days later using cell­phone records & Face­book data. Some other CDs in late May/early June 2014 are highly likely to be XK-re­lat­ed. In Naperville, Illi­nois, Brian Patrick Noone was arrested on 2014-05-30 after a search war­rant yielded 600 Xanax pills, appar­ently based on “a tip from a fed­eral task force about drug traf­fick­ing in Naperville”. In Nashville, Ten­nessee, 3 peo­ple (De­mar­cus Blue, Markuite Matthews, & Adrevi­ous Rayn­er) were arrested after a CD on 2014-05-29 of 5000 gel cap Xanax pills sent by a “An alleged drug ring” ship­ping from Cal­i­for­nia and the mailer “was taken into cus­tody at the end of last week”.

On 2014-11-05, as the final piece of Oper­a­tion Ony­mous, the oper­a­tor of Silk Road 2, Blake Ben­thall / “Def­con” was arrested in San Fran­cisco (press release; com­plaint). It is highly likely that the under­cover agent Cir­rus had enabled the locat­ing of the SR2 server, which Ben­thall appar­ently had rented under his own name (pos­si­bly at his employer Close’s host­ing), after which his Bit­coin spend­ing (on a Tes­la) was noted and sur­veil­lance cor­re­lated Def­con’s activ­i­ties with Ben­thal­l’s; after being arrest­ed, he “did admit to every­thing”.

On 2014-11-06, David & Teri Schell were arrested in Cal­i­for­nia for sell­ing mar­i­juana and mar­i­juana wax (com­plaint, PACER); addi­tional cov­er­age indi­cated they were inves­ti­gated after “dis­cov­er­ing an Inter­net Pro­to­col address was access­ing the Silk Road 2.0 site” and then PO box sur­veil­lance nailed them. The Doc­tor­Clu case reveals that the seller por­tal for SR2 had been used to de-anonymize a few IPs (but not many), imply­ing that an under­cover agent (pre­sum­ably Cir­rus) had inserted a de-anonymiza­tion exploit sim­i­lar to the pre­vi­ous Free­dom Host­ing exploit. They were prob­a­bly the SR1 & SR2 seller “Cal­i­for­ni­a­Cani­bas” (pro­file).

In “last fall” (Fall 2014), US Air Force cadet Nathaniel Penalosa’s dorm room was searched and a mil­i­tary inves­ti­ga­tion into his sale of drugs to fel­low stu­dents at the USAF acad­e­my, includ­ing LSD, molly/methylenedioxy-methamphetamine, and modafinil. He had ordered them via mail from Silk Road 2 His court-­mar­tial began around August 2015, lead­ing to the expul­sion of 3 other cadets, and he accepted a plea-bar­gain for 3 years.

In Novem­ber 2014, 37yo Louisiana man Michael Munro Jr. was arrested for import­ing Xanax & oxy­codone bought on SR2 since March 2014, and sen­tenced to 1.6 years.

The Wash­ing­ton man Brian Far­rell & SR2 staffer “Doc­tor­Clu” was arrested 2015-01-20; his IP had been uncov­ered in July 2014 access­ing the SR2 seller por­tal13, like Cal­i­for­ni­a­Cani­bas, by CMU researchers and the infor­ma­tion turned over to the FBI. The local police inves­ti­gated by post-of­fice checks and then inter­view­ing him & his room­mate on 2014-12-22; the room­mate spoke freely about Far­rel­l’s drug use and online con­nec­tions and the next day even pro­vided some of Far­rel­l’s drugs to the police, allow­ing a search war­rant to search the house and uncover Far­rel­l’s pre­scrip­tion drugs on 2015-01-02, at which point he con­fessed every­thing & to help­ing run SR2 as the employee Doc­tor­Clu and was then arrested (the charges being upgraded from local pill charges to fed­eral con­spir­acy charges; com­plaint). He was sen­tenced to 8 years in June 2016.

Michi­gan psy­che­delics buyer Michael Carl­ton Paiva was arrested in 2016 due to being iden­ti­fied in Oper­a­tion Ony­mous as a SR2 buyer for MDMA/25i-NBOMe/DOM/DMT/LSD/Al-LAD/mescaline/“liq­uid mush­rooms” and was sen­tenced to 30 months on 2017-03-09. Given the involve­ment of SR2, being a buy­er, and the long delay, he may rep­re­sent another arrest due to unen­crypted PMs.


On 2015-11-02, 26yo Scot­tish man David Trail was arrested as part of Oper­a­tion Ony­mous and pled guilty in mid-2016 (1, 2). He may rep­re­sent one of the miss­ing UK arrests. Accord­ing to the news­pa­per to cov­er­age, “The ini­tial inves­ti­ga­tion in to Trail began in August 2014 when the FBI handed over a range of IP addresses linked to a whole range of dark web sites”, and “His biggest slip-up was that, finan­cial­ly, he did­n’t know how to cover his tracks.” Some­one claim­ing to be Trail on Red­dit says:

The FBI cracked Tor and traced the Ger­man server back to me. There was encryp­tion in place but they caught me with it all unlocked unfor­tu­nate­ly. When you’re not expect­ing a police raid by the FBI (was a very small scale web­site, 10s of users) you don’t set up plau­si­ble denial­a­bil­ity based encryp­tion and auto­matic shut­down on your door being busted down.



A Can­ber­ra, ACT teen was given a sus­pended 4-year sen­tence in Novem­ber 2015 over his local resale of mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, cocaine, & LSD bought off an unspec­i­fied DNM using Bit­coin; his first pack­age was detected by Cus­toms in Sep­tem­ber 2014, as were 6 pack­ages after that, lead­ing to a raid in May 2015.


In Feb­ru­ary 2015, two Bel­gian men from Genk & Maa­seik were arrested for sales inter­na­tion­ally of methamphetamine/amphetamines/MDMA, pos­si­bly due to the fake stamps they were using to save money (sim­i­lar to the ear­lier Ger­man Red­Bull case). The first was sen­tenced to 2 years pris­on, the sec­ond to 0.5 years pro­ba­tion.

In Octo­ber 2016, a 25yo Bel­gium man and three accom­plices were arrested (Deep­DotWeb arti­cle) for sell­ing amphet­a­mines under the online ven­dor name Evilu­tion. The ven­dor used a local com­puter shop as a return address and six pack­ages got returned to that address because of insuf­fi­cient postage. Since the shop owner reported the returned pack­ages to law enforce­ment, an inves­ti­ga­tion start­ed. Fin­ger­prints found on the exam­ined pack­ages belonged to Stijn Vic­tor, who has been arrested pre­vi­ously for drug crimes. He mainly sold syn­thetic drugs and amphet­a­mi­nes, amount­ing to a total of 1878 trans­ac­tions. Dur­ing the arrest, law enforce­ment also seized 4000 bit­coins. Vic­tor’s lawyer claims that parts of it came from legal pro­gram­ming jobs that his client did years ago as well as addi­tional Bit­coin trad­ing not linked to his vend­ing activ­i­ties.


In Decem­ber 2014, 3 men in North­ern Cyprus/TRNC were arrested while try­ing to pick up a pack­age of mar­i­juana sent from Canada (in a CD, although no sig­na­tures were involved).


In Novem­ber 2015, it was announced that 9 men 19-24yo from Forcheim, Bam­berg and Her­zo­ge­nau­rach had cumu­la­tively been arrested who had made ~70 pur­chases of mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, amphet­a­mine from the DNMs for local resale; the case prob­a­bly began when the first was arrested and flipped.

In July 2016, 3 Ger­man men were charged with converting/modifying/selling guns “on Dark­net sites”, sell­ing pis­tols & rifles. These con­ver­sions may be con­nected to the by 18yo Ali Son­boly, the Glock hand­gun for which is report­edly a ‘reac­ti­vated the­ater weapon’ (for which the fir­ing pin had been removed or receiver cut?) which Bitmes­sage chat­logs indi­cate had been pur­chased over the ‘dark­net’ in some fash­ion; how­ev­er, chat­logs are not usu­ally employed in pur­chas­ing off a DNM like AlphaBay, and later cov­er­age indi­cates a dif­fer­ent 31yo man had met Son­boly in per­son for the gun & ammo sales.

A 41yo Berlin man was sen­tenced to 4 years in Sep­tem­ber 2016 for sell­ing hand­guns & ammu­ni­tion; a mis­de­liv­ered pack­age was inter­cept­ed, appar­ently prompt­ing some under­cover pur­chases back­traced to him, fol­lowed up by bugging/surveillance. It’s unspec­i­fied if he was one of the 3 charged in July 2016 or if he oper­ated on a DNM.


2 men were arrested as part of a Bit­coin card­ing ring in July 2016.


An Israeli man Weitz­man was arrested ~2015-01-04 after a “dark­net” pack­age con­tain­ing cocaine was detected by a snif­fer dog at Cus­toms.

An Israeli teen was arrested ~2015-01-12 (trans­la­tion) after a pack­age of mar­i­juana was inter­cepted by Cus­toms at Ben Gurion Air­port; the media cov­er­age spec­i­fies he had bought that pack­age & 13 oth­ers off the DNMs, but not which one or the sell­er.


