Tor DNM-related arrests, 2011-2015

A database of all publicly-reported arrests and prosecutions connected to the Tor-Bitcoin drug darknet markets 2011-2015, and mistakes made.
Bitcoin, Silk-Road, R, survival-analysis
2012-07-142019-06-13 in progress certainty: highly likely importance: 7

I com­pile a ta­ble and dis­cus­sion of all known ar­rests and pros­e­cu­tions re­lated to Eng­lish-lan­guage Tor-Bit­coin dark­net mar­kets (DNMs) such as Silk Road 1, pri­mar­ily 2011–2015, along with dis­cus­sion of how they came to be ar­rest­ed.

On­line DNM users have been ar­rested in a num­ber of coun­tries, for many differ­ent rea­sons and in many ways, dat­ing back to not long after the open­ing of Silk Road 1 in Jan­u­ary 2011. Be­cause of the nov­elty of such mar­kets and the rel­a­tively durable com­mu­ni­ties, a sur­pris­ing num­ber of ar­rests even­tu­ally be­come known. While we’ll never know all the users who ex­pe­ri­ence im­pe­r­ial en­tan­gle­ments, pub­lished re­ports at least yield a lower bound on their num­bers and are en­light­en­ing as to law en­force­ment meth­ods & OPSEC lessons. I ac­tively tracked all ar­rests I learned of in var­i­ous ways un­til mid-2015, when I wound down my DNM re­search and stopped adding new cases (although I would some­times up­date ex­ist­ing cas­es); the most com­pre­hen­sive post-2015 ar­rest source I know as of No­vem­ber 2019 is Dark­’s “Ar­rested Dark­net Ven­dors” page.

For in­for­ma­tion on the mar­kets them­selves (ac­tive & past), see ; for dis­cus­sion of the or­der­ing process, eco­nom­ics, cryp­tog­ra­phy, and pol­i­tics of the DNMs, see .

The sec­tions are split up by mar­ket, then by coun­try.

To sug­gest or cor­rect en­tries, you can con­tact me via email & PGP or in the com­ments sec­tion.


“Phi­los­o­phy in any case al­ways comes on the scene too late…When phi­los­o­phy paints its gloomy pic­ture then a form of life has grown old. It can­not be re­ju­ve­nated by the gloomy pic­ture, but only un­der­stood. Only when the dusk starts to fall does the owl of Min­erva spread its wings and fly.”


  • Role: buy­er, sell­er, staff, or mar­ket founder/operator; each has dis­tinct risks and LE in­ter­est and should be dis­tin­guished

  • Mar­ket: the DNM a per­son was most affil­i­ated with, last ac­tive on, or busted be­cause of

    For ex­am­ple, a Silk Road 1 em­ployee work­ing at Silk Road 2 would be clas­si­fied as SR1-re­lated be­cause he had pro­vided DPR1 his dox and was busted as a con­se­quence of SR1, not be­cause he worked at SR2 when he was ar­rest­ed; op­po­site­ly, a seller like Cal­i­for­nia Cannabis, who had sold on SR1 but was busted after be­ing deanonymized by the un­der­cover agent through the SR2 seller por­tal, would be clas­si­fied as SR2-re­lat­ed. And a seller who sold on a mar­ket but was busted through his own off-mar­ket sales will be marked with the rel­e­vant mar­ket.

  • Pro­duct: the main 3-4 drugs they were deal­ing in or pos­sessed

  • In­ter­na­tion­al: whether they were receiving/sending pack­ages across bor­ders

  • Ar­rest date: best known guess at when they were raided/searched/arrested/charged; if known only to the mon­th, I round up/down

  • Known date: when I learned of it/added to my ar­ti­cle (dis­tri­b­u­tion of lags may be use­ful for es­ti­mat­ing frac­tion re­main­ing un­known)

  • Sex: when known

  • Age: age when ar­rest­ed; if only a range is known, I choose the me­dian & give the range in the notes


As of 2019-06-13, there is pub­licly-known & in­cluded in my ta­ble (although many, if not most, cases still re­main un­known):

  • 312 arrests/legal trou­ble on the fol­low­ing mar­kets (in­clud­ing over­lap­s):

    • SR1: 158
    • SR2: 93
    • Ago­ra: 35
    • Evo­lu­tion: 33
    • BMR: 9
    • Al­phaBay: 11
    • Utopia: 5
    • Sheep: 5
    • Dream: 3
    • Nu­cle­us: 2
    • Val­hal­la: 2
    • Hy­dra: 1
    • Top­ix2: 1
  • roles:

    • buy­ers: 226

      • of the buy­ers, 121 or ap­prox­i­mately half (53%) of known cases seem to have in­volved or­ders cross­ing in­ter­na­tional bor­ders
    • sell­ers: 167

    • mar­ket employees/staff: 10

    • mar­ket administrator/operator/owner: 8

      • frac­tion of mar­kets (87) whose op­er­a­tor(s) have been busted so far: 6, or 7%
  • 92% male

  • from 27 coun­tries:

    • USA: 187
    • UK: 39
    • Ger­many: 36
    • NZ: 36
    • Aus­tralia: 32
    • Swe­den: 21
    • Nether­lands: 17
    • Ire­land: 10
    • Aus­tria: 9
    • In­dia: 7
    • Canada: 6
    • Nor­way: 5
    • Is­rael: 4
    • Bel­gium: 3
    • Cyprus: 3
    • In­done­sia: 3
    • Scot­land: 3
    • France: 2
    • Thai­land: 2
    • Czech: 1
    • Den­mark: 1
    • Hun­gary: 1
    • Italy: 1
    • Japan: 1
    • Scan­di­navia: 1
    • Ugan­da: 1
  • the most pop­u­lar drugs/items to or­der or be found pos­sess­ing:

    • MDMA: 47
    • mar­i­jua­na: 35
    • co­caine: 28
    • LSD: 27
    • meth: 17
    • am­phet­a­mine: 15
    • Xanax: 12
    • hero­in: 9
    • gun: 8
    • DMT: 7
    • ke­t­a­mine: 7
    • oxy­codone: 7
    • di­azepam: 5
    • fen­tanyl: 5
    • NBOMe: 5
    • psilo­cy­bin: 5
    • abrin: 3
    • Bit­coin: 3
    • bomb: 3
    • card­ing: 3
    • hy­drocodone: 3
    • methy­lone: 3
    • 25i: 2
    • 2C-E: 2
    • clon­azepam: 2
    • cyanide: 2
    • fake IDs: 2
    • mesca­line: 2
    • source code: 2
    • steroids: 2
    • 25c: 1
    • 2C-C: 1
    • 4-MEC: 1
    • alpha-PVP: 1
    • BDMPEA: 1
    • ben­zo­di­azepines: 1
    • coun­ter­feit coupons: 1
    • coun­ter­feit cur­ren­cy: 1
    • DOM: 1
    • fi­nan­cial data: 1
    • hash: 1
    • laun­der­ing: 1
    • mephedrone: 1
    • modafinil: 1
    • mush­rooms: 1
    • MXE: 1
    • opi­um: 1
    • pre­scrip­tion: 1
    • ricin: 1
    • Ri­tal­in: 1
    • safrole: 1
    • silde­nafil: 1
    • spice: 1
    • Sub­ox­one: 1
    • U-47700: 1
    • uni­form: 1