On 2015-02-06, a man was arrested in Kerkrade for sell­ing drugs on “the so-­called dark Web”, and the search seized drugs & bit­coins.

On 2015-03-03, 2 men & 1 woman were arrested and searched, uncov­er­ing a mar­i­juana grow oper­a­tion; they been sell­ing bit­coins for a total of €440,000 (a sum too large to be explained as any­thing other than DNM sales).

New Zealand (NZ)

A NZer was arrested in April 2013 over mul­ti­ple very large orders from an online site, which may or may not have been SR1.

An 2013-12-11 NZ police press release reported the arrest of 3 Welling­ton men for “small quan­ti­ties of LSD, Metham­phet­a­mine, MDMA (ec­sta­sy), Class C ana­logue pow­ders and the psy­choac­tive sub­stance NBOMe” which had been “ordered from on line sup­pli­ers such as ‘The Silk Road’”; no fur­ther details are avail­able.

A 2014-06-21 Domin­ion Post arti­cle says that “A series of drug raids in a police oper­a­tion span­ning Porirua, Tawa, the Kapiti Coast and Hutt Val­ley and cen­tral Welling­ton resulted in 21 arrests over the past week [2014-06-15–2014-06-20]. Six of those arrested now face seri­ous charges related to the alleged impor­ta­tion of drugs bought online from web­sites sim­i­lar to Silk Road.” (This is a revised fig­ure from the ear­lier arti­cle on “Oper­a­tion Python” which had men­tioned that “Six Kapiti houses were raided and five arrests made as part of a large police sting tar­get­ing inter­net drug importers.”) I cur­rently do not know the specifics of those 6 arrests or have any NZ cases in that date range.

On 2014-08-11, the 22yo poly­tech­nic col­lege stu­dent Nicholas Peter Heat­ley was arrested for import­ing LSD/MDMA/Ritalin/marijuana for resale locally after cus­toms inter­cep­tions Jan­u­ary - August 2014, sourced “from Ger­many and the United King­dom via the inter­net” (clar­i­fied in later cov­er­age to have been the “Dark Web” and so pre­sum­ably one of the mar­ket­s). (He was sen­tenced in Decem­ber 2014 to 4.5 years prison.)

Cus­toms reports in May 2015 that

In 2014, Cus­toms inter­cepted more than 1300 class A and B drugs under the Mis­use of Drugs Act; a rise of more than 25% from 2013. While no drugs were inter­cepted in Dunedin in 2013, last year cocaine, MDMA, LSD and metham­phet­a­mine were all inter­cepted in the city. By the end of April this year Cus­toms had car­ried out more than 400 inter­cep­tions nation­al­ly, and found ephedrine (which can be used in the man­u­fac­ture of metham­phet­a­mine) and metham­phet­a­mine in Duned­in…“We know with one job they brought in $50,000 dol­lars worth - that’s one import.”

2 23yo NZ Dunedin uni­ver­sity stu­dents were raided on 2015-11-16 after cus­toms inter­cepts, uncov­er­ing cocaine, MDMA, LSD, & “pre­scrip­tion drugs” which they resold local­ly; likely DNM related because one police offi­cer quoted warns “stu­dents using the Inter­net to import drugs”.


A Red­di­tor reports being busted 2015-01-29 in Nor­way after a pack­age of LSD from the Nether­lands which he bought from Lucyand­Molly (who sells on Agora/Evolution/Nucleus) was inter­cepted by cus­toms; he received just a knock­-and-talk14 but con­fessed his guilt.

On 2015-06-09, the arrest in the “pre­vi­ous days” of 4 men aged 29-31 from “Oslo and Skien” was announced by Nor­we­gian police (me­dia: 1, 2, 3, 4). They appar­ently had been sell­ing mar­i­juana and unspec­i­fied other prod­ucts on the Dark Web for bit­coins, appar­ently inter­na­tion­ally as well as in Nor­way; which mar­kets, which sell­ers, and details on how they were caught were not pro­vid­ed. 2017 cov­er­age of 3 men arrested in Oslo in June 2015 says they sold mar­i­juana on SR1 and other sites, and depended on for­eign police assis­tance (based on seller records/PMs from the SR1 server image?).


In March 2016, for­mer banker & 28yo man Aditya Rajiv was con­victed of sell­ing two men’s finan­cial infor­ma­tion on the dark web to a “covert inter­net inves­ti­ga­tor” who informed police (1); he had also been accused (pre­vi­ous­ly?) of using Pay­pal to defraud 4 cus­tomers in mid-2013 (1).


On the Bungee54 forums, a cus­tomer ser­vice rep­re­sen­ta­tive said on 2014-10-20 “Within the last 4 month there were 2 buy­ers that reported inci­dents with feds - none of both within the last 10 weeks. 1 was in a Scan­di­na­vian coun­try and resulted in a fine for the clien­t…None of both orders were above 25g”. Which coun­try or when this MDMA buyer was arrested & fined is unclear.


Swedish police (pg19) claimed in Feb­ru­ary 2015: “Swedish police work actively at iden­ti­fy­ing ven­dors. A large chunk of the Swedes who sell drugs on DNMs have been caught, and nearly half of the known nick­names believed to be Swedish have been caught, either by local drug police or by cyber­po­lice.”. It’s unclear what they con­sider “known nick­names” and no spe­cific num­bers are men­tioned, but it could indi­cate that more Swedish sell­ers have been arrested than are pub­licly known.

A 2015-05-22 police arti­cle is more speci­fic: “Swedish police has iden­ti­fied 12 of the 20 biggest Swedish ven­dors on Silk Road (out of 100). 8 of them has already been charged.” 4 Swedish sell­ers are cur­rently known to have been arrest­ed: Speedswe­den, Swe­Ex­press, Live­from­swe­den, Alexan­drus. That leaves 4 miss­ing.


In “August/September 2014”, 22yo Chel­tenham man Jor­dan Richard­s-Chiver­ton’s (“Luigi”) order of 13.5g of cocaine from a DNM seller in Costa Rica was inter­cepted at a postal han­dling cen­ter, and he was CDed at the post office; he likely resold local­ly, and was sen­tenced to 2 years.

On 2015-04-14, the UK’s National Crime Agen­cy’s Twit­ter account announced that:

Our cam­paign against #Dark­Web crim­i­nal­ity con­tin­ues - 5 men in their 20s charged with drug offences on dark web forum­s…­Man­ches­ter men face over 40 charges of sup­ply­ing drugs glob­ally via #Dark­Web forums

Vice jour­nal­ist Joseph Cox asked the NCA for more details; this is all they would tell him:

charged with a range of offences relat­ing to pos­sess­ing and sup­ply­ing con­trolled drugs.

  • Basil ASSAF (born 1991) - Bom­bay House, Whit­worth St, Man­ches­ter
  • Jamie RODEN (born 1992) - Half Moon Lane, East Lon­don
  • Elliot HYAMS (born 1992) - Cop­perkins Lane, Amer­sham
  • Jaik­ishen PATEL (born 1992) - Wood­ford Ave, Ilford
  • Joshua MORGAN (born 1989) - Chapel­town St, Man­ches­ter

All are due before Man­ches­ter City Mag­is­trates on 14/05/15

It’s unclear if they were Silk Road related or not - 3 of them may be the stil­l-u­niden­ti­fied 3 Man­ches­ter sell­ers arrested simul­ta­ne­ous with the Silk Road 1 raid in Octo­ber 2013, and then the other 2 are unre­lated or per­haps accom­plices dis­cov­ered sub­se­quent­ly. (The ages & loca­tion do not match the charges announced with Plu­toPete, how­ev­er.)

On 2015-07-28, the 47yo man Ian MacPhee was arrested while serv­ing as the drop for the 38yo man Dar­ren Hillyer (“Emma”), receiv­ing a CD over “a Ruger LC9 9mm hand­gun and 50 rounds of ammu­ni­tion” that Hillyer had ordered from yet another under­cover agent on an unnamed mar­ket (likely not Evo­lu­tion which had closed March 2015; Agora banned gun sales on 2015-07-15, so that’s pos­si­ble). MacPhee was fined and Hillyer was sen­tenced to 5 years in Novem­ber 2015.

A 2015-09-29 media arti­cle reported that 21yo col­lege stu­dent Ben­jamin Koops had been sen­tenced after plead­ing guilty to import­ing mar­i­juana from the USA through the ‘dark web’, which he resold locally to his friends, being busted after “two pack­ages of cannabis were inter­cepted by the National Crime Agency and traced to Koops”. It does not spec­ify the mar­ket, whether Cus­toms inter­cepted the pack­ages, or when he was raid­ed.

The 31yo Bury UK man Mont­gomery Richard Kyle Byrne was arrested some­time in August 2015 in a gas sta­tion restroom try­ing to pay for a Glock pis­tol & 300 rounds he arranged on the “dark web”; he pled guilty and was sen­tenced to 6 years in Jan­u­ary 2016. Details of the case were not given in cov­er­age, but since it was an offline meet­ing, it is clear that it was not a Cus­toms inter­cept and that Byrne was buy­ing from yet another flipped or under­cover seller account (not weapon­s­guy, as that account was closed long before August 2015).