Com­pre­hen­sive ta­ble of known DNM ar­rests, 2013–2015, with de­mo­graphic de­tails, whether in­ter­na­tional ship­ping was in­volved, when ar­rest­ed, and when pub­licly known.
Name Sex Age Pseu­do­nym Role Mar­ket Seller Coun­try State Prod­uct In­ter­na­tional Date Known Notes
Stacy Litz F 23 buyer SR1 USA Penn­syl­va­nia MDMA, LSD FALSE 2011-09-01 2013-01-13 Philadel­phia, Pow­el­ton Vil­lage
SR1 USA Mary­land 2011-12-29 2015-04-18 In­ferred from in­ter­nal time­line; Bal­ti­more CI
SR1 USA Illi­nois 2012-01-13 2015-04-18 In­ferred from in­ter­nal time­line; Chicago CI
Ja­cob Theodore George M 32 dig­i­talink seller SR1 USA Mary­land hero­in, methy­lone FALSE 2012-01-17 2013-10-29 De­tails re­main mys­te­ri­ous; prob­a­bly Bal­ti­more ar­rest in Jan 2012 but when ex­act­ly? Best guess date.
drip­so­facid buyer SR1 USA 2012-03-01 2015-01-14 In­ferred from DerYeghi­ayan’s tes­ti­mony about use for un­der­cover buys.
Christo­pher Owen M seller SR1 Aus­tralia NSW MDMA, ke­t­a­mine, meth FALSE 2012-04-27 2013-05-18 >20yo? New South Wales, Illawarra
Mehran Ja­hedi M 18 buyer SR1 USA Mass­a­chu­setts LSD, ke­t­a­mine, MDMA TRUE 2012-05-05 2014-10-17 Mass­a­chu­setts, Great Bar­ring­ton, Si­mon’s Rock
Manouchehr Ab­dolah M 56 moveit­nice seller SR1 Canada Ot­tawa co­caine TRUE 2012-05-14 2013-11-12
Vahideh Zade­h-Dar­ian F 56 moveit­nice seller SR1 Canada Ot­tawa co­caine TRUE 2012-05-14 2013-11-12
Mo­hammed Ab­dolahi M 22 moveit­nice seller SR1 Canada Ot­tawa co­caine TRUE 2012-05-14 2013-11-12
Yas­mine Ab­dolahi F 26 moveit­nice seller SR1 Canada Ot­tawa co­caine TRUE 2012-05-14 2013-11-12
al­llove seller SR1 USA mar­i­juana FALSE 2012-05-19 2015-02-05 al­llove’s bust is known solely from in­ci­den­tal use of his SR1 ac­count in Ul­bricht tri­al; dated to ear­li­est men­tion of his dis­ap­pear­ance I found.
Cal­lum Fay M 19 seller SR1 UK Cam­bridge co­caine, MDMA, meth, hero­in, ke­t­a­mine TRUE 2012-06-28 2015-05-11 Cam­bridge, Saw­ston
Isaac Pa­tiari Maki M 19 buyer SR1 NZ In­ver­cargill MDMA TRUE 2012-06-28 2013-02-20
M buyer SR1 NZ meth TRUE 2012-07-11 2012-07-14 Ex­act date un­known other than it was in 2012 some­time be­fore 11 Ju­ly; this is for the Cus­toms offi­cer
Paul Leslie Howard M 32 Shadh1 seller SR1 Shadh1 Aus­tralia Mel­bourne MDMA, co­caine TRUE 2012-07-12 2013-02-03 Mel­bourne, Brunswick West
M buyer SR1 NZ MDMA TRUE 2012-07-11 2012-07-14 Ex­act date un­known other than it was in 2012 some­time be­fore 11 Ju­ly; this is for the uni­ver­sity stu­dent
Ryan West M 20 buyer SR1 Aus­tralia Perth MDMA TRUE 2012-08-01 2012-12-06 Ex­act date un­known; in Au­gust.
James Fowler M 26 war­weed seller SR1 Canada B.C. psilo­cy­bin, mar­i­jua­na, gun TRUE 2012-08-02 2015-05-28
SR1 NZ TRUE 2012-08-12 2012-10-13 One of 5 un­known NZ ar­rested re­lated to SR1 Jan­u­ary-July 2012, re­ported in Au­gust me­dia ar­ti­cle.
SR1 NZ TRUE 2012-08-12 2012-10-13
SR1 NZ TRUE 2012-08-12 2012-10-13
SR1 NZ TRUE 2012-08-12 2012-10-13
SR1 NZ TRUE 2012-08-12 2012-10-13
David Han­del M 23 davidd seller SR1 USA Ohio methy­lone, 2C-E, 2C-C TRUE 2012-08-21 2014-02-21 Un­der­cover buys led to his pro­fil­ing & iden­ti­fi­ca­tion; ar­rested after pick­ing up a pack­age from post office in Colum­bus.
Shawn Casey M 32 Tro­jan seller SR1 Canada Al­berta DMT TRUE 2012-08-22 2014-12-17 Po­lice tipped off by neigh­bors in Cal­gary
M buyer SR1 Aus­tralia MDMA, mar­i­jua­na, am­phet­a­mine TRUE 2012-09-01 2014-12-05 2 un­named broth­ers.
M buyer SR1 Aus­tralia MDMA, mar­i­jua­na, am­phet­a­mine TRUE 2012-09-01 2014-12-05 2 un­named broth­ers.
Si­mon Lim M 26 buyer SR1 NZ co­caine, meth, LSD TRUE 2012-10-01 2013-02-20 Not clear when ar­rest­ed, other than some­time dur­ing or be­fore Oc­to­ber 2012.
M buyer SR1 Sour­Diesel­Man USA New Jer­sey mar­i­juana FALSE 2012-12-01 2013-10-27 SDM NJ buyer
Richard Pol­lard M 32 1StopOz seller SR1 Aus­tralia Vic­to­ria MDMA, co­caine, ke­t­a­mine TRUE 2012-12-01 2014-11-16 Vic­to­ria, War­randyte.
M buyer SR1 UK MDMA TRUE 2012-12-31 2014-08-27 Red­di­tor.
M buyer SR1 USA LSD TRUE 2012-12-31 2013-05-05
buyer SR1 Is­rael TRUE 2013-01-01 2015-01-18 Re­port from DDW, ar­rested “be­gin­ning of 2013” for 2012 pur­chas­es; for sim­plic­i­ty, listed as 2013-01-01.
M buyer SR1 USA MDMA TRUE 2013-01-01 2015-03-23 “early 2013”
Cur­tis Clark Green M 47 Chron­ic­pain staff SR1 USA Utah co­caine FALSE 2013-01-17 2013-10-02 Utah, Span­ish Fork.
M TrustusJones seller SR1 USA mar­i­jua­na, oxy­codone FALSE 2013-01-23 2015-03-30 First doc­u­mented as DEA-controlled on 2013-01-23, but may have been flipped as early as April 2012.
M 17 buyer SR1 Aus­tralia Perth NBOMe TRUE 2013-02-17 2014-06-12 Sen­tenc­ing re­lated to Pre­ston Bridges ac­ci­den­tal falling death ~2013-02-16; un­clear when ex­actly his friend was charged, so I’ve dated day after fall.
Patrick Franzini M 22 buyer SR1 Aus­tralia Vic­to­ria meth, DMT, ke­t­a­mine TRUE 2013-02-19 2015-02-28 Vic­to­ria, Di­a­mond Creek.
Samuel Ryan Lud­wig M 22 buyer SR1 Aus­tralia Vic­to­ria MDMA, LSD, ke­t­a­mine, am­phet­a­mine TRUE 2013-02-19 2015-05-05 Vic­to­ria, Ash­bur­ton
Lee James Matthews M 31 buyer SR1 Aus­tralia Vic­to­ria MDMA, co­caine, meth TRUE 2013-02-21 2015-05-05 Vic­to­ria, Craigieburn
Matthew Karl Nel­son M 28 buyer SR1 luck­y­lu­cianno USA Florida MDMA TRUE 2013-02-21 2013-02-27 Flori­da, North Naples
Jules Staib M 19 buyer SR1 luck­y­lu­cianno USA Louisiana MDMA, LSD, mar­i­jua­na, co­caine, DMT TRUE 2013-02-22 2013-02-27 Louisiana, New Or­leans
Wy­att Sil­ver­man M 19 buyer SR1 luck­y­lu­cianno USA Louisiana MDMA, LSD, mar­i­jua­na, co­caine, DMT TRUE 2013-02-22 2013-02-27 Louisiana, New Or­leans
M buyer SR1 NOD USA Alaska heroin FALSE 2013-03-01 2013-11-08
F buyer SR1 NOD USA Cal­i­for­nia heroin FALSE 2013-03-31 2013-11-08
Tele Benoni M 62 Med­icalM seller SR1 Nether­lands Em­men MDMA TRUE 2013-04-05 2013-09-03
Sander V. M 33 Med­icalM seller SR1 Nether­lands Em­men MDMA TRUE 2013-04-05 2013-09-03
Bernd S. M 40 Med­icalM seller SR1 Nether­lands Em­men MDMA TRUE 2013-04-05 2013-09-03
Frans W. M Med­icalM seller SR1 Nether­lands Gronin­gen MDMA TRUE 2013-04-05 2013-09-03
M Med­icalM seller SR1 Nether­lands MDMA TRUE 2013-04-05 2013-09-03
M Med­icalM seller SR1 Nether­lands MDMA TRUE 2013-04-05 2013-09-03
Eric Daniel Hughes M 31 Casey Jones seller SR1 USA South Car­olina mar­i­jua­na, clon­azepam, DMT FALSE 2013-04-12 2013-06-23 May have sold in­ter­na­tion­ally but a SR1F post refers to him as a do­mes­tic sell­er. Charleston.
Ben­ja­men P. Bel­mont M 19 buyer SR1 NZ Man­awatu MDMA, co­caine, LSD TRUE 2013-04-23 2014-04-21
Adam Lawin M 25 buyer SR1 USA Iowa MDMA TRUE 2013-04-26 2015-02-28 Wa­ter­loo, Iowa
Ben­jamin Walker M 22 buyer SR1 USA Iowa MDMA TRUE 2013-04-26 2015-02-28 Wa­ter­loo, Iowa
M buyer SR1 USA Wis­con­sin MDMA, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-04-26 2015-03-02 This was the drop for Ryan M Pe­tersen, who was CDed and co­op­er­at­ed.
Blanks M Sour­Diesel­Man seller SR1 USA Cal­i­for­nia mar­i­juana FALSE 2013-05-20 2013-10-27 Couri­er, flipped.
buyer SR1 Aus­tralia TRUE 2013-06-01 2013-07-05 Un­known buyer based on me­dia re­port about 6 SR1-re­lated Aus­tralia ar­rests in June 2013.
buyer SR1 Aus­tralia TRUE 2013-06-01 2013-07-05
buyer SR1 Aus­tralia TRUE 2013-06-01 2013-07-05
buyer SR1 Aus­tralia TRUE 2013-06-01 2013-07-05
buyer SR1 Aus­tralia TRUE 2013-06-01 2013-07-05
M buyer SR1 joy Aus­tralia saf­role TRUE 2013-06-20 2015-05-06
M Speedswe­den seller SR1 Swe­den am­phet­a­mine, MDMA, spice TRUE 2013-06-27 2015-05-06
M Speedswe­den seller SR1 Swe­den am­phet­a­mine, MDMA, spice TRUE 2013-06-27 2015-05-06
Shel­don Kennedy M 26 edgar­num­bers seller SR1 dig­i­talink USA Ne­braska methy­lone, gun TRUE 2013-06-28 2014-02-20
M buyer BMR Grass4­Cash Aus­tralia gun TRUE 2013-06-29 2015-03-05 The Bunger com­plaint does not spec­ify when the Aus­tralian buyer was ar­rest­ed, but since the pack­age was in­ter­cepted 2013-06-28, it has to be 2013-06-29 or lat­er.
M 29 Fuck­the­p­o­lice137 seller SR1 Italy silde­nafil, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-06-30 2015-08-10 Age guessed from “It all started be­tween 2005 and 2006, I was in my early twen­ties…on the thresh­old of my thir­ties I am wait­ing for the in­ex­orable end”. Ar­rest date un­cer­tain: “At the end of June came the day when the ir­re­me­di­a­ble hap­pened.”
F cir­rus staff SR1 USA Bit­coin FALSE 2013-07-20 2014-12-19 It’s un­known how cir­rus was flipped or whether her le­gal was even re­lated to SR1/bitcoins in the first place.
M joy seller SR1 In­done­sia saf­role TRUE 2013-07-23 2015-05-06
Michael Kitto M 25 buyer SR1 NZ South­land MDMA, co­caine TRUE 2013-07-03 2013-09-09
An­drew Fur­ness M 23 buyer SR1 NZ South­land MDMA, co­caine TRUE 2013-07-03 2013-09-09
Gareth Edlin M 29 buyer SR1 NZ South­land MDMA, co­caine TRUE 2013-07-03 2013-09-09
Sascha F. M 24 Pfan­dlei­her seller SR1 Ger­many Bavaria am­phet­a­mine, MDMA, co­caine TRUE 2013-07-04 2014-03-13
M After­hour seller SR1 Ger­many am­phet­a­mine, MDMA, co­caine TRUE 2013-07-04 2013-07-10
M After­hour seller SR1 Ger­many am­phet­a­mine, MDMA, co­caine TRUE 2013-07-04 2013-07-10
M After­hour seller SR1 Ger­many am­phet­a­mine, MDMA, co­caine TRUE 2013-07-04 2013-07-10
F After­hour seller SR1 Ger­many am­phet­a­mine, MDMA, co­caine TRUE 2013-07-04 2013-07-10
Joshua J. Savoie M 21 buyer SR1 USA Wis­con­sin MDMA TRUE 2013-07-11 2013-10-27
S. J. Paape M 17 buyer SR1 USA Wis­con­sin MDMA TRUE 2013-07-11 2013-10-27 Madi­son Street; Chilton, Wis­con­sin
Matthew Gillum M Sour­Diesel­Man seller SR1 USA Cal­i­for­nia mar­i­juana FALSE 2013-07-23 2013-10-27 At least 3 other mem­bers of group, but none seem to have been ar­rest­ed.
Jo­lene Chan F Sour­Diesel­Man seller SR1 USA Cal­i­for­nia mar­i­juana FALSE 2013-07-23 2013-10-27
Ryan M Pe­tersen M 21 buyer SR1 USA Wis­con­sin MDMA, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-07-24 2015-03-02 Brook­field, Wis­con­sin
Steven Sadler M NOD seller SR1 USA WA hero­in, co­caine, meth FALSE 2013-07-31 2013-10-02
Jenna White F NOD seller SR1 USA WA hero­in, co­caine, meth FALSE 2013-07-31 2013-10-02
M buyer SR1 Aus­tralia 2013-08-01 2015-03-01 This is based on the short 2013-08-10 me­dia men­tion of a man fined for “at­tempt­ing to pos­sess drugs from the site”.
Jack­son R. M buyer SR1 Aus­tralia WA DMT, 2C-E TRUE 2013-08-23 2015-07-24 Fourth WA bust. South Bun­bury.
Luke Han­ley M buyer SR1 Aus­tralia 25c, 25i, am­phet­a­mine TRUE 2013-08-01 2014-04-01 I guess this to be Au­gust given the phras­ing of “just months” be­fore Oc­to­ber 2013. Note de­spite the sim­i­lar date, this can­not be the other Aus­tralian buyer as Han­ley was only fined & given sus­pended sen­tence in 2014.
Matthew B. Collins M 23 buyer SR1 NZ Hill­crest MDMA, LSD, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-08-01 2015-04-11 22-24yo
Jared Un­der­wood M 25 buyer SR1 NZ Hamil­ton MDMA, LSD, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-08-01 2015-04-11 24-26yo
Ryan Thomas Mc­Manus M 30 son­ic­drone seller SR1 Ire­land Belfast co­caine, mephedrone, MDMA, LSD TRUE 2013-08-05 2015-04-29 29-31yo
Ryan Mil­li­gan M 28 son­ic­drone seller SR1 Ire­land Dum­drum co­caine, mephedrone, MDMA, LSD TRUE 2013-08-05 2015-04-29 27-29yo
Con­nor De­ven­ney M 35 son­ic­drone seller SR1 Ire­land New­cas­tle co­caine, mephedrone, MDMA, LSD TRUE 2013-08-05 2015-04-29 34-36yo
Nicholas C. Moffitt M 24 buyer SR1 USA New York hero­in, Xanax, Sub­ox­one, co­caine 2013-08-07 2013-08-27 Queens­bury
Cor­nelis Slomp M 21 Su­per­Trips seller SR1 USA Florida MDMA, co­caine, LSD TRUE 2013-08-27 2014-02-15 Trav­eled from Nether­lands; the ST doc­u­ments men­tion 11 other peo­ple who worked with ST (one of them UGS); there are no re­ports that the other 10 were ar­rest­ed.
An­drew T. Har­ri­son M 27 buyer SR1 NZ Welling­ton MDMA, NBOMe TRUE 2013-09-01 2014-04-21 Me­dia ar­ti­cle says only “Sep­tem­ber”.
Sid Ham­mer M 23 buyer SR1 USA Ver­mont LSD, MDMA, oxy­codone 2013-09-01 2013-11-11
Dy­lan Richard­son M 23 buyer SR1 NZ Palmer­ston N. meth TRUE 2013-09-03 2013-12-18 Palmer­ston North, Man­awatu-Wan­ganui.
Adam Bunger M 33 Grass4­Cash seller BMR USA Ken­tucky gun TRUE 2013-09-10 2013-09-18 Bowl­ing Green
M Ausid seller SR1 Aus­tralia fake IDs FALSE 2013-09-10 2013-10-15 Not clear on whether Ausid sold to in­ter­na­tional cus­tomers; their fakes seem to have been Aus­trali­a-spe­cific.
M Ausid seller SR1 Aus­tralia fake IDs FALSE 2013-09-10 2013-10-15
Daniel Wayne Fowler M 23 buyer SR1 NZ Auck­land MDMA, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-09-30 2014-12-08 As­sign­ing to end of Sep­tem­ber due to me­dia ar­ti­cle phras­ing “Over the course of a week at the end of Sep­tem­ber last year”.
Lisa Marie Clark F 22 buyer SR1 NZ Auck­land MDMA, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-09-30 2014-12-08
Michael Duch M 38 dee­zle­time seller SR1 USA New York clon­azepam, hy­drocodone, heroin FALSE 2013-10-01 2015-01-13 38-39yo
An­gel W. Quinones M 34 Un­der­GroundSyn­di­cate seller SR1 Su­per­Trips USA Florida MDMA, co­caine, LSD TRUE 2013-10-02 2014-04-28 Mi­ami In­ter­na­tional Air­port, Mi­ami, Florida
Ross William Ul­bricht M 29 Dread Pi­rate Roberts op­er­a­tor SR1 USA Cal­i­for­nia TRUE 2013-10-02 2013-10-02 San Fran­cisco
Pe­ter Ward M 52 Plu­toPete seller SR1 UK De­von co­caine, mar­i­jua­na, meth TRUE 2013-10-02 2013-10-03
M seller SR1 UK 2013-10-02 2013-10-03 3 un­known Man­ches­ter UK ar­rests si­mul­ta­ne­ous with Ul­bricht & Ward.
M seller SR1 UK 2013-10-02 2013-10-03
M seller SR1 UK 2013-10-02 2013-10-03
Jim­mie Michael Juh­lin M 34 Swe­Ex­press seller SR1 Swe­den Hels­ing­borg mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-10-08 2013-10-11 Me­dia says 29/34, un­clear which is which; ar­bi­trar­ily as­signed.
Mo­hammed F.A. Barham M 29 Swe­Ex­press seller SR1 Swe­den Hels­ing­borg mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-10-08 2013-10-11
M XTCExpress seller SR1 Nether­lands MDMA TRUE 2013-10-09 2013-10-15
M XTCExpress seller SR1 Nether­lands MDMA TRUE 2013-10-09 2013-10-15
buyer SR1 NOD USA heroin FALSE 2013-10-10 2013-10-10
Pe­ter James Gros­sett M 48 buyer SR1 NZ Welling­ton meth, LSD, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-11-01 2014-07-05 Ap­par­ently busted some­time in No­vem­ber 2013 but not more specifi­cally or what the non-SR1 mar­ket he used was.
M Black­jack­021 seller SR1 Aus­tria mar­i­jua­na, opi­um, am­phet­a­mine TRUE 2013-11-04 2015-03-01 The Aus­tria ar­ti­cle says it was a fa­ther-son pair who were ar­rested as the sell­er.
M Black­jack­021 seller SR1 Aus­tria mar­i­jua­na, opi­um, am­phet­a­mine TRUE 2013-11-04 2015-03-01
buyer SR1 Black­jack­021 Aus­tria mar­i­jua­na, opi­um, am­phet­a­mine FALSE 2013-11-04 2015-03-01 The Aus­tria ar­ti­cle seems to men­tion that 6, pre­sum­ably Aus­tri­an, of the pair’s cus­tomers were ar­rested
buyer SR1 Black­jack­021 Aus­tria mar­i­jua­na, opi­um, am­phet­a­mine FALSE 2013-11-04 2015-03-01
buyer SR1 Black­jack­021 Aus­tria mar­i­jua­na, opi­um, am­phet­a­mine FALSE 2013-11-04 2015-03-01
buyer SR1 Black­jack­021 Aus­tria mar­i­jua­na, opi­um, am­phet­a­mine FALSE 2013-11-04 2015-03-01
buyer SR1 Black­jack­021 Aus­tria mar­i­jua­na, opi­um, am­phet­a­mine FALSE 2013-11-04 2015-03-01
buyer SR1 Black­jack­021 Aus­tria mar­i­jua­na, opi­um, am­phet­a­mine FALSE 2013-11-04 2015-03-01
Matthew Crisafi M 38 Gun Wise seller BMR USA New Hamp­shire gun TRUE 2013-11-06 2013-11-07 Hamp­ton
Bran­don How­ell M seller USA North Car­olina MDMA, mesca­line, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-11-25 2013-11-30
Kather­ine L West­brook F 26 seller USA North Car­olina MDMA, mesca­line, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-11-25 2013-11-30
M 25 Live­from­swe­den seller Sheep Swe­den Kris­tianstad am­phet­a­mine, MDMA, co­caine, mar­i­juana FALSE 2013-11-27 2015-05-06
M 22 Live­from­swe­den seller Sheep Swe­den Kris­tianstad am­phet­a­mine, MDMA, co­caine, mar­i­juana FALSE 2013-11-27 2015-05-06
M Live­from­swe­den seller Sheep Swe­den Hels­ing­borg am­phet­a­mine, MDMA, co­caine, mar­i­juana FALSE 2013-11-01 2015-06-11 Ar­rested be­fore first two; these lat­ter two may not be LFS.
M Live­from­swe­den seller Sheep Swe­den Malmo am­phet­a­mine, MDMA, co­caine, mar­i­juana FALSE 2013-12-01 2015-06-11 Ar­rested after first two.
Olivia Louise Bolles F 32 MD­pro seller SR1 USA Delaware oxy­codone, di­azepam FALSE 2013-11-21 2013-11-22
Alexan­dra Gold F 31 MD­pro seller SR1 USA Delaware oxy­codone, di­azepam FALSE 2013-11-21 2013-11-22
M buyer NZ MDMA, LSD, meth, NBOMe TRUE 2013-12-11 2013-12-17 Welling­ton trio.
M buyer NZ MDMA, LSD, meth, NBOMe TRUE 2013-12-11 2013-12-17
M buyer NZ MDMA, LSD, meth, NBOMe TRUE 2013-12-11 2013-12-17
Ja­son Ha­gen M 39 ham­mer­time seller SR1 USA Ore­gon meth FALSE 2013-12-17 2013-12-19
Richard Web­ster M 45 ham­mer­time seller SR1 USA Ore­gon meth FALSE 2013-12-17 2013-12-19
Rob­bie Shel­ton M 44 ham­mer­time seller SR1 USA Ore­gon meth FALSE 2013-12-17 2013-12-19
Tina Hea­gle F 46 ham­mer­time seller SR1 USA Ore­gon meth FALSE 2013-12-17 2013-12-19
Lesa Jump M 63 ham­mer­time seller SR1 USA Ore­gon meth FALSE 2013-12-17 2013-12-19
Chelsea Reder F 23 ham­mer­time seller SR1 USA Ore­gon meth FALSE 2013-12-17 2013-12-19
Don­ald Ross Bechen M 39 ham­mer­time seller SR1 USA Ore­gon meth FALSE 2013-12-17 2013-12-19
An­drew Michael Jones M 24 Inigo staff SR1 USA Vir­ginia FALSE 2013-12-19 2013-12-19 Charles City
Gary Davis M 25 Lib­er­tas staff SR1 Ire­land Wick­low FALSE 2013-12-19 2013-12-21
Pe­ter Phillip Nash M 41 SSBD staff SR1 Aus­tralia Queens­land FALSE 2013-12-20 2013-12-21 Bris­bane
Li­onel G. M 26 Walk­a­Boot seller SR1 France Loire mar­i­jua­na, am­phet­a­mine TRUE 2013-12-21 2013-12-28 Sain­t-Ger­main-la-Mon­tag­ne, Loire De­part­ment
Mado F Walk­a­Boot seller SR1 France mar­i­jua­na, am­phet­a­mine TRUE 2013-12-21 2013-12-28
Amit Sand M buyer BMR Is­rael gun TRUE 2014-01-08 2015-01-18 Un­known sell­er; BMR con­nec­tion un­con­firmed but highly like­ly.
buyer Is­rael mar­i­juana TRUE 2014-01-12 2014-01-14
Jesse Ko­rff M Snow­man840 seller BMR USA Florida ricin FALSE 2014-01-18 2014-01-22
Robert Faiella M 52 BTCKing seller SR1 USA Florida Bit­coin FALSE 2014-01-26 2014-01-27 Cape Coral
Char­lie Shrem M 25 seller SR1 USA New York Bit­coin FALSE 2014-01-26 2014-01-27 JFK, NYC
Kun­tal Pa­tel F 36 buyer BMR Ko­rff UK Strat­ford abrin TRUE 2014-01-26 2014-09-26 Park Road
T.S. M buyer SR2 pill­bay In­done­sia West Jakarta MDMA, LSD TRUE 2014-01-31 2015-01-28
L.A. F buyer SR2 pill­bay In­done­sia West Jakarta MDMA, LSD TRUE 2014-01-31 2015-01-28
Rudolf Jansen? M 47 Ru­udNL seller Utopia Nether­lands MDMA, co­caine, mar­i­juana TRUE 2013-10-04 2014-02-12 The seller ar­rested en route to Ger­many.
M op­er­a­tor Utopia Nether­lands TRUE 2014-02-12 2014-02-12 At least 1 or 2 of the Utopia ar­rests must’ve been the site op­er­a­tors but I am un­able to fig­ure out which from the vague me­dia cov­er­age.
Jeroen Teeninga M op­er­a­tor Utopia Nether­lands TRUE 2014-02-12 2014-02-12
Steven Rui­jter M CosaNos­tra staff Utopia Nether­lands TRUE 2014-02-12 2014-02-12
B. C. R. M LeCon­tog staff Utopia Ger­many TRUE 2014-02-12 2014-02-12
Jonathan Nor­ling M 22 buyer BMR Mal­colm USA New York cyanide, abrin FALSE 2014-02-14 2014-02-21
M buyer SR1 Aus­tralia Tas­ma­nia 25i, BDMPEA TRUE 2014-03-23 2014-04-01 Dat­ing based on sen­tenc­ing; al­most no avail­able de­tails to give an idea of when ac­tu­ally ar­rest­ed.
James Mal­colm M 29 seller BMR USA Cal­i­for­nia cyanide, abrin, gun FALSE 2014-05-04 2014-06-06 Carmichael
Ayumu Ter­amoto M 38 buyer Japan Fukuoka am­phet­a­mine TRUE 2014-05-08 2014-05-10 The me­dia cov­er­age (2014-05-09) does not spec­ify when ar­rest was; I’ve dated it to the day be­fore. ‘stim­u­lant’ is prob­a­bly am­phet­a­mine.
Je­remy Don­a­gal M 35 Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 Mar­tinez
Lau­rence Lind­berg M 42 Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 East Bay Area
Thomas El­liott M 39 Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 East Bay Area
Michael Tomada M 42 Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 East Bay Area
Michael Gon­za­lez M 41 Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 East Bay Area
Ken­neth Koskiniemi M 37 Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 Fresno
Christo­pher Neely M Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 East Bay Area
Dus­ton Kirk M 38 Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 East Bay Area
Ali­cia Mitts F 30 Xanax King seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia Xanax FALSE 2014-05-27 2014-06-12 Oak­ley
Matthew Ver­ran Jones M 44 CALIGIRL seller SR1 USA Texas oxy­codone, hy­drocodone TRUE 2014-05-29 2014-07-29 SR1 be­cause while deal­ing after SR1 closed, it was off-mar­ket. Dal­las.
Car­los Matthew Allen M 28 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA In­di­ana Xanax FALSE 2014-05-28 2014-07-28 Al­len, Feigel, Fur­to, & Dickey were CDed si­mul­ta­ne­ously in Bloom­ing­ton, In­di­ana.
David C. Feigel M 20 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA In­di­ana Xanax FALSE 2014-05-28 2014-07-28
Paul Furto M 32 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA In­di­ana Xanax FALSE 2014-05-28 2014-07-28
An­drew C. Dickey M 20 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA In­di­ana Xanax FALSE 2014-05-28 2014-07-28
De­mar­cus Blue M 22 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Ten­nessee Xanax FALSE 2014-05-29 2014-06-02 Nashville
Markuite Matthews F 20 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Ten­nessee Xanax FALSE 2014-05-29 2014-06-02 Nashville
Adrevi­ous Rayner M 18 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Ten­nessee Xanax FALSE 2014-05-29 2014-06-02 Nashville
Brian Patrick Noone M 20 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Illi­nois Xanax FALSE 2014-05-30 2014-06-03 Naperville
M Dark­_­Mart seller Evo­lu­tion USA gun FALSE 2014-06-01 2015-01-20 Dark­_­Mart’s bust is known only from a short ref­er­ence in the Cheng Le com­plaint that he was busted “in or about mid 2014”; so I as­sign it to ex­actly mid-2014. He ap­par­ently was known for guns be­fore poi­sons, so I’ve marked that as what he sold.
Kory D. Krei­der M 23 buyer SR2 Xanax King USA New Or­leans Xanax FALSE 2014-06-01 2014-06-14 Krei­der evaded a CD but was even­tu­ally iden­ti­fied & ar­rested at some point dur­ing the first week of June 2014, which I code as 1 June.
Ryan K. Cham­ber­lain M 42 buyer BMR Mal­colm, Ko­rff USA Cal­i­for­nia bomb FALSE 2014-06-02 2014-06-11
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28 The 2015-06-25 an­ti-bail let­ter boasts that XK “led to the ar­rest of nearly 60 other peo­ple through­out the coun­try”, ex­clud­ing the 9 XK de­fen­dants; worst-case, <=59 ar­rests, and sub­tract­ing the 5 known buyer busts, yields <=54 stil­l-un­known cas­es. These seem to be mostly XK cus­tomers. I in­clude a row for each such case.
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
buyer SR2 Xanax King USA Xanax FALSE 2014-06-28
NZ TRUE 2014-06-15 2015-02-28 Sim­i­lar to the XK ar­rests, these 6 are place-hold­ers for to­tal ar­rests men­tioned in a me­dia re­port.
NZ TRUE 2014-06-15 2015-02-28
NZ TRUE 2014-06-15 2015-02-28
NZ TRUE 2014-06-15 2015-02-28
NZ TRUE 2014-06-15 2015-02-28
NZ TRUE 2014-06-15 2015-02-28
Jasen Crisp M 29 buyer USA Idaho MDMA TRUE 2014-06-20 2014-11-28
buyer Bungee54 USA MDMA TRUE 2014-07-01 2014-10-20 CD in­ferred from Bungee54 cus­tomer ser­vice rep­re­sen­ta­tive men­tion.
buyer Bungee54 Scan­di­navia MDMA TRUE 2014-08-01 2014-10-20 CD in­ferred from Bungee54 cus­tomer ser­vice rep­re­sen­ta­tive; coun­try not fur­ther spec­i­fied, date guess based on “none of both within the last 10 weeks.”
Nicholas P. Heat­ley M buyer NZ LSD, MDMA, Ri­tal­in, mar­i­juana TRUE 2014-08-11 2015-02-22
Michael An­drew Ryan M 35 weaponsguy/Gunrunner seller Agora USA Kansas gun TRUE 2015-06-03 2016-06-07 Iden­ti­fied as weapon­s­guy based on cir­cum­stan­tial ev­i­dence. Pos­si­ble real arrest/raid date 2014-09-01, in­ferred from the Justin Mor­eira un­der­cov­er-sale case; ex­act ar­rest date best es­ti­mate based on Aus­tralian press re­lease “Sep­tem­ber 2014”
An­drew Gra­ham Hodg­son M 29 buyer SR2 NZ Palmer­ston N. meth, mar­i­jua­na, NBOMe TRUE 2014-09-01 2014-12-08 Ar­rested as part of Op­er­a­tion Hy­der­abad, which kicked off 2014-09-01, so he was prob­a­bly ar­rested on the 1st/2nd. Palmer­ston North, Man­awatu Dis­trict
Ryan James Nor­man M 21 Mag­i­cAU seller SR2 Aus­tralia South NBOMe, LSD, MDMA, steroids TRUE 2014-09-26 2015-06-12
Stephen Jones M 38 buyer Evo­lu­tion weedy­bus­nis USA Geor­gia MDMA TRUE 2014-10-02 2014-12-20 Flow­ery Branch
Cyn­thia Jones F 39 buyer Evo­lu­tion weedy­bus­nis USA Geor­gia MDMA TRUE 2014-10-02 2014-12-20 Flow­ery Branch
Nathaniel Pe­nalosa M 20 buyer SR2 USA Col­orado MDMA, LSD, modafinil 2014-11-01 2015-08-18 Room searched “fall” 2014; is a ‘ju­nior cadet’ in late 2015 ie a third-year col­lege stu­dent, so sec­ond-year when searched, so guessti­mate ~20yo.
Liam Ly­burd M 18 The Jok­er, ILM, DT buyer Evo­lu­tion UK New­cas­tle gun, bomb TRUE 2014-11-03 2015-07-27
Blake Ben­thall M 26 De­f­con op­er­a­tor SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia FALSE 2014-11-05 2014-11-05 San Fran­cisco
M op­er­a­tor Hy­dra Hun­gary TRUE 2014-11-05 2014-11-11
Thomas White M 20 StExo/Dread Pi­rate Roberts 2 (DPR2) op­er­a­tor SR2 UK Liv­er­pool TRUE 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 “20-year-old man from Liv­er­pool”; this was re­vealed in April 2019 to have been StExo/DPR2.
Alex Mid­dle­ton M 19 Max­imus­Dec­imus seller SR2 UK Lin­colnshire MXE, Xanax, 4-MEC TRUE 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 Was fi­nally pub­licly iden­ti­fied in Sep­tem­ber 2015.
M 30 SR2 UK 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 “a 30-year-old man from Cleethor­pes”
Cei William Owens M 29 Johnny Al­pha seller SR2 UK Wales mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, psilo­cy­bin 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 Ab­er­dovey
Robin C. Brad­shaw M 59 buyer SR2 UK Wales 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 Ab­er­dovey
Elynedd Ann Owens F 58 buyer SR2 UK Wales 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 Ab­er­dovey
Neil Man­nion M 33 The­Hulk­ster seller SR2 Ire­land Dublin MDMA, LSD, mar­i­juana TRUE 2014-11-05 2014-11-06
Richard O’­Con­nor M 33 The­Hulk­ster seller SR2 Ire­land Dublin MDMA, LSD, mar­i­juana TRUE 2014-11-05 2014-11-06
David Schell M 54 Cal­i­for­ni­a­Cani­bas seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia mar­i­juana FALSE 2014-11-06 2014-11-20 Durham, Butte Coun­ty, Cal­i­for­nia
Teri Schell F 59 Cal­i­for­ni­a­Cani­bas seller SR2 USA Cal­i­for­nia mar­i­juana FALSE 2014-11-06 2014-11-20 Durham, Butte Coun­ty, Cal­i­for­nia
Ger­many 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 Un­known ar­rest in­ferred from Eu­ro­just press re­lease. While not all Op­er­a­tion Ony­mous ar­rests were mar­ket-re­lated (at least two were sim­ple con artist­s), they prob­a­bly are, so I in­clude the re­main­der to be con­ser­v­a­tive.
Ger­many 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 Un­known ar­rest in­ferred from Eu­ro­just press re­lease.
Ger­many 2014-11-05 2014-11-07 Un­known ar­rest in­ferred from Eu­ro­just press re­lease.
Ryan Gustafson M 27 Willy.­Clock seller Agora Uganda Kam­pala coun­ter­feit cur­rency TRUE 2014-12-11 2014-12-20 At least 3 other peo­ple were busted as part of the in­ves­ti­ga­tion (“Mr. Mouse”, “Sin­ner”, and “Mlin”), but they all seem to be un­con­nected to Agora/Evolution and so I don’t in­clude them.
M buyer Cyprus mar­i­juana TRUE 2014-12-15 2014-12-20 Group buy
M buyer Cyprus mar­i­juana TRUE 2014-12-15 2014-12-20
M buyer Cyprus mar­i­juana TRUE 2014-12-15 2014-12-20
Cheng Le M 21 fnufnu seller Evo­lu­tion Dark­_­Mart USA New York ricin FALSE 2014-12-23 2015-01-20 Man­hat­tan, New York, New York
M 55 Hol­lan­dOn­line seller Agora Nether­lands LSD, MDMA, ke­t­a­mine TRUE 2014-12-26 2015-03-12
Ryan Jensen M 20 buyer Evo­lu­tion Hub­bard USA North Dakota fen­tanyl, Xanax, hero­in, MDMA FALSE 2015-01-03 2015-03-14 Grand Forks
Kain Daniel Schwandt M 18 buyer Evo­lu­tion Hub­bard USA North Dakota fen­tanyl FALSE 2015-01-03 2015-03-14 Grand Forks
David Todd Noye Jr. M 18 buyer Evo­lu­tion Hub­bard USA North Dakota fen­tanyl FALSE 2015-01-03 2015-03-14 Grand Forks
Brian Far­rell M 26 Doc­tor­Clu staff SR2 USA WA Xanax FALSE 2015-01-02 2015-01-16 Far­rell spilled every­thing dur­ing the lo­cal Belle­vue po­lice’s search in early Jan­u­ary but was only for­mally ar­rested in late Jan­u­ary, ap­par­ently due ei­ther to co­op­er­at­ing or be­ing switched to a fed­eral case.
Weitz­man M 24 buyer Is­rael Sharon co­caine TRUE 2015-01-04 2015-02-23 Ben yohanan Waiz­man (Weitz­man); Kfar Sava, Sharon re­gion
Ju­lian Ed­gren M 20 buyer USA New Jer­sey MDMA, LSD, mar­i­jua­na, psilo­cy­bin TRUE 2015-01-06 2015-01-07 Prince­ton
Bryan A. Frem­bling M 20 buyer Agora USA Cal­i­for­nia MDMA TRUE 2015-01-15 2015-02-22 In­ter­cepted pack­age. Un­known sell­er: Go­ing Postal? kar­masyn­di­cate? solid­er? Fres­no.
Bran­don Hub­bard M 40 pdxblack? seller Evo­lu­tion Hub­bard USA Ore­gon fen­tanyl FALSE 2015-01-22 2015-03-14 Port­land
M buyer Lucyand­Molly Nor­way LSD TRUE 2015-01-29 2015-01-31 Andy­Wither case.
Chris­t­ian L. M 32 Dosen­suppe seller Agora Ger­many gun 2015-01-29 2015-02-10 While 4 other peo­ple were ar­rest­ed, they “have been re­leased from cus­tody” and seem to be un­in­volved.
Michael Al­bert Fo­cia M 48 iWorks, RTBArms seller BMR, Agora USA Al­abama gun FALSE 2015-01-30 2015-07-09
Daniel P. McK­ech­nie M 20 buyer SR2 NZ Dunedin meth, MDMA, LSD, co­caine TRUE 2015-02-01 2015-02-22
M. C. Con­nor-Dagg M 19 buyer SR2 NZ Dunedin meth, MDMA, LSD, co­caine TRUE 2015-02-01 2015-02-22
Taine M. P. Ed­wards M 18 buyer SR2 NZ Dunedin meth, MDMA, LSD, co­caine TRUE 2015-02-01 2015-02-22
M seller Nether­lands 2015-02-06 2015-03-11
Mo­hammed Am­mer Ali M 31 WEIRDOS OOOO buyer Evo­lu­tion Dark­_­Mart UK Liv­er­pool ricin TRUE 2015-02-11 2015-04-08 These two cases have not been con­firmed as to the mar­ket & sell­er, but based on the ex­treme sim­i­lar­ity of those two to Fnufnu, I have as­signed them to the FBI sting op­er­a­tion on Evo­lu­tion. Liv­er­pool, Mersey­side County
M buyer Evo­lu­tion Dark­_­Mart UK abrin TRUE 2015-02-16 2015-04-08 Two un­named Man­ches­ter teenagers.
F buyer Evo­lu­tion Dark­_­Mart UK abrin TRUE 2015-02-16 2015-04-08
Richard Hi­ley M seller SR1 hap­py­man UK mar­i­jua­na, co­caine, meth 2013-12-31 2015-02-18 Pe­ter Ward/PlutoPete co-con­spir­a­tor
M 31 Alexan­drus seller Evo­lu­tion Swe­den Skelleftea mar­i­jua­na, LSD, MDMA TRUE 2015-02-24 2015-03-27 Men­tioned ages: 31yo, 26, 27, 28; there may be re­peats?
M 26 Alexan­drus seller Evo­lu­tion Swe­den Skelleftea mar­i­jua­na, LSD, MDMA TRUE 2015-02-24 2015-03-27
M 27 Alexan­drus seller Evo­lu­tion Swe­den Skelleftea mar­i­jua­na, LSD, MDMA TRUE 2015-02-24 2015-03-27
M 28 Alexan­drus seller Evo­lu­tion Swe­den Skelleftea mar­i­jua­na, LSD, MDMA TRUE 2015-02-24 2015-03-27
M Alexan­drus seller Evo­lu­tion Swe­den Pa­jala mar­i­jua­na, LSD, MDMA TRUE 2015-02-24 2015-03-27
M Alexan­drus seller Evo­lu­tion Swe­den mar­i­jua­na, LSD, MDMA TRUE 2015-02-24 2015-03-27
M Alexan­drus seller Evo­lu­tion Swe­den mar­i­jua­na, LSD, MDMA TRUE 2015-02-24 2015-03-27
Tomáš Jiřikovský M op­er­a­tor Sheep Czech TRUE 2015-02-22 2015-03-27 Due to trans­la­tion diffi­cul­ties, it’s un­clear when the crim­i­nal com­plaint for mon­ey-laun­der­ing was ac­tu­ally filed; dated to first offi­cial ma­te­ri­als re­fer­ring to his case.
Joseph Patrick Gelli M 23 buyer USA South Car­olina Bit­coin, mar­i­jua­na, psilo­cy­bin 2015-02-23 2015-05-06 Tech­ni­cal­ly, he had “psy­chotropic mush­rooms”. Lex­ing­ton
An­drew Thrall M 20 buyer USA In­di­ana Xanax TRUE 2015-03-03 2015-03-05 Bloom­ing­ton
M Shiny Flakes seller Evo­lu­tion Ger­many meth, co­caine, LSD TRUE 2015-02-26 2015-03-11 Main sell­er.
M Shiny Flakes seller Evo­lu­tion Ger­many meth, co­caine, LSD TRUE 2015-02-26 2015-03-11 Couri­er.
M seller Nether­lands mar­i­juana 2015-03-03 2015-03-11
M seller Nether­lands mar­i­juana 2015-03-03 2015-03-11
F seller Nether­lands mar­i­juana 2015-03-03 2015-03-11
Chan­ning Lacey F 27 seller Evo­lu­tion Hub­bard USA Ore­gon fen­tanyl FALSE 2015-03-05 2015-03-14 Port­land
buyer Evo­lu­tion Shiny Flakes Ger­many FALSE 2015-03-10 2015-03-23 Me­dia cov­er­age of the Shiny Flakes case in­di­cates at least 5 buy­ers from his Evo­lu­tion pro­file or clear­net site were ar­rested in Ger­many; fur­ther de­tails are not avail­able, so I in­clude them in case they were Evo­lu­tion buy­ers. There may’ve been 38 ar­rests as­so­ci­ated with the 38 homes searched, but the me­dia cov­er­age is un­clear.
buyer Evo­lu­tion Shiny Flakes Ger­many FALSE 2015-03-10 2015-03-23
buyer Evo­lu­tion Shiny Flakes Ger­many FALSE 2015-03-10 2015-03-23
buyer Evo­lu­tion Shiny Flakes Ger­many FALSE 2015-03-10 2015-03-23
buyer Evo­lu­tion Shiny Flakes Ger­many FALSE 2015-03-10 2015-03-23
Steven Locke Jr. M seller Evo­lu­tion Hub­bard USA WA fen­tanyl FALSE 2015-03-10 2015-03-14 Wood­land
M Di­a­mond­dweller seller Agora Den­mark steroids TRUE 2015-03-12 2015-05-06 Diamonddweller/Diamond Pharma sold so many steroids I’m not sure which to list be­yond just “steroids”.
Michael Re­gan M 25 buyer USA New Jer­sey LSD TRUE 2015-03-26 2015-03-28 Tren­ton
Ryan An­drew Backer M 18 buyer USA Al­abama LSD TRUE 2015-03-26 2015-03-28 De­catur
Justin Mor­eira M 21 jd497 buyer Agora weapon­s­guy USA Mass­a­chu­setts gun FALSE 2015-04-02 2015-04-03 Hyan­nis
M 25 buyer Agora weapon­s­guy Aus­tralia NSW gun TRUE 2015-02-01 2015-05-13 16 other weapon­s­guy ar­rests are known: 4 AU, 13 “across the United King­dom, Eu­rope and North Amer­ica” (in­clu­sive of Mor­eira).
M 40 buyer SR2 Ger­many Würzburg MDMA, co­caine, am­phet­a­mine, mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-02-01 2015-06-18 Known only ar­rested “April 2015”. Since the 4 AU ar­rests stemmed from “the ex­e­cu­tion of 15 search war­rants in Feb­ru­ary and March”, I’ve as­signed 2 to each month.
M 24 buyer Agora weapon­s­guy Aus­tralia ACT gun TRUE 2015-03-01 2015-05-13
M 25 buyer Agora weapon­s­guy Aus­tralia ACT gun TRUE 2015-03-01 2015-05-13
Buddy Lipczyn­ski M 26 buyer Agora weapon­s­guy Aus­tralia gun, meth TRUE 2015-02-27 2015-05-13
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy Ire­land Cork gun TRUE 2015-05-13 2 pistols/revolvers, magazines/ammo; may also be the sec­ond sale of 2 Glocks
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy UK Pin­ner gun TRUE 2015-05-13 “.22-cal­iber IWI Uzi with scratched off se­r­ial num­ber, mag­a­zine, and ammo”
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy Scot­land Ed­in­burgh gun TRUE 2015-05-13 “.45-cal­iber Hi Point, mag­a­zine, and ammo”
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy Ire­land Mal­low gun TRUE 2015-05-13 “Two Glock pis­tols with scratched off se­r­ial num­bers, mag­a­zi­nes, and ammo”
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy gun TRUE 2015-05-13
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy gun TRUE 2015-05-13
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy gun TRUE 2015-05-13
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy gun TRUE 2015-05-13
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy gun TRUE 2015-05-13
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy gun TRUE 2015-05-13
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy gun TRUE 2015-05-13
buyer Agora weapon­s­guy gun TRUE 2015-05-13
Dy­lan C. So­effing M 21 buyer Agora Moody­May­hem, Ben­zoman USA NY mar­i­jua­na, Xanax FALSE 2015-05-14 2015-05-22
Basil As­saf M 23 seller UK Man­ches­ter TRUE 2015-04-14 These are the 5 Man­ches­ter men whose charges were an­nounced on Twit­ter, but no de­tails on them be­yond names and “sup­ply­ing drugs glob­ally via Dark Web fo­rums”. Bom­bay House, Whit­worth St, Man­ches­ter
Jamie Ro­den M 23 seller UK East Lon­don TRUE 2015-04-14
El­liot Hyams M 23 seller UK Amer­sham TRUE 2015-04-14
Jaik­ishen Pa­tel M 23 seller UK Il­ford TRUE 2015-04-14
Joshua Mor­gan M 26 seller UK Man­ches­ter TRUE 2015-04-14
seller Swe­den 2015-06-10 Im­puted seller ar­rest; 4 known seller groups ar­rest­ed, yet Swedish po­lice state­ment 2015-05-22 that “8 of them has al­ready been charged.”
seller Swe­den 2015-06-10
seller Swe­den 2015-06-10
seller Swe­den 2015-06-10
Beau Wat­tigney M 30 Pur­pleLo­tus seller SR1 USA Louisiana coun­ter­feit coupons FALSE 2015-05-28 2015-05-28
M 29 seller SR1 Nor­way mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-06-09 2015-06-09 Me­dia men­tions that Thor is 29yo; rest are 29-31; I in­fer that to be a range, there must be a 30yo as well.
M 29 seller SR1 Nor­way mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-06-09 2015-06-09
M 30 seller SR1 Nor­way mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-06-09 2015-06-09
M 31 seller SR1 Nor­way mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-06-09 2015-06-09
Dar­ren Hillyer M 38 Emma buyer UK Mil­ton Keynes gun 2015-07-28 2015-09-10
Ian MacPhee M 47 buyer UK De­von gun 2015-07-28 2015-09-10 drop for Hillyer
J Manikan­tan M 24 buyer Agora In­dia Ben­galuru MDMA, LSD, mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-08-06 2015-08-09
De­byendu Roy M 26 buyer Agora In­dia Ben­galuru MDMA, LSD, mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-08-06 2015-08-09
Jag Saipravesh M 23 buyer Agora In­dia Ben­galuru MDMA, LSD, mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-08-06 2015-08-09
Ben­jamin Koops M 21 buyer UK Lenton mar­i­juana TRUE 2015-10-03
Jeffrey Paul Lloyd M 37 buyer Agora UK Gor­seinon gun TRUE 2015-03-26 2015-11-05 May be a weapon­s­guy case.
M 17 buyer Aus­tralia ACT mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, co­caine, LSD TRUE 2015-05-31 2015-11-10 “A po­lice raid on his home in May”
B.V. M 47 seller Bel­gium Genk MDMA, meth, am­phet­a­mine TRUE 2015-02-28 2015-11-20 The two were ar­rested some­time in Feb­ru­ary 2015, ap­par­ent­ly.
seller Bel­gium Maa­seik MDMA, meth, am­phet­a­mine TRUE 2015-02-28 2015-11-20
23 buyer NZ Dunedin co­caine, MDMA, LSD, pre­scrip­tion TRUE 2015-11-16 2015-11-18
23 buyer NZ Dunedin co­caine, MDMA, LSD, pre­scrip­tion TRUE 2015-11-16 2015-11-18
Daniel A. Atkin­son M 30 IA seller SR1 Aus­tralia Ade­laide MDMA TRUE 2015-09-05 Ten­ta­tively iden­ti­fied as “Mean­while in Aus­tralia”/MIA
Richard Sin­clair M 32 Jer­s­ey­Cow seller Agora Ire­land Belfast MDMA, mar­i­jua­na, di­azepam, LSD TRUE 2015-08-26 2015-09-08
Kyle Hall M 25 thehater90/No1Benzos seller Agora Ire­land Belfast MDMA, mar­i­jua­na, di­azepam, LSD TRUE 2015-08-26 2015-09-08
Mont­gomery RK Byrne M 31 buyer UK Bury gun FALSE 2015-08-31 2016-01-15 Ar­rested some­time in Au­gust 2015.
M 30 buyer SR1 Ger­many Fürth mar­i­jua­na, am­phet­a­mine, MDMA, co­caine 2015-01-31 2016-01-11 Ar­rest date un­known be­yond “early 2015”.
M 32 buyer SR1 Ger­many Fürth mar­i­jua­na, am­phet­a­mine, MDMA, co­caine 2015-01-31 2016-01-11
Mayank Ku­mar Sahu M 22 buyer Nu­cleus In­dia Hy­der­abad LSD TRUE 2015-12-16 2015-12-22 Cov­er­age does not in­di­cate whether LSD was im­port­ed, but I’ve never seen any notes of in­dige­nous In­dian man­u­fac­ture or re­tail of LSD, so I think it’s safe to clas­sify as im­port­ed.
Piyush Ku­mar Sahu M 20 buyer Nu­cleus In­dia Hy­der­abad LSD TRUE 2015-12-16 2015-12-22
Jor­dan R-C. M 22 Luigi buyer UK Chel­tenham co­caine TRUE 2014-09-01 2016-01-25
Roger Thomas Clark M 54 Va­ri­ety Jones/cimon staff SR1 Thai­land Koh Chang Is­land mar­i­jua­na, source code, laun­der­ing TRUE 2015-12-03 2015-12-03
Michael Wat­tier M Smed­ley staff SR1 Thai­land Pat­taya source code 2015-12-03
Fred J. Con­forto M 41 USA NY fen­tanyl, Xanax, co­caine, oxy­codone 2016-01-15 2016-02-03
Alec Walker M 29 USA NY fen­tanyl, Xanax, co­caine, oxy­codone 2015-03-12 2016-02-03
An­drew Ek­lund M 27 USA NY fen­tanyl, Xanax, co­caine, oxy­codone 2015-03-19 2016-02-03
Zachary Reylek M 26 USA NY fen­tanyl, Xanax, co­caine, oxy­codone 2015-03-16 2016-02-03
Franz K. M 26 buyer Ger­many Wen­del­stein hash, mar­i­juana 2016-01-29 Ar­rest date un­spec­i­fied but sen­tenced in Jan­u­ary 2016; so some­time in 2015?
M 19 Ger­many Forcheim mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, am­phet­a­mine 2016-09-31 2016-01-30 “End of Sep­tem­ber”
M 19 Ger­many Forcheim mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, am­phet­a­mine 2016-10-01 2016-01-30
M 22 Ger­many Forcheim mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, am­phet­a­mine 2016-10-01 2016-01-30
M 22 Ger­many Forcheim mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, am­phet­a­mine 2016-10-01 2016-01-30
M 19 Ger­many Forcheim
M 20 Ger­many Forcheim mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, am­phet­a­mine 2015-03-31 2016-01-30 “spring 2015”
M 20 Ger­many Forcheim mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, am­phet­a­mine 2016-01-30
M 24 Ger­many Bam­berg mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, am­phet­a­mine 2016-01-30
M 22 Ger­many Her­zo­ge­nau­rach mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, am­phet­a­mine 2016-01-30
Bo­den Gre­gory Bridge M 19 seller Agora USA WA MDMA, Xanax, mar­i­jua­na, psilo­cy­bin TRUE 2015-12-04 2015-12-22
Tris­tan S. Bren­nand M 20 seller Agora USA WA MDMA, Xanax, mar­i­jua­na, psilo­cy­bin TRUE 2015-12-04 2015-12-22
Steven Kennedy M 35 buyer Agora UK Perth mar­i­juana TRUE 2014-09-05 2016-02-09
Dwain Os­borne M 26 buyer UK Lon­don gun, co­caine, fake IDs, uni­form 2015-10-31 2016-03-08 Un­der­cover LE bust.
Michael Munro Jr. M 37 buyer SR2 USA Louisiana Xanax, oxy­codone TRUE 2014-11-31 2016-03-14 “Ac­cord­ing to the guilty plea, Munro was ar­rested in No­vem­ber of 2014 and July of 2015 for buy­ing il­le­gal nar­cotics on­line over­seas”
Luke Fair­less M 21 buyer SR2 UK Leeds MDMA, LSD, di­azepam, DMT, mesca­line TRUE 2014-10-10 2016-03-21
Richard Petix M 30 seller USA New York Bit­coin FALSE 2015-12-03 2016-03-20
Zhe Wang M 20 buyer USA New York Bit­coin, Xanax, MDMA TRUE 2016-02-29 2016-03-20
Kevin Szura M 20 buyer USA New York Bit­coin, Xanax, MDMA TRUE 2016-02-29 2016-03-20
Aditya Ra­jiv M 28 seller Scot­land Ab­erdeen fi­nan­cial data 2016-03-24
Chris­t­ian Ol­son M 22 buyer USA Arkansas mar­i­juana FALSE 2016-03-17 2016-03-19
Megan Schade­berg F 19 buyer UK Wales gun 2015-10-01 2016-03-28
M 31 ShanSa seller Al­phaBay Aus­tria Vi­enna MDMA, am­phet­a­mine, LSD, co­caine TRUE 2015-10-31 2016-04-14
Adam Yates M 26 buyer SR1 UK Derby MDMA, co­caine, ke­t­a­mine TRUE 2014-02-31 2016-04-18
M 21 buyer SR1 Aus­tralia 2016-04-19
Michael Mancini M 20 buyer USA Penn­syl­va­nia LSD FALSE 2016-05-03 2016-05-09
Fadhle Muq­bel Saeed M dark­ex­presso seller Evo­lu­tion USA Florida mar­i­jua­na, meth, hy­drocodone 2016-05-11 2016-05-24
J. V.-G. Lemus M seller Evo­lu­tion USA Florida mar­i­jua­na, meth, hy­drocodone 2016-05-11 2016-05-24
A. B.-V. M Pon­cho seller Evo­lu­tion USA Florida mar­i­jua­na, meth, hy­drocodone 2016-05-11 2016-05-24
To­bias Wald M Nat­ural Weed seller SR1 Ger­many Neuhof mar­i­juana 2015-10-01
M buyer SR1 Ger­many mar­i­juana FALSE 2015-10-01 2015-10-01
David Trail M 26 op­er­a­tor Top­ix2 Scot­land Ed­in­burgh di­azepam, card­ing TRUE 2014-11-06 2016-06-02
Mark Dor­nan M 22 buyer UK Stir­ling mar­i­juana TRUE 2016-04-08 2016-06-22
Tom Calla­han M Jum­boMon­key­Bis­cuit seller SR1 USA Mary­land Bit­coin FALSE 2014-11-05 2016-07-01
Amanda Calla­han F Jum­boMon­key­Bis­cuit seller SR1 USA Mary­land Bit­coin FALSE 2014-11-05 2016-07-01
Ross Bren­nan M buyer UK Ex­eter di­azepam, card­ing TRUE 2016-06-01 2016-07-01
Kelly Bren­nan F buyer UK Ex­eter di­azepam, card­ing TRUE 2016-06-01 2016-07-01
Baljit Singh M 27 buyer In­dia Pun­jab card­ing TRUE 2016-07-16 2016-07-25
Am­rit­pal Singh M 27 buyer In­dia Pun­jab card­ing TRUE 2016-07-16 2016-07-25
Aaron James Glende M 35 IcyEa­gle seller Al­phaBay USA Min­nesota card­ing, Xanax, oxy­codone, di­azepam FALSE 2016-03-11 2016-07-26
M seller Ger­many gun TRUE 2016-07-05 2016-07-06
M seller Ger­many gun TRUE 2016-07-05 2016-07-06
M seller Ger­many gun TRUE 2016-07-05 2016-07-06
David Ryan Bur­chard M 38 Cal­i­Con­nect seller Al­phaBay USA Cal­i­for­nia mar­i­jua­na, co­caine FALSE 2016-01-21 2016-04-01
Moynul Haque M 21 buyer UK Smeth­wick gun, am­phet­a­mine TRUE 2015-04-31 2016-07-02
M seller USA Michi­gan gun TRUE 2015-04-31 2016-07-02
Chris­sano S. Leslie M 26 owl­city seller Al­phaBay USA Florida fen­tanyl, alpha-PVP, MDMA, co­caine, Xanax 2016-07-27 2016-08-02
Ab­dul­lah Al­mash­wali M 31 Area51/DarkApollo seller Al­phaBay USA New York hero­in, co­caine 2016-08-02 2016-08-12
Chaudhry A. Fa­rooq M 24 Area51/DarkApollo seller Al­phaBay USA New York hero­in, co­caine 2016-08-02 2016-08-12
Zhe Wang M 20 buyer USA New York MDMA, Xanax TRUE 2015-10-29 2016-09-05
Kevin Szura M buyer USA New York MDMA, Xanax TRUE 2015-10-29 2016-09-05
Reiner B. M 41 seller Ger­many Berlin gun TRUE 2016-09-20
Cary Lee Og­born M 50 boat­manstv buyer Al­phaBay USA Texas bomb, MDMA FALSE 2016-09-16 2016-09-19
seller Al­phaBay bomb 2016-09-19 En­try for the Al­phaBay seller ac­count which sold to Og­born and likely was flipped.
Emil V. Babad­jov M 31 Blime-Sub/BTH-Overdose seller Al­phaBay, Dream USA Cal­i­for­nia fen­tanyl, heroin TRUE 2016-12-09 2016-12-15 Also had a pro­file on Val­halla but it is un­clear whether he was the one that cre­ated and con­trolled it (s­ince it has a differ­ent pub­lic PGP key and Val­halla is known to al­low ven­dor im­pos­tors)
Michael C. Paiva M 30 buyer SR2 USA Michi­gan LSD, MDMA, DMT, DOM, mush­rooms 2016-12-31 2017-03-09 Un­known ar­rest date.
M 42 ErKran seller Ago­ra, Evo­lu­tion, Val­halla Swe­den ben­zo­di­azepines, mar­i­juana TRUE 2016-07-15 Al­legedly also vended on Flugsvamp and Nu­cleus
M 25 ErKran seller Ago­ra, Evo­lu­tion, Val­halla Swe­den ben­zo­di­azepines, mar­i­juana TRUE 2016-07-15 Al­legedly also vended on Flugsvamp and Nu­cleus
Stijn Vic­tor M 25 Evilu­tion seller Bel­gium am­phet­a­mine TRUE 2016-10-25 Ven­dor also had three un­named ac­com­plices
Ted Khle­borod M 28 Pe­ter the Great seller Al­phaBay, Dream USA South Car­olina U-47700 2017-04-06 2017-04-26
Ana Bar­rero F 24 Pe­ter the Great seller Al­phaBay, Dream USA South Car­olina U-47700 2017-04-06 2017-04-26 girl­friend of Ted Khle­borod, helped ship­ping




4 Aus­tralians were ar­rested for try­ing to buy guns from US LE-con­trolled seller “weapon­s­guy” Feb­ru­ary - March 2015, searches also turn­ing up “Four il­le­gal firearms, am­mu­ni­tion, two clan­des­tine lab­o­ra­to­ries, pre­cur­sor chem­i­cals, metham­phet­a­mi­nes, pseu­doephedrine, steroids”. One of these was 26yo Auck­land man Buddy Lipczyn­ski was ar­rested ~2015-02-27 as part of the US “weapon­s­guy” sting; while out on bail, around Jan­u­ary 2016 he was re-ar­rested for pos­ses­sion of “methy­lam­phet­a­mine” (pre­sum­ably metham­phet­a­mine).