The 26yo south Lon­don man Dwain Osborne was arrested some­time in Octo­ber 2015 related to an attempt to buy a Glock pis­tol & ammo (me­dia: 1, 2, 3); it is unspec­i­fied which DNM. He was busted because “the dealer who offered to sell him the gun and ammu­ni­tion was a US agent”. He was bailed but a search in Feb­ru­ary 2016 turned up cocaine, pack­ag­ing mate­ri­al, pass­ports & a police uni­form, and infor­ma­tion on the prison he worked at.

In late Octo­ber 2015, 19yo Welsh woman Megan Schade­berg was charged with attempt­ing to buy a Glock pis­tol, osten­si­bly for sui­cide; she told her psy­chi­a­trist and he informed the author­i­ties, and was com­mit­ted in March 2016. (me­dia: 1, 2, 3) She had read up on the DNMs and had acquired Bit­coin and picked a Glock list­ing on an unspec­i­fied DNM, but appar­ently had not yet pulled the trig­ger on her order.

22yo Stir­ling man Mark Dor­nan ordered 500g of mar­i­juana for local resale from Bel­gium which was inter­cepted by Cus­toms and he was raided on 2016-04-08.

In June 2016, Exeter cou­ple Kelly & Ross Bren­nan were raided after pack­ages of diazepam sent to cus­tomers in Ire­land were inter­cepted and traced back to them; they had been buy­ing diazepam (and bank card for fraud) off the ‘dark web’ and reselling them to Irish cus­tomers using social media/email.

21yo Smeth­wick man Moynul Haque ordered a Glock pis­tol from an unspec­i­fied seller “between April 1 and May 10” 2015; the seller shipped it from Michi­gan but was already being inves­ti­gated by LE, who fol­lowed him to the post office & inter­cepted his pack­age, and turned the infor­ma­tion over to UK police, who raided Haque, turn­ing up some amphet­a­mine and his com­put­er’s records detail­ing his order. (me­dia: 1, 2, 3) He was sen­tenced June 2015 to 10 months.


On 2013-11-25, Bran­don How­ell was arrested after “a mon­th-­long inves­ti­ga­tion” in North Car­oli­na; he & his part­ner “imported MDMA from China through an online black mar­ket…The two then resold the imported drugs using the online cur­rency Bit­coin, accord­ing to police.” It is not clear which seller they were or what mar­ket they sold on, but the media cov­er­age men­tions Silk Road 1.

On 2014-06-20, the Boise Idaho buyer Jasen Crisp received a CD of a 100g pack­age of MDMA he had ordered from Canada (press release, #1:14-cr-00226-EJL) and coop­er­at­ed; his lawyer’s sen­tenc­ing fil­ing writes that he used an “elec­tronic cur­rency” to use the “uncom­mon means” of order­ing on the Inter­net from “a secret mar­ket­place”, so Crisp clearly ordered off one of the DNMs, but it remains unclear which mar­ket and which sell­er.

On the Bungee54 forums, the cus­tomer ser­vice account “San­tos L. Helperb” said on 2014-10-20, in response to cus­tomers fret­ting over claims of CDs on Red­dit, that Bungee54 in the past 4 months had had only two buyer inci­dents: “1 was a con­trolled deliv­ery in US around July - buyer had been inves­ti­gated before. None of both orders were above 25g”. While the drug & tim­ing is sim­i­lar (MDMA, late June vs “around July”), this US buyer can­not be Jasen Crisp: Bungee54 did not ship from Canada, Crisp did not have a prior record (that I found), and his inter­cepted MDMA order was >4x larger than this one.

At the same time as Oper­a­tion Ony­mous, the FBI raided a home in West Haven, Con­necti­cut ~2014-11-06; it is unknown whether any­one was arrested or what mar­ket they may have been asso­ci­ated with. (Spec­u­la­tion so far has only sug­gested the Agora seller “Nawl­ins”.)

The FBI also raided a New Orleans, Louisiana 2014-11-06, but sim­i­larly noth­ing is known about the results.

The orig­i­nal Oper­a­tion Ony­mous press release boasted of 17 arrests, involv­ing LE from “Bul­gar­ia, the Czech Repub­lic, Fin­land, France, Ger­many, Hun­gary, Ire­land, Latvia, Lithua­nia, Lux­em­bourg, the Nether­lands, Roma­nia, Spain, Swe­den, Switzer­land, the United King­dom and the USA” (“the arrests were scat­tered over the US and Europe.”); not all of these are mar­ket-­con­nected as they could also be related to scam sites, seller shops, or run­ning con­tent sites (doxbins, revenge porn, etc) and the orig­i­nal releases counted seized web­sites in the most inflated way pos­si­ble:

  1. Blake Ben­thall; San Fran­cis­co, Cal­i­for­nia USA; SR2 oper­a­tor

  2. ???; West Haven, Con­necti­cut USA; ???

  3. ???; New Orleans, Louisiana USA; ???

  4. ???; Budapest, Hun­gary; Hydra oper­a­tor

  5. David Schell; Cal­i­for­nia USA; SR2 seller Cal­i­for­ni­a­Cani­bas (the press release is dated 2014-11-07, and the Schells seem to have been arrested the day before, 2014-11-06, so they are prob­a­bly included in the count)

  6. Teri Schell; Cal­i­for­nia USA; SR2 seller Cal­i­for­ni­a­Cani­bas

  7. ???; Switzer­land; oper­a­tor of the scam site “Black Mar­ket”

  8. ???; Barcelona Spain; seems to have been the oper­a­tor of a scam site (trans­la­tion) claim­ing to sell card­ing-re­lated goods, per­haps “Super Note Counter” or “Sol’s Uni­fied USD Coun­ter­feit’s” or “Fast Cash!” (all named in the Oper­a­tion Ony­mous seizure papers)

  9. 6 UK arrests; 3 have been named pub­licly, and the charges sug­gest 1 seller & 2 buy­ers (un­known which)

  10. Ire­land: 2 arrests

  11. France seized 2 servers, and “sev­eral” peo­ple were arrested in Ger­many

  12. this gives a final total of:

    • USA: Ben­thall + the Schells = 3
    • Hun­gary: Hydra = 1
    • Spain & Switzer­land = 2 (fraud­sters)
    • UK: 6
    • Ger­man: ???
    • Ire­land: 2
    • 14 known arrests; 3 are miss­ing, but at least 2 must be Ger­man arrests, and hypo­thet­i­cally the last could be from any com­bi­na­tion of the men­tioned par­tic­i­pat­ing coun­tries unrep­re­sented in the above list (“…Bul­gar­ia, the Czech Repub­lic, Fin­land, France, Ger­many, Ire­land, Latvia, Lithua­nia, Lux­em­bourg, the Nether­lands, … Roma­nia, Swe­den”) but is prob­a­bly Ger­man as well

On 2015-01-06, the Prince­ton stu­dent Julian Edgren was arrested & later pled guilty after a CD pack­age of MDMA, and was sen­tenced to 5 years in Sep­tem­ber 2015 of which he served 0.33 years; war­rants also turned up mushrooms/psilocybin, mar­i­jua­na, LSD, hashish, and Adder­all. It is known Edgren had been a The Mar­ket­place cus­tomer, but TMP had closed down months before Jan­u­ary 2015 after Oper­a­tion Ony­mous, so he could not have been using TMP for that order. (The pric­ing might sug­gest a Cana­dian source.)

On 2015-02-23, the South Car­olin­ian man Joseph Patrick Gelli received a sum­mons for a mon­ey-laun­der­ing charge related to $30k of Bit­coin he had pur­chased through Coin­base using cash deposited to his bank account (indict­ment; press release); a search of his home at an unknown point also turned up cash and “mar­i­juana and psy­chotropic mush­rooms” (pre­sum­ably psilo­cy­bin). He appar­ently had been buy­ing off an unspec­i­fied DNM for local resale, but given the mon­ey-laun­der­ing focus, it seems unlikely that he suf­fered the usual fate of a cus­tomer snitch­ing.

On 2015-03-03, the Indi­ana Uni­ver­sity stu­dent Andrew Thrall was arrested for import­ing Xanax pills from Canada which he had bought “online using bit coins” and resold to his fra­ter­nity; the inves­ti­ga­tion appar­ently began Novem­ber 2014, but the media arti­cles did not men­tion what trig­gered it (a Cus­toms inter­cept? or related to the local reselling). The seller & mar­ket are unknown (sug­gested sell­ers include Quan­tik, Mag­ic­man, & Yacht club).

On 2015-03-26, New Jer­sey man Michael Regan was arrested in a CD of LSD ordered from the Nether­lands.

On the same day, 2015-03-26, Alabama man Ryan Andrew Backer was also arrested after a search turned up the LSD he had “ordered…on­line from a source in the Nether­lands”. While nei­ther order is stated to have been DNM-related, sev­eral fac­tors sug­gest strongly that these two cases are: the simul­ta­ne­ous arrests is unusual but com­mon when a seller has been pro­filed and mul­ti­ple pack­ages can be inter­cepted simul­ta­ne­ous­ly; LSD is par­tic­u­larly dif­fi­cult to inter­cept by Cus­toms; both men are young; the quan­ti­ties are small; Back­er’s order is explic­itly said to have been online rather than through other chan­nels; and Ger­man & Dutch sell­ers have been hav­ing par­tic­u­lar dif­fi­culty 2014-2015. (If so, then the spe­cific seller may have been “Hol­lan­dOn­line”.)