A long­time steroids ven­dor “Di­a­mond­dweller” (ac­tive on SR1, SR2, Evo­lu­tion, and fi­nally Ago­ra) sold a va­ri­ety of sub­stances sourced from the “Di­a­mond Pharma” un­der­ground lab (ship­ping from some­where in the east­ern EU), but went silent (in­clud­ing his Red­dit ac­count) around March 2015. A Red­di­tor who has dealt with them claims it was a team of 2 men, that the Di­a­mond Pharma web­site is like­wise silent, and they some­times wrote in Dan­ish. On 2015-03-12, Dan­ish po­lice an­nounced a his­toric ar­rest of 2 men in Copen­hagen with searches turn­ing up any­where up to 1000kg of sub­stances, the end-re­sult of an in­ves­ti­ga­tion sparked by cus­toms in­ter­cepts of pack­ages ship­ping out in­ter­na­tion­ally in Sep­tem­ber 2014 to meet “an ex­ten­sive il­le­gal trade of an­a­bolic steroids on the In­ter­net” sold on “both open and closed fo­rums”. Given the tim­ing and niche prod­uct and other sim­i­lar­i­ties, I agree with the Red­di­tor that this Den­mark bust was highly likely Di­a­mond­dweller.


An un­known num­ber (<10) of Eu­ro­pean buy­ers were ar­rested for buy­ing guns from the US LE-con­trolled seller “weapon­s­guy”, some­time be­tween Sep­tem­ber 2014 & May 2015.


On 2015-01-29, Ger­man po­lice searched sev­eral lo­ca­tions & ar­rested 5 Ger­mans for gun sales (e­spe­cially for ma­chine gun sales); a me­dia ar­ti­cle fo­cus­ing on one of them men­tions his ap­pear­ance in a Vice doc­u­men­tary about In­ter­net sales of guns over pre­sum­ably the DNMs. (It’s un­clear if or how the other 4 are in­volved.) The next day the Agora gun (and auto/semi-auto gun) seller Dosen­suppe went on va­ca­tion, lead­ing to ques­tions on the Agora fo­rums about whether he, Max­Muster­mann or PROJEKTIL was the ar­rested man. Dosen­suppe replied on 2015-03-11 that he had not been ar­rested but was go­ing on va­ca­tion for his per­sonal safe­ty; he did not re­spond to re­quests for a PGP sig­na­ture or posted or sold since. Given the Vice con­nec­tion and the rash of German/Dutch ar­rests 2014-2015, it seems highly likely that this was ei­ther Agora or Evo­lu­tion as­so­ci­at­ed, and of the few gun sell­ers, Dosen­suppe fits the best. Con­fir­ma­tion of 32yo man Chris­t­ian L’s ar­rest in Oc­to­ber 2015 came lat­er, for sell­ing ~65 weapons, and was sen­tenced to 5.5 years jail; his ar­rest stemmed from a No­vem­ber 2014 Cus­toms in­ter­cept of a gun or­der at an air­port and, pre­sum­ably, back­trac­ing.


On 2015-08-06, 3 In­dian men (J Manikan­tan, De­byendu Roy, Jag Saipravesh) were ar­rested after a po­lice in­for­mant bought from them drugs (“Ec­sta­sy, LSD, cha­ras and ganja”) which they had pur­chased on Agora and were sell­ing to “stu­dents of re­puted en­gi­neer­ing col­leges in the city”.


On 2015-08-26, two Irish men, Richard Sin­clair & Kyle Hall, were raid­ed, turn­ing up MDMA/marijuana/diazepam/LSD and cus­tomer records of >£204,000 in sales, and other items. Sin­clair turned out to be the for­mer SR2/TMG/Agora seller “Jer­s­ey­Cow”, who had offi­cially re­tired some time pre­vi­ously but had ap­par­ently re­sumed di­rec­t-deal­ing of MDMA with a few old cus­tomers in Eng­land with stealthed jig­saw puz­zles; Hall was in a qua­si­-part­ner­ship with Sin­clair as the seller “No1Ben­zos”. (Me­dia: 1, 2, 3.)


The Dutch SR1/SR2/Agora LSD/MDMA/ketamine seller “Hol­lan­dOn­line” was ar­rested 2014-12-26 (trans­la­tion) a po­lice­man (pos­si­bly part of the on­go­ing in­ves­ti­ga­tion of Hol­lan­dOn­line by Dutch po­lice) ob­served a drug trans­fer be­tween two men, one of was Hol­lan­dOn­line from Ij­muiden. Then lat­er, on 2015-03-09, the other man (likely Hol­lan­dOn­line’s sup­pli­er) and a busi­ness part­ner of his (the Am­s­ter­dam & Utrecht men) were also ar­rest­ed.


Two men, aged 42 and 25, were be­hind the ven­dor alias ErKran. They vended on Ago­ra, Evo­lu­tion, Val­halla and al­legedly on Flugsvamp and Nu­cleus too. Ac­cord­ing to an ar­ti­cle (eng­lish trans­la­tion), Swedish Cus­toms dis­cov­ered pack­ages head­ing into the coun­try that con­tained sig­nifi­cant quan­ti­ties of drugs. The ini­tial pack­age was seized and they pro­ceeded to no­tify the po­lice, who then started to dis­cover that many pack­ages were go­ing to mul­ti­ple ad­dresses through­out Gothen­burg. Each pack­age was ad­dressed to a non-ex­is­tent com­pany in in­dus­trial ar­eas where ErKran was able to eas­ily pick them up. After po­lice dis­cov­ered which ad­dress was used most fre­quent­ly, a sting op­er­a­tion was set in mo­tion. When the 42-year-old man showed up to empty the mail­box, he got ar­rest­ed. Po­lice claim he was car­ry­ing 160,000 Sek ($18,652 USD), a hand­gun and a small quan­tity of drugs. A 25-year-old male was then picked up and taken in to ques­tion­ing where it was dis­cov­ered that their op­er­a­tion had been run­ning from a ware­house out­side Gothen­burg. In­side the ware­house po­lice found and seized com­put­ers, drugs, pack­ag­ing ma­te­ri­als and an au­to­matic weapon. With the seized com­put­ers as ev­i­dence, in­ves­ti­ga­tors learned about their on­line ven­dor alias ErKran. The 42-year-old is also im­pli­cated in an­other case in Swe­den where school-kids on a for­est ex­cur­sion stum­bled upon a cache of drugs. The teacher no­ti­fied the po­lice who, at the time, were ap­par­ently un­able to link any­one to the crime. Ap­par­ently the 42-year-old is a sus­pect in that mat­ter now.


On 2014-12-11, the Amer­i­can Ryan An­drew Gustafson was ar­rested in Uganda for coun­ter­feit­ing money (press re­lease; com­plaint; docket; Agora fo­rums); he was the seller “Willy.­Clock” who had sold on Evo­lu­tion un­til banned and then Agora & his own site. He had been un­cov­ered after an Amer­i­can user of his coun­ter­feit cur­rency was de­tect­ed, the pack­ages sent by Willy.­Clock pro­filed, his fin­ger­prints found, the re­ship­per lo­cated in Ugan­da, and then an un­der­cover deal set up; he was de­ported from Uganda to the USA on 2015-12-03 to face trial in the USA as well. In ad­di­tion to Gustafson, Za­ckary L. Ruiz (“Mr. Mouse”), Je­remy J. Miller (“Sin­ner”) and Michael Q. Lin (“Mlin”/“Mr. Casino”) were also ar­rested in the USA.


35yo Perth man Steven Kennedy was ar­rested around 2014-09-05 when an or­der of mar­i­juana from Canada was in­ter­cepted by Cus­toms; after an ap­par­ent knock­-and-talk, he ad­mit­ted every­thing and pled guilty.


An un­known num­ber of UK buy­ers (<10) were ar­rested for buy­ing guns from the US LE-con­trolled seller “weapon­s­guy”, some­time be­tween Sep­tem­ber 2014 & May 2015.

Jeffrey Paul Lloyd was ar­rested on 2015-03-26 after a search turned up a cache of weapons (knives, an axe, cross­bow, pep­per spray, a pipe gun, and 9mm & shot­gun am­mo), most or all of which had been pur­chased on Ago­ra, and was sen­tenced to 6 years. The tipoff was said to be that “The court heard the Met­ro­pol­i­tan Po­lice was mon­i­tor­ing the web­sites” and “The differ­ent de­tails were pro­vided to the Met Po­lice by a seller in Ger­many as a cus­tomer had pur­chased pro­hib­ited am­mu­ni­tion and firearms”; it’s un­clear if this means that an­other weapon­s-seller on Agora was a UC, or if a seller had been ar­rested and kept cus­tomer de­tails and who that seller might be (cur­rently no weapon­s-as­so­ci­ated seller ar­rests in Ger­many are known for March 2015).


In mid-2014, the Agora guns & weapon seller “weapon­s­guy” be­gan re­ceiv­ing com­plaints of pack­ages not ar­riv­ing & be­ing a scam­mer; in No­vem­ber 2014, he re­turned from a va­ca­tion, got the com­plain­ing buyer to vouch for him, and re­sumed sell­ing guns & re­lated equip­ment. I have iden­ti­fied “weapon­s­guy” as the ATF-controlled ac­count which did un­der­cover sales to Justin Mor­eira in March-April 2015, in which case it seems likely to me that weapon­s­guy fol­lowed the same life­cy­cle as Dark­_­Mart and other FBI-controlled ac­counts on Evo­lu­tion and was busted some­time around or after the com­plaints be­gan, co­op­er­ated and his ac­count be­gan to be op­er­ated by LE (ATF in this case). An Aus­tralian press re­lease writes “In Sep­tem­ber 2014, the HSI in­ves­ti­ga­tion led to the iden­ti­fi­ca­tion of a 33-year-old man in Mon­tana for the op­er­a­tion of the on­line alias ac­coun­t…In Sep­tem­ber 2014, HSI agents com­menced a covert op­er­a­tion us­ing the on­line alias ac­count.” (HSI, NCA, and the Aus­tralians have de­clined to com­ment on my iden­ti­fi­ca­tion of the seller as weapon­s­guy.)

In June 2016, the guilty plea of 35yo Kansan Michael An­drew Ryan (“Brad Jones”/“Gun­run­ner”) was made pub­lic (case #5:15-cr-40050-DDC-1; press re­lease; in­dict­ment; pa­role charge; plea agree­ment; docket), his fed­eral case un­sealed on PACER, and sen­tenc­ing sched­uled for Sep­tem­ber 2016; he pled to charges from June 2015 of us­ing 2 straw buy­ers, his ex-girl­friend Al­li­son Mitchell and a Marlo Mar­t­in, to buy guns, and ship­ping a num­ber of guns in­ter­na­tion­ally to cus­tomers in Ire­land, Scot­land, & Aus­tralia, as well as pos­ses­sion of a firearm while on out re­lease, and was sen­tenced to 52 months in Jan­u­ary 2017. Given his age, Mid­west lo­ca­tion, busi­ness, coun­tries he sold to, and charges dat­ing to after weapon­s­guy was likely bust­ed, I iden­tify Ryan as weapon­s­guy, al­though some as­pects do not match up (for ex­am­ple, Ryan’s ini­tial pleas and re­quest for jury tri­al, de­spite the pres­ence of some sealed files on PACER, is hard to rec­on­cile with him co­op­er­at­ing and turn­ing over his Agora ac­count to be used to en­trap buy­er­s). The press re­lease & in­dict­ment are un­spe­cific about which DNM he used, or how he was caught, and the plea agree­ment spec­i­fies use of BMR with­out any men­tion of Agora/weaponsguy, so I could be wrong.

In Jan­u­ary 2015, Austin Frem­bling was ar­rested in Fres­no, Cal­i­for­nia, for buy­ing $3k of MDMA off Agora from a Cana­dian seller (press re­lease; com­plaint; docket; pre­vi­ous record). His pack­age was in­ter­cepted by Cus­toms (pos­si­bly due to in­ad­e­quate stealth), then a con­trolled de­liv­ery was done to his PO box.

On 2015-01-30, 48yo Al­aba­man Michael Al­bert Fo­cia (com­plaint; me­dia; press re­lease) was ar­rested for sales of firearms on Black­Mar­ket Re­loaded (as “iWorks”) and Agora (as “RTBArms”); an un­der­cover pur­chase by the ATF in Au­gust 2013 yielded a hand­gun which they traced back to the orig­i­nal own­er, who re­mem­bered the li­cense plates & phone num­ber and other de­tails of the man who he’d sold the hand­gun to, as well as a UPS clerk, and by No­vem­ber 2013 had yielded Fo­ci­a’s name/address/etc. A sub­se­quent un­der­cover pur­chase from Fo­cia on Agora yielded fin­ger­prints on the pack­ag­ing which matched fin­ger­prints al­ready known for Fo­cia. A pro se de­fense failed and he was con­victed of most charges 2015-06-19, and was sen­tenced to 4.25 years in No­vem­ber 2015. (In­ter­est­ing­ly, Fo­cia may have al­most es­caped: BMR shut down shortly after the first agent de-anonymized Fo­cia, which stymied sev­eral other BMR in­ves­ti­ga­tions, and the sec­ond agent seems to not re­al­ized that the Agora seller he was in­ves­ti­gat­ing was the same as the ear­lier BMR seller un­til the fin­ger­prints came back as a known match. Chang­ing pseu­do­nyms may in­ter­fere with in­ves­ti­ga­tions, but is no panacea.)

Case un­sealed as to Michael Al­bert Fo­cia pur­suant to U. S. Mar­shal no­tice of ar­rest (jct, ) [2:15-mj-00021-SRW] (En­tered: 01/30/2015) Ar­rest of Michael Al­bert Fo­cia (jct, ) [2:15-mj-00021-SRW] (En­tered: 01/30/2015)

On 2015-04-02, the Mass­a­chu­setts man Justin Mor­eira (“jd497”) was ar­rested for or­der­ing a hand­gun & si­lencer from an ATF-controlled seller on a DNM (press re­lease; com­plaint). The com­plaint does not spec­ify the mar­ket or sell­er, but some care­ful search­ing re­veals that the mar­ket was Agora and the seller was highly likely to be “weapon­s­guy”, who seemed to have been ar­rested and flipped pos­si­bly in No­vem­ber 2014, run­ning a gun sting after­wards with sev­eral sales on Agora (but that feed­back could have been padded). The Aus­tralian press re­lease im­plies that there may have been up to 9 other ar­rests in the USA, and nar­rows the date down to Sep­tem­ber 2014.

On 2015-05-14, SUNY Os­wego col­lege stu­dent Dy­lan C. So­effing was raided and ar­rested for re­selling mar­i­juana & Xanax lo­cally he had bought off Agora from “Moody­May­hem” & “Ben­zoman”. A May 2016 FinCEN award to the in­ves­ti­ga­tors con­firms that So­effing was dis­cov­ered by re­view of ‘sus­pi­cious ac­tiv­ity re­ports’ filed by the banks & fi­nan­cial in­sti­tu­tions he used to de­posit cash into & pur­chase Bit­coins: “Spe­cific bank­ing trans­ac­tions con­ducted by the sub­ject were traced to the pur­chases of vir­tual cur­rency and then to the Dark Web mar­ket.”

As part of the Willy.­Clock in­ves­ti­ga­tion lead­ing up to his ar­rest in Ugan­da, at least 3 Amer­i­cans were in­dicted on 2015-04-01: Za­ckary L. Ruiz (“Mr. Mouse”) of Nevada, Je­remy J. Miller (“Sin­ner”) of Wash­ing­ton, and Michael Q. Lin (“Mlin”/“Mr. Casino”) of Penn­syl­va­nia. They seem to have worked with Willy.­Clock or been part of his non-DNM pri­vate fo­rums and so are not DNM ar­rests.

19/20yo Wash­ing­ton men Bo­den Gre­gory Bridge & Tris­tan Simp­son Bren­nand were ar­rested in De­cem­ber 2015 (PACER: 2:15-cr-00384; docket); an in­for­mant re­ported about Bren­nand sell­ing on Agora & Evo­lu­tion after im­port­ing from Ger­many & In­dia, lead­ing to in­ter­cepts of some of the DNM sales and even­tu­ally the ar­rests.



Some­time in Oc­to­ber 2015, the 31yo male Vi­en­nese Al­phaBay seller “ShanSa” was ar­rested in Aus­tria; the search turned up records of 182 in­ter­na­tional & 73 Aus­trian sales, amphetamine/MDMA/cocaine/LSD/RCs/tablet ma­chine.


38yo Cal­i­forn­ian man David Ryan Bur­chard (“Cal­i­Con­nect”/“the_re­al_­cal­i­con­nect”/“cal­i­con­nec­t4life”), a ma­jor mar­i­juana & co­caine on SR1 (DoJ claims >$1.4m in sales based on the SR1 server im­age1) and then Ago­ra, Nu­cle­us, Abrax­as, and Al­phaBay, was raided 2016-01-21 and ar­rested 2016-03-28 (press re­lease; com­plaint), fol­low­ing an in­ves­ti­ga­tion start­ing March 2015 into the large num­ber of bit­coins he had been sell­ing to an “un­li­censed dig­i­tal cur­rency ex­changer” (pos­si­bly an­other SR1 user named “fish­ing01”) which, after track­ing de­vices mon­i­tored him drop­ping off pack­ages & un­en­crypted PMs con­tained track­ing num­bers from the SR1 server im­age was fur­ther linked to his area, was com­bined with an ear­lier postal in­ves­ti­ga­tion into an un­de­liv­er­able pack­age which was opened & con­tained mar­i­juana and Bur­chard’s pack­ages were in­ter­cept­ed; the un­en­crypted SR1 PMs fur­ther in­di­cated that Cal­i­Con­nect was us­ing Mon­ey­Pak and gave the trans­ac­tion IDs of sev­er­al, one of which Mon­ey­Pak & Ac­count­Now sub­poe­nas re­vealed was paid to David Bur­chard, and had sent his per­sonal in­for­ma­tion un­en­crypted to a SR1 seller of fake IDs and a benzo sell­er. This was fol­lowed up by a un­der­cover pur­chase on Al­phaBay (Bur­chard’s pri­mary mar­ket in 2016) & sur­veil­lance of Bur­chard mail­ing it. After the raid, sev­eral of Bur­chard’s com­puter records were de­crypted by try­ing a pass­word he reused on a sub­poe­naed web­site, re­veal­ing at least 49 buyer records.2

35yo Min­nesotan man Aaron James Glende (“IcyEa­gle”) was raided 2016-03-11 based on USPS in­for­ma­tion, turn­ing up Xanax & cash & “other pre­scrip­tions” (charged with Xanax, oxy­codone, am­phet­a­mine, di­azepam, and mar­i­jua­na); the lo­cal Min­nesota case was ap­par­ently pro­moted to the fed­eral level as the fully sealed case 1:16-mj-366. In July 2016, charges in an­other (ap­par­ently un­re­lat­ed?) case were filed in Geor­gia based on an un­der­cover agent pur­chase of bank ac­count in­for­ma­tion from IcyEa­gle (case gandce 1:2016-cr-00239; press re­lease; in­dict­ment) but he had al­ready been ar­rest­ed. Nei­ther the press re­lease nor in­dict­ment spec­i­fies how an un­der­cover pur­chase of dig­i­tal in­for­ma­tion could pos­si­bly lead to his deanonymiza­tion or ar­rest, and the ma­jor­ity of doc­u­ments in that case as well as the com­plaint have been sealed. (I won­der what the con­nec­tion be­tween the cases is, why Glende was still sell­ing even after his raid, and what all the seal­ing is about in his case?)

26yo South Florida man Chris­sano S. Leslie (“Owl­city”), who sold fen­tanyl, alpha-PVP, MDMA, co­caine & Xanax, was raided & ar­rested 2016-07-27 (com­plaint). The DEA had made a num­ber of un­der­cover buys which were mailed from south Flori­da, and de-anonymized Owl­city when he checked the track­ing num­ber of one of the un­der­cover or­ders, re­veal­ing his IP to the USPS: “On Feb­ru­ary 26, 2016, DEA agents re­ceived in­for­ma­tion from the U.S. Postal Ser­vice (USPS) that the track­ing sta­tus of the Pri­or­ity Mail pack­age that OWLCITY sent to com­plete the Oc­to­ber 23, 2015 heroin or­der was queried on­line on the U.S. Postal Ser­vice web­site from an IP ad­dress as­signed by AT&T to an ac­count as­so­ci­ated with the Leslie Res­i­dence.” After that, they be­gan in­-per­son sur­veil­lance of Leslie, watch­ing him drive to the post office with ad­di­tional or­ders & in­ter­cepted the pack­ages, ISP mon­i­tor­ing of Tor ac­tiv­i­ty, cor­re­la­tion of Owl­city in­ac­tiv­ity with com­puter re­pair, and fi­nally a raid 2016-07-27.

On 2016-08-02, Pak­istani & Yemeni men Ab­dul­lah Al­mash­wali (31) and Chaudhry Ahmed Fa­rooq (24) were ar­rested in NY for sell­ing co­caine & heroin on Al­phabay (al­though they’d also sold on Dream, Oa­sis, Nu­cleus & Ago­ra) as the sell­ers “Area51”/“Dark­Apollo” (com­plaint, press re­lease, me­dia) An in­ves­ti­ga­tion start­ing March 2016 be­gan with their PGP keys whose meta­data used a nick­name that led to Twit­ter, In­sta­gram, and Face­book ac­counts; sub­poe­nas turned up Fa­rooq’s real name al­though he was al­ready un­der in­ves­ti­ga­tion by the DEA (de­tailed are sealed/redacted due to use of a “con­fi­den­tial source”). Some un­der­cover pur­chases on AB found they reused a Brook­lyn re­turn ad­dress, LE lifted fin­ger­prints from the pack­age, and the pack­ages’ postage had been paid for from postage kiosks which take credit cards & pho­tographs of buy­ers (see also “MD­pro”) and the mail cover data­base turned up fur­ther pack­ages linked to them (likely search­ing for other pack­ages us­ing the same re­turn ad­dress & check­ing postage pur­chase records again).

50yo Texan man Cary Lee Og­born was ar­rested on 2016-09-16 in a con­trolled de­liv­ery after try­ing to buy ex­plo­sives off an un­der­cover FBI seller on Al­phabay (press re­lease; com­plaint; me­dia: 1, 2); wors­en­ing his trou­bles, he com­mu­ni­cated with the un­der­cover agent us­ing a clear­net email ac­count linked to his name & IP.

Emil Vladimirov Babad­jov (31) was ar­rested on 2016-12-09 for sell­ing fen­tanyl and heroin on Al­phabay and Dream (com­plaint, press re­lease). He also had a pro­file on Val­halla but it is un­clear whether he was the one that cre­ated and con­trolled it, since it has listed a differ­ent pub­lic PGP key and Val­halla is known to al­low ven­dor im­pos­tors. The main in­ves­ti­ga­tion started in Sep­tem­ber 2016 when his PGP key’s meta­data led the agents to his Face­book and Coin­base ac­count. A sub­poena to Coin­base then re­vealed his real name and the agents started mak­ing or­ders from the Blime-Sub ven­dor ac­count on Al­phabay. Due to the Postage Val­i­da­tion Im­printer (PVI) a US postal in­spec­tor was able to see that the postage for one par­cel was bought on 2016-09-18 via a Self­-Ser­vice Kiosk (SSK) near Babad­jov’s known ad­dress. The man on the photo that was taken by the SSK sys­tem dur­ing the trans­ac­tion was iden­ti­fied as Emil Babad­jov ac­cord­ing to the dri­vers li­cense and so­cial me­dia pho­tos of Babad­jov. On 2016-11-16, the agents re­ceived an­other re­sponse from the DEA west­ern re­gional lab that stated that two fin­ger­prints be­long­ing to Babad­jov were found on the ex­te­rior of a par­cel that they or­dered in an UC pur­chase. More de­tails to the bust here.

Ted Khle­borod (28) and Ana Bar­rero (24) were ar­rested on April 26, 2017 for sell­ing U-47700. Law en­force­ment started in­ves­ti­gat­ing Pe­ter the Great when a cus­tomer of him over­dosed. They found out that the over­dosed cus­tomer (Aisha Zugh­bieh-Collins) bought from him due to bad OpSec on her side. After they did a test-pur­chase from the ven­dor, they got an email ad­dress used for pur­chas­ing the ship­ping la­bel for the sent pack­age. A sub­poena to that email provider turned up the ven­dor’s real name (Ted Khle­borod). He and his girl­friend (Ana Bar­rero) were put un­der sur­veil­lance for three days and she was seen drop­ping off dozens of parcels with la­bels match­ing those of the law en­force­ment test-pur­chase. Then they got ar­rest­ed. Ar­ti­cle

Black Market Reloaded


See the Utopia sec­tion.


On ~2014-01-08, the Is­raeli man Amit Sand was ar­rested for buy­ing a gun off a DNM seller for ~$1550 in bit­coins; the first pack­age of parts (mailed 2013-12-18) was dis­cov­ered by Cus­toms and al­lowed to go through, and he was ar­rested after pick­ing up the fi­nal sec­ond pack­age. I as­sign this buy to BMR, since while BMR had closed a week or two be­fore the first pack­age was mailed, the deal could have been agreed upon ear­lier, and no other ma­jor mar­ket al­lowed guns at the time; this may be like the Ko­rff case, where the pur­chase (ricin, in his case) be­gan on BMR but con­tin­ued off-mar­ket after BMR closed.


In Au­gust 2013, the ATF did an un­der­cover gun pur­chase from the BMR seller “iWorks” and by No­vem­ber 2013 had iden­ti­fied iWorks as Michael Al­bert Fo­cia; pos­si­bly due to the BMR shut down, he was not ar­rested un­til Jan­u­ary 2015 after a sec­ond un­der­cover pur­chase on Agora from Fo­ci­a’s new pseu­do­nym, “RTBArms”. See the Agora sec­tion for de­tails of his case.

Around 2013-09-10, Adam Bunger was ar­rested in Ken­tucky for mul­ti­ple in­ter­na­tional gun sales on BMR as likely the seller “Grass4­Cash” (com­plaint; #1:13-cr-00037-JHM-HBB-1); he even­tu­ally pled guilty and was sen­tenced to 2 years. His case be­gan 2013-06-28 when Aus­tralian Cus­toms in­ter­cepted a gun ship­ment; the re­cip­i­ent was ar­rested & he co­op­er­at­ed, and the pack­ages back­tracked a post office in Ken­tucky, and the postal clerk iden­ti­fied Bunger.

On 2013-11-06, the BMR gun dealer Matthew Crisafi (“Gun Wise”) was ar­rested (com­plaint; press re­lease), ul­ti­mately plead­ing guilty; a se­ries of un­der­cover buys ap­pears to have iden­ti­fied him by in­ter­view­ing lo­cal post office em­ploy­ees, fol­lowed up by ad­di­tional con­fir­ma­tion from a gun pur­chase where Crisafi ac­cepted West­ern Union pay­ment (he did­n’t re­ceive the WU him­self, a ‘co-con­spir­a­tor’ did, but they then turned it into postal money or­ders for Matthew Crisafi).

The clo­sure of BMR in De­cem­ber 2013 did not end in­ves­ti­ga­tions into users, and the FBI was able to make 4 in­ter-con­nected busts re­lated to BMR’s poi­son sell­ers. The first bust was Jesse William Ko­rff (com­plaint), BMR seller “Snow­man840”, who was ar­rested 2014-01-18; an FBI un­der­cover agent had or­dered ricin from him, be­gin­ning on BMR and then off-mar­ket after it closed, and they arranged a dead drop in Florida - ex­cept the lo­ca­tion was spec­i­fied in ad­vance, so they were able to sur­veil Ko­rff drop­ping the ricin off per­son­al­ly. Ko­rff and his lap­top yielded in­for­ma­tion about a sale of pu­ri­fied nico­tine oil to to Ryan Kelly Cham­ber­lain and to Kun­tal Pa­tel.

Kun­tal Pa­tel was a UK woman who had bought abrin from Ko­rff to kill her mother (the at­tempt ap­par­ently failed be­cause abrin is much less deadly in­gested than in­haled); in­for­ma­tion from Ko­rff led to her be­ing ar­rested 2014-01-26, and she ul­ti­mately re­ceived 3 years

The next bust was in NYC: the Swedish man Jonathan Nor­ling turned him­self in at a po­lice sta­tion with cyanide & abrin; the po­lice chose to ar­rest him & charge him. Nor­ling co­op­er­at­ed, and the mail records of his or­der led them to his BMR sell­er, James Christo­pher Mal­colm, who, dur­ing the same post office visit he had mailed Nor­ling’s or­der, had also mailed off an or­der to Ryan Kelly Cham­ber­lain.

James Christo­pher Mal­colm (press re­lease; com­plaint) was ar­rested 2014-05-04 in Cal­i­for­nia, based prin­ci­pally on the work of a lo­cal in­for­mant (co­op­er­at­ing to get le­niency on pre-ex­ist­ing charges that seem un­re­lated to BMR), and the BMR con­nec­tion came up later.

Fi­nal­ly, Ryan Kelly Cham­ber­lain was ar­rested 2014-06-02 (com­plaint) in San Fran­cis­co, Cal­i­for­nia, for pos­ses­sion of bomb/IED parts (de­spite buy­ing from Mal­colm & Ko­rff, he ap­par­ently did­n’t have any poi­sons on hand). His com­plaint de­tails the web of in­ter­ac­tions con­nect­ing him to Nor­ling, Mal­colm, & Ko­rff. (Ko­rff → Cham­ber­lain ← Mal­colm ← Nor­ling.)

There may be ad­di­tional un­known gun-re­lated BMR USA cas­es, given the roughly June-Au­gust 2013 com­ments of DEA agent Carl Force to DPR1 (em­pha­sis added):

BMR is on the radar and that is ATF’s ba­by. Pol­i­tics plays a sig­nifi­cant role in pri­or­i­ti­za­tion of which agency gets to own which in­ves­ti­ga­tions. The cli­mate is ag­gres­sive when it comes to weapons traffick­ing and with the gun con­trol hot potato has guar­an­teed vir­tu­ally a carte blanche to ATF. And they have deep pock­ets as well. Be­cause tor based weapons traffick­ers are al­most al­ways run­ning guns IRL, there is syn­ergy be­tween fed­eral and state. Fed­eral ap­proves stag­ger­ing sums of money for sur­veil­lance,un­der­cover and CI’s. I don’t want to say BMR is “in­fil­trated”, but there are a lot of com­pro­mised ac­counts and there have been a few quiet busts. Nearly every bust has re­sulted in co­op­er­a­tion. I am not sure what the long play is, but as long as this cur­rent ad­min­is­tra­tion is in power the gun­run­ners will al­ways be hard tar­gets. They are in­tim­i­dated with the threat of tan­gi­ble charges (in­ter­state traffick­ing, con­spir­a­cy, or­ga­nized crime, dis­tri­b­u­tion) and they ALL co­op­er­ate. The gen­eral con­sen­sus is that weapons deal­ers are not so­phis­ti­cated and have a lot of IRL vis­i­bil­i­ty, so they are ALWAYS on the radar.

By Au­gust 2013, the Grass4­Cash Aus­tralia buyer had been busted and the Grass4­Cash in­ves­ti­ga­tion was largely ma­ture, but then the next BMR gun ar­rest was Gun Wise in No­vem­ber 2013; given Force’s word­ing, it sounds like there should be at least 2 un­known busts and many more “com­pro­mised ac­counts” (buy­er­s?), in­di­cat­ing that at least half the cases are miss­ing.



On 2015-02-26, the 20-yo Ger­man man, the seller “Shiny Flakes” on Evo­lu­tion & his clear­net site, was ar­rested to­gether with his Bul­gar­ian courier/supplier (in­ter­view; me­dia: 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; con­fes­sion). This was the cul­mi­na­tion of a long Ger­man po­lice in­ves­ti­ga­tion into him, which was sparked by an un­de­liv­ered pack­age which was opened for in­suffi­cient postage bounc­ing to the fake re­turn ad­dress­es, which lead to pro­fil­ing of his pack­ages, trac­ing them back through the postal sys­tem, sur­veil­lance of pack­age sta­tions and him mail­ing them, and fi­nally un­der­cover buys & seizures of ad­di­tional pack­ages. Shiny Flakes had not purged his cus­tomers’ data, and in con­junc­tion with the pro­fil­ing & in­ter­cept­ing of sent pack­ages, this led to a re­ported to­tal of “38 lo­ca­tions were searched and five other in­di­vid­u­als were ar­rested” on 2015-03-10 (“38 homes of peo­ple that were on the al­leged deal­er’s cus­tomer list”). He was ul­ti­mately sen­tenced to 7 years as a ju­ve­nile.


On 2015-03-27, Swedish po­lice an­nounced that they had de­tained 7 or 8 sus­pects who were sell­ing drugs (prin­ci­pal­ly: mar­i­jua­na, LSD, & MDMA) on­line us­ing “Silk Road and Evo­lu­tion…from 2012 on­ward…to re­cip­i­ents in Swe­den and to other coun­tries world­wide” and ar­rested 4. 6 of them were charged in June 2015 and iden­ti­fied as the seller “Alexan­drus”, who sold on 6 mar­kets but pri­mar­ily Evo­lu­tion; the po­lice press con­fer­ence in­di­cates that after 3 pack­ages of mar­i­juana fudge/brownies were searched, an in­ves­ti­ga­tion was launched and after sur­veil­ing post offices, one of the men was ob­served drop­ping off some of Alexan­drus’ pack­ages (“up to 60 per day”).


On 2014-11-03, the then-18yo New­cas­tle man Liam Ly­burd (buyer “The Joker”/“I Love My Anger”/“Don­ald Trump”) was ar­rested after a 2014-11-02 Face­book post threat­en­ing to carry out a mass-killing at New­cas­tle Col­lege was re­ported to po­lice by a friend; he was con­victed 2015-07-30 and sen­tenced to life in Sep­tem­ber 2015 (overview of case). The po­lice search turned up a hand­gun & am­mo, 7 bombs, and other items; some of which he had “bought us­ing bit­coins, the de­cen­tralised in­ter­net cur­ren­cy, from the dark or deep web, the black mar­ket where il­le­gal com­modi­ties are know to be traded”, one of the mar­kets be­ing Evo­lu­tion

The Liv­er­pool man Mo­hammed Am­mer Ali was ar­rested 2015-02-11 after he or­dered ricin from an un­der­cover FBI ac­count, found guilty in July 2015, and even­tu­ally sen­tenced to 8 years in Sep­tem­ber 2015. Ini­tial re­ports did not spec­ify mar­ket, but given the many de­tails con­sis­tent with it and the BMR prece­dent, this was ob­vi­ously an­other case in the Evo­lu­tion FBI sting us­ing the flipped Dark­_­Mart ac­count; the use of Evo­lu­tion was even­tu­ally con­firmed dur­ing the trial in July 2015.

Two Man­ches­ter teenagers were ar­rested 2015-02-16 for at­tempt­ing that month to buy abrin off an un­spec­i­fied DNM for sui­cide, after the UK po­lice were in­formed in Jan­u­ary about their ne­go­ti­a­tions for it. The fe­male was re­leased im­me­di­ate­ly, and the male even­tu­ally re­ceived a 12-month re­fer­ral or­der.


“In or about mid-2014” the TCF/Evolution seller “Dark­_­Mart” was taken over by the FBI3. The de­tails are un­known, but Dark­_­Mart re­joined the Evo­lu­tion fo­rums after a long ab­sence span­ning that pe­riod with a com­ment about guns bring­ing heat on his sup­pli­ers4, which may or may not be the FBI agent telling the truth to be safe.

Stephen & Cyn­thia Jones were ar­rested 2014-10-02 after a con­trolled de­liv­ery (“CD”) of a pack­age of MDMA from what may be the Evo­lu­tion Dutch seller “weedy­bus­nis” (he had many com­plaints of non-ar­riv­ing or slow pack­ages, sug­gest­ing his stealth is sub­par or he’s been pro­filed).

The New York carder Cheng Le (Evo­lu­tion seller “FNU”/“fnufnu”) was ar­rested 2014-12-23 & con­victed Au­gust 2015 & sen­tenced to 16 years after buy­ing the poi­son ricin from the Evo­lu­tion seller “Dark­_­Mart”, who turned out to have been flipped “In or about mid-2014” by the FBI (press re­lease; com­plaint; Evo­lu­tion pages). (See also the two UK ar­rests in Feb­ru­ary 2015 for abrin.)

A fen­tanyl OD death in North Dakota (as well as sev­eral other OD deaths or in­ci­dents) trig­gered a com­pli­cated mul­ti­-s­tate in­ves­ti­ga­tion that seems to have re­sulted in charges for at least 6 peo­ple in­volved in buy­ing or sell­ing fen­tanyl on Evo­lu­tion. (Me­dia: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8.) In Grand Forks North Dako­ta, Ryan Jensen sold fen­tanyl to Henke. Henke died on 2015-01-03, trig­ger­ing a search of the house the same day, re­veal­ing his friend, Jensen, had bought it from a do­mes­tic Evo­lu­tion sell­er, Bran­don Hub­bard. (Hub­bard’s seller ac­count is not iden­ti­fied in the me­dia or few avail­able court doc­u­ments, but he may have been the seller “pdxblack”, given the PDX acronym and ac­cu­sa­tion that a buyer “Montey6456” was falsely claim­ing to have been ar­rest­ed.) Jensen and the other two peo­ple who smoked fen­tanyl with Henke were all 3 charged (Jensen plea agree­ment). They then did un­der­cover buys from Hub­bard, bust­ing him in Port­land Ore­gon after searches 2015-01-22 (Hub­bard com­plaint). He co­op­er­at­ed, pled guilty, and Hub­bard turned out to source his fen­tanyl from China through a Cana­dian con­tact, us­ing Steven Locke as a drop who was paid in fen­tanyl (he was in­di­cated 2015-03-10). Hub­bard’s girl­friend, Chan­ning Lacey, was later ar­rested 2015-03-05 but had smug­gled in some fen­tanyl, lead­ing to an­other 3 over­dos­es. Col­lec­tive­ly, 5+ ODs or deaths were in­volved.

On 2016-05-11, a fed­eral court case was filed in Florida charg­ing Fadhle Muq­bel Saeed un­der the pseu­do­nyms “dark­ex­presso”/“bonap­petit”/“Damien Darko”, along with Ju­lian Vil­la-Gomez Lemus & Al­fonso Bo­jorquez-Vazquez, for sale of mar­i­jua­na, metham­phet­a­mine, and hy­drocodone from 2012 to 2015. No fur­ther de­tails were given in the in­dict­ment or docket as of 2016-05-24. Lemus was found guilty in Jan­u­ary 2017 & the other two pled guilty shortly be­fore. “dark­ex­presso” was a SR1 ven­dor who sold mar­i­jua­na; “bonap­petit” was a seller on Evo­lu­tion up un­til he dis­ap­peared some­time around the end date cited in the in­dict­ment.



The op­er­a­tor of the mi­nor mar­ket­place Hy­dra was de­tained or ar­rested in Bu­dapest, Hun­gary as part of Op­er­a­tion Ony­mous; the date is un­clear but prob­a­bly be­fore 2014-11-07 & si­mul­ta­ne­ous with the other ar­rests on 2014-11-05.



On 2015-12-16, 2 Hy­der­abad broth­ers (20/22yo) Mayank Ku­mar Sahu & Piyush Ku­mar Sahu were ar­rested for pur­chas­ing LSD off Nu­cle­us; the LSD had been given to 3 other In­dian men for lo­cal re­sale, who had been busted and in­formed on the Sahus.

Sheep Marketplace (SMP)


In March 2015, news broke that the Czech man Tomáš Jiřikovský was the tar­get of a crim­i­nal com­plaint for money laun­der­ing re­lated to large sales of bit­coins for Czech crowns de­posited into his wife’s ac­count, re­ported by her bank, which were then used to pur­chase a house (the house was seized). Jiřikovský had been iden­ti­fied in No­vem­ber 2013 by an anony­mous Amer­i­can, based on cir­cum­stan­tial ev­i­dence, as the op­er­a­tor of Sheep Mar­ket­place, not long be­fore Sheep shut down in an ap­par­ent exit scam; it’s un­known whether that dox­ing has any con­nec­tion to the mon­ey-laun­der­ing ac­cu­sa­tion or if that was trig­gered purely by the money trans­fers, or when ex­actly the com­plaint was filed & house seized (the news broke pub­licly in March 2015 but the fi­nance min­istry 2014 re­port men­tion­ing the case is dated 2015-02-22 and the in­ves­ti­ga­tion may’ve be­gun Jan­u­ary 2014). He was then ar­rested some­time be­fore 2016-04-30 on both money laun­der­ing & drug charges; as of 2016-08-16 he was (but not his wife) was still in pris­on; as of April 2017 he & his wife were ap­par­ently on tri­al:

Ac­cord­ing to re­gional re­ports, Jiřikovský and his wife Eve who was al­legedly Sheep’s pro­gram­mer have been go­ing through the mo­tions of trial and will likely be sen­tenced in the near fu­ture. “He faces 10 to 18 years in pris­on,” said Hynek Ol­ma, a spokesman for the re­gional pros­e­cu­tor’s office. “We filed the in­dict­ment for crimes of unau­tho­rized pro­duc­tion and the han­dling of nar­cotic and psy­chotropic sub­stances, theft and il­le­gal pos­ses­sion of firearms. The woman was charged with the crime of le­gal­iza­tion of pro­ceeds from crime”, ex­plained Ol­ma. Olma added that Eve was fac­ing three to eight years in prison for be­ing an ac­com­plice. The U.S. had also ar­rested two in­di­vid­u­als con­nected with Jiřikovský and his wife back in May of 2016. Nathan Gib­son and Sean Mack­ert tried to con­vert the funds via Coin­base and were caught by gov­ern­ment agen­cies in the state of Flori­da. Coin­base at the time re­ceived a sub­poena and re­vealed Gib­son had de­posited over 842 bit­coins with the com­pa­ny.

In Oc­to­ber 2017, Czech me­dia re­ported that Eva/Eve had not been con­victed but Jiřikovský had & was sen­tenced to 9 years.


In 2014, me­dia ar­ti­cles re­vealed that 2 Swedish men had been ar­rested in the Malmö re­gion but did not give de­tails. An­other ar­ti­cle re­ports that they had been ar­rested 2013-11-27, they had been sell­ing “cannabis, am­phet­a­mi­nes, MDMA, co­caine and pills” in con­sid­er­able vol­ume (at least 1500 sales, start­ing on Silk Road 1), and the po­lice had con­ducted sev­eral un­der­cover buys from them on Sheep Mar­ket­place, lead­ing to their de-anonymiza­tion and then phone & phys­i­cal sur­veil­lance. Nowhere is it men­tioned which seller this is; “ChrisHash” ini­tially seemed a likely can­di­date but he seems to have still been ac­tive as of Sep­tem­ber 2014 and so can be re­ject­ed, and there is no avail­able in­for­ma­tion about Flugsvam­p’s “chris­tia­ni­a­ex­pressen”. Search­ing my Sheep mir­ror from ~2013-12-01 (~4 days after the two men’s ar­rest), I found there seemed to be only a few sell­ers who shipped out of Swe­den: “Live­from­swe­den”/LFS, “Kurts­Droghan­del”, “Free­dom Ex­press”, “Sweet­kush”, and “swe­lease”. I ig­nore Free­dom Ex­press (sold only Xanax), Sweet­kush (only am­phet­a­mine), Kurts­Droghan­del (only weed, hashish, & LSD), leav­ing LFS & swe­lease. swe­lease did sell am­phet­a­mine, MDMA, and Ri­talin (which could be “pills”), but my mir­ror says he was last logged in “10 hours ago”, which is not very con­sis­tent with hav­ing been ar­rest­ed; in con­trast, LFS is al­most a per­fect match as they sold a great deal of am­phet­a­mine, co­caine, weed, and two pill list­ings (“tilnoct, Swedish phar­ma­cy, 10mg”, “Tra­madol, 100mg, Hexal”), so they match ex­cept for not sell­ing MDMA, and they boast that “on SR i was topp [sic] 10% do­mes­tic seller in Swe­den with many trans­ac­tions made.”; and fi­nal­ly, they were last logged in “4 days ago”, or around when the two men were ar­rest­ed. Hence, I iden­tify these two men as be­ing the SR1/Sheep seller Live­from­swe­den. Com­pli­cat­ing the nar­ra­tive, the LFS bust may have only been half the sto­ry; a Swedish po­lice ar­ti­cle de­scribes the bust of a seller in Hels­ing­borg (he was sen­tenced to 8 years), then 2 young men who are clearly LFS from the tim­ing & lo­ca­tion & age & sen­tences, then a fourth ar­rest in Malmo (he was sen­tenced to 7 years). While the Hels­ing­borg and Malmo men sound like they were part of LFS, I am a lit­tle doubt­ful be­cause none of the ini­tial LFS me­dia cov­er­age men­tioned 2 oth­ers be­ing charged.

Silk Road 1 (SR1)


The pros­e­cu­tion & con­vic­tion of the SR seller Paul Leslie Howard (“Shadh1”) was to re­lated to a Cus­toms in­ter­cep­tion of his large im­ports from Netherlands/Germany ac­cord­ing to the judge’s sen­tenc­ing ver­dict and then a July 2012 search.

An­other Aus­tralian seller (un­known which one, pos­si­bly “Dow­nUn­der­Dan” or “Dope­Boy­Aus”), Christo­pher Owen, was pulled over by po­lice on 2012-04-27 while dri­ving to the post office to mail ship­ments, the drugs found, his house searched, and was sen­tenced to 5 years (dis­cus­sion).

Some­time in Au­gust 2012, the MDMA buyer Ryan West, who resold lo­cal­ly, was raided and even­tu­ally con­victed of 4 charges.

2 un­named teens made the mis­take of or­der­ing mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, and am­phet­a­mines from SR1; their par­ents turned them in & they were charged in Sep­tem­ber 2012.

A 2012-11-07 Aus­tralian ar­ti­cle claims 30 in­ter­cep­tions a month in an area, but men­tions noth­ing spe­cific about ar­rests. A De­cem­ber 2012 ar­ti­cle quotes Cus­toms claim­ing a 40% in­crease in seizures, but then quotes a SR seller as claim­ing a dou­bling or qua­dru­pling of Aus­tralian buy­ers (hence, im­ply­ing the in­ter­cep­tion rate has halved or worse). Es­ti­mat­ing to­tal num­ber of Aus­tralian users is diffi­cult, but the 2012 Global Drug Sur­vey re­port­edly found 184 SR pur­chasers in its sam­ple of >6600 Aus­tralians sug­gest­ing a risk of ar­rest or pub­lic­ity (and in­ci­den­tal­ly, re­mem­ber­ing this is a bi­ased sam­ple and the South Aus­tralian re­cent il­licit drug use rate is ~14.9%, it sug­gests a very loose up­per bound of all Aus­tralian SR users of ).

The teen Pre­ston Bridge died ac­ci­den­tally after falling on 2013-02-16 after tak­ing “syn­thetic LSD” (prob­a­bly NBOMe) bought by a friend on Silk Road; the friend was pros­e­cuted & sen­tenced to 12 months’ pro­ba­tion on 2014-06-09.

On 2013-02-19, Samuel Ryan Lud­wig was ar­rested & bailed after a search of his home prompted by a pack­age in­ter­cepted by Cus­toms on 2013-02-15. (The search turned up MDMA, LSD, ke­t­a­mine, methy­lam­phet­a­mine, and am­phet­a­mine.) That was one of ~7 pack­ages in­ter­cepted Oc­to­ber 2012 - Feb­ru­ary 2013; 5 more, con­tain­ing drugs, laser point­ers, and saf­role oil would be in­ter­cepted Feb­ru­ary-March 2013, and ad­di­tional MDMA & laser pointer pack­ages would be in­ter­cept­ed, trig­ger­ing an­other search of Lud­wig’s res­i­dence while he was out on bail and a sec­ond ar­rest 2013-08-22.

Also on 2013-02-19, Patrick Franzini was ar­rested after a search re­lated to 3 cus­toms in­ter­cep­tions No­vem­ber 2012 - Feb­ru­ary 2013 of metham­phet­a­mine & MDMA sent from Nether­lands, Canada, & Chi­na. The search turned up pseu­doephedrine, DMT, and ke­t­a­mine; Franzini co­op­er­at­ed, pro­vid­ing ad­di­tional in­for­ma­tion like his SR1 ac­count (he had made a to­tal of 19 or­der­s).

On 2013-06-20, an Aus­tralian man was ar­rested after a CD of saf­role oil (a MDMA pre­cur­sor) im­ported from In­done­sia; this was part of an in­ves­ti­ga­tion trig­gered by Cus­toms in­ter­cept­ing 4 In­done­sian pack­ages of saf­role oil. The In­done­sian seller was later ar­rested in In­done­sia.

On 2013-02-21, Lee James Matthews’s home was searched and he was ar­rest­ed. ~2 of 21 pack­ages had been in­ter­cept­ed, and the search turned up MDMA, co­caine, metham­phet­a­mine, & am­phet­a­mines from his 93 or­ders, most of which he resold lo­cal­ly.

Re­port­edly (2013-07-01), a June 2013 Par­cel Post sting seized 140 packages/$8m & “Six of those ar­rested were Silk Road mem­bers.” These 6 ar­rests are cur­rently un­known aside from 1 likely be­ing a saf­role oil buy­er. (Pos­si­bly 5, if one as­sumes that Adam Bunger’s BMR Aus­tralian cus­tomer is in­cluded in that count and the quote is slightly in­ac­cu­rate.)

As of July 2013, there was “at least one crim­i­nal pros­e­cu­tion in WA [West­ern Aus­tralia] that in­volves Silk Road”, and WA po­lice es­ti­mate “47 ac­tive Aus­tralian-based sell­ers who use Silk Road”; that pros­e­cu­tion may have been “A 26-year-old man, who was charged with at­tempt­ing to pos­sess drugs from the site, was fined $1000” as of 2013-08-10.

An Aus­tralian in­ves­ti­ga­tion start­ing in Jan­u­ary 2013 ar­rested two fake ID man­u­fac­tur­ers on 2013-09-10; cov­er­age does not men­tion SR, but a Red­di­tor plau­si­bly iden­ti­fies them as hav­ing been the fake ID seller “Ausid” who stopped sell­ing on SR in March 2013.

At some point in mid-2013 (“just months be­fore it [S­R1] was closed down”), the Aus­tralian man Luke Han­ley was ar­rested after 2 pack­ages of 25i & 25c (and pos­si­bly an am­phet­a­mine pack­age) were in­ter­cepted by Cus­toms, and pled guilty in 2014.

In Au­gust 2013, a 18yo South Bun­bury, West Aus­tralian male Jack­son R. was charged with heroin (ac­tu­ally DMT) & 2C-e pos­ses­sion; in an ac­count on FB then re­posted on Red­dit, he ex­plains that he had or­dered the DMT off SR1 from a Czech seller (the me­dia cov­er­age claim­ing it was heroin be­ing wrong) and his par­ents turned the pack­age in to the po­lice after it ar­rived, with the sub­se­quent po­lice search turn­ing up his 2C-E as well.

The for­mer Silk Road moderator/employee SSBD/Symmetry was ar­rested in Bris­bane on 2013-12-20 ().

In Bar­ratt et al 2016, re­port­ing about a se­ries of anony­mous in­ter­views con­ducted over Tor­Chat 2011-2014 with SR1 users, they men­tion one Aus­tralian user claimed to have been ar­rest­ed:

…Ta­per­ing down drug use after a hon­ey­moon pe­riod was not only trig­gered by the prac­tice of ‘por­tion con­trol’ and/or sa­ti­ated de­sires, but also by other life events. For ex­am­ple, P1 (21-25 yrs, USA) ex­plained “After last se­mes­ter I’m more in­ter­ested in grades than highs” and P4 (21-25 yrs, Aus­tralia) de­scribed how “I’d rather buy a flight than a gram of coke”. In the case of P25 (21-25 yrs, Aus­trali­a), who was buy­ing large amounts from Silk Road and deal­ing from his home, a po­lice raid re­sulted in sup­ply charges, which led to a ta­per­ing of drug use and cryp­tomar­ket ac­tiv­i­ty.

The age bracket and when they con­cluded in­ter­view­ing sug­gests that this SR1 user was ar­rested be­fore 2014, and there are only around two known ar­rests in that age bracket and pe­riod for SR1; com­bined with back­ground knowl­edge that only a small frac­tion of buyer ar­rests are ever re­ported (see dis­cus­sion of com­plete­ness of the ar­rest ta­ble), it is highly likely that this ar­rest is not oth­er­wise in the table.

A Launce­s­ton, Tas­ma­nia man was sen­tenced to prison dur­ing 2014-03-23–2014-03-29 due to pos­ses­sion of 25i & BDMPEA par­tially (?) bought on SR; it’s un­clear how or when he was caught.

The Vic­to­rian au­thor­i­ties re­port con­fis­cat­ing “sev­eral mil­lion dol­lars” (₿24,518) in Bit­coin in 2013 after a De­cem­ber 2012 search & ar­rest of Richard Pol­lard, who resold MDMA/cocaine/ketamine/fentanyl/etc (even­tu­ally sen­tenced to 6-7 years); through on­line ac­counts, it seems likely he was “1StopOz” who was noted as dis­ap­pear­ing be­fore Jan­u­ary 2013 and given a jour­nal­ist’s com­ment that “The court heard Pol­lard ran a ‘one-stop shop’”. (The coins were planned to be auc­tioned off by June 2016.)

In Sep­tem­ber 2015, Daniel An­drew Atkin­son was sen­tenced to 8.5 years for MDMA sales on SR1, with no de­tails on ar­rest date or cause. A com­menter claims this was the seller “Mean­while In Aus­tralia”/MIA and he did cash-in-mail trans­ac­tions, which are no­to­ri­ously dan­ger­ous. (The “Mean­while in Aus­tralia…” SR1F thread con­firms he shipped in­ter­na­tion­ally as well.)


On 2013-11-04, 2 men were ar­rested (me­dia: 1; 2; 3) for sell­ing opi­um, MDMA, & am­phet­a­mine, as well as, ap­par­ent­ly, 6 of their cus­tomers - oth­ers may have been ar­rested out­side Aus­tria but no men­tion of those. Based on a fo­rum thread & seller pro­file, I’ve iden­ti­fied this as the SR1 seller “Black­jack­021”.


The afore­men­tioned Tes­sel­lated claimed “we have not even once had a re­port of any­one hav­ing any le­gal trou­ble or ‘love let­ters’ from our prod­uct. On sev­eral oc­ca­sions cus­toms has opened our pack­age, not found the prod­uct and sent it in­tact to the buy­er.”

In May 2012, the high­-vol­ume co­caine Cana­dian seller “moveit­nice”/“MiN” men­tioned postal de­lays and then dis­ap­peared; ac­cord­ing to buy­ers in the fo­rum dis­cus­sion, moveit­nice ac­cepted West­ern Union and the re­cip­i­ent of the WU pay­ments matched the names in the ar­rests of a fam­ily of 4 Ot­tawans for mail­ing co­caine which was an­nounced by the RCMP on 18 May. (My search of Cana­dian court records was un­able to find their case; pos­si­bly their case has been pub­li­ca­tion-banned or dis­charged.) Gawker men­tions ru­mors they may have been busted be­cause they ac­cepted pay­ment via .

On 2012-08-02, British Co­lum­bia res­i­dent James Fowler was raided after an in­ves­ti­ga­tion started in May 2012 based on an anony­mous tip that he was sell­ing drugs on­line and sub­se­quent “elec­tronic sur­veil­lance”. The raid turned up mar­i­jua­na, psilo­cy­bin mush­rooms, guns, and com­puter ev­i­dence of his on­line sales through “differ­ent web­sites, in­clud­ing his own”. La Mous­tache has iden­ti­fied Fowler as the SR1 seller “war­weed” due to a Bit­ ac­count with a shared email ad­dress and other de­tails (such as war­weed’s an­nounce­ment of be­ing ar­rested in Au­gust 2012).

Also in Au­gust 2012, neigh­bors tipped off Cal­gary, Al­berta po­lice about drug sales in a house; the raid also turned up a garage for pro­duc­ing DMT, and Shawn Casey was ar­rested & charged 2012-08-22. He has been iden­ti­fied on Red­dit (1, 2) & SR1F as the Cal­gary DMT seller “Tro­jan”.


On 2013-12-21, the French seller “Walk­a­Boot” (pro­file) of mar­i­juana & am­phet­a­mines and his fe­male ac­com­plice were ar­rested by Cus­toms (ad­di­tional de­tails in video) after un­der­cover buys.


4 peo­ple were ar­rested in Ger­many 2013-07-04, ap­par­ently by trac­ing an­other drug sell­er’s sup­plier with re­peated or­ders which were sent from the same spot by the couri­ers (and were eas­ily bust­ed), and then to that SR sell­er-group “After­Hour” & pos­si­bly pay­ments via mail (Ger­man cov­er­age: 1, 2, 3, 4; par­tial trans­la­tion). The leader co­op­er­ated and was sen­tenced to 4.83 years, with lesser sen­tences for the oth­ers.

Si­mul­ta­ne­ous with the After­Hour bust, the SR1 seller “Pfan­dlei­her”/Sascha F. was also ar­rested by Ger­man po­lice. The orig­i­nal in­ves­ti­ga­tion trig­gered by an­other sell­er’s wrong­ly-ad­dressed pack­age and then a gen­eral postal in­ves­ti­ga­tion led to After­Hour and Pfan­dlei­her.

On 2016-01-11, 2 broth­ers (30/32yo) from Fürth were sen­tenced to 4 years prison stem­ming from an ar­rest in “early 2015” re­lated to an in­spec­tion of a pack­age; they had ap­par­ently been buy­ing on SR1 and After­Hour 2012-2014, mak­ing ~40 or­ders of marijuana/amphetamines/MDMA/cocaine for their con­sump­tion & lo­cal re­sale.

In early Oc­to­ber 2015, a for­mer SR1 mar­i­juana buyer was, de­spite no pack­age in­ter­cep­tions & al­ways us­ing PGP, pros­e­cuted & fined for his 2013 SR1 pur­chases (and, odd­ly, 1 Out­law Mar­ket or­der) from, among other sell­ers, the SR1 seller “Nat­ural Weed”, a man named “To­bias Wald”, who ap­par­ently had been ar­rested at some point prior and turned over seller records which were then linked to or­der in­for­ma­tion on the SR1 server im­age pro­vided by the FBI.


On 2013-07-23, an In­done­sian man (likely the seller “joy”) was ar­rested in Jakarta for sell­ing saf­role oil (one of his Aus­tralian buy­ers had al­ready been CDed and at least 4 ship­ments in­ter­cepted be­fore then).


On 2013-08-05, 3 men (Ryan Thomas Mc­Manus, Ryan Mil­li­gan, Con­nor De­ven­ney) who were the seller “son­ic­drone”, were ar­rested in Ire­land, and they were sen­tenced in April 2015; they had been sell­ing a va­ri­ety of drugs but prin­ci­pally co­caine, mephedrone, MDMA, mar­i­jua­na, 2C-b, & LSD. How they were caught is un­clear, but sur­veil­lance of a “vir­tual mail­box fa­cil­ity” they used to re­ceive pack­ages seem to have played a cru­cial role, pos­si­bly sparked by a failed at­tempt to mail 60g of mar­i­juana to a Cana­dian cus­tomer. (Me­dia cov­er­age men­tions an­other pseu­do­nym, “black­wa­ter86”, which is the name a most­ly-unused SR1F ac­count and not an­other seller as far as I can tell; pos­si­bly it was used in or­der­ing from their Amer­i­can & Chi­nese sup­pli­er.)

On 2013-12-20 (), the for­mer SR administrator/moderator/employee “Lib­er­tas” (also of Silk Road 2) was ar­rested in Wick­low, Ire­land but ap­par­ently made bail and con­tin­ues to fight ex­tra­di­tion with hear­ings ini­tially sched­uled for late July 2015. He pled guilty in the USA, and was sen­tenced to 6 years in July 2019.


Deep­DotWeb re­ports (per­sonal com­mu­ni­ca­tion) that at the be­gin­ning of 2013, a small Is­raeli buyer of mul­ti­ple drugs off SR1 (un­known sell­er) was ar­rested & sen­tenced to six months.


On 2015-08-10, DDW pub­lished “The Story of an Ital­ian Un­lucky Cy­ber Pusher”, which claims to be the mem­oir of a small Ital­ian SR1/BMR seller “Fuck­the­p­o­lice137” who sold in­ter­na­tion­ally 2012-2013 pri­mar­ily mar­i­juana & MDMA along with some silde­nafil. He was ar­rested at the end of June 2013; Ital­ian cus­toms had in­ter­cepted pack­ages to an­other big­ger Ital­ian drug traffick­er, who was then ar­rest­ed, and their emails with him were found, lead­ing to his own raid & ar­rest.


Ayumu Ter­amoto was ar­rested for im­port­ing 50g of a “stim­u­lant” in May 2014.


In April 2013, 6 Dutch­men were ar­rested for MDMA sales on SR; the ar­rests stemmed from a car search turn­ing up thou­sands of pills in 2012-11-22 and then a raid of their man­u­fac­tur­ing lo­ca­tion 2013-04-05 (one com­menter spec­u­lates they were the miss­ing MDMA seller “Med­icalM”).

On 2013-10-09, fol­low­ing a month of wire­tap­ping & Black­berry ob­ser­va­tion, 2 Dutch­men (the seller “XTCExpress”) were ar­rested while mak­ing MDMA pills & charged (Daily Mail), ul­ti­mately re­ceiv­ing 4-5 years.