In Jan­u­ary 2016, the fourth arrest of a bust cen­ter­ing around 4 Shel­ter Island, NY men was made, involv­ing fen­tanyl, alpra­zo­lam, cocaine and oxy­codone through the mail & DNMs, although cov­er­age was vague about whether the 4 men were sell­ing from Shel­ter Island or were buy­ing to resell local­ly: “Accord­ing to the police, those arrests last year came out of an inves­ti­ga­tion cen­ter­ing on pow­er­ful pre­scrip­tion and non­pre­scrip­tion drugs sent to the Island through the U.S. Mail. The inves­ti­ga­tion also uncov­ered use of black mar­ket Inter­net sites - the so-­called”Dark Web," or sites dif­fi­cult to trace - coun­ter­feit cur­rency and the use of Bit­coin, the dig­i­tal cur­ren­cy, accord­ing to the police…In the case against the three young men, more than 25 pack­ages con­tain­ing nar­cotics were sent to the Island through the U.S. Mail, includ­ing fen­tanyl, alpra­zo­lam, cocaine and oxy­codone, police said. Pre­scrip­tion drugs in tablet form were taken into evi­dence along with non-pre­scrip­tion nar­cotics in pow­der form. Elec­tronic mes­sag­ing and pay­ments, includ­ing money orders and other fund trans­fers, were used to order and pay for the drugs from dis­trib­u­tors off-Is­land, accord­ing to the police."

In March 2016, charges were announced against 3 NY men, 30yo Richard Petix / 20yo Zhe Wang / 20yo Kevin Szura (case 1:2016-cr-00026; press release, com­plaint, media). Petix had sold Bit­coin to an under­cover agent, as he had to Wang/Szura; in an under­cover buy begin­ning 2016-02-29, they admit­ted using the bit­coins to import MDMA & Xanax from a Cana­dian DNM seller for resale local­ly, and were arrested at the sec­ond one 2016-03-07.

On 2016-03-17, 22yo Arkansas man Chris­t­ian Olson was arrested for weekly orders of ~3lb mar­i­juana from Cal­i­for­nia paid in Bit­coin which he resold locally (1, 2, 3).

On 2016-05-03, 20yo Penn­syl­va­nia col­lege stu­dent Michael Mancini was arrested; a fel­low stu­dent seems to have informed the police and per­haps his dorm direc­tor that he was reselling small amounts of LSD, who then began inspect­ing his mail, lead­ing to an inter­cep­tion of an LSD order from Hawaii & sub­se­quent search & arrest.

In the UK gun case of Moynul Haque, media cov­er­age men­tions that “The court heard Haque pur­chased the goods from an Amer­i­can man via the dark web, a secre­tive sec­tion of the World Wide Web used for crim­i­nal activ­i­ty. Home­land Secu­rity agents were inves­ti­gat­ing the US cit­i­zen, and in April last year fol­lowed him to a post office where they inter­cepted a par­cel addressed to Haque’s home in Brasshouse Lane, Smeth­wick, where he lived with his par­ents and three sib­lings.” (specif­i­cal­ly, “between April 1 and May 10” 2015) No fur­ther details are known about who this Michi­gan gun seller is or when they were arrest­ed.

On 2015-10-29, Uni­ver­sity of Buf­falo stu­dent Zhe Wang was raided over Xanax sales; after sales to an under­cover offi­cer on 2016-02-29, Zhe Wang & Kevin Szura were arrested for MDMA & Xanax (com­plaint; media).


Utopia was a mar­ket launched after the fall of SR1 by ~2 BMR staffers as a com­peti­tor and then when BMR decided to shut down, a replace­ment. Shock­ing­ly, it was raided by Dutch police a week after its offi­cial open­ing - it turned out that the staffers had already been infil­trated while work­ing for BMR, 5 Dutch & Ger­man men were arrest­ed, and the servers seized. The sequence of events is a bit dif­fi­cult to deter­mine from the Dutch-lan­guage sources; but it seems that the Dutch inves­ti­ga­tion made con­tact with a BMR staffer and talked about buy­ing 1 kilo of cocaine, the staffer agreed and met them offline on 2013-03-06, tried to hire the Dutch UC for a hit on an unspec­i­fied per­son, sur­veil­lance of them/cars & their phones (text mes­sages & calls dis­cussing their drug deals & Utopi­a), one of them arrested 2013-10-04 in Wouden­berg while trans­port­ing kilos of MDMA/cocaine/marijuana/amphetamines, the Utopia servers were appar­ently liv­ing at one of their homes, and pre­sum­ably the rest writes itself. (Me­dia: 1, 2, , 4, 5, 6, 7. Post-re­lease inter­view with CosaNos­tra.)

Unconfirmed rumors

Send­ing drugs through the mail turns out to be a sur­pris­ingly com­mon prac­tice, and there are many cases of peo­ple being busted for receiv­ing pack­ages of drugs (par­tic­u­larly with the rise of mar­i­juana legal­iza­tion in Amer­i­can states), some­times through online mech­a­nisms (eg Insta­gram). The Drugs Global Inci­dent Map fea­tures many online-re­lated busts, and long lists can be com­piled from law enforce­ment press releases & local news media.15161718192021

Most are likely unre­lated to the DNMs (part of reg­u­lar drug smug­gling or import­ing from fly­-by-night chem­i­cal labs in Chi­na) and some rumors are wrong or flatly made up (for exam­ple, a seller may be cov­er­ing up an exit scam with a fake story about being bust­ed, or one seller may be try­ing to hurt anoth­er’s sales eg the Ted­Danzig inci­dent or the 4lb Pure­FireMeds FUD), but of course, some will turn out to be real.


A Red­dit user in March 2014 claims that he was approached by police using infor­ma­tion from an unspec­i­fied SR1 seller being pros­e­cut­ed. No con­fir­ma­tion.

The Agora seller Ripefreefly report­edly claimed in May 2014 on his seller page to have been busted and was plead­ing guilty; his story has some issues and I have seen no con­fir­ma­tion.

On 2014-08-26, a “cook”/underground-lab for steroids was busted in Aus­tralia; this may have been the sup­plier for the SR2 steroids seller “UGLOZ” and related to why UGLOZ appar­ently began scam­ming in early August accord­ing to the .

A Bendigo, Vic­to­ria gang lead­er, 25yo Dean Poot, was arrested 2016-05-17 for metham­phet­a­mine traf­fick­ing; the meth was imported by mail and the “dark web” may have been involved in some fash­ion.


The Bungee54 group was a respected high­-vol­ume bulk seller of MDMA based in Germany/Netherlands, sell­ing on the big­ger mar­ket­places and their own shop; their scale (they must have been turn­ing over at least €1m annu­al­ly) meant they were a LE tar­get and if they were not, still liable to trig­ger inves­ti­ga­tions through pack­ages being inter­cepted and pro­filed. As such there were tremen­dous spec­u­la­tion that mem­bers had been flipped & the group had been or would soon be busted (eg. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7) much like Shiny Flakes had been, and after Oper­a­tion Ony­mous, Bungee54 tem­porar­ily retired. One staffer told me that while a sysad­min had a close shave (anonymi­ty-­wise) dur­ing Oper­a­tion Ony­mous, but no arrest reports have come out of Ger­many which sound like them as of April 2015 so they prob­a­bly suc­ceeded in a clean shut­down.

The Ger­man Agora seller “Red­Bull” dis­ap­peared Feb­ru­ary 2015, cit­ing a Ger­man police raid which on 2015-02-02 rounded up a total of 11 men for mar­i­jua­na, amphet­a­mi­nes, weapons, forgery of offi­cial doc­u­ments & credit cards, and “gefälschte Wertze­ichen” which prob­a­bly refers to fak­ing postal stamps (to save money on ship­ments). It’s unknown whether Red­Bull was one of them or remains at lib­er­ty.

A 26yo Wen­del­stein man Franz K bought 203g of hash & mar­i­juana from “Atlas 2012” or “Ronny Kol­ben­zurichter” and was sen­tenced on 2016-01-05 to 9 months.


On 2013-07-05, Israeli police announced 30 arrests; Google Trans­late indi­cates that these arrests were related to online sell­ers of “dan­ger­ous drugs” using the “dark­net” and pos­si­bly Bit­coins after Israeli law enforce­ment made under­cover pur­chas­es, but no mar­ket is spec­i­fied and it seems hard to believe that as many as 30 peo­ple could be busted with­out any notice being taken on SR1/BMR (the main mar­kets in July 2013).

The Israeli man Petah Tikva was CDed 2015-05-12 for mar­i­juana sent from the Nether­lands.


Posts on the SR2F claimed that the MDMA seller “Check­point” had been busted and cus­tomers raid­ed; see his and due to poor stealth.