The MDMA seller “Su­per­Trips” (pro­file; DoJ an­nounce­ment; com­plaint; charges) was ar­rested on trav­el­ing to the USA in Au­gust 2013 to meet a SR1 re­seller, “Un­der­GroundSyn­di­cate”/BTCMaster” (who was ar­rested with Su­per­Trip’s help in Oc­to­ber). US Cus­toms in­ter­cepted >100 pack­ages mailed by Su­per­Trips, built up a pro­file, found fin­ger­prints on the pack­ages, checked the Nether­land­s’s fin­ger­print data­bases & found a match, de­tained Su­per­Trips when he at­tempted to en­ter the USA, seized & searched his lap­top’s files (il­lus­trat­ing the lack of civil rights at bor­der­s), he ad­mit­ted sell­ing dur­ing an in­ter­view, and even­tu­ally reached a plea agree­ment. His ar­rest was ru­mored on fo­rums, and DPR2 of SR2 specifi­cally al­luded to Su­per­Trip’s ar­rest in late 2013/early 2014 that “it was quite bor­ing the third time law en­force­ment de­cided to use the ‘Su­per­Trips’ moniker and claim­ing to be him as a free man, when I know just as well as ICE where he is now”, al­though the case was only pub­licly an­nounced in April 2014.

New Zealand (NZ)

An un­named Aus­tralian stu­den­t’s MDMA from SR1 (bought for lo­cal re­sale) was in­ter­cepted by Cus­toms some­time in 2012 and he was, at a min­i­mum, in­ter­viewed, but the 2012-07-11 ar­ti­cle makes no men­tion of ad­di­tional penal­ties. A New Zealand Cus­toms offi­cer who highly likely used SR1 (although he de­nies or­der­ing, say­ing he had been re­search­ing it for his job) was charged with pos­sess­ing & “sup­ply­ing” metham­phet­a­mine but this “was un­cov­ered dur­ing po­lice in­quiries into an­other crime”, with the res­o­lu­tion un­clear.

Isaac Pa­tiari Teaukura Mak­i’s MDMA from the Nether­lands was con­fis­cated by Cus­toms on 2012-06-28 and his house vis­it­ed, where­upon he ad­mit­ted guilt to the offi­cers and un­sur­pris­ingly was ar­rested & con­victed.

A NZ ar­ti­cle claimed 80 in­ter­cep­tions a month with 7 ar­rests Jan­u­ary-July 2012 or 1 ar­rest a month (sug­gest­ing each in­ter­cep­tion has a risk of lead­ing to an ar­rest of ~1/80; the risk per or­der then de­pends on how many of the 52m items were drug pack­ages), specifi­cal­ly: ‘“There have been ap­prox­i­mately 80 in­ter­cepts a month [from] peo­ple we be­lieve have utilised the Silk Road en­ter­prise,” Day said. In cases linked to Silk Road from Jan­u­ary to Ju­ly, 13 search war­rants were is­sued, 15 fur­ther prop­er­ties vis­ited and 7 ar­rests made.’ Since both the Cus­toms offi­cer & Maki were ar­rested in that Jan­u­ary-July 2012 pe­riod (Si­mon Lim falls out­side it), that leaves 5 ar­rests un­ac­counted for.

What seems to be a third NZ­er, Si­mon Lim, was ar­rested some­time in 2012, pled guilty in Oc­to­ber 2012 & was sen­tenced to 18 months pro­ba­tion in 2013-02-07 for buy­ing co­caine, metham­phet­a­mine, LSD and oth­ers off Silk Road.

On 2013-04-23, a stu­dent Ben­ja­men Patrick Bel­mont im­port­ing co­caine, MDMA, & LSD from Nether­lands & UK for re­sale had pack­ages in­ter­cepted by Cus­toms, lead­ing to a search, guilty pleas, and then sen­tenc­ing in Feb­ru­ary 2014. (That ar­ti­cle also es­ti­mates 52m items pass­ing through Cus­toms in 2012 with 1.4k in­ter­cepted as drugs.)

Two NZ­ers were searched 2013-08-01 (Matthew Ben­jamin Collins & Jared Arthur Un­der­wood), turn­ing up a va­ri­ety of drugs they had im­ported from the UK & Nether­lands after Sep­tem­ber 2012 from “en­crypted in­ter­net sites” (given the tim­ing, SR1), ap­par­ently for lo­cal re­sale given the pill presses men­tioned.

In Sep­tem­ber 2013, 3 NZ­ers (Michael David John Kit­to, An­drew James Fur­ness, Gareth John Edlin) were con­victed of im­port­ing MDMA & co­caine from Ger­many & the Nether­lands, after a search war­rant on 2013-07-03

An­other NZ­er, Dy­lan Terry Richard­son, was sen­tenced De­cem­ber 2013 for im­port­ing metham­phet­a­mine in Au­gust 2013 (in­ter­cepted by Cus­toms) lead­ing to an ar­rest on 2013-09-03

And a fourth NZ­er’s (An­drew Trevor Har­rison) 2 MDMA & NBOMe ship­ments from Nether­lands & Canada were in­ter­cepted in Sep­tem­ber 2013 by Cus­toms, lead­ing to a search of his house & sen­tenc­ing in April 2014.

On 2013-12-11, an­other 3 NZ­ers were ar­rested over var­i­ous or­ders of “small quan­ti­ties of LSD, Metham­phet­a­mine, MDMA (ec­sta­sy), Class C ana­logue pow­ders and the psy­choac­tive sub­stance NBOMe” from un­spec­i­fied DNMs “such as ‘The Silk Road’”. (I­nas­much as Silk Road was busted 2013-10-02, they may have ac­tu­ally been or­der­ing from a re­place­ment such as Sheep Mar­ket­Place.)

In April 2014, the NZ man Pe­ter James Gros­sett was con­victed after 2 pack­ages of metham­phet­a­mine from Canada were in­ter­cepted in Sep­tem­ber & No­vem­ber 2013; the search had also turned up LSD and mar­i­jua­na. (The ar­ti­cle men­tions he bought from an­other mar­ket after SR1 shut down, but not which one - it could have been Sheep or Tor­Mar­ket or BMR given the broad time range.)

In De­cem­ber 2014, the SR1 MDMA/marijuana buy­ers Daniel Wayne Fowler & Lisa Marie Clark were sen­tenced after an in­ves­ti­gat­ing be­gin­ning with cus­toms in­ter­cepts of German/Belgium pack­ages in Sep­tem­ber 2013 (1 2).

A 2015 NZ Her­ald ar­ti­cle re­ports some ag­gre­gate in­for­ma­tion from Cus­toms:

Co­caine catches in­creased from five in 2011–12 to 54 in 2013–14, LSD from three to 85 in the same pe­ri­od, and Ec­stasy from 85 to 139. Mr Berry said the in­ter­cep­tions were gen­er­ally smaller amounts, and did not in­di­cate a sim­i­lar in­crease in over­all quan­ti­ties be­ing seized across all en­try points to the coun­try. About 2.4 mil­lion items of mail come into New Zealand every month.


On 2013-06-27, po­lice re­port­edly stum­bled on a sus­pi­cious man who dropped a pack­age of pills and searched his trail­er, dis­cov­er­ing am­phet­a­mine, MDMA, & spice; this was the base of op­er­a­tions for the two men run­ning the SR1 ac­count “Speedswe­den”, which had made 500 sales (po­lice writeup/trans­la­tion, me­dia ar­ti­cle). The sec­ond one seems to have got­ten off, how­ev­er.

2 Swedish men Jim­mie Michael Juh­lin & Mo­hammed Farid Aref Barham (the seller “Swe­Ex­press”), were ar­rested 2013-10-08 for sell­ing mar­i­jua­na, their pack­ag­ing hav­ing ap­par­ently been pro­filed & their postal cen­ter sur­veilled (court sen­tenc­ing doc­u­ment, Flash­back dis­cus­sion); two users on Red­dit noted that Swe­Ex­press ceased mail­ing or­ders a week be­fore the SR raid.


The 54yo Cana­dian man Roger Thomas Clark (“Plural of Mon­goose”/“Va­ri­ety Jones”/“VJ”/“ci­mon”) was ar­rested in Thai­land on 2015-12-03 after a com­plaint was filed in 2015-04-21 for ex­tra­di­tion to the USA; as the SR1 seller Va­ri­ety Jones, he had sold mar­i­juana seeds and other ma­te­ri­als, and as ci­mon, from De­cem­ber 2011 - Oc­to­ber 2013 he was deeply in­volved in help­ing Ross Ul­bricht run SR1, as­sist­ing in source code au­dits, man­age­ment of servers & em­ploy­ees, and giv­ing Ul­bricht much ad­vice (eg he sug­gested the “Dread Pi­rate Roberts” pseu­do­nym to sug­gest the pos­si­bil­ity of mul­ti­ple DPRs, and pushed for Cur­tis Clark Green to be killed after Green was ar­rested & then his ad­min ac­count used by Carl Mark Force IV to loot bit­coins from the SR1 server­s). The sheer ex­tent of ci­mon’s in­volve­ment in SR1 was doc­u­mented dur­ing Ul­bricht’s Jan­u­ary 2015 trial with ex­cerpts from Ul­bricht’s jour­nal, chat logs, and spread­sheets, lead­ing to a great deal of sur­prise that ci­mon had ap­par­ently es­caped un­scathed, un­like many of the other SR1 em­ploy­ees, and es­pe­cially con­sid­er­ing that La Mous­tache iden­ti­fied ci­mon as Roger Thomas Clark shortly after­wards and even fur­ther, hacks of DPR’s aban­doned email ac­counts (due to unredacted pass­words in the ev­i­dence ex­hibits for the Ul­bricht tri­al) pointed to Clark as ci­mon and an­other Thai ex­pat as the SR1 de­vel­oper “Smed­ley”. The com­plaint fur­ther re­veals that Clark’s pho­to­graphic ID, like other SR1 em­ploy­ees, was stored on Ul­bricht’s lap­top, and that Smed­ley was co­op­er­at­ing & had iden­ti­fied Clark.

The Amer­i­can man Mike Wat­tier (also a Thai ex­pat as­so­ci­ated with Clark) was iden­ti­fied as the SR1 pro­gram­mer “Smed­ley” and be­gan co­op­er­at­ing some­time be­tween Oc­to­ber 2013 and 2015-04-21.


Cam­bridge man Cal­lum Fay was ar­rested 2012-06-28 after UKBA in­ter­cepted an In­dian pack­age of co­caine and a search war­rant was ex­e­cuted after de­liv­ery; Fay pos­sessed co­caine, MDMA, metham­phet­a­mine, many pack­ag­ing ma­te­ri­als such as 20 in­ter­na­tion­al­ly-ad­dressed pack­ages, and to have sold a great deal (£29,000) of bit­coins pre­vi­ous­ly. He was re-ar­rested 2015-03-24 for ke­t­a­mine, hero­in, and metham­phet­a­mine. Given the Bit­coin vol­ume and ad­dressed pack­ages, Fay was clearly an un­known SR1 sell­er.

A Red­dit user claims in June 2014 to have been im­port­ing MDMA into the UK from the Nether­lands off SR1 for per­sonal con­sump­tion & re­sale through friends for ~6 months; some­time be­fore 2013 a pack­age of 100 pills was de­tected by cus­toms and he ac­cepted de­liv­ery, lead­ing to his house be­ing searched; he was then con­victed (in large part due to text mes­sages on his phone & emails on his com­put­er) and given a sus­pended sen­tence.

After the SR bust in Oc­to­ber 2013, the De­von UK seller of ac­ces­sories like mar­i­juana seeds/MBB+ packaging/ (“Plu­toPete”), re­ported he had been raided & ques­tioned and likely charged with his per­sonal drugs5; he was even­tu­ally charged in 2015 with “9 charges inc con­spir­acy and sup­ply class A and B”. 3 more in Man­ches­ter were ar­rested & charged; the de­scrip­tion of a three­-man seller mail­ing from Man­ches­ter seems to match at least two SR sell­ers, “Je­su­sOfRave” and “Tech­no­Hippy” (or pos­si­bly a “Man­gled1”?), the for­mer of whom quickly de­nied be­ing ar­rested, while the lat­ter last ap­peared on the SR fo­rums in mid-Sep­tem­ber 2013, he resur­faced on the SR2 fo­rums like­wise deny­ing any in­volve­ment.

At Pe­ter Ward/PlutoPete’s sen­tenc­ing, it came out that the sec­ond per­son was Richard Hi­ley, who was ar­rested in De­cem­ber 2013; they had been in part­ner­ship to buy & sell marijuana/methamphetamine/cocaine and ex­change Bitcoins/dollars. They were sen­tenced 2016-02-29 to ~5 years each.

26yo Derby man Adam Yates was raided after a Feb­ru­ary 2014 in­ter­cept at Heathrow Air­port of 50 MDMA tablets, turn­ing up phone/computer ev­i­dence of pur­chases & lo­cal re­sale of MDMA/cocaine/ketamine back to De­cem­ber 2011, and was sen­tenced to 2 years (sus­pend­ed) in April 2016. The cov­er­age iden­ti­fies SR1 as his main DNM, but not which one he had or­dered from in Feb­ru­ary 2014 (S­R2?).


In Sep­tem­ber 2011, the Silk Road 1 buyer of LSD & MDMA Stacy Litz was ar­rested in Penn­syl­va­nia after re­selling LSD to an un­der­cover offi­cer; she be­came an in­for­mant.

On 2013-10-28, the Mary­land for­mer seller “dig­i­talink”, Ja­cob Theodore George IV, was charged in fed­eral court (pre­vi­ously con­victed of a num­ber of offenses in state courts) for his heroin & (banned Oc­to­ber 2011) sales a year & a half pre­vi­ously (he stopped in Jan­u­ary 2012), and pled guilty (plea agree­ment), ul­ti­mately re­ceiv­ing a sen­tence of 6 years. The complaint/indictment does not spec­ify what ev­i­dence the case is based on, why such a long de­lay, or why no ar­rest, and many of the PACER doc­u­ments re­main sealed or un­avail­able as of 2015-02-23 (so we don’t know the de­tails or how ex­actly he was co­op­er­at­ing); but based on dig­i­talink’s fo­rum posts and fo­rum dis­cus­sions of him, it seems he was an ex­tremely care­less seller who dis­dained PGP, re­trieved prod­uct seized by the Post Office (one fo­rum-user pre­sciently ex­claimed in Au­gust 2011, “Oh wow, the id­iocy is un­matched! It seems very pos­si­ble that dig­i­talink will be busted some­time soon.”), told other peo­ple who his methy­lone sup­plier was, gave his phone num­ber to buy­ers, and ul­ti­mately failed to de­liver $3500 of methy­lone to a buyer “thoth” who then threat­ened to give dig­i­talink’s in­for­ma­tion to the po­lice, pos­si­bly re­sult­ing in him be­ing in­ter­viewed and con­fess­ing to every­thing6. An in­ter­nal time­line of the US in­ves­ti­ga­tions says that on 2012-02-01, “HSI Bal­ti­more then re­vealed [in the meet­ing] that their in­for­mant that told them about the Silk Road in Sep­tem­ber was just ar­rested on or around Jan­u­ary 17, 2012 for some­thing un­re­lated and ad­mit­ted to them then that he was ac­tu­ally a Silk Road ven­dor”, so it seems dig­i­talink were ar­rested for offline mis­be­hav­ior un­re­lated to his heroin/methylone im­ports & sales, and only then flipped.

An­other fil­ing men­tions the al­llove ac­coun­t’s use, but the in­ter­nal time­line goes on to men­tion sev­eral other pos­si­ble busts:

On Oc­to­ber 12, 2011, HSI Bal­ti­more re­ported in ROI 13 in gen­eral case num­ber BA08N­R11BA0004 that in Sep­tem­ber of 2011 an in­for­mant told them that the Silk Road ex­isted and they sold drugs there. No fur­ther re­ports were filed or sub­se­quent cases opened on the web­site. - …On De­cem­ber 8, 2011, HSI Head­quar­ters pre­pared HSIR ID# ICE-HQINT-00431-12 ti­tled “Dig­i­tal Cur­rency Bit­coin and the Un­der­ground Web­site Silk Road”. In that re­port they list 6 HSI in­ves­ti­ga­tions that had men­tioned the Silk Road, in­clud­ing HSI Chicago and HSI Bal­ti­more. HSI Chicago’s in­ves­ti­ga­tion was shown as ac­tively work­ing the web­site and mul­ti­ple ven­dors. HSI Bal­ti­more’s sum­mary was that of only hav­ing one re­port from a CI men­tion­ing the Silk Road ex­ist­ed. The other 4 HSI cases had only men­tioned the web­site from in­ter­views con­duct­ed. - On Jan­u­ary 03, 2012, HSI Bal­ti­more SA Gre­gory Miller opened in­ves­ti­ga­tion BA13CR12BA0016 and stated in ROI 001 that on De­cem­ber 29, 2011, their CI be­gan telling them some de­tails about the Silk Road web­site. - …By Jan­u­ary 13, 2012, HSI Chicago had over 19 re­ports, 200 seizures, iden­ti­fied mul­ti­ple vendors/targets, co­or­di­nated POE’s and case in­for­ma­tion with mul­ti­ple HSI at­taché offices, signed up a CI and had met with the AUSA’s office to pros­e­cute the case. - …In April of 2012, HSI Chicago de­vel­oped a new in­for­mant and in­formed HSI Bal­ti­more of de­vel­op­ment. HSI Bal­ti­more re­quested ac­cess di­rectly to the in­for­mant but would­n’t tell HSI Chicago why they wanted the ac­cess or what they wanted to ask the CI. HSI Chicago offered to take any ques­tions and di­rectly ask the CI the ques­tions for them, but they would not al­low ac­cess to the CI with­out know­ing any topic of ques­tions. HSI Bal­ti­more ex­pressed anger over not be­ing al­lowed di­rect ac­cess to the CI.

The Sep­tem­ber 2011 in­for­mant seems to have not been a bust given the lack of any fol­lowup and to have sim­ply been an in­for­mant (some­one paid for mon­ey); the De­cem­ber re­port about “ac­tively work­ing…­mul­ti­ple ven­dors” may re­fer to in­ves­ti­gat­ing them and per­haps con­duct­ing un­der­cover buys, not nec­es­sar­ily flip­ping them (in which case they might be re­ferred to as CIs); the Bal­ti­more claim of a CI dat­ing from 2011-12-29 may seem to be “dig­i­talink” but the date does not tally up with the other en­try in which dig­i­talink only offers to flip after his ar­rest al­most a full month later and there are no known ar­rests near Bal­ti­more in late 2011 (in­deed, the only 2011 ar­rest so far is Stacy Litz from Sep­tem­ber 2011, which would be awk­ward as the CI - ~4 months to be­gin talk­ing?), so I con­sider this ev­i­dence of an un­known bust in De­cem­ber 2011; the 2012-01-13 men­tion of a new CI in Chicago is also not con­sis­tent with any known busts and given the fierce ri­valry be­tween the Bal­ti­more & Chicago offices (the fo­cus of the time­line), this is likely an­other un­known bust; fi­nal­ly, the April 2012 men­tion of an­other new Chicago CI lines up al­most per­fectly with the known “drip­so­facid” CI used by the Chicago office’s Der-Yeghi­ayan from his tes­ti­mo­ny. This leaves 2 un­known busts: the Bal­ti­more CI in De­cem­ber 2011 and the Chicago CI in Jan­u­ary 2012.

Dur­ing the SR1 tri­al, the DHS agent Deryeghi­ayan en­gaged in pur­chases “from March 2012 un­til Sep­tem­ber 2013…Us­ing an ac­count ob­tained from an ac­tual user, with the screen name of ‘drip­so­facid’”, which was used for at least one buy in April 2013; “drip­so­facid”’s ac­count may have been ob­tained after an un­known ar­rest dur­ing that time pe­ri­od. (An­other LE ac­count was “Mr Won­der­ful”, who was used in the 2013 “Email­gate” in which he can­vassed SR1 em­ploy­ees over Tor­mail and tried to flip them by offer­ing money and im­mu­ni­ty, to which DPR1 was alerted by his DEA in­for­mant Carl Force; Mr Won­der­ful is not a known seller ac­count, and all men­tions of Mr Won­der­ful such as Force’s dis­mis­sive com­ments seem to be im­ply his con­tact was done off SR1 and to be a fresh pseu­do­nym, so it does not sound like a flipped buyer or seller to me and so is not in­cluded in the table. Sim­i­lar­ly, an FBI pre­sen­ta­tion in mid-April 2015 in the Nether­lands had a screen­shot taken with the ac­count “As­pire28”, but my searches do not turn up men­tions of any seller of that name, so it was prob­a­bly a throw­away or flipped buyer - im­pos­si­ble to know.)

On 2012-05-05, the Mass­a­chu­setts Bard Col­lege stu­dent Mehran Ja­hedi’s rooms were searched & cam­pus se­cu­rity found “LSD, ke­t­a­mine, am­phet­a­mi­nes, hal­lu­cino­genic mush­rooms, MDMA, mesca­line and mar­i­jua­na, as well as pack­ag­ing orig­i­nat­ing from as far away as Chi­na, Ger­many and Poland”, which he had been re­selling lo­cally after sourc­ing them from the “dark­net”, and ul­ti­mately re­ceived a sus­pended sen­tence in 2014; given the va­ri­ety, it is al­most cer­tain he was pur­chas­ing from SR1 rather than any of the other SR1-era mar­kets (BMR/Darkbay/Sheep/Atlantis).

The ac­count of the SR1 clonazepam/marijuana seller “al­llove” was used by the FBI in 2012-09-27 & ear­lier as part of its in­ves­ti­ga­tion into SR1, and screen­shots taken with it were en­tered into ev­i­dence at Ross Ul­bricht’s 2015 tri­al. al­llove must have been busted some­how be­fore Sep­tem­ber 2012, for his ac­count to have be­come the FBI’s prop­er­ty, and ex­plain­ing his abrupt dis­ap­pear­ance some­time be­fore 2012-05-19 (re­marked upon at the time on Red­dit; there may be more ac­cu­rate tim­ings in SR1F hits for “al­llove”) but all other de­tails are un­known. One post-trial ex­hibit (a Der-Yeghi­ayan affi­davit seek­ing copies of Mark Karpe­les’s email ac­counts) states that “In Sep­tem­ber of 2012, HSI was able to ver­ify that a com­mis­sion rate ex­ists on the Silk Road by us­ing a Silk Road ven­dor ac­count and set­ting a price on a prod­uct for sale on the Silk Road mar­ket­place. HSI then logged in to the Silk Road us­ing a differ­ent ac­count and ob­served the same prod­uct offered for sale at a higher price than what was set by the ven­dor. The differ­ence in price matched the ad­ver­tised com­mis­sion rates from the Silk Road ad­min­is­tra­tor.”; while this could pos­si­bly have been an un­known sell­er, dig­i­talink, davidd, or al­llove (all USA SR1 seller ac­counts com­pro­mised by Sep­tem­ber 2012), the for­mer had dis­ap­peared off the mar­ket by Sep­tem­ber 2012, and the last fits best given that we know the al­llove ac­count was be­ing used for other parts of the in­ves­ti­ga­tion. (The old SR1 seller Grand Wiz­ard says that al­llove may also have sold bit­coins for cash in the mail or other fi­at; this is an ex­tremely risky oc­cu­pa­tion and if true, al­most cer­tainly how he was bust­ed.)

In De­cem­ber 2012, a New Jer­sey buyer was busted for mar­i­juana in a con­trolled de­liv­ery when the pack­age was de­tected in the mail; he co­op­er­ated (no ad­di­tional penal­ties spec­i­fied in ar­ti­cle) and 2 sell­ers (Sour­Diesel­Man) were even­tu­ally ar­rested & charged in July 2013.

SR fo­rum posters have claimed that a DMT sell­er, co­caine sell­er, & 2 oth­ers have all been busted but ap­par­ently for their offline con­nec­tions and ac­tiv­i­ties (the poster claims the DMT seller had too many peo­ple vis­it­ing and his neigh­bors squealed; this was likely the Cana­dian seller “Tro­jan”, but the other 3 I’m not sure about).

In “early 2013” (per­sonal com­mu­ni­ca­tion), an Amer­i­can or­dered MDMA from a Eu­ro­pean sell­er; IRL ac­tiv­i­ties led to his ar­rest (he had been re­selling lo­cally and one of his buy­ers was them­selves caught & snitched) al­though the SR1 con­nec­tion was not un­cov­ered, and even­tu­ally he pled to a lesser charge.

In Jan­u­ary 2013, ac­cord­ing to the SR bust in­dict­ments, a seller & SR em­ployee (“chronic pain”/“chron­ic­pain”/“Flush”) was ar­rested & charged in Mary­land after re­ceiv­ing a kilo of co­caine from an un­der­cover agent; he then co­op­er­ated with the FBI in en­trap­ping Ul­bricht into or­der­ing a hit on him and then pre­tend­ing to be dead. He was iden­ti­fied in Oc­to­ber as Cur­tis Clark Green (dis­cus­sion). Green’s plea-a­gree­ment (tran­script) was re­leased on 2013-11-07, with­out any de­tails of his co­op­er­a­tion after his ar­rest in Utah (although “the U.S. at­tor­ney’s office said his com­puter was foren­si­cally ex­am­ined after it was seized”); in­ter­est­ing­ly, the plea-a­gree­ment notes that the un­der­cover agent did not know the co­caine pack­age was be­ing de­liv­ered to the same SR ad­min­is­tra­tor who had helped him find a seller for his co­caine. Cur­tis Green’s co­op­er­a­tion earned him 2 days im­pris­on­ment & 4 years pro­ba­tion.

Also in Jan­u­ary 2013, the crim­i­nal com­plaint doc­u­ment­ing the DEA cor­rup­tion dur­ing the SR1 in­ves­ti­ga­tion men­tions offhand­edly that the dirty copes Force & Bridge con­trolled the ac­count “TrustusJones” as of 2013-01-237; TrustusJones was an East Coast mar­i­juana SR1 seller be­gin­ning around Feb­ru­ary 2012 (fo­rum archive). Cu­ri­ous­ly, in Feb­ru­ary 2013, the ac­count an­nounced on the SR1 fo­rums (thread #118718) that he would be sell­ing off all his bit­coins (at ~30% off) in ex­change for Mon­ey­Pak; this might sound like Force laun­der­ing coins from the Jan­u­ary 2013 theft, ex­cept the use of TrustusJones is noted in in­ter­nal DEA doc­u­ments, sug­gest­ing that the sales were more about bust­ing any SR1 users un­wise enough to buy Mon­ey­Pak. (The orig­i­nal TrustusJones had even mocked Mon­ey­Pak in an ear­lier thread, #16083.) It’s un­clear when ex­actly TJ was busted or how; my best guess, based on his SR1F posts, is that he was busted on or be­fore 2012-04-29, and his OPSEC sounded good, it was prob­a­bly due to the usual mail-trac­ing ap­proach.

In Feb­ru­ary 2013, there were two cases of Amer­i­cans be­ing busted in Florida and Louisiana by sign­ing for MDMA in what is called a “con­trolled de­liv­ery”; the si­mul­tane­ity, drug type, & amount im­me­di­ately led to spec­u­la­tion that they were both or­der­ing from the SR MDMA Cana­dian seller “luck­y­lu­cianno” who was pre­vi­ously hav­ing is­sues with or­der in­ter­cep­tions, which was con­firmed when one of the ar­rested men posted on the SR fo­rums warn­ing away oth­ers and rel­e­vant threads were deleted by fo­rum mod­er­a­tors (although a mod­er­a­tor claimed the Louisiana bust was un­re­lated to SR or the Florida bust).

Some­time in March 2013, an Alaskan buyer of heroin & co­caine ap­par­ently re­ceived a con­trolled de­liv­ery, and re­ceived felony charges; he co­op­er­ated in the on­go­ing in­ves­ti­ga­tion of his sell­er, “NOD”, ac­cord­ing to the in­dict­ment for NOD.

An oth­er­wise-un­known fe­male buyer from NOD seems to have been sim­i­larly ar­rested in April/May ac­cord­ing to the TSG ar­ti­cle on NOD.

On 2013-03-21, the large Cal­i­forn­ian mar­i­juana group seller “Sour­Diesel­Man” re­placed their pro­file page with the mes­sage “i am down for­ever” (last fo­rum com­ment was 2013-03-18); SR users noted that on 19 March, a se­ries of mar­i­jua­na-re­lated raids were ex­e­cuted in Cal­i­for­nia near where Sour­Diesel­Man ap­par­ently shipped from, and spec­u­late that Sour­Diesel­Man may have been ar­rested in them (though two users say Sour­Diesel­Man was ei­ther banned by SR over sell­ing Bit­coins for cash in the mail or traced via this, an ac­tiv­ity at­tested to in the re­view thread). Ad­di­tional July news cov­er­age re­vealed Sour­Diesel­Man to be a group, 2 mem­bers of which (Matthew Gillum & Jo­lene Chan) were ar­rested & charged with mar­i­juana & fi­nance-re­lated charges. The com­plaint says the in­ves­ti­ga­tion started in Au­gust 2012 due to the large sums of cash in mail, did a con­trolled de­liv­ery to a SR mar­i­juana buyer in New Jer­sey in De­cem­ber 2012 (he co­op­er­at­ed), flipped one of the Sour­Diesel­Man mem­bers, and went from there; for ad­di­tional de­tails, see the PACER court records and the fil­ings for Gillum & Chan. Gillum was sen­tenced to 9 years.

On 2013-04-12, a South Car­olin­ian man (the seller “Casey Jones”, judg­ing by fo­rum search hits8 and his posts) had ₿11 (then $935) con­fis­cated via a drug law pro­vi­sion (Hughes blames it on the “ac­tions of one of his house guests” and an ad­di­tional Bit­coin seizure casts a lit­tle doubt on the charges); he was ar­rested in June 2013 and triply charged in Charleston with distribution/possession of marijuana/clonazepam/DMT/methylone but he did not seem to be sell­ing mar­i­juana on SR and the avail­able court records do not in­di­cate whether he is be­ing charged due to offline or on­line drug deal­ing, but the men­tion of “two un­der­cover drug buys…in April” im­ply he was sell­ing off-SR and may have been caught that way.

On 2013-04-26, 2 Iowan men, Adam Lawin & Ben­jamin Walk­er, were raided for im­port­ing MDMA from the UK & Bel­gium (press re­lease; sen­tenc­ing). Cus­toms in­ter­cep­tions of their pack­ages be­gin­ning in 2012 were fol­lowed by a lo­cal un­der­cover buy, which trig­gered the raid.

Dur­ing May 2013, a teen in In­di­ana was ar­rested after his mother in­formed on him. I also know of an­other case in­volv­ing an Amer­i­can who was con­victed after a con­trolled de­liv­ery of LSD mailed from the Nether­lands; his pack­age was likely de­tect­ed.

A com­plaint filed 2013-06-13 against a David Lawrence Han­del charges him with dis­trib­ut­ing methy­lone, 2C-E, and 2C-C; no full com­plaint is avail­able and it is ap­par­ently sealed. Han­del is known to be SR-re­lated be­cause the edgar­num­bers com­plaint says so.9 La Mous­tache sug­gests that Han­del was the re­search-chem­i­cal seller daviddd, based on david­d’s sales vol­ume, pub­lic si­lence since the right time, a ru­mor that he had been ar­rest­ed, the co­in­ci­dence that davidd listed 1kg of methy­lone for sale just like the LE-con­trolled Dig­i­talink & edgar­num­bers seller pro­files had, and a sus­pi­cious at­tempt by the davidd at­tempt to send a ‘free sam­ple’ to a SR1 mod­er­a­tor. This iden­ti­fi­ca­tion as the SR1 seller davidd was even­tu­ally con­firmed when Han­del pled guilty in 2015 (plea agree­ment; sen­tenc­ing or­der). He had been the tar­get of sev­eral un­der­cover buys by the Mary­land Marco Polo task force which led to his pro­fil­ing & iden­ti­fi­ca­tion; he was ar­rested after pick­ing up a pack­age from post office, was car­ry­ing a gun, apart­ment was searched, and wound up hand­ing over his SR1 seller ac­count.

On 2013-06-28, the seller Shel­don Kennedy (“edgar­num­bers”; pro­file) was raided in Ne­braska (he had sold methy­lone among oth­ers on SR, and guns on the short­-lived Ar­mory); he co­op­er­ated (turn­ing over his cus­tomers’ ad­dress­es), was even­tu­ally offi­cially ar­rested 2014-02-19, and his case was un­sealed the next day (com­plaint), fi­nally be­ing sen­tenced to a re­duced two years. He had been busted after “dig­i­talink”10 turned over all his cus­tomers’ ad­dresses in No­vem­ber 2011, which in­cluded edgar­num­ber­s’s ad­dress; he was then tar­geted for un­der­cover buys and con­fir­ma­tion that he was a drug & gun dealer through his lack of vis­i­ble in­come, Gmail & Ama­zon ac­counts, Face­book & Google+ pro­files, in­ter­views at his lo­cal post office & debit card records of many postal pur­chas­es, and a re­turn ad­dress.1112 (Kennedy turns out to be the SR1 seller men­tioned in an ar­ti­cle on the In­ter­net sex-cam site Chatur­bate.)