New Zealand (NZ)

A 30yo man Luke William Tay­lor was arrested dur­ing Oper­a­tion Hyder­abad (some­time around Novem­ber 2014) for import­ing metham­phet­a­mine, MDMA, & LSD from the USA & Ger­many to use & resell. Silk Road is men­tioned in the two media arti­cles but despite sug­ges­tive aspects like his import­ing stop­ping around when SR2 closed, Tay­lor is not said to have used it.

A Red­dit user claims on 2015-01-22 to have, “a few months ago” ordered LSD from Canada, which was inter­cepted and been knock­-and-talked by Cus­toms.

On 2015-10-24, a group of 8 New Zealand sol­diers (ap­par­ently all male) at a party pur­chased MDMA from appar­ently an acquain­tance they met out­side the bar; the MDMA turned out to be a NBOMe that may or may not have been pur­chased on a “Silk Road­-­like web­site” as the media write­ups are unclear; sev­eral of them had a bad trip, and were arrest­ed. Of them, 5 were dis­charged, and 3 court-­mar­tialed; 2 of those were found guilty but not dis­charged.


A Red­di­tor claims to be a US cor­rec­tions offi­cer and that one of his inmates was a Sheep buyer reselling locally who was turned in by his girl­friend and then arrested after a con­trolled buy.

A poster claims that the Ger­man mar­i­juana seller “Han­flieb­haber” (“cannabis lovers”) on Sheep Mar­ket­place was busted before 2013-11-28 due to reuse of a sin­gle post office, and that details are avail­able on the Sheep forums; unfor­tu­nate­ly, I did not save a copy before the site & forums dis­ap­peared in an exit scam, and have been unable to find any con­fir­ma­tion other than one or two forum posts in Ger­man else­where com­plain­ing about a scam or spec­u­lat­ing he had been arrest­ed.


A Novem­ber 2014 claim of a CD for mar­i­juana from Mex­ico in Jan­u­ary 2013.

There is an anony­mous claim of a May 2013 UK con­trolled deliv­ery & arrest. (Pos­si­bly ket­a­mine?)

Sim­i­lar­ly, one Red­di­tor claims on 2013-05-23 that an acquain­tance was CDed 2013-05-22 for an inter­na­tional pack­age of pills ordered from SR1.

A Red­di­tor claimed on 2014-09-19 that the British man John Watt & friend who were arrested for a pack­age of MDMA from Hol­land had ordered it off SR1.

A Red­di­tor claims in early Octo­ber 2014 to have been raided after buy­ing MDMA & “speed” from Inter­ways off SR2.

A Novem­ber 2014 claim that “My friend got a lb seized from Canada got raided 2 days after he got the seizure let­ter”.

A Red­dit rumor claims a “big” Evo­lu­tion mar­i­juana seller was arrested 2015-02-10 (pos­si­bly New­port, Skyvype, or Her­a).


A pseu­do­ny­mous Red­di­tor claims to have been arrested & charged over SR1 cocaine some­time in 2012, but not con­vict­ed.

Dur­ing 2013 Con­gres­sional hear­ings on Bit­coin, the Depart­ment of Home­land Secu­ri­ty’s let­ter to the Con­gres­sional com­mit­tee made a curi­ous claim:

The U.S. Secret Ser­vice (USSS) has part­nered with Immi­gra­tion and Cus­toms Enforce­men­t’s (ICE) Home­land Secu­rity Inves­ti­ga­tions (HSI), Drug Enforce­ment Agen­cy, U.S. Postal Inspec­tion Ser­vice, and Inter­nal Rev­enue Ser­vice (IRS) on an inves­ti­ga­tion into the Silk Road­…The pur­pose of this inves­ti­ga­tion has been to focus on the iden­ti­fi­ca­tion of the site’s main admin­is­tra­tor, referred to as Dread Pirate Roberts (DPR). Of recent note­wor­thy inter­est was the deter­mi­na­tion that the sus­pect who had sent Ricin to Pres­i­dent Obama ear­lier this year was a ven­dor on the Silk Road site.

There were sev­eral ricin let­ters in 2013, whose senders were pros­e­cut­ed, but I was unable to turn up any kind of link between them and Silk Road and dis­cus­sion pro­duced no addi­tional con­crete evi­dence of what this ricin let­ter was about, which sell­er, or whether they were arrest­ed.

A SR1F user named “East India Trai­tor” cor­re­sponded with DPR1, prob­a­bly before June 2013, claim­ing to share inside infor­ma­tion on the LE inves­ti­ga­tions into SR1 & the DoS attacks and that he had spent 6 months in prison related to SR1 activ­i­ties; I dis­count his claims as many of them con­tra­dict what is now known about the inves­ti­ga­tions.

A Red­di­tor claims a friend was arrested at his PO box, a sec­ond claims his cousin was con­victed of order­ing mar­i­juana & MDMA with­out a con­trolled deliv­ery, and there were sev­eral claims to have been arrested or con­victed in an August 2013 Red­dit dis­cus­sion (these claims are not ver­i­fi­able).

A SR1F rumor claimed that the mar­i­juana seller Mary­janelane had been arrested shortly before the Octo­ber bust.

Through Decem­ber 2013 - Jan­u­ary 2014, mul­ti­ple Red­dit throw­aways began claim­ing that they were vis­ited or searched by LE from the for­mer Sheep Mar­ket­place seller “Pill­boxy” who had shifted to doing orders over email (as well as that he was a scam­mer extor­tion­ist). No ver­i­fi­able details were pro­vid­ed.

A Red­di­tor claims to have been arrested in Vir­ginia in April 2014 while trip­ping on 25-NBOMe.

On 2014-03-19, in Lees­burg Vir­ginia, Thomas C. Wat­son was arrested after a con­trolled deliv­ery of an inter­cepted pack­age of oxy­codone & MDMA; he wrote “return to sender” on it & denied any con­nec­tion, and ulti­mately the charges were dropped. Because of his tech­no­log­i­cal savvy (“the founder of Cap­i­tal Com­put­ers and Net­work, an IT com­pany”; cf CALIGIRL) and return-­to-sender gam­bit (some­times advised as an anti-CD tac­tic) and the small quan­ti­ties (sug­gest­ing a per­sonal pur­chase rather than being set up as a drop), spec­u­la­tion was rife that Wat­son was a DNM buy­er, but no con­crete evi­dence ever sur­faced.

Around April-­May 2014, the SR2 Cal­i­forn­ian metham­phet­a­mine sell­ers AoD and Chaletla ceased sales, lead­ing to spec­u­la­tion about being busted or linked to a large Cal­i­forn­ian bust of car­tel deal­ers in metham­phet­a­mine & other drugs.

On 2014-09-15, North Car­olin­ian Scott Patrick Royal was arrested after a CD for a small order of MDMA pills from Ger­many; no Bit­coin or Inter­net con­nec­tion was men­tioned in news arti­cle but spec­u­la­tion was Toy­ota on Agora.

An anony­mous user reports that in Novem­ber 2014, dur­ing a DUI-related search of his car, LE found “a sheet of 25i-NBOMe and some syn­thetic cannabi­noids” he’d bought from Ago­ra, but escaped severe pun­ish­ment due to a good lawyer & get­ting into a diver­sion pro­gram; he says the pros­e­cu­tor was not sur­prised to hear he’d bought it off Ago­ra.

As part of Oper­a­tion Ony­mous, 2 homes were searched by the FBI in West Haven, Con­necti­cut & New Orleans, Louisiana on 2014-11-06. What they found and what arrests they made, if any, remain unknown.

A Mid-West­ern Red­di­tor reports on 2014-11-12 (post-­Op­er­a­tion Ony­mous) that an acquain­tance had been arrested after pick­ing up a SR2 pack­age; he says that he was a local reseller of LSD & other psy­che­delics.

On 2014-12-12, the Mass­a­chu­setts man Christo­pher D. Barr was arrested for import­ing MDMA & methy­lone from Ger­many & China hid­den in DVD cas­es, the police cred­it­ing “a tip” for the case. While there is no men­tion of DNMs being involved, DVD cases are a com­mon form of stealth, lead­ing to spec­u­la­tion.

In Feb­ru­ary 2015, UCF stu­dent Peter John Fau­cella was arrested in Florida after an inter­cepted pack­age of mar­i­jua­na; pre­vi­ous­ly, a UCF stu­dent may have posted on the /r/DNM sub­red­dits ask­ing for help.

On 2015-02-09, Michael R. Win­ches­ter was arrested in Ken­tucky after a tip about his local deal­ing; he was appar­ently also a well-­known Top­ix.­com seller of ben­zo­di­azepines, and may at some point have sold on the DNMs.



No sin­gle theme emerges read­ing through the many arrests.