In July 2013 ac­cord­ing to DHS agent DerYeghi­ayan’s tes­ti­mony, the Texas seller and then SR1 em­ployee “Cap­tain­Mal”/“scout”/“cir­rus”’s ac­count was taken over by law en­force­ment and the ac­count used to in­fil­trate SR1 and later SR2; she was likely ar­rested at some point be­fore that in June or July 2013 on some charge (pos­si­bly re­lat­ing to her ac­tiv­ity as a seller sell­ing bit­coins, al­though an LE agent may have im­plied she got in trou­ble for some­thing un­re­lated to SR1 and offered to flip); a later ac­count by D-Y states that Scout was caught when she made the mis­take of ac­cept­ing a free toy from Dutch SR1 seller “No­mad Blood­bath”, who had been tracked through mail & flipped ear­li­er. Cir­rus has been sus­pected long be­fore as there were only a few sus­pects for the UC who was re­ported in Oc­to­ber 2013 as chat­ting with Ul­bricht as he was ar­rest­ed, but the hard con­fir­ma­tion came when the ev­i­dence list was leaked 2014-12-19.

On 2013-07-11, two young Al­go­ma, Wis­con­sin men, J.J. Savoie & S.J. Paape im­port­ing MDMA from Ger­many (mugshot) - pos­si­bly from After­hour? - saw their pack­age de­tected by Cus­toms and re­ceived a con­trolled de­liv­ery.

Also on 2013-07-24, the Wis­con­sin SR1 buyer Ryan M Pe­tersen was searched over an in­ter­cepted pack­age of MDMA from Bel­gium, after his friend he was us­ing as a drop had been searched after an ear­lier 2013-04-26 CD (he then co­op­er­at­ed). He even­tu­ally reached a plea bar­gain (court records #2014CF000288)

A New York man Nicholas C Moffitt was pros­e­cuted in Au­gust 2013 after sell­ing Sub­ox­one in per­son, hav­ing his mail mon­i­tored, and then his store (with drugs on the premis­es) raid­ed; he pled guilty

Also in Au­gust 2013, the large Dutch MDMA seller Su­per­Trips was ar­rested (for­fei­ture; press re­lease; plea agree­ment); pro­fil­ing of his pack­ages and fin­ger­prints pro­vided enough grounds that when he tried to visit the USA, he was de­tained at the air­port, his un­en­crypted lap­top ex­am­ined and all his records found (in­clud­ing all buyer ad­dress­es), where­upon he con­fessed & be­gan co­op­er­at­ing (help­ing bust his col­lab­o­ra­tor Un­der­GroundSyn­di­cate in Oc­to­ber 2013). (His ac­count would be used by a DHS un­der­cover agent un­til SR1 was raided 2 months lat­er.) He was sen­tenced to 10 years prison.

Also in Sep­tem­ber 2013, a Ver­mont stu­dent Sid Ham­mer was charged with drug pos­ses­sion; he had pur­chased them off SR for lo­cal re­sale, and was re­ported to po­lice through com­plaints of “smells of burnt mar­i­juana”.

In Oc­to­ber 2013, the founder of SR, Ross Ul­bricht, was ar­rested in San Fran­cisco and charged with a laun­dry list of crimes; he was ul­ti­mately con­victed and sen­tenced to life with­out pa­role. Logs from his lap­top im­pli­cated a col­lege friend, Richard Bates (“baron­syn­tax”) in help­ing pro­gram SR1 and buy­ing some drugs; this was used as lever­age to force Bates to tes­tify against Ul­bricht in his tri­al. Re­port­edly there were, be­sides NOD, Ul­bricht, 4 UK­ers and 2 Swedes, “at least half a dozen other ar­rests cur­rently in the works” (a promise ful­filled sub­se­quent­ly).

Si­mul­ta­ne­ous with the SR bust, a Wash­ing­ton state man & his girl­friend, the seller “NOD”, was charged with heroin sell­ing (com­plaint, docket, in­ter­view) with some le­niency since they co­op­er­ated after their July bust & was sen­tenced to (a per­haps sur­pris­ingly low) 5 years. A pseu­do­ny­mous Red­di­tor claims to have been a cus­tomer of NOD, among other sell­ers, and to have been searched, ar­rested & charged on 2013-10-08, with (ap­par­ent­ly) an­other pseu­do­ny­mous Red­di­tor re­port­ing state charges & post­ing his in­dict­ment. (In­ter­est­ing­ly, NOD may have done a in­ter­view for the Drugs Inc. TV se­ries some­where around March 2013.)

The Florida seller “Un­der­GroundSyn­di­cate”/BTCMaster” An­gel William Quinones (pro­file, plea agree­ment) was ar­rested near-si­mul­ta­ne­ously with DPR thanks to the co­op­er­a­tion of his partner/supplier, the Dutch seller Su­per­Trips, who had been ar­rested when he ear­lier tried to fly into the USA in Au­gust 2013 with an un­en­crypted lap­top after hav­ing been iden­ti­fied through la­tent fin­ger­prints on pack­ag­ing.

The NY seller of clonazepam/hydrocodone/heroin “dee­zle­time” (pro­file), Michael Duch, was ar­rested on 2013-10-01 as well, ul­ti­mately reach­ing a plea deal on 2014-12-10, in time to tes­tify in the Ul­bricht tri­al. In ex­change for his tes­ti­mony, he was sen­tenced to 2.5 years in July 2015 (most al­ready served).

On 2013-11-21, the seller “MD­pro” was ar­rested in Delaware (seller pro­file, fo­rum dis­cus­sions, fo­rum posts, BMR posts un­der her real name) and charged in fed­eral court (PACER web data, complaint/filings), ul­ti­mately sen­tenced to 2.5 years; based on the com­plaint, it seems her fa­tal mis­take was ei­ther us­ing track­ing on her ship­ments through an ac­count reg­is­tered in her real name or putting valid re­turn ad­dresses on her ship­ments to a PO box reg­is­tered to her real name, which al­lowed the un­der­cover buyer to find her and com­pile the ex­ten­sive case against her. Among her many se­cu­rity mis­takes in­cluded ac­cept­ing ship­ments from other sell­ers to her apart­ment ad­dressed to her part­ner (and part­ner in crime).

On 2013-12-17, 4 mem­bers of the metham­phet­a­mine group seller “ham­mer­time” were ar­rested in Ore­gon as well as 3 oth­ers charged (PACER, in­dict­ment; more cov­er­age; trial; plea agree­ment; sen­tenc­ing for two). The lead­er, Ja­son Weld Ha­gen, was ul­ti­mately sen­tenced to 3 years; the cited rea­son for such a light sen­tence was con­cerns over the Force/Bridges SR1 cor­rup­tion scan­dal.

On 2013-12-19 (; girl­friend’s re­port), the for­mer SR administrator/employee “Inigo” was ar­rested in Vir­ginia.

On 2014-01-26, the Bit­coin seller “BTCKing” (SR1/2) & an ac­com­plice at were ar­rested in Florida & NY (re­spec­tive­ly) after an IRS in­ves­ti­ga­tion (in­dict­ment); BTCKing offered a ser­vice in which he sent buy­ers a bank ac­count num­ber to de­posit cash to (which he then con­verted into bit­coins via BitIn­stan­t), then trans­ferred bit­coins to the buyer on Silk Road. He was ar­rested after an un­der­cover agent (s­tart­ing in Au­gust 2012) made pur­chas­es, re­ceived the bank ac­count in­for­ma­tion, and ob­tained his bank records; the case was fur­ther ce­mented by us­ing the SR mes­sages from the FBI’s copy of the servers (ap­par­ently BTCKing did not be­lieve in us­ing PGP), the home IP em­bed­ded in BTCKing’s emails with BitIn­stant (BTCKing used but ap­par­ently did not con­nect over Tor), and his ac­com­plice’s Gmail emails & chats ob­tained. (Iron­i­cal­ly, BTCKing had de­clined Dread Pi­rate Robert’s July 2013 in­vi­ta­tion to join him in cre­at­ing an “Anony­mous Bit­coin Ex­change” by point­ing out his vul­ner­a­bil­ity to in­ves­ti­ga­tion: “All LE has to do is go to the bank and ask who is the Trustee of RMF Trust and BANG… They will seize the funds and me.”) He pled guilty and was sen­tenced to 4 years

In late May 2014, the SR1 oxycodone/hydrocodone seller “CALIGIRL” (pro­file), Matthew Jones, was ar­rested in Dal­las, Texas (press re­lease, crim­i­nal com­plaint & ex­cerpts, PACER), pled guilty, and was sen­tenced to 5 years & ten months. An un­der­cover agent had made 2 pur­chases through SR1 and 6 over Bitmes­sage after the SR1 bust; CALIGIRL did not vary pack­ag­ing meth­ods or drop off lo­ca­tion, al­low­ing his pack­ages to be pro­filed, traced back to a sort­ing fa­cil­i­ty, where the agent dis­cov­ered they were all dropped off at a sin­gle postal box. In ad­di­tion, on the last pur­chase, the agent so­cial-engi­neered CALIGIRL into ac­cept­ing part of the pay­ment to his per­sonal bank ac­count. This all fed into a com­pre­hen­sive in­ves­ti­ga­tion of CALIGIRL’s life which drew on in­for­ma­tion from (but likely not ex­clu­sive to): Face­book; Ama­zon shop­ping logs and IP; #bitcoin-otc IP & trans­ac­tions; Lo­cal Bit­coin trans­ac­tions; do­main names and tele­phone; cell­phone apps (D­ing) us­age & callers & IPs; Post Office pho­tos (from au­to­mated postal ma­chine); the land­lord for his post box; travel records; elec­tronic toll records record­ing move­ments of his car; ho­tels he stayed at (he used places he stayed or was near as re­turn ad­dress­es); and fi­nan­cial records from: Xoom (and IP ad­dress­es), Wells Far­go, JP Mor­gan Chase, West­ern Union, & Mon­ey­Gram. There are cur­rently no known con­trolled de­liv­er­ies or ar­rests of CALIGIRL cus­tomers (pos­si­bly the SR1 bust elim­i­nated most of his busi­ness).

On 2014-11-05, Mary­lan­ders Tom & Amanda Calla­han (SR1 Bit­coin seller/exchanger “Jum­boMon­key­Bis­cuit”) were raided by the Bal­ti­more task force (see ex­hibit B of Bridges, and “United States v. 50.44 Bit­coins”) for money laun­der­ing. The SR1 server im­age had been used to iden­tify a PO box that Jum­boMon­key­Bis­cuit used for their Bit­coin-for-mailed-cash sales, reg­is­tered in their name, which in con­junc­tion with an Oc­to­ber 2014 in­ter­cept by USPS of $10000 cash (they ap­par­ently had moved on to other DNMs but it is un­spec­i­fied which). Their case came to light as part of the in­ves­ti­ga­tion of dirty cop Shaun Bridges, who stole some of the seized bit­coins.

On 2015-05-28, charges were an­nounced against 30yo Louisiana man Beau Wat­tigney for be­ing the SR1/2 “Pur­pleLo­tus” seller of coun­ter­feit coupons (com­plaint; press re­lease; me­dia); he pled guilty and was sen­tenced Jan­u­ary 2016 to 3.4 years prison. Pur­pleLo­tus had re­tired well be­fore May 2015; the com­plaint says only that he was caught in part based on “foren­sic analy­sis of im­ages of servers seized dur­ing the dis­man­tle­ment of Silk Road 1.0, the Fed­eral Bu­reau of In­ves­ti­ga­tion (‘FBI’) was able to re­cov­er, among other things, trans­ac­tion his­to­ries and pri­vate mes­sage com­mu­ni­ca­tions as­so­ci­ated with Silk Road 1.0 users.” and also quotes a (unen­crypt­ed) PM from Pur­pleLo­tus to a buyer ex­plain­ing how to use coun­ter­feit coupons. A Red­di­tor claim­ing to be SR1 seller RXMan says that he re­mem­bers trad­ing pre­scrip­tion pills for coupons and that Pur­pleLo­tus pro­vid­ed, via un­en­crypted PMs, the name Beau Wat­tigney & a mail­ing ad­dress.

Silk Road 2 (SR2)


On 2014-09-26, the 21yo South Aus­tralia man Ryan James Nor­man was ar­rested while pick­ing up a pack­age from the post office after Cus­toms in­ter­cepted a ship­ment of ~5000 doses of 25i-NBOMe from Canada; he was sen­tenced in Sep­tem­ber 2015 to 3.5 years. It later emerged that he was a seller on SR2; I have iden­ti­fied Nor­man as the SR2 seller “Mag­i­cAU” based on sim­i­lar prod­ucts and Mag­i­cAU van­ish­ing from SR2 dur­ing 2014-09-26–2014-09-28, im­me­di­ately after Nor­man was raid­ed, and Mag­i­cAU’s rel­a­tively young ven­dor age which matches the de­scrip­tion of Nor­man as hav­ing sold for ~2 months be­fore be­ing ar­rest­ed.


Dur­ing April 2015, a 40yo Ger­man man in Würzburg was ar­rested for pur­chases of MDMA, co­caine, am­phet­a­mi­nes, cannabis & “syn­thetic” drugs to­tal­ing kilo­grams off of SR2 (he does not seem to have been a SR2 sell­er, in­di­cat­ing he was a lo­cal re­seller) and ear­lier mar­kets start­ing in 2012. The in­ves­ti­ga­tion ap­pears to have re­lied FBI foren­sic analy­sis of the seized SR2 server’s PMs (he, like many, ap­par­ently had not been us­ing PGP in com­mu­ni­cat­ing with his sell­ers) and also Ger­man cus­toms in­ter­cepts of sev­eral or­ders.


In late Jan­u­ary 2014, a Cana­dian man T.S. & In­done­sian woman L.A. were ar­rested after a pack­age of MDMA (100 Su­per­man pills) from the Nether­lands (which she had or­dered from “pill­bay” on Silk Road 2) was in­ter­cepted by cus­toms & his West Jakarta res­i­dence searched; they were sen­tenced to 10 & 5 years re­spec­tive­ly.


On 2014-11-05, as part of Op­er­a­tion Ony­mous, 2 men (Neil Man­nion & Richard O’­Con­nor) were ar­rested in Dublin, Ire­land, un­cov­er­ing drugs (MDMA/LSD/marijuana)/Bitcoins/address-lists; the Irish in­ves­ti­ga­tion be­gan after in­for­ma­tion was re­ceived from a for­eign agency. They were prob­a­bly the seller “The­Hulk­ster”, based on vol­ume, lo­ca­tion, & drugs. (Me­dia cov­er­age: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8.)

New Zealand (NZ)

De­cem­ber 2014 saw the SR2 buyer An­drew Gra­ham Hodg­son sen­tenced for im­port­ing metham­phet­a­mine, mar­i­juana & NBOMe; his mail had been in­ter­cepted from July to Sep­tem­ber 2014 (1, 2) and he was ar­rested that Sep­tem­ber.

Daniel Patrick McK­ech­nie, Taine Mita Piriru Ed­wards, & Mitchell Charles Con­nor-Dagg (aged 18-20) were ar­rested & charged in Feb­ru­ary 2015 after cus­toms in­ter­cep­tions with im­port­ing, from No­vem­ber 2014-Jan­u­ary 2015, LSD/MDMA/methamphetamine which “had all been sourced through the in­ter­net from the United States and Eu­rope in a so­phis­ti­cated op­er­a­tion” for lo­cal re­sale. They had been or­der­ing “via the Silk Road site”, pre­sum­ably SR2, al­though what mar­ket they were us­ing (after SR2 closed) from late No­vem­ber 2014 - Jan­u­ary 2015 is un­spec­i­fied. (Pos­si­bly linked to the Evo­lu­tion seller “TheWireNz”’s ap­par­ent­ly-per­ma­nent va­ca­tion?)

United Kingdom (UK)

Dur­ing the 2014-11-05 busted of SR2, the au­thor­i­ties an­nounced 6 UK ar­rests, but no de­tails have emerged since be­sides the ba­sic de­scrip­tion given to the press (were any of them Bud­worx or Top_Gear_UK?):

The NCA de­scribed the six British ar­rests as “sig­nifi­cant”, adding that a large amount of com­puter equip­ment has been seized at all the ad­dresses searched and will now be foren­si­cally ex­am­ined. The six—a 20-year-old man from Liv­er­pool, a 19-year-old man from New Waltham in Lin­colnshire, a 30-year-old man from Cleethor­pes [Lin­colnshire], a 29-year-old man from Ab­er­dovey in Wales and a man and wom­an, both 58, also from Ab­er­dovey, have all been bailed after be­ing in­ter­viewed.

The “19-year-old man from New Waltham” turns out to be Alex Mid­dle­ton (“Max­imus­Dec­imus” on SR2), who sold /MXE & Xanax & 4-MEC in­ter­na­tion­ally; he pled guilty in June 2015 and was sen­tenced to 2 years 4 months in Sep­tem­ber 2015.

In Feb­ru­ary 2015, charges were an­nounced for 5 peo­ple:

A 29-year-old man from the UK was also charged to­day, a Na­tional Crime Agency spokesper­son told me. His 11 charges in­clude the pos­ses­sion of four stun guns which were dis­guised as other weapons; con­spir­ing with Pe­ter Ward to sup­ply a quan­tity of cannabis; and an­other charge of the im­por­ta­tion of co­caine. An­other three peo­ple were charged with drug offens­es. They are 29-year-old Cei William Owens, charged with sup­ply­ing Class A and B drugs; and 59-year-old Robin Clin­ton Brad­shaw and 58-year-old Elynedd Ann Owens, each charged with pos­ses­sion of Class A and B drugs. They are all res­i­dents of the Ab­er­dovey area of Wales.

One of the 5 was Plu­toPete, whose case was al­ready known; the sec­ond per­son is some sort of con­nec­tion to Plu­toPete and is a new case; and the last 3 were noted to line up with the men­tioned ages & lo­ca­tions of 3 of the orig­i­nal 6, ap­par­ently in­di­cat­ing that one was a seller and the other two were a buy­er. Cei Owens (“Johnny Al­pha”) pled guilty & was sen­tenced to two years for sales/possession of “cannabis resin, herbal cannabis, MDMA and psilo­cy­bin”. Of the orig­i­nal 6, this seems to leave 3 un­ac­count­ed: the 20-y­o-Liv­er­pool, and the 30-y­o-Cleethor­pes.

The 20-y­o-Liv­er­pool was re­vealed in April 2019 to have been none other than StExo/Dread Pi­rate Roberts 2 (DPR2) him­self, hav­ing been even­tu­ally caught up by the SR2 bust & crack­ing of his en­crypted files, al­though the ex­act de­tails of his OPSEC fail­ures re­main un­clear:

The NCA in­ves­ti­ga­tors linked White first to the StExo iden­tity in part by fol­low­ing fi­nan­cial and bit­coin trans­ac­tions in the early days of the ac­coun­t’s cre­ation. “We effec­tively got him from his day one, week one, of ac­tiv­ity on Silk Road,” Chowles said. Chowles ex­plained that in­cluded trac­ing a loan from pay­day loan com­pany Wonga in White’s name, which was then sent to cryp­tocur­rency ex­change Mt. Gox, which then trans­ferred bit­coin funds to the StExo ac­count on Silk Road and paid for some items on the site. Other ev­i­dence in­cluded re­ceipts for items seized from other Silk Road ven­dors ad­dressed to White, and White be­ing in pos­ses­sion of bit­coin wal­lets as­so­ci­ated with DPR2. John Williams from the Crown Pros­e­cu­tion Ser­vice (CPS) told Moth­er­board in a state­ment that White “re­ceived an in­come that al­lowed lav­ish spend­ing with no cred­i­ble ex­pla­na­tion.”

The case has not been straight­for­ward, how­ev­er. Chowles said the NCA had chal­lenges with White’s use of en­cryp­tion. The agency was even­tu­ally suc­cess­ful, in part be­cause of gain­ing ac­cess to a pass­word man­ager which con­tained the un­lock phrase for one of White’s en­crypted lap­tops. The whole process has also taken years. Ac­cord­ing to a source fa­mil­iar with the case, the in­ves­ti­ga­tion data did­n’t ar­rive in the UK un­til June 2016, and the FBI did­n’t pro­vide full copies un­til De­cem­ber 2018. Moth­er­board granted the source anonymity to speak more openly about a crim­i­nal case.

21yo Leeds man Luke Fair­less was ar­rested 2014-10-10 after a search of his house was trig­gered by a MDMA or­der be­ing de­liv­ered to the wrong ad­dress and the oc­cu­pant com­plain­ing; the search turned up MDMA, LSD, di­azepam, DMT, & mesca­line, and he was sen­tenced in 2016 for im­port­ing.


In early May 2014, the SR2 seller “Xanax King” (Je­remy Don­a­gal) & his as­so­ciates were ar­rested (DEA press re­lease); he ran a very large op­er­a­tion with mul­ti­ple em­ploy­ees, pur­chased in­gre­di­ents us­ing West­ern Union & wire trans­fers to Chi­na, “sold drugs lo­cal­ly, dis­trib­ut­ing Xanax tablets, GHB, and steroids”, some sort of clear­net web­site (, con­tent re­moved in lieu of a now-de­funct Tor hid­den ser­vice), and had at least one “con­fi­den­tial in­for­mant” in his or­ga­ni­za­tion (see the an­ti-bail let­ter), who was han­dling their SR2 or­ders at the end ac­cord­ing to a me­dia re­port (some buy­ers re­ported be­ing asked to re­send their PGP-encrypted ad­dress­es).

The fall out from XK’s bust has been sub­stan­tial: the an­ti-bail let­ter claims “In ad­di­tion to the nine de­fen­dants in this case, ev­i­dence gath­ered from De­fen­dan­t’s en­ter­prise led to the ar­rest of nearly 60 other peo­ple through­out the coun­try”. Sev­eral of his cus­tomers re­ceived con­trolled de­liv­er­ies and have been ar­rested as well. 2 con­trolled de­liv­er­ies on 28 May picked up 4 men in Bloom­ing­ton, In­di­ana (Car­los Matthew Al­len, David Chris­t­ian Feigel, Paul Fur­to, & An­drew C. Dick­ey). Kory D. Krei­der in New Or­leans, Louisiana whose pickup of a pack­age was sur­veilled man­aged to evade ar­rest on 29 May but was ar­rested a few days later us­ing cell­phone records & Face­book da­ta. Some other CDs in late May/early June 2014 are highly likely to be XK-re­lat­ed. In Naperville, Illi­nois, Brian Patrick Noone was ar­rested on 2014-05-30 after a search war­rant yielded 600 Xanax pills, ap­par­ently based on “a tip from a fed­eral task force about drug traffick­ing in Naperville”. In Nashville, Ten­nessee, 3 peo­ple (De­mar­cus Blue, Markuite Matthews, & Adrevi­ous Rayn­er) were ar­rested after a CD on 2014-05-29 of 5000 gel cap Xanax pills sent by a “An al­leged drug ring” ship­ping from Cal­i­for­nia and the mailer “was taken into cus­tody at the end of last week”.

On 2014-11-05, as the fi­nal piece of Op­er­a­tion Ony­mous, the op­er­a­tor of Silk Road 2, Blake Ben­thall / “De­f­con” was ar­rested in San Fran­cisco (press re­lease; com­plaint). It is highly likely that the un­der­cover agent Cir­rus had en­abled the lo­cat­ing of the SR2 server, which Ben­thall ap­par­ently had rented un­der his own name (pos­si­bly at his em­ployer Close’s host­ing), after which his Bit­coin spend­ing (on a Tes­la) was noted and sur­veil­lance cor­re­lated De­f­con’s ac­tiv­i­ties with Ben­thal­l’s; after be­ing ar­rest­ed, he “did ad­mit to every­thing”.

On 2014-11-06, David & Teri Schell were ar­rested in Cal­i­for­nia for sell­ing mar­i­juana and mar­i­juana wax (com­plaint, PACER); ad­di­tional cov­er­age in­di­cated they were in­ves­ti­gated after “dis­cov­er­ing an In­ter­net Pro­to­col ad­dress was ac­cess­ing the Silk Road 2.0 site” and then PO box sur­veil­lance nailed them. The Doc­tor­Clu case re­veals that the seller por­tal for SR2 had been used to de-anonymize a few IPs (but not many), im­ply­ing that an un­der­cover agent (pre­sum­ably Cir­rus) had in­serted a de-anonymiza­tion ex­ploit sim­i­lar to the pre­vi­ous Free­dom Host­ing ex­ploit. They were prob­a­bly the SR1 & SR2 seller “Cal­i­for­ni­a­Cani­bas” (pro­file).

In “last fall” (Fall 2014), US Air Force cadet Nathaniel Pe­nalosa’s dorm room was searched and a mil­i­tary in­ves­ti­ga­tion into his sale of drugs to fel­low stu­dents at the USAF acad­e­my, in­clud­ing LSD, molly/methylenedioxy-methamphetamine, and modafinil. He had or­dered them via mail from Silk Road 2 His court-mar­tial be­gan around Au­gust 2015, lead­ing to the ex­pul­sion of 3 other cadets, and he ac­cepted a plea-bar­gain for 3 years.

In No­vem­ber 2014, 37yo Louisiana man Michael Munro Jr. was ar­rested for im­port­ing Xanax & oxy­codone bought on SR2 since March 2014, and sen­tenced to 1.6 years.

The Wash­ing­ton man Brian Far­rell & SR2 staffer “Doc­tor­Clu” was ar­rested 2015-01-20; his IP had been un­cov­ered in July 2014 ac­cess­ing the SR2 seller por­tal13, like Cal­i­for­ni­a­Cani­bas, by CMU re­searchers and the in­for­ma­tion turned over to the FBI. The lo­cal po­lice in­ves­ti­gated by post-office checks and then in­ter­view­ing him & his room­mate on 2014-12-22; the room­mate spoke freely about Far­rel­l’s drug use and on­line con­nec­tions and the next day even pro­vided some of Far­rel­l’s drugs to the po­lice, al­low­ing a search war­rant to search the house and un­cover Far­rel­l’s pre­scrip­tion drugs on 2015-01-02, at which point he con­fessed every­thing & to help­ing run SR2 as the em­ployee Doc­tor­Clu and was then ar­rested (the charges be­ing up­graded from lo­cal pill charges to fed­eral con­spir­acy charges; com­plaint). He was sen­tenced to 8 years in June 2016.

Michi­gan psy­che­delics buyer Michael Carl­ton Paiva was ar­rested in 2016 due to be­ing iden­ti­fied in Op­er­a­tion Ony­mous as a SR2 buyer for MDMA/25i-NBOMe/DOM/DMT/LSD/Al-LAD/mescaline/“liq­uid mush­rooms” and was sen­tenced to 30 months on 2017-03-09. Given the in­volve­ment of SR2, be­ing a buy­er, and the long de­lay, he may rep­re­sent an­other ar­rest due to un­en­crypted PMs.


On 2015-11-02, 26yo Scot­tish man David Trail was ar­rested as part of Op­er­a­tion Ony­mous and pled guilty in mid-2016 (1, 2). He may rep­re­sent one of the miss­ing UK ar­rests. Ac­cord­ing to the news­pa­per to cov­er­age, “The ini­tial in­ves­ti­ga­tion in to Trail be­gan in Au­gust 2014 when the FBI handed over a range of IP ad­dresses linked to a whole range of dark web sites”, and “His biggest slip-up was that, fi­nan­cial­ly, he did­n’t know how to cover his tracks.” Some­one claim­ing to be Trail on Red­dit says:

The FBI cracked Tor and traced the Ger­man server back to me. There was en­cryp­tion in place but they caught me with it all un­locked un­for­tu­nate­ly. When you’re not ex­pect­ing a po­lice raid by the FBI (was a very small scale web­site, 10s of users) you don’t set up plau­si­ble de­nial­a­bil­ity based en­cryp­tion and au­to­matic shut­down on your door be­ing busted down.



A Can­ber­ra, ACT teen was given a sus­pended 4-year sen­tence in No­vem­ber 2015 over his lo­cal re­sale of mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, co­caine, & LSD bought off an un­spec­i­fied DNM us­ing Bit­coin; his first pack­age was de­tected by Cus­toms in Sep­tem­ber 2014, as were 6 pack­ages after that, lead­ing to a raid in May 2015.


In Feb­ru­ary 2015, two Bel­gian men from Genk & Maa­seik were ar­rested for sales in­ter­na­tion­ally of methamphetamine/amphetamines/MDMA, pos­si­bly due to the fake stamps they were us­ing to save money (sim­i­lar to the ear­lier Ger­man Red­Bull case). The first was sen­tenced to 2 years pris­on, the sec­ond to 0.5 years pro­ba­tion.

In Oc­to­ber 2016, a 25yo Bel­gium man and three ac­com­plices were ar­rested (Deep­DotWeb ar­ti­cle) for sell­ing am­phet­a­mines un­der the on­line ven­dor name Evilu­tion. The ven­dor used a lo­cal com­puter shop as a re­turn ad­dress and six pack­ages got re­turned to that ad­dress be­cause of in­suffi­cient postage. Since the shop owner re­ported the re­turned pack­ages to law en­force­ment, an in­ves­ti­ga­tion start­ed. Fin­ger­prints found on the ex­am­ined pack­ages be­longed to Stijn Vic­tor, who has been ar­rested pre­vi­ously for drug crimes. He mainly sold syn­thetic drugs and am­phet­a­mi­nes, amount­ing to a to­tal of 1878 trans­ac­tions. Dur­ing the ar­rest, law en­force­ment also seized 4000 bit­coins. Vic­tor’s lawyer claims that parts of it came from le­gal pro­gram­ming jobs that his client did years ago as well as ad­di­tional Bit­coin trad­ing not linked to his vend­ing ac­tiv­i­ties.


In De­cem­ber 2014, 3 men in North­ern Cyprus/TRNC were ar­rested while try­ing to pick up a pack­age of mar­i­juana sent from Canada (in a CD, al­though no sig­na­tures were in­volved).


In No­vem­ber 2015, it was an­nounced that 9 men 19-24yo from Forcheim, Bam­berg and Her­zo­ge­nau­rach had cu­mu­la­tively been ar­rested who had made ~70 pur­chases of mar­i­jua­na, MDMA, LSD, am­phet­a­mine from the DNMs for lo­cal re­sale; the case prob­a­bly be­gan when the first was ar­rested and flipped.

In July 2016, 3 Ger­man men were charged with converting/modifying/selling guns “on Dark­net sites”, sell­ing pis­tols & ri­fles. These con­ver­sions may be con­nected to the by 18yo Ali Son­boly, the Glock hand­gun for which is re­port­edly a ‘re­ac­ti­vated the­ater weapon’ (for which the fir­ing pin had been re­moved or re­ceiver cut?) which Bitmes­sage chat­logs in­di­cate had been pur­chased over the ‘dark­net’ in some fash­ion; how­ev­er, chat­logs are not usu­ally em­ployed in pur­chas­ing off a DNM like Al­phaBay, and later cov­er­age in­di­cates a differ­ent 31yo man had met Son­boly in per­son for the gun & ammo sales.

A 41yo Berlin man was sen­tenced to 4 years in Sep­tem­ber 2016 for sell­ing hand­guns & am­mu­ni­tion; a mis­de­liv­ered pack­age was in­ter­cept­ed, ap­par­ently prompt­ing some un­der­cover pur­chases back­traced to him, fol­lowed up by bugging/surveillance. It’s un­spec­i­fied if he was one of the 3 charged in July 2016 or if he op­er­ated on a DNM.


2 men were ar­rested as part of a Bit­coin card­ing ring in July 2016.


An Is­raeli man Weitz­man was ar­rested ~2015-01-04 after a “dark­net” pack­age con­tain­ing co­caine was de­tected by a sniffer dog at Cus­toms.

An Is­raeli teen was ar­rested ~2015-01-12 (trans­la­tion) after a pack­age of mar­i­juana was in­ter­cepted by Cus­toms at Ben Gu­rion Air­port; the me­dia cov­er­age spec­i­fies he had bought that pack­age & 13 oth­ers off the DNMs, but not which one or the sell­er.


On 2015-02-06, a man was ar­rested in Kerkrade for sell­ing drugs on “the so-called dark Web”, and the search seized drugs & bit­coins.

On 2015-03-03, 2 men & 1 woman were ar­rested and searched, un­cov­er­ing a mar­i­juana grow op­er­a­tion; they been sell­ing bit­coins for a to­tal of €440,000 (a sum too large to be ex­plained as any­thing other than DNM sales).

New Zealand (NZ)

A NZer was ar­rested in April 2013 over mul­ti­ple very large or­ders from an on­line site, which may or may not have been SR1.

An 2013-12-11 NZ po­lice press re­lease re­ported the ar­rest of 3 Welling­ton men for “small quan­ti­ties of LSD, Metham­phet­a­mine, MDMA (ec­sta­sy), Class C ana­logue pow­ders and the psy­choac­tive sub­stance NBOMe” which had been “or­dered from on line sup­pli­ers such as ‘The Silk Road’”; no fur­ther de­tails are avail­able.

A 2014-06-21 Do­min­ion Post ar­ti­cle says that “A se­ries of drug raids in a po­lice op­er­a­tion span­ning Porirua, Tawa, the Kapiti Coast and Hutt Val­ley and cen­tral Welling­ton re­sulted in 21 ar­rests over the past week [2014-06-15–2014-06-20]. Six of those ar­rested now face se­ri­ous charges re­lated to the al­leged im­por­ta­tion of drugs bought on­line from web­sites sim­i­lar to Silk Road.” (This is a re­vised fig­ure from the ear­lier ar­ti­cle on “Op­er­a­tion Python” which had men­tioned that “Six Kapiti houses were raided and five ar­rests made as part of a large po­lice sting tar­get­ing in­ter­net drug im­porters.”) I cur­rently do not know the specifics of those 6 ar­rests or have any NZ cases in that date range.

On 2014-08-11, the 22yo poly­tech­nic col­lege stu­dent Nicholas Pe­ter Heat­ley was ar­rested for im­port­ing LSD/MDMA/Ritalin/marijuana for re­sale lo­cally after cus­toms in­ter­cep­tions Jan­u­ary - Au­gust 2014, sourced “from Ger­many and the United King­dom via the in­ter­net” (clar­i­fied in later cov­er­age to have been the “Dark Web” and so pre­sum­ably one of the mar­ket­s). (He was sen­tenced in De­cem­ber 2014 to 4.5 years prison.)

Cus­toms re­ports in May 2015 that

In 2014, Cus­toms in­ter­cepted more than 1300 class A and B drugs un­der the Mis­use of Drugs Act; a rise of more than 25% from 2013. While no drugs were in­ter­cepted in Dunedin in 2013, last year co­caine, MDMA, LSD and metham­phet­a­mine were all in­ter­cepted in the city. By the end of April this year Cus­toms had car­ried out more than 400 in­ter­cep­tions na­tion­al­ly, and found ephedrine (which can be used in the man­u­fac­ture of metham­phet­a­mine) and metham­phet­a­mine in Duned­in…“We know with one job they brought in $50,000 dol­lars worth - that’s one im­port.”

2 23yo NZ Dunedin uni­ver­sity stu­dents were raided on 2015-11-16 after cus­toms in­ter­cepts, un­cov­er­ing co­caine, MDMA, LSD, & “pre­scrip­tion drugs” which they resold lo­cal­ly; likely DNM re­lated be­cause one po­lice offi­cer quoted warns “stu­dents us­ing the In­ter­net to im­port drugs”.


A Red­di­tor re­ports be­ing busted 2015-01-29 in Nor­way after a pack­age of LSD from the Nether­lands which he bought from Lucyand­Molly (who sells on Agora/Evolution/Nucleus) was in­ter­cepted by cus­toms; he re­ceived just a knock­-and-talk14 but con­fessed his guilt.

On 2015-06-09, the ar­rest in the “pre­vi­ous days” of 4 men aged 29-31 from “Oslo and Skien” was an­nounced by Nor­we­gian po­lice (me­dia: 1, 2, 3, 4). They ap­par­ently had been sell­ing mar­i­juana and un­spec­i­fied other prod­ucts on the Dark Web for bit­coins, ap­par­ently in­ter­na­tion­ally as well as in Nor­way; which mar­kets, which sell­ers, and de­tails on how they were caught were not pro­vid­ed. 2017 cov­er­age of 3 men ar­rested in Oslo in June 2015 says they sold mar­i­juana on SR1 and other sites, and de­pended on for­eign po­lice as­sis­tance (based on seller records/PMs from the SR1 server im­age?).


In March 2016, for­mer banker & 28yo man Aditya Ra­jiv was con­victed of sell­ing two men’s fi­nan­cial in­for­ma­tion on the dark web to a “covert in­ter­net in­ves­ti­ga­tor” who in­formed po­lice (1); he had also been ac­cused (pre­vi­ous­ly?) of us­ing Pay­pal to de­fraud 4 cus­tomers in mid-2013 (1).


On the Bungee54 fo­rums, a cus­tomer ser­vice rep­re­sen­ta­tive said on 2014-10-20 “Within the last 4 month there were 2 buy­ers that re­ported in­ci­dents with feds - none of both within the last 10 weeks. 1 was in a Scan­di­na­vian coun­try and re­sulted in a fine for the clien­t…None of both or­ders were above 25g”. Which coun­try or when this MDMA buyer was ar­rested & fined is un­clear.


Swedish po­lice (pg19) claimed in Feb­ru­ary 2015: “Swedish po­lice work ac­tively at iden­ti­fy­ing ven­dors. A large chunk of the Swedes who sell drugs on DNMs have been caught, and nearly half of the known nick­names be­lieved to be Swedish have been caught, ei­ther by lo­cal drug po­lice or by cy­ber­po­lice.”. It’s un­clear what they con­sider “known nick­names” and no spe­cific num­bers are men­tioned, but it could in­di­cate that more Swedish sell­ers have been ar­rested than are pub­licly known.

A 2015-05-22 po­lice ar­ti­cle is more speci­fic: “Swedish po­lice has iden­ti­fied 12 of the 20 biggest Swedish ven­dors on Silk Road (out of 100). 8 of them has al­ready been charged.” 4 Swedish sell­ers are cur­rently known to have been ar­rest­ed: Speedswe­den, Swe­Ex­press, Live­from­swe­den, Alexan­drus. That leaves 4 miss­ing.


In “August/September 2014”, 22yo Chel­tenham man Jor­dan Richard­s-Chiver­ton’s (“Luigi”) or­der of 13.5g of co­caine from a DNM seller in Costa Rica was in­ter­cepted at a postal han­dling cen­ter, and he was CDed at the post office; he likely resold lo­cal­ly, and was sen­tenced to 2 years.

On 2015-04-14, the UK’s Na­tional Crime Agen­cy’s Twit­ter ac­count an­nounced that:

Our cam­paign against #Dark­Web crim­i­nal­ity con­tin­ues - 5 men in their 20s charged with drug offences on dark web fo­rum­s…­Man­ches­ter men face over 40 charges of sup­ply­ing drugs glob­ally via #Dark­Web fo­rums

Vice jour­nal­ist Joseph Cox asked the NCA for more de­tails; this is all they would tell him:

charged with a range of offences re­lat­ing to pos­sess­ing and sup­ply­ing con­trolled drugs.

  • Basil ASSAF (born 1991) - Bom­bay House, Whit­worth St, Man­ches­ter
  • Jamie RODEN (born 1992) - Half Moon Lane, East Lon­don
  • El­liot HYAMS (born 1992) - Cop­perkins Lane, Amer­sham
  • Jaik­ishen PATEL (born 1992) - Wood­ford Ave, Il­ford
  • Joshua MORGAN (born 1989) - Chapel­town St, Man­ches­ter

All are due be­fore Man­ches­ter City Mag­is­trates on 14/05/15

It’s un­clear if they were Silk Road re­lated or not - 3 of them may be the stil­l-u­niden­ti­fied 3 Man­ches­ter sell­ers ar­rested si­mul­ta­ne­ous with the Silk Road 1 raid in Oc­to­ber 2013, and then the other 2 are un­re­lated or per­haps ac­com­plices dis­cov­ered sub­se­quent­ly. (The ages & lo­ca­tion do not match the charges an­nounced with Plu­toPete, how­ev­er.)

On 2015-07-28, the 47yo man Ian MacPhee was ar­rested while serv­ing as the drop for the 38yo man Dar­ren Hillyer (“Emma”), re­ceiv­ing a CD over “a Ruger LC9 9mm hand­gun and 50 rounds of am­mu­ni­tion” that Hillyer had or­dered from yet an­other un­der­cover agent on an un­named mar­ket (likely not Evo­lu­tion which had closed March 2015; Agora banned gun sales on 2015-07-15, so that’s pos­si­ble). MacPhee was fined and Hillyer was sen­tenced to 5 years in No­vem­ber 2015.

A 2015-09-29 me­dia ar­ti­cle re­ported that 21yo col­lege stu­dent Ben­jamin Koops had been sen­tenced after plead­ing guilty to im­port­ing mar­i­juana from the USA through the ‘dark web’, which he resold lo­cally to his friends, be­ing busted after “two pack­ages of cannabis were in­ter­cepted by the Na­tional Crime Agency and traced to Koops”. It does not spec­ify the mar­ket, whether Cus­toms in­ter­cepted the pack­ages, or when he was raid­ed.

The 31yo Bury UK man Mont­gomery Richard Kyle Byrne was ar­rested some­time in Au­gust 2015 in a gas sta­tion re­stroom try­ing to pay for a Glock pis­tol & 300 rounds he arranged on the “dark web”; he pled guilty and was sen­tenced to 6 years in Jan­u­ary 2016. De­tails of the case were not given in cov­er­age, but since it was an offline meet­ing, it is clear that it was not a Cus­toms in­ter­cept and that Byrne was buy­ing from yet an­other flipped or un­der­cover seller ac­count (not weapon­s­guy, as that ac­count was closed long be­fore Au­gust 2015).

The 26yo south Lon­don man Dwain Os­borne was ar­rested some­time in Oc­to­ber 2015 re­lated to an at­tempt to buy a Glock pis­tol & ammo (me­dia: 1, 2, 3); it is un­spec­i­fied which DNM. He was busted be­cause “the dealer who offered to sell him the gun and am­mu­ni­tion was a US agent”. He was bailed but a search in Feb­ru­ary 2016 turned up co­caine, pack­ag­ing ma­te­ri­al, pass­ports & a po­lice uni­form, and in­for­ma­tion on the prison he worked at.

In late Oc­to­ber 2015, 19yo Welsh woman Megan Schade­berg was charged with at­tempt­ing to buy a Glock pis­tol, os­ten­si­bly for sui­cide; she told her psy­chi­a­trist and he in­formed the au­thor­i­ties, and was com­mit­ted in March 2016. (me­dia: 1, 2, 3) She had read up on the DNMs and had ac­quired Bit­coin and picked a Glock list­ing on an un­spec­i­fied DNM, but ap­par­ently had not yet pulled the trig­ger on her or­der.

22yo Stir­ling man Mark Dor­nan or­dered 500g of mar­i­juana for lo­cal re­sale from Bel­gium which was in­ter­cepted by Cus­toms and he was raided on 2016-04-08.

In June 2016, Ex­eter cou­ple Kelly & Ross Bren­nan were raided after pack­ages of di­azepam sent to cus­tomers in Ire­land were in­ter­cepted and traced back to them; they had been buy­ing di­azepam (and bank card for fraud) off the ‘dark web’ and re­selling them to Irish cus­tomers us­ing so­cial media/email.

21yo Smeth­wick man Moynul Haque or­dered a Glock pis­tol from an un­spec­i­fied seller “be­tween April 1 and May 10” 2015; the seller shipped it from Michi­gan but was al­ready be­ing in­ves­ti­gated by LE, who fol­lowed him to the post office & in­ter­cepted his pack­age, and turned the in­for­ma­tion over to UK po­lice, who raided Haque, turn­ing up some am­phet­a­mine and his com­put­er’s records de­tail­ing his or­der. (me­dia: 1, 2, 3) He was sen­tenced June 2015 to 10 months.


On 2013-11-25, Bran­don How­ell was ar­rested after “a mon­th-long in­ves­ti­ga­tion” in North Car­oli­na; he & his part­ner “im­ported MDMA from China through an on­line black mar­ket…The two then resold the im­ported drugs us­ing the on­line cur­rency Bit­coin, ac­cord­ing to po­lice.” It is not clear which seller they were or what mar­ket they sold on, but the me­dia cov­er­age men­tions Silk Road 1.

On 2014-06-20, the Boise Idaho buyer Jasen Crisp re­ceived a CD of a 100g pack­age of MDMA he had or­dered from Canada (press re­lease, #1:14-cr-00226-EJL) and co­op­er­at­ed; his lawyer’s sen­tenc­ing fil­ing writes that he used an “elec­tronic cur­rency” to use the “un­com­mon means” of or­der­ing on the In­ter­net from “a se­cret mar­ket­place”, so Crisp clearly or­dered off one of the DNMs, but it re­mains un­clear which mar­ket and which sell­er.

On the Bungee54 fo­rums, the cus­tomer ser­vice ac­count “San­tos L. Helperb” said on 2014-10-20, in re­sponse to cus­tomers fret­ting over claims of CDs on Red­dit, that Bungee54 in the past 4 months had had only two buyer in­ci­dents: “1 was a con­trolled de­liv­ery in US around July - buyer had been in­ves­ti­gated be­fore. None of both or­ders were above 25g”. While the drug & tim­ing is sim­i­lar (MDMA, late June vs “around July”), this US buyer can­not be Jasen Crisp: Bungee54 did not ship from Canada, Crisp did not have a prior record (that I found), and his in­ter­cepted MDMA or­der was >4x larger than this one.

At the same time as Op­er­a­tion Ony­mous, the FBI raided a home in West Haven, Con­necti­cut ~2014-11-06; it is un­known whether any­one was ar­rested or what mar­ket they may have been as­so­ci­ated with. (Spec­u­la­tion so far has only sug­gested the Agora seller “Nawl­ins”.)

The FBI also raided a New Or­leans, Louisiana 2014-11-06, but sim­i­larly noth­ing is known about the re­sults.

The orig­i­nal Op­er­a­tion Ony­mous press re­lease boasted of 17 ar­rests, in­volv­ing LE from “Bul­gar­ia, the Czech Re­pub­lic, Fin­land, France, Ger­many, Hun­gary, Ire­land, Latvia, Lithua­nia, Lux­em­bourg, the Nether­lands, Ro­ma­nia, Spain, Swe­den, Switzer­land, the United King­dom and the USA” (“the ar­rests were scat­tered over the US and Eu­rope.”); not all of these are mar­ket-con­nected as they could also be re­lated to scam sites, seller shops, or run­ning con­tent sites (doxbins, re­venge porn, etc) and the orig­i­nal re­leases counted seized web­sites in the most in­flated way pos­si­ble:

  1. Blake Ben­thall; San Fran­cis­co, Cal­i­for­nia USA; SR2 op­er­a­tor

  2. ???; West Haven, Con­necti­cut USA; ???

  3. ???; New Or­leans, Louisiana USA; ???

  4. ???; Bu­dapest, Hun­gary; Hy­dra op­er­a­tor

  5. David Schell; Cal­i­for­nia USA; SR2 seller Cal­i­for­ni­a­Cani­bas (the press re­lease is dated 2014-11-07, and the Schells seem to have been ar­rested the day be­fore, 2014-11-06, so they are prob­a­bly in­cluded in the count)

  6. Teri Schell; Cal­i­for­nia USA; SR2 seller Cal­i­for­ni­a­Cani­bas

  7. ???; Switzer­land; op­er­a­tor of the scam site “Black Mar­ket”

  8. ???; Barcelona Spain; seems to have been the op­er­a­tor of a scam site (trans­la­tion) claim­ing to sell card­ing-re­lated goods, per­haps “Su­per Note Counter” or “Sol’s Uni­fied USD Coun­ter­feit’s” or “Fast Cash!” (all named in the Op­er­a­tion Ony­mous seizure pa­pers)

  9. 6 UK ar­rests; 3 have been named pub­licly, and the charges sug­gest 1 seller & 2 buy­ers (un­known which)

  10. Ire­land: 2 ar­rests

  11. France seized 2 servers, and “sev­eral” peo­ple were ar­rested in Ger­many

  12. this gives a fi­nal to­tal of:

    • USA: Ben­thall + the Schells = 3
    • Hun­gary: Hy­dra = 1
    • Spain & Switzer­land = 2 (fraud­sters)
    • UK: 6
    • Ger­man: ???
    • Ire­land: 2
    • 14 known ar­rests; 3 are miss­ing, but at least 2 must be Ger­man ar­rests, and hy­po­thet­i­cally the last could be from any com­bi­na­tion of the men­tioned par­tic­i­pat­ing coun­tries un­rep­re­sented in the above list (“…Bul­gar­ia, the Czech Re­pub­lic, Fin­land, France, Ger­many, Ire­land, Latvia, Lithua­nia, Lux­em­bourg, the Nether­lands, … Ro­ma­nia, Swe­den”) but is prob­a­bly Ger­man as well

On 2015-01-06, the Prince­ton stu­dent Ju­lian Ed­gren was ar­rested & later pled guilty after a CD pack­age of MDMA, and was sen­tenced to 5 years in Sep­tem­ber 2015 of which he served 0.33 years; war­rants also turned up mushrooms/psilocybin, mar­i­jua­na, LSD, hashish, and Adder­all. It is known Ed­gren had been a The Mar­ket­place cus­tomer, but TMP had closed down months be­fore Jan­u­ary 2015 after Op­er­a­tion Ony­mous, so he could not have been us­ing TMP for that or­der. (The pric­ing might sug­gest a Cana­dian source.)

On 2015-02-23, the South Car­olin­ian man Joseph Patrick Gelli re­ceived a sum­mons for a mon­ey-laun­der­ing charge re­lated to $30k of Bit­coin he had pur­chased through Coin­base us­ing cash de­posited to his bank ac­count (in­dict­ment; press re­lease); a search of his home at an un­known point also turned up cash and “mar­i­juana and psy­chotropic mush­rooms” (pre­sum­ably psilo­cy­bin). He ap­par­ently had been buy­ing off an un­spec­i­fied DNM for lo­cal re­sale, but given the mon­ey-laun­der­ing fo­cus, it seems un­likely that he suffered the usual fate of a cus­tomer snitch­ing.

On 2015-03-03, the In­di­ana Uni­ver­sity stu­dent An­drew Thrall was ar­rested for im­port­ing Xanax pills from Canada which he had bought “on­line us­ing bit coins” and resold to his fra­ter­nity; the in­ves­ti­ga­tion ap­par­ently be­gan No­vem­ber 2014, but the me­dia ar­ti­cles did not men­tion what trig­gered it (a Cus­toms in­ter­cept? or re­lated to the lo­cal re­selling). The seller & mar­ket are un­known (sug­gested sell­ers in­clude Quan­tik, Mag­ic­man, & Yacht club).

On 2015-03-26, New Jer­sey man Michael Re­gan was ar­rested in a CD of LSD or­dered from the Nether­lands.

On the same day, 2015-03-26, Al­abama man Ryan An­drew Backer was also ar­rested after a search turned up the LSD he had “or­dered…on­line from a source in the Nether­lands”. While nei­ther or­der is stated to have been DNM-related, sev­eral fac­tors sug­gest strongly that these two cases are: the si­mul­ta­ne­ous ar­rests is un­usual but com­mon when a seller has been pro­filed and mul­ti­ple pack­ages can be in­ter­cepted si­mul­ta­ne­ous­ly; LSD is par­tic­u­larly diffi­cult to in­ter­cept by Cus­toms; both men are young; the quan­ti­ties are small; Back­er’s or­der is ex­plic­itly said to have been on­line rather than through other chan­nels; and Ger­man & Dutch sell­ers have been hav­ing par­tic­u­lar diffi­culty 2014-2015. (If so, then the spe­cific seller may have been “Hol­lan­dOn­line”.)

In Jan­u­ary 2016, the fourth ar­rest of a bust cen­ter­ing around 4 Shel­ter Is­land, NY men was made, in­volv­ing fen­tanyl, al­pra­zo­lam, co­caine and oxy­codone through the mail & DNMs, al­though cov­er­age was vague about whether the 4 men were sell­ing from Shel­ter Is­land or were buy­ing to re­sell lo­cal­ly: “Ac­cord­ing to the po­lice, those ar­rests last year came out of an in­ves­ti­ga­tion cen­ter­ing on pow­er­ful pre­scrip­tion and non­pre­scrip­tion drugs sent to the Is­land through the U.S. Mail. The in­ves­ti­ga­tion also un­cov­ered use of black mar­ket In­ter­net sites - the so-called”Dark We­b," or sites diffi­cult to trace - coun­ter­feit cur­rency and the use of Bit­coin, the dig­i­tal cur­ren­cy, ac­cord­ing to the po­lice…In the case against the three young men, more than 25 pack­ages con­tain­ing nar­cotics were sent to the Is­land through the U.S. Mail, in­clud­ing fen­tanyl, al­pra­zo­lam, co­caine and oxy­codone, po­lice said. Pre­scrip­tion drugs in tablet form were taken into ev­i­dence along with non-pre­scrip­tion nar­cotics in pow­der form. Elec­tronic mes­sag­ing and pay­ments, in­clud­ing money or­ders and other fund trans­fers, were used to or­der and pay for the drugs from dis­trib­u­tors off-Is­land, ac­cord­ing to the po­lice."

In March 2016, charges were an­nounced against 3 NY men, 30yo Richard Petix / 20yo Zhe Wang / 20yo Kevin Szura (case 1:2016-cr-00026; press re­lease, com­plaint, me­dia). Petix had sold Bit­coin to an un­der­cover agent, as he had to Wang/Szura; in an un­der­cover buy be­gin­ning 2016-02-29, they ad­mit­ted us­ing the bit­coins to im­port MDMA & Xanax from a Cana­dian DNM seller for re­sale lo­cal­ly, and were ar­rested at the sec­ond one 2016-03-07.

On 2016-03-17, 22yo Arkansas man Chris­t­ian Ol­son was ar­rested for weekly or­ders of ~3lb mar­i­juana from Cal­i­for­nia paid in Bit­coin which he resold lo­cally (1, 2, 3).

On 2016-05-03, 20yo Penn­syl­va­nia col­lege stu­dent Michael Mancini was ar­rested; a fel­low stu­dent seems to have in­formed the po­lice and per­haps his dorm di­rec­tor that he was re­selling small amounts of LSD, who then be­gan in­spect­ing his mail, lead­ing to an in­ter­cep­tion of an LSD or­der from Hawaii & sub­se­quent search & ar­rest.

In the UK gun case of Moynul Haque, me­dia cov­er­age men­tions that “The court heard Haque pur­chased the goods from an Amer­i­can man via the dark web, a se­cre­tive sec­tion of the World Wide Web used for crim­i­nal ac­tiv­i­ty. Home­land Se­cu­rity agents were in­ves­ti­gat­ing the US cit­i­zen, and in April last year fol­lowed him to a post office where they in­ter­cepted a par­cel ad­dressed to Haque’s home in Brasshouse Lane, Smeth­wick, where he lived with his par­ents and three sib­lings.” (specifi­cal­ly, “be­tween April 1 and May 10” 2015) No fur­ther de­tails are known about who this Michi­gan gun seller is or when they were ar­rest­ed.

On 2015-10-29, Uni­ver­sity of Buffalo stu­dent Zhe Wang was raided over Xanax sales; after sales to an un­der­cover offi­cer on 2016-02-29, Zhe Wang & Kevin Szura were ar­rested for MDMA & Xanax (com­plaint; me­dia).


Utopia was a mar­ket launched after the fall of SR1 by ~2 BMR staffers as a com­peti­tor and then when BMR de­cided to shut down, a re­place­ment. Shock­ing­ly, it was raided by Dutch po­lice a week after its offi­cial open­ing - it turned out that the staffers had al­ready been in­fil­trated while work­ing for BMR, 5 Dutch & Ger­man men were ar­rest­ed, and the servers seized. The se­quence of events is a bit diffi­cult to de­ter­mine from the Dutch-lan­guage sources; but it seems that the Dutch in­ves­ti­ga­tion made con­tact with a BMR staffer and talked about buy­ing 1 kilo of co­caine, the staffer agreed and met them offline on 2013-03-06, tried to hire the Dutch UC for a hit on an un­spec­i­fied per­son, sur­veil­lance of them/cars & their phones (text mes­sages & calls dis­cussing their drug deals & Utopi­a), one of them ar­rested 2013-10-04 in Wouden­berg while trans­port­ing ki­los of MDMA/cocaine/marijuana/amphetamines, the Utopia servers were ap­par­ently liv­ing at one of their homes, and pre­sum­ably the rest writes it­self. (Me­dia: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. Post-re­lease in­ter­view with CosaNos­tra.)

Unconfirmed rumors

Send­ing drugs through the mail turns out to be a sur­pris­ingly com­mon prac­tice, and there are many cases of peo­ple be­ing busted for re­ceiv­ing pack­ages of drugs (par­tic­u­larly with the rise of mar­i­juana le­gal­iza­tion in Amer­i­can states), some­times through on­line mech­a­nisms (eg In­sta­gram). The Drugs Global In­ci­dent Map fea­tures many on­line-re­lated busts, and long lists can be com­piled from law en­force­ment press re­leases & lo­cal news me­dia.15161718192021

Most are likely un­re­lated to the DNMs (part of reg­u­lar drug smug­gling or im­port­ing from fly­-by-night chem­i­cal labs in Chi­na) and some ru­mors are wrong or flatly made up (for ex­am­ple, a seller may be cov­er­ing up an exit scam with a fake story about be­ing bust­ed, or one seller may be try­ing to hurt an­oth­er’s sales eg the Ted­Danzig in­ci­dent or the 4lb Pure­FireMeds FUD), but of course, some will turn out to be re­al.


A Red­dit user in March 2014 claims that he was ap­proached by po­lice us­ing in­for­ma­tion from an un­spec­i­fied SR1 seller be­ing pros­e­cut­ed. No con­fir­ma­tion.

The Agora seller Ripefreefly re­port­edly claimed in May 2014 on his seller page to have been busted and was plead­ing guilty; his story has some is­sues and I have seen no con­fir­ma­tion.

On 2014-08-26, a “cook”/underground-lab for steroids was busted in Aus­tralia; this may have been the sup­plier for the SR2 steroids seller “UGLOZ” and re­lated to why UGLOZ ap­par­ently be­gan scam­ming in early Au­gust ac­cord­ing to the SR2F.

A Bendigo, Vic­to­ria gang lead­er, 25yo Dean Poot, was ar­rested 2016-05-17 for metham­phet­a­mine traffick­ing; the meth was im­ported by mail and the “dark web” may have been in­volved in some fash­ion.


The Bungee54 group was a re­spected high­-vol­ume bulk seller of MDMA based in Germany/Netherlands, sell­ing on the big­ger mar­ket­places and their own shop; their scale (they must have been turn­ing over at least €1m an­nu­al­ly) meant they were a LE tar­get and if they were not, still li­able to trig­ger in­ves­ti­ga­tions through pack­ages be­ing in­ter­cepted and pro­filed. As such there were tremen­dous spec­u­la­tion that mem­bers had been flipped & the group had been or would soon be busted (eg. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7) much like Shiny Flakes had been, and after Op­er­a­tion Ony­mous, Bungee54 tem­porar­ily re­tired. One staffer told me that while a sysad­min had a close shave (anonymi­ty-wise) dur­ing Op­er­a­tion Ony­mous, but no ar­rest re­ports have come out of Ger­many which sound like them as of April 2015 so they prob­a­bly suc­ceeded in a clean shut­down.

The Ger­man Agora seller “Red­Bull” dis­ap­peared Feb­ru­ary 2015, cit­ing a Ger­man po­lice raid which on 2015-02-02 rounded up a to­tal of 11 men for mar­i­jua­na, am­phet­a­mi­nes, weapons, forgery of offi­cial doc­u­ments & credit cards, and “gefälschte Wertze­ichen” which prob­a­bly refers to fak­ing postal stamps (to save money on ship­ments). It’s un­known whether Red­Bull was one of them or re­mains at lib­er­ty.

A 26yo Wen­del­stein man Franz K bought 203g of hash & mar­i­juana from “At­las 2012” or “Ronny Kol­ben­zurichter” and was sen­tenced on 2016-01-05 to 9 months.


On 2013-07-05, Is­raeli po­lice an­nounced 30 ar­rests; Google Trans­late in­di­cates that these ar­rests were re­lated to on­line sell­ers of “dan­ger­ous drugs” us­ing the “dark­net” and pos­si­bly Bit­coins after Is­raeli law en­force­ment made un­der­cover pur­chas­es, but no mar­ket is spec­i­fied and it seems hard to be­lieve that as many as 30 peo­ple could be busted with­out any no­tice be­ing taken on SR1/BMR (the main mar­kets in July 2013).

The Is­raeli man Petah Tikva was CDed 2015-05-12 for mar­i­juana sent from the Nether­lands.


Posts on the SR2F claimed that the MDMA seller “Check­point” had been busted and cus­tomers raid­ed; see his re­view thread and a cus­tomer claim of raid due to poor stealth.

New Zealand (NZ)

A 30yo man Luke William Tay­lor was ar­rested dur­ing Op­er­a­tion Hy­der­abad (some­time around No­vem­ber 2014) for im­port­ing metham­phet­a­mine, MDMA, & LSD from the USA & Ger­many to use & re­sell. Silk Road is men­tioned in the two me­dia ar­ti­cles but de­spite sug­ges­tive as­pects like his im­port­ing stop­ping around when SR2 closed, Tay­lor is not said to have used it.

A Red­dit user claims on 2015-01-22 to have, “a few months ago” or­dered LSD from Canada, which was in­ter­cepted and been knock­-and-talked by Cus­toms.

On 2015-10-24, a group of 8 New Zealand sol­diers (ap­par­ently all male) at a party pur­chased MDMA from ap­par­ently an ac­quain­tance they met out­side the bar; the MDMA turned out to be a NBOMe that may or may not have been pur­chased on a “Silk Road­-like web­site” as the me­dia write­ups are un­clear; sev­eral of them had a bad trip, and were ar­rest­ed. Of them, 5 were dis­charged, and 3 court-mar­tialed; 2 of those were found guilty but not dis­charged.


A Red­di­tor claims to be a US cor­rec­tions offi­cer and that one of his in­mates was a Sheep buyer re­selling lo­cally who was turned in by his girl­friend and then ar­rested after a con­trolled buy.

A poster claims that the Ger­man mar­i­juana seller “Han­flieb­haber” (“cannabis lovers”) on Sheep Mar­ket­place was busted be­fore 2013-11-28 due to reuse of a sin­gle post office, and that de­tails are avail­able on the Sheep fo­rums; un­for­tu­nate­ly, I did not save a copy be­fore the site & fo­rums dis­ap­peared in an exit scam, and have been un­able to find any con­fir­ma­tion other than one or two fo­rum posts in Ger­man else­where com­plain­ing about a scam or spec­u­lat­ing he had been ar­rest­ed.


A No­vem­ber 2014 claim of a CD for mar­i­juana from Mex­ico in Jan­u­ary 2013.

There is an anony­mous claim of a May 2013 UK con­trolled de­liv­ery & ar­rest. (Pos­si­bly ke­t­a­mine?)

Sim­i­lar­ly, one Red­di­tor claims on 2013-05-23 that an ac­quain­tance was CDed 2013-05-22 for an in­ter­na­tional pack­age of pills or­dered from SR1.

A Red­di­tor claimed on 2014-09-19 that the British man John Watt & friend who were ar­rested for a pack­age of MDMA from Hol­land had or­dered it off SR1.

A Red­di­tor claims in early Oc­to­ber 2014 to have been raided after buy­ing MDMA & “speed” from In­ter­ways off SR2.

A No­vem­ber 2014 claim that “My friend got a lb seized from Canada got raided 2 days after he got the seizure let­ter”.

A Red­dit ru­mor claims a “big” Evo­lu­tion mar­i­juana seller was ar­rested 2015-02-10 (pos­si­bly New­port, Skyvype, or Her­a).


A pseu­do­ny­mous Red­di­tor claims to have been ar­rested & charged over SR1 co­caine some­time in 2012, but not con­vict­ed.

Dur­ing 2013 Con­gres­sional hear­ings on Bit­coin, the De­part­ment of Home­land Se­cu­ri­ty’s let­ter to the Con­gres­sional com­mit­tee made a cu­ri­ous claim:

The U.S. Se­cret Ser­vice (USSS) has part­nered with Im­mi­gra­tion and Cus­toms En­force­men­t’s (ICE) Home­land Se­cu­rity In­ves­ti­ga­tions (HSI), Drug En­force­ment Agen­cy, U.S. Postal In­spec­tion Ser­vice, and In­ter­nal Rev­enue Ser­vice (IRS) on an in­ves­ti­ga­tion into the Silk Road­…The pur­pose of this in­ves­ti­ga­tion has been to fo­cus on the iden­ti­fi­ca­tion of the site’s main ad­min­is­tra­tor, re­ferred to as Dread Pi­rate Roberts (DPR). Of re­cent note­wor­thy in­ter­est was the de­ter­mi­na­tion that the sus­pect who had sent Ricin to Pres­i­dent Obama ear­lier this year was a ven­dor on the Silk Road site.

There were sev­eral ricin let­ters in 2013, whose senders were pros­e­cut­ed, but I was un­able to turn up any kind of link be­tween them and Silk Road and dis­cus­sion pro­duced no ad­di­tional con­crete ev­i­dence of what this ricin let­ter was about, which sell­er, or whether they were ar­rest­ed.

A SR1F user named “East In­dia Trai­tor” cor­re­sponded with DPR1, prob­a­bly be­fore June 2013, claim­ing to share in­side in­for­ma­tion on the LE in­ves­ti­ga­tions into SR1 & the DoS at­tacks and that he had spent 6 months in prison re­lated to SR1 ac­tiv­i­ties; I dis­count his claims as many of them con­tra­dict what is now known about the in­ves­ti­ga­tions.

A Red­di­tor claims a friend was ar­rested at his PO box, a sec­ond claims his cousin was con­victed of or­der­ing mar­i­juana & MDMA with­out a con­trolled de­liv­ery, and there were sev­eral claims to have been ar­rested or con­victed in an Au­gust 2013 Red­dit dis­cus­sion (these claims are not ver­i­fi­able).

A SR1F ru­mor claimed that the mar­i­juana seller Mary­janelane had been ar­rested shortly be­fore the Oc­to­ber bust.