Some peo­ple are busted through sheer bad luck in being ran­domly pulled over or their pack­ages inspect­ed; some are undone by other peo­ples’ mis­takes, and some have no one but them­selves to blame for talk­ing to a police­man and blurt­ing out all their secrets; some are undone by their trust in oth­ers, and some are undone by lying to fed­eral agents; some are undone by sign­ing for pack­ages, while oth­ers are undone by a stray fin­ger­print; some fol­lowed the OPSEC rules and some engaged in mind­bog­gling fol­lies like using their real return address or accept­ing pay­ment to their own bank account or run­ning their own clear­net site; some clammed up, denied every­thing, and saved them­selves, while oth­ers kept records of every­thing (per­haps in the mis­guided belief it would earn them clemency in the worst) and only con­demned them­selves; some were busted at home, oth­ers in the total­i­tar­ian zones of inter­na­tional bor­ders; some were busted through high­-tech browser-based deanonymiza­tion but most through low-tech meth­ods like a cus­tomer or friend snitch­ing; some sell­ers’ pack­ages are spot­ted dur­ing Cus­toms inspec­tions, and some are noticed only when deliv­ery fails & the bogus return addresses explode.

A few motifs do emerge:

  • many buy­ers go down to CDs and the sub­se­quent searches turn­ing up addi­tional ille­gal goods, sug­gest­ing 2 major mit­i­ga­tions: never sign­ing, and clean­ing house to the extent pos­si­ble when expect­ing a new deliv­ery

  • inter­na­tional deliv­er­ies are highly risky for both the seller and the buy­er, and Australia/NZ more so

  • sell­ers should be assumed to keep records & address­es; many have turned out to do so

  • but sim­ple addresses seem min­i­mally use­ful to LE as there are few known busts despite the many thou­sands of cap­tured trans­ac­tion records with addresses - with a few excep­tions:

    1. if the address is from an account which is itself a seller (an argu­ment for sin­gle-­role accounts)
    2. the seller has been infil­trated but not yet bust­ed, and there are orders ‘in flight’ which can be turned into quick & easy CDs
    3. the prod­ucts being sold are guns or poi­sons, in which case, ret­ro­spec­tive arrests may be tried
  • Bit­coin works as a pay­ment method: sell­ers using any other method (Pay­pal, bank deposits, West­ern Union) invari­ably come to grief, and attempted use of such meth­ods may be a red flag for a LE-­con­trolled account

  • guns and poi­sons seem to bring grief to every­one around them: despite being the minut­est of cat­e­gories (some­times with zero sell­ers on the mar­kets which per­mit them), busts of buy­ers & sell­ers are well-rep­re­sent­ed.

    In par­tic­u­lar, LE is will­ing to spend par­tic­u­lar efforts fol­low­ing buy­ers across inter­na­tional bor­ders, makes busts based on records of addresses (as exem­pli­fied by the BMR busts in which old cus­tomers were fol­lowed up on, in con­trast to drug busts where thou­sands of addresses fall into LE hands with­out vis­i­ble effec­t), and oper­ate flipped seller accounts for months (eg the Agora weapon­s­guy case, where under­cover pur­chases led to a for­merly legit­i­mate sell­er, flipped him, and made dozens of sales/arrests after­wards cov­ered up by coerced pos­i­tive feed­back).

    I tend to think that guns is a dif­fi­cult cat­e­gory for DNM sell­ers: such sell­ers are oper­at­ing in a low-profit small niche often excluded from DNMs, one which is espe­cially vul­ner­a­ble to mail inter­cep­tion (metal part­s), a prod­uct type hard to sell in smaller units (what’s 10g of a hand­gun?), where LE is very inter­ested in bust­ing them, and very will­ing to spend the time & money to do under­cover pur­chases in order to trace­back, arrest, flip, trace past buy­ers, and oper­ate under­cover sales to bust future buy­ers. The par­a­dig­matic exam­ples for me are the web of BMR gun/poison sellers/buyers, a few Evo­lu­tion ones, and weapon­s­guy on Ago­ra.

    It’s not too sur­pris­ing that guns would fail as a DNM prod­uct cat­e­gory while things like MDMA sell like hot­cakes. It is more than a lit­tle bit ridicu­lous to sug­gest that any­one in the USA who wants a gun might seri­ously try to buy it on a DNM, when there’s some­thing like 350 mil­lion guns already float­ing around the USA which can be eas­ily bought through myr­i­ads of avenues, many legal­ly, and trans­ported eas­ily any­where within the con­ti­nen­tal USA with cars. (Some of my rel­a­tives have accu­mu­lated 8 shot­guns and rifles of var­i­ous kinds, and they were hardly even try­ing or liv­ing in a gun-friendly state.) This is prob­a­bly why so many of the gun DNM arrests are inter­na­tion­al, espe­cially Aus­tralian or Eng­lish: their gun con­trol is rea­son­ably suc­cess­ful, so the lazy and fool­ish peo­ple see DNMs (too fool­ish to think seri­ously about how drugs dif­fer sub­stan­tially from metal guns in terms of pass­ing Cus­toms or to review the his­tory of arrests and note how many pre­vi­ous DNM gun buy­ers dis­cov­ered the hard way that they were pur­chas­ing straight from an under­cover offi­cer) as the eas­i­est way. Every time I read a gun or ricin DNM arrest, I shake my head at how incom­pe­tent they were and how they saw no red flags inter­act­ing with the under­cover agent22. A fair num­ber come off as just trou­bled young peo­ple, and you have to won­der how much entrap­ment there was, sim­i­lar to how the FBI man­u­fac­tures ter­ror­ist plots with its ‘infor­mants’.

    This makes eval­u­at­ing the true risk of guns hard: there are not many gun sell­ers. They are on only a few DNMs. A gun seller can be legit­i­mate and accused of scam­ming because send­ing guns is hard; they can be legit­i­mate and then flipped by under­cover buy­ers and then become LE; in fact, they can be LE even while ‘sell­ing’ guns all around the world to dozens of buy­ers and receiv­ing great feed­back! Guns/poisons are a uniquely tricky cat­e­gory because LE uses the full bag of tricks on occa­sion, while in nor­mal cat­e­gories like drugs there’s only a very few cases of LE doing tricky things like allow­ing some addi­tional drug ship­ments to go out (usu­ally involv­ing infor­mants like XanaxK­ing). But based on how rel­a­tively rare guns are, I sus­pect it is likely the sin­gle riski­est cat­e­gory on the DNMs.


How com­plete is this inven­tory of arrests, that is, what per­cent­age of all DNM related cases are listed in the table? There are many rea­sons to expect the table to be incom­plete:

  1. any­one arrested will do their best to min­i­mize any con­nec­tion to drugs in gen­er­al, or vari­eties of con­spir­a­cy, RICO, money laun­der­ing, or inter­state charges which might be entailed by admit­ting to any­thing related to the DNMs or Bit­coin
  2. if they are arrested and the con­nec­tion comes out, the case may never become pub­lic for many rea­sons - var­i­ous legal or pri­vacy reg­u­la­tions may block it, it may sim­ply not hit the media because it was ‘just’ another local drug case, or it may be delib­er­ately kept secret as part of ongo­ing inves­ti­ga­tions (and LE admits as much - in one arti­cle they are para­phrased as say­ing “Not all of those charges have been made pub­lic.”, and other tac­tics include “seal­ing doc­u­ments, elim­i­nat­ing key infor­ma­tion from pub­lic doc­u­ments that point to the inves­ti­ga­tion - for exam­ple, the name Silk Road - or fil­ing state charges instead of fed­eral ones to keep a sus­pec­t’s records out of the more-easily searched fed­eral court [PACER] data­base.”).
  3. the infor­ma­tion may be pub­lic, but media cov­er­age gets it wrong; unso­phis­ti­cated & over­worked jour­nal­ists rou­tinely con­fuse the deep web, dark web, forums, etc
  4. the media cov­er­age may be right but is not in Eng­lish
  5. etc

Some evi­dence points weakly at how com­pre­hen­sive this table may be:

  • pub­lic cases can be divided into rea­son­ably well-­doc­u­mented ones, and ones inferred from aggre­gate fig­ures or media blurbs; for exam­ple, the bare name of the arrested per­son is unknown in more than half of the cases
  • the aggre­gate time lags from when each per­son was arrested to when their case became known (pos­si­bly through indi­rect means such as care­fully pars­ing com­plaints and evi­dence from other cas­es) sug­gest that ~90% of pub­lic cases become known in the first year but then there is a very long tail of arrests sur­fac­ing in the pub­lic record years lat­er, imply­ing that for 2012 onwards each year can­not be >90% com­plete even if we assumed that all cases became pub­lic (be­cause for more recent years, cases have not fin­ished sur­fac­ing)
  • the infor­mant Carl Force told DPR that there had been many account com­pro­mises on BMR and “a few quiet busts”, where at the most gen­er­ous, only 3 cases are known, sug­gest­ing a known:­to­tal BMR rate of <33%
  • in SR1, the UK press release spec­i­fied the total num­ber of arrests; the UK arrests remain oth­er­wise unknown
  • in the Xanax King case, a sub­se­quent court fil­ing spec­i­fied the full num­ber of related arrests, which can be com­pared with media arti­cles on iden­ti­fied or likely XK buy­ers, sug­gest­ing a known:­to­tal rate of ~10%
  • in Oper­a­tion Ony­mous, the joint press release spec­i­fied the total num­ber of arrests; many are still unknown
  • the Ross Ulbricht trial revealed sev­eral unknown arrests (at a min­i­mum: Dee­zle­time, alllove, Richard Bates) which would likely have never sur­faced if Ulbricht had plea-bar­gained and avoided trial
  • Aus­tralian police have some­times quoted aggre­gate Silk Road­-re­lated fig­ures; an exam­ple is the state­ment that 6 Aus­tralians were arrested in June 2013 for SR1-re­lated activ­i­ties, yet, infor­ma­tion about only one has been uncov­ered so far.
  • the long-run­ning “weapon­s­guy” Agora gun sting yield­ed, accord­ing to a press release, 17 arrests glob­al­ly; only 1 arrest is known oth­er­wise.