Through De­cem­ber 2013 - Jan­u­ary 2014, mul­ti­ple Red­dit throw­aways be­gan claim­ing that they were vis­ited or searched by LE from the for­mer Sheep Mar­ket­place seller “Pill­boxy” who had shifted to do­ing or­ders over email (as well as that he was a scam­mer ex­tor­tion­ist). No ver­i­fi­able de­tails were pro­vid­ed.

A Red­di­tor claims to have been ar­rested in Vir­ginia in April 2014 while trip­ping on 25-NBOMe.

On 2014-03-19, in Lees­burg Vir­ginia, Thomas C. Wat­son was ar­rested after a con­trolled de­liv­ery of an in­ter­cepted pack­age of oxy­codone & MDMA; he wrote “re­turn to sender” on it & de­nied any con­nec­tion, and ul­ti­mately the charges were dropped. Be­cause of his tech­no­log­i­cal savvy (“the founder of Cap­i­tal Com­put­ers and Net­work, an IT com­pany”; cf CALIGIRL) and re­turn-to-sender gam­bit (some­times ad­vised as an an­ti-CD tac­tic) and the small quan­ti­ties (sug­gest­ing a per­sonal pur­chase rather than be­ing set up as a drop), spec­u­la­tion was rife that Wat­son was a DNM buy­er, but no con­crete ev­i­dence ever sur­faced.

Around April-May 2014, the SR2 Cal­i­forn­ian metham­phet­a­mine sell­ers AoD and Chaletla ceased sales, lead­ing to spec­u­la­tion about be­ing busted or linked to a large Cal­i­forn­ian bust of car­tel deal­ers in metham­phet­a­mine & other drugs.

On 2014-09-15, North Car­olin­ian Scott Patrick Royal was ar­rested after a CD for a small or­der of MDMA pills from Ger­many; no Bit­coin or In­ter­net con­nec­tion was men­tioned in news ar­ti­cle but spec­u­la­tion was Toy­ota on Agora.

An anony­mous user re­ports that in No­vem­ber 2014, dur­ing a DUI-related search of his car, LE found “a sheet of 25i-NBOMe and some syn­thetic cannabi­noids” he’d bought from Ago­ra, but es­caped se­vere pun­ish­ment due to a good lawyer & get­ting into a di­ver­sion pro­gram; he says the pros­e­cu­tor was not sur­prised to hear he’d bought it off Ago­ra.

As part of Op­er­a­tion Ony­mous, 2 homes were searched by the FBI in West Haven, Con­necti­cut & New Or­leans, Louisiana on 2014-11-06. What they found and what ar­rests they made, if any, re­main un­known.

A Mid-West­ern Red­di­tor re­ports on 2014-11-12 (post-Op­er­a­tion Ony­mous) that an ac­quain­tance had been ar­rested after pick­ing up a SR2 pack­age; he says that he was a lo­cal re­seller of LSD & other psy­che­delics.

On 2014-12-12, the Mass­a­chu­setts man Christo­pher D. Barr was ar­rested for im­port­ing MDMA & methy­lone from Ger­many & China hid­den in DVD cas­es, the po­lice cred­it­ing “a tip” for the case. While there is no men­tion of DNMs be­ing in­volved, DVD cases are a com­mon form of stealth, lead­ing to spec­u­la­tion.

In Feb­ru­ary 2015, UCF stu­dent Pe­ter John Fau­cella was ar­rested in Florida after an in­ter­cepted pack­age of mar­i­jua­na; pre­vi­ous­ly, a UCF stu­dent may have posted on the /r/DNM sub­red­dits ask­ing for help.

On 2015-02-09, Michael R. Win­ches­ter was ar­rested in Ken­tucky after a tip about his lo­cal deal­ing; he was ap­par­ently also a well-known Top­ix.­com seller of ben­zo­di­azepines, and may at some point have sold on the DNMs.



No sin­gle theme emerges read­ing through the many ar­rests.

Some peo­ple are busted through sheer bad luck in be­ing ran­domly pulled over or their pack­ages in­spect­ed; some are un­done by other peo­ples’ mis­takes, and some have no one but them­selves to blame for talk­ing to a po­lice­man and blurt­ing out all their se­crets; some are un­done by their trust in oth­ers, and some are un­done by ly­ing to fed­eral agents; some are un­done by sign­ing for pack­ages, while oth­ers are un­done by a stray fin­ger­print; some fol­lowed the OPSEC rules and some en­gaged in mind­bog­gling fol­lies like us­ing their real re­turn ad­dress or ac­cept­ing pay­ment to their own bank ac­count or run­ning their own clear­net site; some clammed up, de­nied every­thing, and saved them­selves, while oth­ers kept records of every­thing (per­haps in the mis­guided be­lief it would earn them clemency in the worst) and only con­demned them­selves; some were busted at home, oth­ers in the to­tal­i­tar­ian zones of in­ter­na­tional bor­ders; some were busted through high­-tech browser-based deanonymiza­tion but most through low-tech meth­ods like a cus­tomer or friend snitch­ing; some sell­ers’ pack­ages are spot­ted dur­ing Cus­toms in­spec­tions, and some are no­ticed only when de­liv­ery fails & the bo­gus re­turn ad­dresses ex­plode.

A few mo­tifs do emerge:

  • many buy­ers go down to CDs and the sub­se­quent searches turn­ing up ad­di­tional il­le­gal goods, sug­gest­ing 2 ma­jor mit­i­ga­tions: never sign­ing, and clean­ing house to the ex­tent pos­si­ble when ex­pect­ing a new de­liv­ery

  • in­ter­na­tional de­liv­er­ies are highly risky for both the seller and the buy­er, and Australia/NZ more so

  • sell­ers should be as­sumed to keep records & ad­dress­es; many have turned out to do so

  • but sim­ple ad­dresses seem min­i­mally use­ful to LE as there are few known busts de­spite the many thou­sands of cap­tured trans­ac­tion records with ad­dresses - with a few ex­cep­tions:

    1. if the ad­dress is from an ac­count which is it­self a seller (an ar­gu­ment for sin­gle-role ac­counts)
    2. the seller has been in­fil­trated but not yet bust­ed, and there are or­ders ‘in flight’ which can be turned into quick & easy CDs
    3. the prod­ucts be­ing sold are guns or poi­sons, in which case, ret­ro­spec­tive ar­rests may be tried
  • Bit­coin works as a pay­ment method: sell­ers us­ing any other method (Pay­pal, bank de­posits, West­ern Union) in­vari­ably come to grief, and at­tempted use of such meth­ods may be a red flag for a LE-con­trolled ac­count

  • guns and poi­sons seem to bring grief to every­one around them: de­spite be­ing the mi­nut­est of cat­e­gories (some­times with zero sell­ers on the mar­kets which per­mit them), busts of buy­ers & sell­ers are well-rep­re­sent­ed.

    In par­tic­u­lar, LE is will­ing to spend par­tic­u­lar efforts fol­low­ing buy­ers across in­ter­na­tional bor­ders, makes busts based on records of ad­dresses (as ex­em­pli­fied by the BMR busts in which old cus­tomers were fol­lowed up on, in con­trast to drug busts where thou­sands of ad­dresses fall into LE hands with­out vis­i­ble effec­t), and op­er­ate flipped seller ac­counts for months (eg the Agora weapon­s­guy case, where un­der­cover pur­chases led to a for­merly le­git­i­mate sell­er, flipped him, and made dozens of sales/arrests after­wards cov­ered up by co­erced pos­i­tive feed­back).

    I tend to think that guns is a diffi­cult cat­e­gory for DNM sell­ers: such sell­ers are op­er­at­ing in a low-profit small niche often ex­cluded from DNMs, one which is es­pe­cially vul­ner­a­ble to mail in­ter­cep­tion (metal part­s), a prod­uct type hard to sell in smaller units (what’s 10g of a hand­gun?), where LE is very in­ter­ested in bust­ing them, and very will­ing to spend the time & money to do un­der­cover pur­chases in or­der to trace­back, ar­rest, flip, trace past buy­ers, and op­er­ate un­der­cover sales to bust fu­ture buy­ers. The par­a­dig­matic ex­am­ples for me are the web of BMR gun/poison sellers/buyers, a few Evo­lu­tion ones, and weapon­s­guy on Ago­ra.

    It’s not too sur­pris­ing that guns would fail as a DNM prod­uct cat­e­gory while things like MDMA sell like hot­cakes. It is more than a lit­tle bit ridicu­lous to sug­gest that any­one in the USA who wants a gun might se­ri­ously try to buy it on a DNM, when there’s some­thing like 350 mil­lion guns al­ready float­ing around the USA which can be eas­ily bought through myr­i­ads of av­enues, many legal­ly, and trans­ported eas­ily any­where within the con­ti­nen­tal USA with cars. (Some of my rel­a­tives have ac­cu­mu­lated 8 shot­guns and ri­fles of var­i­ous kinds, and they were hardly even try­ing or liv­ing in a gun-friendly state.) This is prob­a­bly why so many of the gun DNM ar­rests are in­ter­na­tion­al, es­pe­cially Aus­tralian or Eng­lish: their gun con­trol is rea­son­ably suc­cess­ful, so the lazy and fool­ish peo­ple see DNMs (too fool­ish to think se­ri­ously about how drugs differ sub­stan­tially from metal guns in terms of pass­ing Cus­toms or to re­view the his­tory of ar­rests and note how many pre­vi­ous DNM gun buy­ers dis­cov­ered the hard way that they were pur­chas­ing straight from an un­der­cover offi­cer) as the eas­i­est way. Every time I read a gun or ricin DNM ar­rest, I shake my head at how in­com­pe­tent they were and how they saw no red flags in­ter­act­ing with the un­der­cover agent22. A fair num­ber come off as just trou­bled young peo­ple, and you have to won­der how much en­trap­ment there was, sim­i­lar to how the FBI man­u­fac­tures ter­ror­ist plots with its ‘in­for­mants’.

    This makes eval­u­at­ing the true risk of guns hard: there are not many gun sell­ers. They are on only a few DNMs. A gun seller can be le­git­i­mate and ac­cused of scam­ming be­cause send­ing guns is hard; they can be le­git­i­mate and then flipped by un­der­cover buy­ers and then be­come LE; in fact, they can be LE even while ‘sell­ing’ guns all around the world to dozens of buy­ers and re­ceiv­ing great feed­back! Guns/poisons are a uniquely tricky cat­e­gory be­cause LE uses the full bag of tricks on oc­ca­sion, while in nor­mal cat­e­gories like drugs there’s only a very few cases of LE do­ing tricky things like al­low­ing some ad­di­tional drug ship­ments to go out (usu­ally in­volv­ing in­for­mants like XanaxK­ing). But based on how rel­a­tively rare guns are, I sus­pect it is likely the sin­gle riski­est cat­e­gory on the DNMs.


How com­plete is this in­ven­tory of ar­rests, that is, what per­cent­age of all DNM re­lated cases are listed in the table? There are many rea­sons to ex­pect the ta­ble to be in­com­plete:

  1. any­one ar­rested will do their best to min­i­mize any con­nec­tion to drugs in gen­er­al, or va­ri­eties of con­spir­a­cy, RICO, money laun­der­ing, or in­ter­state charges which might be en­tailed by ad­mit­ting to any­thing re­lated to the DNMs or Bit­coin
  2. if they are ar­rested and the con­nec­tion comes out, the case may never be­come pub­lic for many rea­sons - var­i­ous le­gal or pri­vacy reg­u­la­tions may block it, it may sim­ply not hit the me­dia be­cause it was ‘just’ an­other lo­cal drug case, or it may be de­lib­er­ately kept se­cret as part of on­go­ing in­ves­ti­ga­tions (and LE ad­mits as much - in one ar­ti­cle they are para­phrased as say­ing “Not all of those charges have been made pub­lic.”, and other tac­tics in­clude “seal­ing doc­u­ments, elim­i­nat­ing key in­for­ma­tion from pub­lic doc­u­ments that point to the in­ves­ti­ga­tion - for ex­am­ple, the name Silk Road - or fil­ing state charges in­stead of fed­eral ones to keep a sus­pec­t’s records out of the more-easily searched fed­eral court [PACER] data­base.”).
  3. the in­for­ma­tion may be pub­lic, but me­dia cov­er­age gets it wrong; un­so­phis­ti­cated & over­worked jour­nal­ists rou­tinely con­fuse the deep web, dark web, fo­rums, etc
  4. the me­dia cov­er­age may be right but is not in Eng­lish
  5. etc

Some ev­i­dence points weakly at how com­pre­hen­sive this ta­ble may be:

  • pub­lic cases can be di­vided into rea­son­ably well-doc­u­mented ones, and ones in­ferred from ag­gre­gate fig­ures or me­dia blurbs; for ex­am­ple, the bare name of the ar­rested per­son is un­known in more than half of the cases
  • the ag­gre­gate time lags from when each per­son was ar­rested to when their case be­came known (pos­si­bly through in­di­rect means such as care­fully pars­ing com­plaints and ev­i­dence from other cas­es) sug­gest that ~90% of pub­lic cases be­come known in the first year but then there is a very long tail of ar­rests sur­fac­ing in the pub­lic record years lat­er, im­ply­ing that for 2012 on­wards each year can­not be >90% com­plete even if we as­sumed that all cases be­came pub­lic (be­cause for more re­cent years, cases have not fin­ished sur­fac­ing)
  • the in­for­mant Carl Force told DPR that there had been many ac­count com­pro­mises on BMR and “a few quiet busts”, where at the most gen­er­ous, only 3 cases are known, sug­gest­ing a known:­to­tal BMR rate of <33%
  • in SR1, the UK press re­lease spec­i­fied the to­tal num­ber of ar­rests; the UK ar­rests re­main oth­er­wise un­known
  • in the Xanax King case, a sub­se­quent court fil­ing spec­i­fied the full num­ber of re­lated ar­rests, which can be com­pared with me­dia ar­ti­cles on iden­ti­fied or likely XK buy­ers, sug­gest­ing a known:­to­tal rate of ~10%
  • in Op­er­a­tion Ony­mous, the joint press re­lease spec­i­fied the to­tal num­ber of ar­rests; many are still un­known
  • the Ross Ul­bricht trial re­vealed sev­eral un­known ar­rests (at a min­i­mum: Dee­zle­time, al­llove, Richard Bates) which would likely have never sur­faced if Ul­bricht had plea-bar­gained and avoided trial
  • Aus­tralian po­lice have some­times quoted ag­gre­gate Silk Road­-re­lated fig­ures; an ex­am­ple is the state­ment that 6 Aus­tralians were ar­rested in June 2013 for SR1-re­lated ac­tiv­i­ties, yet, in­for­ma­tion about only one has been un­cov­ered so far.
  • the long-run­ning “weapon­s­guy” Agora gun sting yield­ed, ac­cord­ing to a press re­lease, 17 ar­rests glob­al­ly; only 1 ar­rest is known oth­er­wise.

In ag­gre­gate, I would guess that the com­plete­ness of the ta­ble is highly un­likely to be >25% and more likely to be <=10% (but the com­plete­ness is prob­a­bly much higher for site op­er­a­tors, then staff, then sell­ers, and least of all buy­er­s).


html <- getURL("")
arrests <- readHTMLTable(html,
    colClasses = c("character", "factor", "integer", "character", "factor", "factor", "character", "factor",
                   "factor", "character", "logical", as.Date, as.Date, "character"))[[1]]
# replace all empty-fields/""s with NAs
arrests[1:11][arrests[1:11] == ""] <- NA
# include most probable date of all XK arrests
arrests[!$Seller) & arrests$Seller=="Xanax King" &$Date),]$Date <- as.Date("2014-06-02")

# look for similar but not identical drug lists to respell or recapitalize them in the table:
sort(unique(sub("^ ", "", unlist(strsplit(levels(arrests$Product), ",")))))

# now that the Product field is clean and everything is written the same way,
# unfold the heterogeneous Product field into 1/0-coded per-drug columns:
arrests <- cbind(arrests, mtabulate(strsplit(gsub(" ", "", as.character(arrests$Product)), ",")))

# for those curious who the 12% women are:
arrests[arrests$Sex=="F" & !$Sex),]$Name

# how many past cases can we expect to emerge to public notice in the future? not that many;
# when a case ever becomes public knowledge, it usually does so quickly, as I see a very
# long but very thin tail of cases popping up more than half a year after they happened.
# This is helpful to know - we can't know how many forever-unknown cases there are, but at
# least I can be fairly confident that I've captured many of the public cases and I won't
# be, say, suddenly overwhelmed next year by a ton of SR1 cases from 2012 popping up and
# undermining conclusions
hist(as.integer(na.omit(with(arrests, Known - Date))))

# summary statistics:
nrow(arrests) # total arrest
table(arrests$Sex)[2] / (table(arrests$Sex)[3]+table(arrests$Sex)[2]) # gender ratio
length(levels(arrests$Country)) # number of countries
sort(table(arrests$Country), decreasing=TRUE) # countries by count:
sort(table(arrests$Role), decreasing=TRUE) # buyer/seller/staff/operator
sort(table(arrests$Market), decreasing=TRUE) # associated market:
intl <- table(arrests[arrests$Role=="buyer",]$INTL); intl[1] / (intl[1]+intl[2]) # estimate of international order risk:
sort(table(sub("^ ", "", unlist(strsplit(levels(arrests$Product), ",")))), decreasing=TRUE) # drug popularity
## fraction site operators/ sites busted:
black <- readHTMLTable("")[[1]]
sum(arrests$Role=="operator", na.rm=TRUE) / nrow(black)

arrests$YearMonth <- strftime(arrests$Date, format="%Y-%m")
arrests$Year <- strftime(arrests$Date, format="%Y")
x <- data.frame(with(arrests, table(Country, YearMonth)))
x2 <- data.frame(with(arrests, table(Country, Year)))

## buyers seem to skew younger than sellers:
wilcox.test(arrests[arrests$Role=="buyer",]$Age,  arrests[arrests$Role=="seller",]$Age)
#   Wilcoxon rank sum test with continuity correction
# data:  arrests[arrests$Role == "buyer", ]$Age and arrests[arrests$Role == "seller", ]$Age
# W = 1138, p-value = 3.699482e-10
ggplot(arrests[arrests$Role=="buyer" | arrests$Role=="seller",], aes(x = Age, color=Role)) + geom_density()

## simple plot: arrests over time as a monthly bar-chart/histogram, internally split by country:
qplot(Date, color=Country, data=arrests)
## what if we plot lines for each country? but most countries are represented by a handful of arrests and the modal data is 0
## arrests per month... useless:
qplot(YearMonth, log1p(Freq), data=x) + facet_grid(Country ~ .)
## try stacking the other way: still pretty meh
qplot(YearMonth, log1p(Freq), color=Country, facets=. ~ Country, data=x)

See Also

Drug In­ter­dic­tion Part­ner­ships, Le­gal Prin­ci­ples, and In­ves­tiga­tive Method­olo­gies for Law En­force­ment, Steffen & Can­de­laria 2003:

  1. pg10 of Cal­i­Con­nect com­plaint:

    As part of the in­ves­ti­ga­tion, the FBI was able to seize in­for­ma­tion about ven­dors on the Silk Road, which has since been made avail­able to law en­force­ment. 27. The Silk Road NTC Ven­dor List, ref­er­enced above, con­tained a list of ven­dors on Silk Road with over $100,000.00 in sales, com­piled from in­for­ma­tion on com­put­ing servers that were seized by law en­force­ment dur­ing the in­ves­ti­ga­tion into Silk Road. In­cluded in this doc­u­ment was the ven­dor name “cal­i­con­nect.” “Cal­i­con­nect” was de­scribed as a mar­i­juana trafficker with a sales vol­ume at ap­prox­i­mately $1,250,248.65. “Cal­i­con­nect” is listed on the NTC Ven­dor List as the one of the largest ven­dors on the Silk Road­.The FBI es­ti­mates that “cal­i­con­nect” was the eigh­teenth largest ven­dor world­wide out of the ap­prox­i­mately 4,000 ven­dors who sold goods on the Silk Road­.As such, this in­for­ma­tion in­di­cated that BURCHARD was likely a large-s­cale ven­dor on the Silk Road uti­liz­ing the ven­dor name “Cal­i­con­nect.” I re­quested ad­di­tional data from the seized Silk Road servers per­tain­ing to “Cal­i­con­nect.” I re­ceived this in­for­ma­tion on June 11, 2015and be­gan to re­view it (as de­scribed be­low)

  2. pg25:

    CFA Solorio pro­vided me with de­crypted mes­sages found on BURCHARD’s thumb dri­ve. BURCHARD used a pro­gram called GPG4USB, which au­to­mat­i­cally used Bur­chard’s Pretty Good Pri­vacy (PGP) pri­vate key to de­crypt mes­sages sent to him from cus­tomers. The GPG4USB pro­gram re­quired a pass­word to de­crypt mes­sages. CFA Solorio dis­cov­ered that “ass­hole209” was the pass­word, which was a pass­word uti­lized by BURCHARD based on sub­poe­naed records ob­tained by me…I noted ap­prox­i­mately 49 or­ders within the de­crypted mes­sages from cus­tomers who were buy­ing mar­i­juana from BURCHARD.

  3. See Cheng Le com­plaint: “In or about mid-2014, an FBI on­line covert em­ployee (the ‘OCE’) as­sumed on­line Dark­-Web iden­ti­ty, which had pre­vi­ously been used by a trafficker in il­licit ma­te­ri­als, in­clud­ing, among other things, bi­o­log­i­cal tox­ins.”↩︎

  4. Dark­_­Mart last posts on Evo­lu­tion 2014-03-03 nor­mally then posts again on 2014-08-29 that “I just re­cently logged back into evo and con­tacted some of you about my sta­tus. The bot­tom line is that one of my sup­pli­ers got ar­rested on gun charges and it brought some heat on our op­er­a­tion. I had to go off the grid for a while but Dark­_­Mart is back!”↩︎

  5. “My so­lic­i­tor is con­fi­dant [sic] I’ve bro­ken no UK laws in sell­ing my prod­ucts, but they did find a small amount of class A and class B drugs that were for my own per­sonal use so i will be charged with that at the very least.”↩︎

  6. The meat of his plea deal is sealed, but it does say

    In Jan­u­ary 2012, the de­fen­dant vol­un­tar­ily ad­mit­ted to fed­eral agents with Home­land Se­cu­ri­ties In­ves­ti­ga­tions that he ac­quired and sold drugs as de­scribed above. He vol­un­tar­ily granted in­ves­ti­ga­tors ac­cess to emails, postal ship­ping records, fi­nan­cial ac­counts, and other in­for­ma­tion that cor­rob­o­rated these sales.

    This phras­ing is, how­ev­er, also con­sis­tent with com­mon sce­nar­ios such as be­ing raided and agree­ing to co­op­er­ate.↩︎

  7. Key quote:

    I be­lieve that BRIDGES con­trolled and/or had ac­cess with oth­ers to “Num­ber13”, the ac­count that ap­pears to have ini­ti­ated the size­able bit­coin thefts. I be­lieve this for at least two rea­sons. First, in a DEA 6 that FORCE au­thored dated Jan­u­ary 23, 2013 , FORCE de­scribed how he had trans­ferred 60 bit­coins into a DEA-controlled ac­count known as “TrustUsJones”. Data from the Silk Road servers demon­strates that on that Jan­u­ary 23, 2013 date, there was a 60 bit­coin trans­fer from “Num­ber13” into “TrustUsJones”. Sec­ond, in an email dated Jan­u­ary 23, 2013, FORCE emailed BRIDGES re­quest­ing that BRIDGES de­posit bit­coins to re­plen­ish the “TrustUsJones” ac­count. In other words, BRIDGES, in con­sul­ta­tion with FORCE, ap­pears to have been con­trol­ling “Num­ber13” dur­ing the late Jan­u­ary 2013 time­frame.

  8. Web­site archives on this page are pro­vided in the .maff ; it im­proves on by stor­ing mul­ti­ple web­pages in a sin­gle con­tainer (use­ful for com­pil­ing a set of web pages all on the same top­ic, such as mul­ti­ple fo­rum threads) and by com­press­ing the con­tents (im­por­tant for ex­tremely long fo­rum thread­s). Fire­fox users can view the archives us­ing the Fire­fox ex­ten­sion.↩︎

  9. “There are sev­eral re­lated cas­es. The owner and op­er­a­tor of Silk Road, Ross Ul­bricht [DPR], is charged with Mur­der for hire…Other in­di­vid­u­als charged in the Dis­trict of Mary­land con­nec­tion with the Marco Polo task force in­clude Ja­cob Theodore George IV (CCB-13-0593) [Dig­i­talink], Cur­tis Clark Green (CCB-13-0592) [Chron­ic­pain], and David Lawrence Han­del (CCB-13-0313) [???]. Other in­di­vid­u­als have been charged with crimes in­volv­ing from Silk Road in ju­ris­dic­tions around the United States and in for­eign coun­tries.”↩︎

  10. The com­plaint calls the source “CS-1”, but given the date No­vem­ber 2011, the pres­ence of methy­lone, the men­tion of spend­ing coun­ter­feit in Bal­ti­more, and his ar­rest, it is highly un­likely that CS-1 is any­one other than dig­i­talink.↩︎

  11. Some rel­e­vant ex­cerpts from the com­plaint:

    Start­ing in No­vem­ber 2011, agents with Home­land Se­cu­rity In­ves­ti­ga­tions con­ducted sev­eral in­ter­views with a source in Mary­land (C­S-1) [Dig­i­talink?]. CS-1 had been sell­ing il­le­gal drugs on Silk Road. CS-1 ex­plained how Silk Road worked to the agents, and vol­un­tar­ily pro­vided ac­cess to CS-1’s Silk Road ac­counts, email ac­counts, and Bit­coin ac­counts that doc­u­mented CS-1’s own in­volve­ment in Silk Road. CS-1’s com­puter was also found to con­tain CS-1’s “cus­tomer records”, in­clud­ing names and ad­dresses of hun­dreds of in­di­vid­u­als (in the United States and other coun­tries) that re­ceived drug ship­ments from CS-1. [C­S-1 was ini­tially not truth­ful about be­ing a drug dealer on Silk Road. CS-1 was also ar­rested be­cause he con­tin­ued to use il­le­gal drugs after his first in­ter­view with agents. How­ev­er, the in­for­ma­tion pro­vided by CS-1 re­lied upon in this affi­davit has been cor­rob­o­rated by agents’ re­view of the CS-1’s Silk Road and email ac­counts, and files con­tained on CS-1’s com­put­er.]

    …A­mong the in­for­ma­tion pro­vided by CS-1, were records of drugs sold to Shel­don Kennedy, us­ing the alias “edgar­num­bers”, and shipped to 2222 N. Cot­ner Blvd, Lin­coln, Ne­braska, 68505 (the “Res­i­dence”)…Un­der­cover agents also com­mu­ni­cated with Kennedy and made pur­chases from Kennedy on Silk Road us­ing aliases (in­clud­ing the on­line iden­tity of CS-1). Kennedy sold these prod­ucts via Silk Road un­der the alias “edgar­num­bers”. These pur­chases were made from prod­uct Kennedy listed as avail­able for sale on Silk Road, and were paid for in Bit­coin. In each case, Kennedy shipped the con­tra­band from Ne­braska to an un­der­cover agent in Mary­land

  12. So­cial me­dia:

    …A­gents queried Kennedy on www.­face­book.­com and dis­cov­ered a pub­licly avail­able pro­file iden­ti­fied as “Shel­don Kennedy”…Kennedy had made posts on his Face­book page stat­ing he had firearms for sale…On June 28, 2013, a fed­eral search war­rant was ex­e­cuted at Kennedy’s res­i­dence…After sign­ing a writ­ten Mi­randa form, Kennedy also made a vol­un­tary state­ment to in­ves­ti­ga­tors. He ad­mit­ted he started sell­ing drugs and guns on Silk Road in Sum­mer 2011. He ad­mit­ted to sell­ing a va­ri­ety of drugs via Silk Road, in­clud­ing co­caine, methy­lone, and pre­scrip­tion med­ica­tion. Kennedy ad­vised that he buys nar­cotics from Chi­na, In­dia, and Ser­bia. Kennedy ad­mit­ted to ob­tain­ing 24 grams of co­caine from an on­line ven­dor which was “fronted”. He said he split up the 24 grams and sold them on Silk Road and made ap­prox­i­mately $2,500 to $3,000

    …Kennedy ad­mit­ted to sell­ing drugs on the Silk Road. He also ad­mit­ted to sell­ing firearms through Silk Road. Kennedy also vol­un­tar­ily pro­vided agents with con­trol of his Silk Road ac­count, email ac­counts, and elec­tronic records show­ing ship­ping in­for­ma­tion (in­clud­ing name and ad­dress) for Kennedy’s sales of drugs and/or firearms. Kennedy also pro­vided con­trol of his fi­nan­cial ac­counts used to fa­cil­i­tate his crim­i­nal ac­tiv­i­ty, in­clud­ing an ac­count [on] the on­line Bit­coin ex­change mt­gox.­com. A re­view of these ac­counts cor­rob­o­rated Kennedy’s state­ment.

  13. From the search war­rant:

    …From Jan­u­ary 2014 to July 2014, a FBI NY Source of In­for­ma­tion (SOI) pro­vided re­li­able IP ad­dresses for TOR and hid­den ser­vices such as SR2, which in­cluded its main mar­ket­place URL (silkroad6ownfk.onion), its ven­dor URL (vx3w763ohd256iyh.onion), its fo­rum URL (silkroad5v7dywlc.onion) and its sup­port in­ter­face (uz434sei7arqunp6.onion). The SOI’s in­for­ma­tion ul­ti­mately led to the iden­ti­fi­ca­tion of SR2 servers, which led to the iden­ti­fi­ca­tion of at least sev­en­teen black mar­kets on TOR.

    The SOI also iden­ti­fied ap­prox­i­mately 78 IP ad­dresses that ac­cessed a ven­dor .o­nion ad­dress. A user can­not ac­ci­den­tally end up on the ven­dor site. The site is for ven­dors on­ly, and ac­cess is only given to the site by the SR2 administrators/moderators after con­fir­ma­tion of a sig­nifi­cant num­ber of suc­cess­ful trans­ac­tions. If a user vis­its the ven­dor URL, he or she is asked for a user name and pass­word. With­out a user name and pass­word, the ven­dor web site can­not be viewed.

    Cur­rent In­ves­ti­ga­tion

    On July 30, 2014, Home­land Se­cu­rity In­ves­ti­ga­tions (HSI) Seat­tle re­ceived in­for­ma­tion that a user as­so­ci­ated with IP ad­dress ac­cessed the ven­dor por­tal of SR2. Records re­veal the IP ad­dress was as­so­ci­ated with a Com­cast in­ter­net ac­count reg­is­tered to Steve Phelps at 4238 163rd Av­enue SE - Belle­vue, WA 98006. On Au­gust 8, 2014, the Wash­ing­ton De­part­ment of Li­cens­ing re­ported the fol­low­ing ve­hi­cle and dri­ver in­for­ma­tion for that ad­dress:… On Au­gust 13, 2014, Home­land Se­cu­rity In­ves­ti­ga­tions ini­ti­ated sur­veil­lance ac­tiv­i­ties on the above ad­dress, fur­ther ob­serv­ing the blue Volk­swa­gen Beetle, and the white Chevro­let Camero…On Oc­to­ber 10, 2014, Home­land Se­cu­rity in­ves­ti­ga­tions, as­sisted by a U.S. Postal In­spec­tor, vis­ited sev­eral U.S. Post Offices near 4238 163rd Av­enue SE, Belle­vue, WA 98006…An­other em­ployee at the same lo­ca­tion rec­og­nized the pho­to­graph of Steve Phelps, fur­ther stat­ing he may have dropped off a tub of let­ters for mail­ing and he drove a blue sta­tion wag­on… [and so on through to pg9, then the rest seems to be search war­rant boil­er­plate]

  14. For back­ground on the “knock and talk”, see ch3 of Steffen & Can­de­laria 2003.↩︎

  15. /u/CookyDough pro­vides a list of search queries and some ex­am­ples of the reg­u­lar stream of cas­es:

  16. Con­tin­ued: - “Illi­nois man gets con­trolled de­liv­ery of 14 lb pack­age of cannabis by Lo­cal Po­lice & ‘Postal In­ter­dic­tion Team’” - “US Cus­toms in­ter­cepts GBL (liq­uid) pack­age from Hong Kong to US res­i­dence, drug task force/DHS/PIS ar­rests re­cip­i­ents in con­trolled de­liv­ery” - USPS Ex­press Mail used to ship mar­i­juana from Ari­zona to Michi­gan gets man six years in prison” - “Alaska man gets ar­rested in con­trolled de­liv­ery of 122g of dou­ble vac-sealed meth” - “Two men ar­rested in China Grove and Char­lot­te, NC, USA after 3 mar­i­juana filled UPS pack­ages were de­liv­ered” - “Po­lice seize 32-pounds of mar­i­juana from Wauke­sha (WI, USA) home”↩︎

  17. Con­tin­ued:

  18. Con­tin­ued:

  19. Con­tin­ued:

  20. Con­tin­ued:

  21. Con­tin­ued:

  22. eg, a real ricin seller won’t chat you up and re­mind you that, “you know, ricin can be used to kill peo­ple” or dis­cuss how best to do it, since the less they know the bet­ter; that’s ob­vi­ously an un­der­cover agent try­ing to es­tab­lish mens reus for the judge.↩︎