In aggre­gate, I would guess that the com­plete­ness of the table is highly unlikely to be >25% and more likely to be <=10% (but the com­plete­ness is prob­a­bly much higher for site oper­a­tors, then staff, then sell­ers, and least of all buy­er­s).


html <- getURL("")
arrests <- readHTMLTable(html,
    colClasses = c("character", "factor", "integer", "character", "factor", "factor", "character", "factor",
                   "factor", "character", "logical", as.Date, as.Date, "character"))[[1]]
# replace all empty-fields/""s with NAs
arrests[1:11][arrests[1:11] == ""] <- NA
# include most probable date of all XK arrests
arrests[!$Seller) & arrests$Seller=="Xanax King" &$Date),]$Date <- as.Date("2014-06-02")

# look for similar but not identical drug lists to respell or recapitalize them in the table:
sort(unique(sub("^ ", "", unlist(strsplit(levels(arrests$Product), ",")))))

# now that the Product field is clean and everything is written the same way,
# unfold the heterogeneous Product field into 1/0-coded per-drug columns:
arrests <- cbind(arrests, mtabulate(strsplit(gsub(" ", "", as.character(arrests$Product)), ",")))

# for those curious who the 12% women are:
arrests[arrests$Sex=="F" & !$Sex),]$Name

# how many past cases can we expect to emerge to public notice in the future? not that many;
# when a case ever becomes public knowledge, it usually does so quickly, as I see a very
# long but very thin tail of cases popping up more than half a year after they happened.
# This is helpful to know - we can't know how many forever-unknown cases there are, but at
# least I can be fairly confident that I've captured many of the public cases and I won't
# be, say, suddenly overwhelmed next year by a ton of SR1 cases from 2012 popping up and
# undermining conclusions
hist(as.integer(na.omit(with(arrests, Known - Date))))

# summary statistics:
nrow(arrests) # total arrest
table(arrests$Sex)[2] / (table(arrests$Sex)[3]+table(arrests$Sex)[2]) # gender ratio
length(levels(arrests$Country)) # number of countries
sort(table(arrests$Country), decreasing=TRUE) # countries by count:
sort(table(arrests$Role), decreasing=TRUE) # buyer/seller/staff/operator
sort(table(arrests$Market), decreasing=TRUE) # associated market:
intl <- table(arrests[arrests$Role=="buyer",]$INTL); intl[1] / (intl[1]+intl[2]) # estimate of international order risk:
sort(table(sub("^ ", "", unlist(strsplit(levels(arrests$Product), ",")))), decreasing=TRUE) # drug popularity
## fraction site operators/ sites busted:
black <- readHTMLTable("")[[1]]
sum(arrests$Role=="operator", na.rm=TRUE) / nrow(black)

arrests$YearMonth <- strftime(arrests$Date, format="%Y-%m")
arrests$Year <- strftime(arrests$Date, format="%Y")
x <- data.frame(with(arrests, table(Country, YearMonth)))
x2 <- data.frame(with(arrests, table(Country, Year)))

## buyers seem to skew younger than sellers:
wilcox.test(arrests[arrests$Role=="buyer",]$Age,  arrests[arrests$Role=="seller",]$Age)
#   Wilcoxon rank sum test with continuity correction
# data:  arrests[arrests$Role == "buyer", ]$Age and arrests[arrests$Role == "seller", ]$Age
# W = 1138, p-value = 3.699482e-10
ggplot(arrests[arrests$Role=="buyer" | arrests$Role=="seller",], aes(x = Age, color=Role)) + geom_density()

## simple plot: arrests over time as a monthly bar-chart/histogram, internally split by country:
qplot(Date, color=Country, data=arrests)
## what if we plot lines for each country? but most countries are represented by a handful of arrests and the modal data is 0
## arrests per month... useless:
qplot(YearMonth, log1p(Freq), data=x) + facet_grid(Country ~ .)
## try stacking the other way: still pretty meh
qplot(YearMonth, log1p(Freq), color=Country, facets=. ~ Country, data=x)

See Also

Drug Inter­dic­tion Part­ner­ships, Legal Prin­ci­ples, and Inves­tiga­tive Method­olo­gies for Law Enforce­ment, Stef­fen & Can­de­laria 2003:

  1. pg10 of Cal­i­Con­nect com­plaint:

    As part of the inves­ti­ga­tion, the FBI was able to seize infor­ma­tion about ven­dors on the Silk Road, which has since been made avail­able to law enforce­ment. 27. The Silk Road NTC Ven­dor List, ref­er­enced above, con­tained a list of ven­dors on Silk Road with over $100,000.00 in sales, com­piled from infor­ma­tion on com­put­ing servers that were seized by law enforce­ment dur­ing the inves­ti­ga­tion into Silk Road. Included in this doc­u­ment was the ven­dor name “cal­i­con­nect.” “Cal­i­con­nect” was described as a mar­i­juana traf­ficker with a sales vol­ume at approx­i­mately $1,250,248.65. “Cal­i­con­nect” is listed on the NTC Ven­dor List as the one of the largest ven­dors on the Silk Road­.The FBI esti­mates that “cal­i­con­nect” was the eigh­teenth largest ven­dor world­wide out of the approx­i­mately 4,000 ven­dors who sold goods on the Silk Road­.As such, this infor­ma­tion indi­cated that BURCHARD was likely a large-s­cale ven­dor on the Silk Road uti­liz­ing the ven­dor name “Cal­i­con­nect.” I requested addi­tional data from the seized Silk Road servers per­tain­ing to “Cal­i­con­nect.” I received this infor­ma­tion on June 11, 2015and began to review it (as described below)

  2. pg25:

    CFA Solorio pro­vided me with decrypted mes­sages found on BURCHARD’s thumb dri­ve. BURCHARD used a pro­gram called GPG4USB, which auto­mat­i­cally used Bur­chard’s Pretty Good Pri­vacy (PGP) pri­vate key to decrypt mes­sages sent to him from cus­tomers. The GPG4USB pro­gram required a pass­word to decrypt mes­sages. CFA Solorio dis­cov­ered that “ass­hole209” was the pass­word, which was a pass­word uti­lized by BURCHARD based on sub­poe­naed records obtained by me…I noted approx­i­mately 49 orders within the decrypted mes­sages from cus­tomers who were buy­ing mar­i­juana from BURCHARD.

  3. See Cheng Le com­plaint: “In or about mid-2014, an FBI online covert employee (the ‘OCE’) assumed online Dark­-Web iden­ti­ty, which had pre­vi­ously been used by a traf­ficker in illicit mate­ri­als, includ­ing, among other things, bio­log­i­cal tox­ins.”↩︎

  4. Dark­_­Mart last posts on Evo­lu­tion 2014-03-03 nor­mally then posts again on 2014-08-29 that “I just recently logged back into evo and con­tacted some of you about my sta­tus. The bot­tom line is that one of my sup­pli­ers got arrested on gun charges and it brought some heat on our oper­a­tion. I had to go off the grid for a while but Dark­_­Mart is back!”↩︎

  5. “My solic­i­tor is con­fi­dant [sic] I’ve bro­ken no UK laws in sell­ing my prod­ucts, but they did find a small amount of class A and class B drugs that were for my own per­sonal use so i will be charged with that at the very least.”↩︎

  6. The meat of his plea deal is sealed, but it does say

    In Jan­u­ary 2012, the defen­dant vol­un­tar­ily admit­ted to fed­eral agents with Home­land Secu­ri­ties Inves­ti­ga­tions that he acquired and sold drugs as described above. He vol­un­tar­ily granted inves­ti­ga­tors access to emails, postal ship­ping records, finan­cial accounts, and other infor­ma­tion that cor­rob­o­rated these sales.

    This phras­ing is, how­ev­er, also con­sis­tent with com­mon sce­nar­ios such as being raided and agree­ing to coop­er­ate.↩︎

  7. Key quote:

    I believe that BRIDGES con­trolled and/or had access with oth­ers to “Num­ber13”, the account that appears to have ini­ti­ated the size­able bit­coin thefts. I believe this for at least two rea­sons. First, in a DEA 6 that FORCE authored dated Jan­u­ary 23, 2013 , FORCE described how he had trans­ferred 60 bit­coins into a DEA-controlled account known as “TrustUsJones”. Data from the Silk Road servers demon­strates that on that Jan­u­ary 23, 2013 date, there was a 60 bit­coin trans­fer from “Num­ber13” into “TrustUsJones”. Sec­ond, in an email dated Jan­u­ary 23, 2013, FORCE emailed BRIDGES request­ing that BRIDGES deposit bit­coins to replen­ish the “TrustUsJones” account. In other words, BRIDGES, in con­sul­ta­tion with FORCE, appears to have been con­trol­ling “Num­ber13” dur­ing the late Jan­u­ary 2013 time­frame.

  8. Web­site archives on this page are pro­vided in the .maff ; it improves on by stor­ing mul­ti­ple web­pages in a sin­gle con­tainer (use­ful for com­pil­ing a set of web pages all on the same top­ic, such as mul­ti­ple forum threads) and by com­press­ing the con­tents (im­por­tant for extremely long forum thread­s). Fire­fox users can view the archives using the Fire­fox exten­sion.↩︎

  9. “There are sev­eral related cas­es. The owner and oper­a­tor of Silk Road, Ross Ulbricht [DPR], is charged with Mur­der for hire…Other indi­vid­u­als charged in the Dis­trict of Mary­land con­nec­tion with the Marco Polo task force include Jacob Theodore George IV (CCB-13-0593) [Dig­i­talink], Cur­tis Clark Green (CCB-13-0592) [Chron­ic­pain], and David Lawrence Han­del (CCB-13-0313) [???]. Other indi­vid­u­als have been charged with crimes involv­ing from Silk Road in juris­dic­tions around the United States and in for­eign coun­tries.”↩︎

  10. The com­plaint calls the source “CS-1”, but given the date Novem­ber 2011, the pres­ence of methy­lone, the men­tion of spend­ing coun­ter­feit in Bal­ti­more, and his arrest, it is highly unlikely that CS-1 is any­one other than dig­i­talink.↩︎

  11. Some rel­e­vant excerpts from the com­plaint:

    Start­ing in Novem­ber 2011, agents with Home­land Secu­rity Inves­ti­ga­tions con­ducted sev­eral inter­views with a source in Mary­land (CS-1) [Dig­i­talink?]. CS-1 had been sell­ing ille­gal drugs on Silk Road. CS-1 explained how Silk Road worked to the agents, and vol­un­tar­ily pro­vided access to CS-1’s Silk Road accounts, email accounts, and Bit­coin accounts that doc­u­mented CS-1’s own involve­ment in Silk Road. CS-1’s com­puter was also found to con­tain CS-1’s “cus­tomer records”, includ­ing names and addresses of hun­dreds of indi­vid­u­als (in the United States and other coun­tries) that received drug ship­ments from CS-1. [CS-1 was ini­tially not truth­ful about being a drug dealer on Silk Road. CS-1 was also arrested because he con­tin­ued to use ille­gal drugs after his first inter­view with agents. How­ev­er, the infor­ma­tion pro­vided by CS-1 relied upon in this affi­davit has been cor­rob­o­rated by agents’ review of the CS-1’s Silk Road and email accounts, and files con­tained on CS-1’s com­put­er.]

    …Among the infor­ma­tion pro­vided by CS-1, were records of drugs sold to Shel­don Kennedy, using the alias “edgar­num­bers”, and shipped to 2222 N. Cot­ner Blvd, Lin­coln, Nebraska, 68505 (the “Res­i­dence”)…Un­der­cover agents also com­mu­ni­cated with Kennedy and made pur­chases from Kennedy on Silk Road using aliases (in­clud­ing the online iden­tity of CS-1). Kennedy sold these prod­ucts via Silk Road under the alias “edgar­num­bers”. These pur­chases were made from prod­uct Kennedy listed as avail­able for sale on Silk Road, and were paid for in Bit­coin. In each case, Kennedy shipped the con­tra­band from Nebraska to an under­cover agent in Mary­land

  12. Social media:

    …Agents queried Kennedy on www.­face­book.­com and dis­cov­ered a pub­licly avail­able pro­file iden­ti­fied as “Shel­don Kennedy”…Kennedy had made posts on his Face­book page stat­ing he had firearms for sale…On June 28, 2013, a fed­eral search war­rant was exe­cuted at Kennedy’s res­i­dence…After sign­ing a writ­ten Miranda form, Kennedy also made a vol­un­tary state­ment to inves­ti­ga­tors. He admit­ted he started sell­ing drugs and guns on Silk Road in Sum­mer 2011. He admit­ted to sell­ing a vari­ety of drugs via Silk Road, includ­ing cocaine, methy­lone, and pre­scrip­tion med­ica­tion. Kennedy advised that he buys nar­cotics from Chi­na, India, and Ser­bia. Kennedy admit­ted to obtain­ing 24 grams of cocaine from an online ven­dor which was “fronted”. He said he split up the 24 grams and sold them on Silk Road and made approx­i­mately $2,500 to $3,000

    …Kennedy admit­ted to sell­ing drugs on the Silk Road. He also admit­ted to sell­ing firearms through Silk Road. Kennedy also vol­un­tar­ily pro­vided agents with con­trol of his Silk Road account, email accounts, and elec­tronic records show­ing ship­ping infor­ma­tion (in­clud­ing name and address) for Kennedy’s sales of drugs and/or firearms. Kennedy also pro­vided con­trol of his finan­cial accounts used to facil­i­tate his crim­i­nal activ­i­ty, includ­ing an account [on] the online Bit­coin exchange mtgox.­com. A review of these accounts cor­rob­o­rated Kennedy’s state­ment.

  13. From the search war­rant:

    …From Jan­u­ary 2014 to July 2014, a FBI NY Source of Infor­ma­tion (SOI) pro­vided reli­able IP addresses for TOR and hid­den ser­vices such as SR2, which included its main mar­ket­place URL (silkroad6ownfk.onion), its ven­dor URL (vx3w763ohd256iyh.onion), its forum URL (silkroad5v7dywlc.onion) and its sup­port inter­face (uz434sei7arqunp6.onion). The SOI’s infor­ma­tion ulti­mately led to the iden­ti­fi­ca­tion of SR2 servers, which led to the iden­ti­fi­ca­tion of at least sev­en­teen black mar­kets on TOR.

    The SOI also iden­ti­fied approx­i­mately 78 IP addresses that accessed a ven­dor .onion address. A user can­not acci­den­tally end up on the ven­dor site. The site is for ven­dors only, and access is only given to the site by the SR2 administrators/moderators after con­fir­ma­tion of a sig­nif­i­cant num­ber of suc­cess­ful trans­ac­tions. If a user vis­its the ven­dor URL, he or she is asked for a user name and pass­word. With­out a user name and pass­word, the ven­dor web site can­not be viewed.

    Cur­rent Inves­ti­ga­tion

    On July 30, 2014, Home­land Secu­rity Inves­ti­ga­tions (HSI) Seat­tle received infor­ma­tion that a user asso­ci­ated with IP address accessed the ven­dor por­tal of SR2. Records reveal the IP address was asso­ci­ated with a Com­cast inter­net account reg­is­tered to Steve Phelps at 4238 163rd Avenue SE - Belle­vue, WA 98006. On August 8, 2014, the Wash­ing­ton Depart­ment of Licens­ing reported the fol­low­ing vehi­cle and dri­ver infor­ma­tion for that address:… On August 13, 2014, Home­land Secu­rity Inves­ti­ga­tions ini­ti­ated sur­veil­lance activ­i­ties on the above address, fur­ther observ­ing the blue Volk­swa­gen Beetle, and the white Chevro­let Camero…On Octo­ber 10, 2014, Home­land Secu­rity inves­ti­ga­tions, assisted by a U.S. Postal Inspec­tor, vis­ited sev­eral U.S. Post Offices near 4238 163rd Avenue SE, Belle­vue, WA 98006…An­other employee at the same loca­tion rec­og­nized the pho­to­graph of Steve Phelps, fur­ther stat­ing he may have dropped off a tub of let­ters for mail­ing and he drove a blue sta­tion wag­on… [and so on through to pg9, then the rest seems to be search war­rant boil­er­plate]

  14. For back­ground on the “knock and talk”, see ch3 of Stef­fen & Can­de­laria 2003.↩︎

  15. /u/CookyDough pro­vides a list of search queries and some exam­ples of the reg­u­lar stream of cas­es:

  16. Con­tin­ued: - “Illi­nois man gets con­trolled deliv­ery of 14 lb pack­age of cannabis by Local Police & ‘Postal Inter­dic­tion Team’” - “US Cus­toms inter­cepts GBL (liq­uid) pack­age from Hong Kong to US res­i­dence, drug task force/DHS/PIS arrests recip­i­ents in con­trolled deliv­ery” - USPS Express Mail used to ship mar­i­juana from Ari­zona to Michi­gan gets man six years in prison” - “Alaska man gets arrested in con­trolled deliv­ery of 122g of dou­ble vac-sealed meth” - “Two men arrested in China Grove and Char­lot­te, NC, USA after 3 mar­i­juana filled UPS pack­ages were deliv­ered” - “Police seize 32-­pounds of mar­i­juana from Wauke­sha (WI, USA) home”↩︎

  17. Con­tin­ued:

  18. Con­tin­ued:

  19. Con­tin­ued:

  20. Con­tin­ued:

  21. Con­tin­ued:

  22. eg, a real ricin seller won’t chat you up and remind you that, “you know, ricin can be used to kill peo­ple” or dis­cuss how best to do it, since the less they know the bet­ter; that’s obvi­ously an under­cover agent try­ing to estab­lish mens reus for the judge.↩︎